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Mayiladuthurai
Mayiladuthurai
Location of Mayiladuthurai
in Tamil Nadu and India
Coordinates 11°02′N 79°38′E / 11.04°N 79.64°E / 11.04; 79.64
Country  India
State Tamil Nadu
District(s) Nagapattinam
District Collector Jayaraman
Population
Density
84290 (2001)
7,663 /km2 (19,847 /sq mi)
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)
Area
Elevation
11 km2 (4 sq mi)
54.25 m (178 ft)

Mayiladuthurai (Tamil: மயிலாடுதுறை, mayilāṭuturai, formerly Mayuram or Mayavaram) is a city and a municipality in Nagapattinam district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The town is located in the historic Thanjavur area on the banks of river Cauvery.

Mayiladuthurai is a well known railway junction and the town is well-connected with other major towns in the region, such as Tiruchirappalli, Thanjavur, Kumbakonam and Tiruvarur. Mayiladuthurai is a Lok Sabha constituency [1] represented by O.S.Manian.

Contents

Name and significance

Legends say that due to a curse, Goddess Parvathi took birth as peacock in Mayuram and worshiped Lord Shiva in his form of Mayuranathar. Mayuram means peacock in Sanskrit and it was later translated as Mayiladuthurai in Tamil language. According to the book Mayiladuthurai Mahaangal (Saints of Mayiladuthurai), several saints lived and attained their final peace (samadhi) in and around Mayiladuthurai. Many siddhars also have lived here. Even today there is a village called Sidharkaadu in the western outskirts of Mayiladuthurai. Legends also tell that it was a part of Tharukavanam.

Mayuram Proverb

ஆயிரம் ஆனாலும் மாயூரம் ஆகாது "Ayiram Anaalum Mayuram Agaadhu" is an old saying. This means that there may be a thousand places with a thousand specialities; however, they can never be even compared with Mayuram (Mayiladuthurai). This saying is predominantly used even today to support and uphold the cultural heritage, agricultural and economic advancements in Mayuram.[citation needed]

Famous Personalities

  • Maha Vidhwan Meenakshi Sundaram pillai lived in Mayuram.
  • Tamil Grandfather U.Ve. Swaminadha Iyer was a student of Meenakshi Sundaram pillai.
  • Mayuram Vedanayakam Pillai, who wrote "Prathapa Mudaliar Charithram" , the first Tamil Novel was a Munsif here.
  • Amarar Kalki Ra. Krishnamurthy studied in Municipal high school, Mayuram.
  • Renowned Carnatic musician Madurai Mani Iyer, Mayuram Rajam Iyer, Violin artist Mayuram Govindaraja Pillai ( disciple of kumbakonam Rajamanikkam pillai ) were residents of Mayuram.
  • Sri Gopala krishna Bharathiyar who wrote "Nandanar Sarithiram" lived in Anandathandavapuram, 5 km from Mayuram.
  • Current world chess champion Viswanathan Anand hails from this town.
  • One of the institutions that was formed for the flourishing of Saivam and Tamil, Dharmapuram Adheenam ( Mutt ) is in the eastern part of Mayuram.
  • Dr.M.S.Udayamoorthi,founder of Makkal Sakthi (people's power)movement[2]
  • Famous and foremost Indian women freedom fighter Mrs.Thillaiyaadi Valliyamma (Friend of Mahatma Gandhi in South Africa)
  • Tamil writer Bageerathan
  • Famous siddha Siddharkadu Sitrambala Naadigal, founder of ancient Thondai Mandala Adheenam Mutt
  • Famous siddha Namachivaaya murthigal of Moovalur,founder of ancient Thiruvavaduthurai Adheenam Mutt
  • Famous saint Kundrakudi Adigalar of Putthagaram village
  • Famous siddha Kuttaalam Urikatti swamigal
  • Famous saint Nandanaar
  • Famous Tamil writer Somasundara Bharathiyar
  • Famous Devotional singer M.M.Dhandapaani Desikar
  • Great Tamil Poet Kambar who wrote 'Kamba Ramayan' belongs to Thaierezhundoor, Mayiladuthurai
  • Famous saint Swami Omkarananda, founder of Siddhar swamiji ashram at Pondicherry,[3]
  • Famous Director T.Rajendar, K.Balachandar of Nannilam,Music Director Soundaryan,
  • World famous person who brought revolution in Library Information system Mr.Ramanathan of Sirkazhi
  • Famous Tamil singer Seerkazhi Govindarajan,Sivachidambaram
  • Jyothisharatna Raman, Mayiladuthurai.
  • Famous writer Dr.M.S. Udhayamoorthy born on Velanagar near by Mayiladuthurai he has studied on Municipal Higher Sec. School in Mayiladuthurai. Founder of Makkal Sakthi Iyakkam -Peoples' Power Movement
  • Mr.Krishnan of Thennamarakkudi Herbal Massage Oil fame
  • Mr.K. Anbhazakan Finance minister of Tamil Nadu studied on Municipal Higher Sec. School in Mayiladuthurai.
  • Rayiladi Aiyer who found out the rice floor grinding machine/wet grinder
  • Mr.Krishnamoorthi,former CEO of Maruthi Udhyog Ltd., BHEL,Chaiman of National Competitiveness Council, New Delhi.
  • Mr.Ayyub,famous Diamond Businessman in Bangkok

Economy

The central town has the majority of business establishments. Residential areas are mostly in the two suburbs called KooRainaadu (Koranaad) and Thiru-Indaloor (Thirivizhandur).

Mayiladuthurai is famous for its Gold Jewelry business and its Marriage-Halls. Nearly a hundred marriage-halls are there in the town and people from various places come here to conduct marriage ceremonies because of Mayiladuthurai's best-in-class (cheap & readily-available) people and services for marriage ceremonies.

This is the railway junction for Chennai (via Chidambaram, Villupuram), Trichy (Via Kumbakonam, Tanjore) and Tiruvarur. The year (2005 - 2006 ) the Mayiladuthurai - Trichy Railway line converted to Broad gauge. (2006 - 2007) the conversion happening for Mayiladuthurai - Villupuram Section under Unigauge. Poompuhar is 25 km from Mayiladuthurai.

Agriculture is the main activity in this area as this is a cultivation rich land. Rice and sugarcane are two such main products.

Two sugar factories are located in Mayiladuthurai.

In Ancient days, Koorainadu (suburb of Mayavaram) was famous for the silk sarees (9 yards) weaving and still Tamil people are using the word "kooraip pattu" (koorai silks) and kooraip puDavai (sari).

Location

It is nearly 281 km south of Madras and can be reached by trains going via Main line and also through road. Best way to reach Mayiladuthurai from Chennai is through ECR (East Coast Road) via PONDICHERRY.

Mayiladuthurai is one of the major junctions in Southern railway with lines branching off to Madras, Trichy, Tiruvarur and Tharangampadi. The town was in the composite Thanjavur district but now it is part of Nagappattinam district. It is the headquarters of an Educational district and is one of the 40 parliamentary constituencies in Tamil Nadu.

Mayiladuthurai is directly connected to Coimbatore, Bangalore and Mysore by daily train service.

Nearest Airport - Trichy.

The Villages in ans around mayiladuthurai are Dharmapuram, Moongil thootam, Mannampandal, Arupathy, Sembanarkoil, Meelapapthy.

Natiyanjali

Mayiladuthurai is also famous for the Natiyanjali festival. Smilar to Chidambaran Nataraja temple's Natiyanjali, in Mayiladuthurai there is another Natiyanjali called "MAYURA NATIYANJALI". Mayura Natiyanjali is celebrated every year in out Mayuranathar temple (Periya Kovil) during the time of Maha Sivarathiri.

Bharatha Natiyam dancers from all over the world participated in this festival. This Mayura Natiyanjali is organised by the cultural welfare trust named "SAPTHASVARANGAL TRUST" along with the support and the encouragement given by the people in and around Mayiladuthurai. This is guided by the people of Mailai Sapthaswarangal Music and fine arts academy.

Website

Politics

Mayuram assembly constituency is part of Mayiladuturai (Lok Sabha constituency).[1]

Demographics

As of 2001 India census[2], Mayiladuthurai had a population of 84,290. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Mayiladuthurai has an average literacy rate of 80%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 84%, and female literacy is 76%. In Mayiladuthurai, 9% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Temples

Utha Vadieshwarar Temple - The Utha Vaideshwarar Temple, also called the 'big temple' is a temple dedicated to Shiva Located at a Kuttalam.

Mayooranathar Temple - The Mayooranathar Temple, also called the 'big temple' is a temple dedicated to Shiva where Thevaram is recited.

Vallalar Temple - Vallalar Temple in the northern bank of river Cauvery is a famous Shiva temple known for its Guru shrine.

Ayyarapper Temple - Ayyarapper Temple, dedicated to Lord Shiva is located at the center of the city. ThulA Festival is famous in this temple and it is celebrated in the month of October.

Parimala Ranganathar temple - Parimala Ranganathar temple, the Vishnu temple in Thiru-Indalur suburb is one among the 108 Dhivya Desams.

Gangai konda Cholapuram, a more than 1000 years old temple is just 40 km from mayiladuthurai. It is a must-see historic place.

Navagraha temples are situated around this town. There are many famous temples in Mayiladuthurai's vicinity, most important amongst which is Vaitheeswarankoil. The temple complex is known to house many astrologers employing a method of fortune telling called NADI Jyothidam. The town also has a Medhaa Dakshinamurthi temple. Other temples of importance include the Sukran Temple and a temple in TirukkaDavUr is dedicated to Lord AmirthakaDEswarar and Goddess Abirami.

One of the institutions that was formed for the flourishing of Saivam and Tamil, Dharmapuram Adheenam (Mutt) is in the eastern part of Mayuram.

It is the most important location for "Tula snaanam", in the river Kavery in the Tamil month of "Aippasi".

Moovalur Markasagaya shiva temple constructed by Kulothunga cholan is 4 km away from Mayiladuthurai.

Senthangudi Durga Temple - Durga Temple is also famous and is 2 km from Mayiladuthurai.

Tirupambupuram Temple - Tirupambupuram is a very ancient Shiva temple. It is known as Dakshina Kalahasti. It is located near peralam (7 km west).

Thirumanancheri Temple - Thirumanancheri Temple is very famous very near from mayiladuthurai- www.thirumanancheri.info gives you more details about Temple

Kannagi Temple - The Kannagi Temple is in Melaiyur which is located around 24 km from Mayiladuthurai.Poompuhar is 4 km from Melaiyur.

Punugiswarar Temple - The Punugiswarar Temple is dedicated to Lord Siva & consort santha nayaki.Situated at koranad.Workshipped by civet cat. Sri Vanamutti Perumal,Kozhikuthy near Mayavaram

Education

Mayiladuthurai is the headquarters of an Educational district.

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Colleges

  • A.V.C. College, MayiladuthuraiWebsite
  • AVC College of Engineering
  • AVC Polytechnic
  • Dharmapuram Adhinam Arts & Science College, Dharmapuram, Mayiladuthurai.
  • Gnanambigai College for Women - Rajanthottam, Mayiladuthurai.
  • ARC Viswanathan Arts & Science College, Mayiladuthurai.
  • J.M.H Arabic College,Nidur . Mayiladuthurai.
  • [Poompuhar College, Melaiyur, Mayiladuthurai.]Website
  • T.B.M.L. COLLEGE - Poriyar

Schools

  • D.B.T.R.National Higher Secondary School
  • Municipal Higher Secondary School
  • Kittappa Municipal Higher Secondary School
  • Govt. Girls Higher Secondary School
  • St. Paul's Girls Higher Secondary School
  • Guru Gnana Sambandar Mission Matriculation Higher Secondary School
  • Raj Matriculation Higher Secondary School
  • Arivalayam Matriculation Higher Secondary School
  • Sri Guru Gnana Sambandar Higher Secondary School,Dharmapuram,
  • Rotary Club Mat Higher Secondary School
  • Silver jublee Matriculation Higher Secondary School
  • A.R.C.Kamatchi Matriculation Higher Secondary School
  • Moovalur Muthatti Ramamirtham Ammaiyar Higher Secondary school
  • Azaad School
  • Nasrul Muslimeen Higher Secondary School, Nidur,Mayiladuthurai.
  • Al Haji metriculation School, Nidur, Mayiladuthurai.

Cultural Welfare Trust

  • Sapthasvarangal Trust,Mayiladuthurai.Website

Music schools

See also

References


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Asia : South Asia : India : Southern India : Tamil Nadu : Mayiladuthurai

Mayiladuthurai is a city in Tamil Nadu.

Get around

Navagraha Temple Tour Route Map

Here is the link to temple route map for the travellers visiting Navagraha temples in Tamilnadu. [1]

  • Thirukadaiyur is a temple in Tamil Nadu, India. It is supposedly the place where Lord Shiva protected Markandeya from Yama (Lord of Death) when he was about to take the boy's life. Hence, this temple is supposed to give longevity of life to devotees. A function called Sashtiaptha poorthi is often celebrated for couples,particularly at the temple premises, when the husband reaches 60 or Sadhabishegam when he reaches 80, which is believed to give them a long life.
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