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."Mayor" (from the Latin māior, meaning "greater") is a modern title used in many countries for the highest ranking officer in a municipal government.^ Ronzo: Yet in so many countries other than America, the government successfully prevents those situations from occurring.
  • Liberalism’s Tragic Soul | The Patriot's Den at formykountry.com 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC www.formykountry.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is well within Congress' power and perogative to restrict or prohibit the means used by researchers that threaten interests in which the citizens of this country have a legitimate concern.
  • Testimony - March 5, 2002 (Christopher Reeve Homepage) 11 September 2009 9:50 UTC www.chrisreevehomepage.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This means that if another nation's scientists used stem cell research to develop a cure for cancer, it might be illegal for persons living in this country to benefit from the drug.
  • Testimony - March 5, 2002 (Christopher Reeve Homepage) 11 September 2009 9:50 UTC www.chrisreevehomepage.com [Source type: Original source]

.In many systems, the mayor is an elected politician who serves as chief executive officer and/or ceremonial official of many types of municipalities.^ So it turns out that it doesn't matter whether "God is in the details" or "The Devil is in the details," because the American public and many of their elected officials don't know what the hell the details are, anyway.
  • Daily Kos: Debating Political Philosophy 2 February 2010 9:24 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There have been too many Republicans who say they want to minimize government, but when elected, trip over themselves in enacting their pet restrictions.
  • Big Hollywood » Blog Archive » Has Liberalism Jumped the Shark? 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC bighollywood.breitbart.com [Source type: General]

.Worldwide, there is a wide variance in local laws and customs regarding the powers and responsibilities of a mayor, as well as the means by which a mayor is elected or otherwise mandated.^ It is well within Congress' power and perogative to restrict or prohibit the means used by researchers that threaten interests in which the citizens of this country have a legitimate concern.
  • Testimony - March 5, 2002 (Christopher Reeve Homepage) 11 September 2009 9:50 UTC www.chrisreevehomepage.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I mean, come on, these people worked for Ron Littlefield, a man known far and wide as the Worst Mayor Ever.

^ This was often construed as meaning that the king had a duty to enforce and also to obey the law, and the law was thought of as partly custom, partly royal decree, but also as something based on the consent of the people.
  • Medieval Political Philosophy (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 2 February 2010 9:24 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

Contents

Municipal mayoral types and titles

English-Saxon mayors and counterparts

Lord Mayor of London in his coronation robes. (1821)
In England, the mayor is the modern descendant of the feudal lord's bailiff or reeve (see borough). .The chief magistrate of London bore the title of portreeve for considerably more than a century after the Norman Conquest.^ Penalties.-- (1) Criminal penalty.--Any person or entity that violates this section shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than 10 years, or both.
  • Testimony - March 5, 2002 (Christopher Reeve Homepage) 11 September 2009 9:50 UTC www.chrisreevehomepage.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Some areas get considerably more rain than Athens, but that is because of local mountains, which gets us to the next problem: the land itself.
  • Greek Philosophy 2 February 2010 9:24 UTC www.friesian.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And more often than not, it’s blogs (like this one) where twenty-first century conservatives are exercising reason in politics.
  • Liberalism’s Tragic Soul | The Patriot's Den at formykountry.com 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC www.formykountry.com [Source type: Original source]

.This official was elected by popular choice, a privilege secured from King John.^ Relying on the papal claim that the emperor elect requires papal approval, John rejected the electors' choice of Ludwig as Roman Emperor (see §8).
  • Medieval Political Philosophy (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 2 February 2010 9:24 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

By the beginning of the twelfth century the title of portreeve gave way to that of mayor as the designation of the chief officer of London. The adoption of the title by other boroughs followed at various intervals.
.In the 19th century, in the United Kingdom, the Municipal Corporations Act 1882, section 15, regulated the election of mayors.^ Similarly, the "robber baron" capitalists of the late 19th century demanded that the federal government create and run railroads, and begin regulating public health in the cities.
  • Daily Kos: Debating Political Philosophy 2 February 2010 9:24 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Section 2: Prohibition on Human Cloning Section 2 amends title 18, United States Code, by inserting after chapter 15, a new chapter 16--Human Cloning.
  • Testimony - March 5, 2002 (Christopher Reeve Homepage) 11 September 2009 9:50 UTC www.chrisreevehomepage.com [Source type: Original source]

He was to be a fit person elected annually on 9 November by the council of the borough from among the aldermen or councillors or persons qualified to be such. .His term of office was one year, but he is eligible for re-election.^ Say, since you're term-limited in the governor's office, would you consider being mayor of the city you just helped succeed in the 21st Century?

He may appoint a deputy to act during illness or absence, and such deputy must be either an alderman or councillor. .A mayor who was absent from the borough for more than two months becomes disqualified and vacates his office.^ I understand the man who believes in the Sea Serpent on the ground that there are more fish in the sea than ever came out of it.

^ Is it my sister who has been on welfare for more than 25 years?
  • Liberalism’s Tragic Soul | The Patriot's Den at formykountry.com 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC www.formykountry.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Who is more unjust, more avaricious, more greedy than a man who takes the food of the multitude not for his use but for his abundance and luxuries?...
  • Medieval Political Philosophy (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 2 February 2010 9:24 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.A mayor was ex officio a justice of the peace for the borough during his year of office and the next year.^ Then he spent the next whatever years serving in public office, etc etc.
  • Daily Kos: Debating Political Philosophy 2 February 2010 9:24 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

He received such remuneration as the council thought reasonable. These provisions have now been repealed.
.The office of mayor in most modern English boroughs and towns does not entail any important administrative duties.^ The most important coalition for political success that Ron put together in his first run for mayor in 2005 was inner city blacks.

It is generally regarded as an honour conferred for local distinction, long service on the Council, or for past services. .The mayor (who must be a serving elected councillor) is expected to devote much of his time to civic, ceremonial, and representational functions, and to preside over meetings which have for their object the advancement of the public welfare.^ The President is elected by and serves the people and is not above reproach.
  • Joe Posnanski » Blog Archive » Political Philosophy? Really? 2 February 2010 9:24 UTC joeposnanski.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Apparently, you just have to ask and convince the court that the public will be served by its release, or so said the person who sent it to me.

^ That day the country is expected to elect a female president.
  • Politics on The WIP 14 January 2010 4:04 UTC thewip.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

His or her administrative duties are to act as returning officer at parliamentary elections, and as chairman of the meetings of the council. .However, reforms recently introduced mean that 12 English boroughs now have directly-elected mayors who combine the 'civic' mayor role with that of Leader of the Council and have significantly greater powers than either.^ So, this is the lesson of our time: the "good" man is the one who treats his garbage with greater care than his own soul.

^ What concerns me more than anything else, is my every-growing belief that the Democrats are eyeing the powers that have been accumulated by this administration and they now want these powers for themselves.
  • A New Liberalism for the 21st Century 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC neo-liberalism.org [Source type: Original source]

^ A new plan introduced by one of the most powerful members of the U.S. Senate would have some impact on these programs, however, and seniors should stay informed.
  • Senior Jounral - Politics for Senior Citizens 14 January 2010 4:04 UTC www.seniorjournal.com [Source type: News]

The mayor of a town council is officially known as town mayor (although in popular parlance, the word "town" is often dropped).
Mayors are not appointed to District Councils which have not adopted the title of borough. .Their place is taken by the Chairman of Council, who undertakes exactly the same functions and is, like a Mayor, the civic head of the district concerned.^ It obviously reflects division in Pierce's Posse between those who wanted to tell it like it is and those who want to smooth things over with the mayor.

Other counterparts

In Germany, Scandinavia and the Netherlands (see below) the chief town magistrate is called burgomaster 'Chief of the Bürger viz. burgers/citoyens, i.e., Burgesses, citizens' (see that article G. Bürgermeister, Dutch burgemeester; Swedish borgmästare; Estonian bürgermeister; Danish borgmester; Luxemburgish buergermeeschter; French-speaking parts of Belgium use bourgmestre).
.The equivalent in Italy is sindaco (historical titles include podestà), in Greece δήμαρχος 'demarkhos' (the "archon of the deme"), in France Maire, in Argentina intendente, in Bohemia starosta, in Brazil prefeito 'prefect', in Romania primar and in Spain alcalde, a term derived from a Moorish post's Arabic name.^ Joe Griffo, R-Rome, objected to publicizing the names of the businesses that got the letters, but the CNY Snakepit blog took him on in a posting titled "Call the Waaaaahmbulance" ...
  • News Tracker Blog on syracuse.com: Politics 11 September 2009 19:019 UTC blog.syracuse.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In Canada municipal titles vary from province to province, but the highest official of a First Nation community holds the title of chief. .In addition, provinces which have rural municipalities in place of counties refer to their head elected official as reeve, although some such municipalities are now changing the title to mayor as well.^ It is also important, though, that even the comments on threads such as this seem to be leading to some at least slightly useful places, such as the "we've got your back" proposal.
  • Daily Kos: Debating Political Philosophy 2 February 2010 9:24 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But we’re well beyond such dogmatic Idealism now.

^ Our elected Officials will now be lobbying their constituants based on performance instead of the other way around.
  • Daily Kos: Debating Political Philosophy 2 February 2010 9:24 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

.In the early 20th century, and for the most still, the English method of selecting a mayor by the council was followed[citation needed] for the corresponding functionaries in France (except Paris) and the more important cities of Italy.^ The City Council has earmarked even more area to be razed despite the pleas by the residents to formalize these areas.
  • Politics on The WIP 14 January 2010 4:04 UTC thewip.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But the city charter dictates that they report to the City Council, not the mayor.

^ Except that this isn't a Mickey Rooney movie, and we deserve more than a head cheerleader as our mayor.

Direct appointment by the central government exists in Belgium, The Netherlands, Norway and Sweden. .As a rule, too, the term of office is longer in other countries than in the United Kingdom.^ Our education system is getting worse and worse, yet we spend more per child than any almost other country in the world.
  • Liberalism’s Tragic Soul | The Patriot's Den at formykountry.com 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC www.formykountry.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "The United States is the greatest country in the world, offering a model of freedom that citizens of other countries yearn for.
  • Big Hollywood » Blog Archive » Has Liberalism Jumped the Shark? 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC bighollywood.breitbart.com [Source type: General]

^ Ronzo: Yet in so many countries other than America, the government successfully prevents those situations from occurring.
  • Liberalism’s Tragic Soul | The Patriot's Den at formykountry.com 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC www.formykountry.com [Source type: Original source]

.In France election is for six years, in The Netherlands for six, in Belgium for an indefinite period.^ Look, if the Dems should have learned anything from the past six years, it's that phony symbolism and passive agressive politics simply doesn't win elections.
  • Daily Kos: Debating Political Philosophy 2 February 2010 9:24 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

.In France the maire, and a number of experienced members termed adjoint au maire 'mayoral adjunct', who assist him as an executive committee, are elected directly by the municipal council from among their own number.^ One senior citizen advocacy group was quick to claim credit today for helping elect a significant number of Congressional candidates who understand the privatization of Social Security and Medicare is not the answer to long-term solvency.
  • Senior Jounral - Politics for Senior Citizens 14 January 2010 4:04 UTC www.seniorjournal.com [Source type: News]

^ Last week, the firefighters union, who supported him last election cycle, have opted not to endorse Ron Littlefield for Mayor.

Most of the administrative work is left in the hands of the maire and his adjuncts, the full council meeting comparatively seldom. The adjuncts receive no salary.
In Finland, there are two mayors, in Tampere and Pirkkala. .Usually in Finland the highest executive official is not democratically elected, but appointed to a public office by the city council, and is called simply kaupunginjohtaja "city manager" or kunnanjohtaja "municipal manager", depending on whether the municipality defines itself as a city.^ Unlike previous mayors, Ron Littlefield can't call our city's best and brightest into his office and seek advice or partnerships.

^ So it turns out that it doesn't matter whether "God is in the details" or "The Devil is in the details," because the American public and many of their elected officials don't know what the hell the details are, anyway.
  • Daily Kos: Debating Political Philosophy 2 February 2010 9:24 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ City Council people are not hired, they're elected.

.The term pormestari "mayor", from Swedish borgmästare confusingly has referred only to the highest official in the registry office, not the city manager.^ Unlike previous mayors, Ron Littlefield can't call our city's best and brightest into his office and seek advice or partnerships.

^ Say, since you're term-limited in the governor's office, would you consider being mayor of the city you just helped succeed in the 21st Century?

^ The remaining vestage of his term in office in the city is that he spent a huge sum of tax payer dollars on some extremely expensive street lights..
  • TPMCafe | Talking Points Memo | The End of Checklist Liberalism 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC tpmcafe.talkingpointsmemo.com [Source type: Original source]

.In addition, pormestari is also a honorary title, which may be given for distinguished service in the post of the city manager.^ The earthly city is not identical with any particular state, since some members of any given state may be predestined to salvation.
  • Medieval Political Philosophy (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 2 February 2010 9:24 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.The city manager of Helsinki is called ylipormestari, which translates to "Chief Mayor", for historical reasons.^ Dan Johnson mayor's chief of staff $117,488 [That's Assistant TO the Regional Manager, my friend.

^ Unlike previous mayors, Ron Littlefield can't call our city's best and brightest into his office and seek advice or partnerships.

Furthermore, the term "city manager" may be seen translated as "mayor".
This is similar to Portugal, where the highest municipal authority is the presidente da Câmara Municipal, the 'president of the Municipal Chamber', appointed to his office by the city council.
.In Poland the chief executive of a town or city is called burmistrz or, in towns with more than 100,000 inhabitants or others which traditionally use the title, prezydent.^ Or at least 53 percent of them made that choice; the other 47 percent are bitterly disappointed and more than a little scared.
  • Politics on The WIP 14 January 2010 4:04 UTC thewip.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We must resist the half-conscious urge to make feelings and feints, interpretations and intimations, more important than the behaviors that call them into 'being.'

^ The "Truthers" are just being more consistent with the reality of how moral responsibility works than other factions of the "blame America first" mob.

The equivalent title in a rural commune (gmina) is wójt. .These are all directly elected posts.^ The “harmonization” is part of Mugabe’s exit plan; after these elections are held simultaneously, he can elect his trusted party members into ministerial posts and then retire.
  • Politics on The WIP 14 January 2010 4:04 UTC thewip.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And now I must apologize for in reality after reading this I was not surprised at all since this is exactly how most of these posts turn out.
  • Think Progress » Gingrich Blames Virginia Tech Tragedy On Liberalism 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ If America had elected Strom Thurmond as President, we wouldn’t have all these problems either.
  • Think Progress » Gingrich Blames Virginia Tech Tragedy On Liberalism 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

Australia

.On Australian councils, the Mayor is generally the member of the Council who acts as ceremonial figurehead at official functions, as well as carrying the authority of Council between meetings.^ Christian schools who advertise in Jobs for Philosophers if they require their faculty members not to engage in homosexual acts, .

.Mayoral decisions made between meetings are subject to Council and may be confirmed or repealed if necessary.^ To this it was objected that only a Pope could call a Council and that its decisions needed papal confirmation.
  • Medieval Political Philosophy (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 2 February 2010 9:24 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

Mayors in Australia may be elected either directly through a ballot for the position of Mayor at a local-government election, or alternatively may be elected from within the Council at a meeting in September.
The civic regalia and insignia of local government have basically remained unaltered for centuries. .The robes, the mayoral chain and the mace are not intended to glorify the individual, but rather they are a uniform of office and are used to respect and honour the people whom the users serve.^ People used to drink in the office.
  • Big Hollywood » Blog Archive » Has Liberalism Jumped the Shark? 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC bighollywood.breitbart.com [Source type: General]

^ People who act in an independent and individual manner may seem like selfish no-goodniks (hehe) but they have an individuals concerns at heart.
  • Big Hollywood » Blog Archive » Has Liberalism Jumped the Shark? 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC bighollywood.breitbart.com [Source type: General]

^ Recommended by: Marc in KS when they so cynically use abortion as an election issue, rather than trying to actually decrease the incidence of abortion?
  • Daily Kos: Debating Political Philosophy 2 February 2010 9:24 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

The Mayoral robe is crimson with lapels and sleeves trimmed in ermine. The Mayor may also wear a lace fall (neck piece) and cuffs.
The Deputy-Mayoral robe is crimson with lapels and sleeves trimmed with black velvet and bordered with lapin.
Mayors have the title of 'His/Her Worship' whilst holding the position.
.In councils where Councillors are elected representing political parties, the Mayor is normally the leader of the party receiving the most seats on council.^ Now I believe that a person should vote for whomever they chose, but if you are the leader of your political party (as a mayor is in a city of our size), you're kind of expected to vote for your own party.

^ They sing adoring songs of praise for the political leaders they support and mock those who represent political interests different from their own.
  • Politics on The WIP 14 January 2010 4:04 UTC thewip.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The most important coalition for political success that Ron put together in his first run for mayor in 2005 was inner city blacks.

Canada

The mayor is the leader in most Canadian municipalities. However, some Canadian provinces (e.g. .Ontario) still use the term reeve for the elected head of a small village, a township or a rural municipality, performing a similar role to the mayor of a town or city.^ We loved the city’s small town feeling.
  • Politics on The WIP 14 January 2010 4:04 UTC thewip.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The heads of county governments in Nova Scotia are often called warden, though several counties have started to use the term mayor instead.^ This term is used often throughout in other opinions here.
  • Liberalism’s Tragic Soul | The Patriot's Den at formykountry.com 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC www.formykountry.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As I've stated several times on worstmayorever.com, I've only mirrored the tactics Ron Littlefield and his henchmen (and women) used during the (2005) mayoral campaign .

^ Large businesses often try to control or use big government for their own gain, I think that’s one reason on which we both could agree for limiting the size of government.
  • Daily Kos: Debating Political Philosophy 2 February 2010 9:24 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

The town of Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario is the only municipality in Canada whose elected head holds the traditionally British title of Lord Mayor. Mayors have the title of 'His/Her Worship' while in office.
The chief executives of boroughs (arrondissements) in Quebec are termed mayors (maires/mairesses). .A borough mayor simultaneously serves as head of the borough council and as a regular councillor on the main city council.^ But the city charter dictates that they report to the City Council, not the mayor.

Germany

.In Germany local government is regulated by state statutes.^ CBO, therefore, estimates that the bill would impose minimal costs on State, local, or tribal governments, or the private sector.
  • Testimony - March 5, 2002 (Christopher Reeve Homepage) 11 September 2009 9:50 UTC www.chrisreevehomepage.com [Source type: Original source]

^ House passed Silver Alert last month, many state and local governments setting up programs .
  • Senior Jounral - Politics for Senior Citizens 14 January 2010 4:04 UTC www.seniorjournal.com [Source type: News]

.Nowadays only the burgomasters of the three city-states (Berlin, Hamburg and Bremen) are still elected by the respective city or community council.^ We're still the fourth largest city in the state.

^ Now today's paper has a quote from Ron saying that it is his lifelong goal to be the number three city in the state.

^ City Council people are not hired, they're elected.

.In all the other states the burgomasters are now elected directly by the EU citizens living in that area.^ With all the flaming and pumping oil into our swamp areas, the oil companies have denied us every living thing.
  • Politics on The WIP 14 January 2010 4:04 UTC thewip.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "The United States is the greatest country in the world, offering a model of freedom that citizens of other countries yearn for.
  • Big Hollywood » Blog Archive » Has Liberalism Jumped the Shark? 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC bighollywood.breitbart.com [Source type: General]

^ Tax deductible donations by the Citizens of the United States to pay for all federal elections.
  • Daily Kos: Debating Political Philosophy 2 February 2010 9:24 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

.The post of burgomaster may be said to be a professional one, the burgomaster being the head of the local government, and requiring, in order to be eligible, a training in administration.^ The rest of my post said “Poor, poor MA. I hope you have on original thought one day.” or something to that effect.
  • Think Progress » Gingrich Blames Virginia Tech Tragedy On Liberalism 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ One cannot excuse onesself from this moral requirement by claiming that Caesar's powers do not as an historical matter derive from the consent of the governed.

^ A just power is an exercise of government authority which one is morally required to obey.

In big cities (details are regulated by state statutes) the official title is Oberbürgermeister (chief burgomaster). In these cities a "simple" burgomaster is just a deputy responsible for a distinct task (e.g., welfare or construction works). Big cities are usually kreisfrei ("free of district"). .That means that the city council also has the powers and duties of a rural district council.^ That's what I mean by rural reconstruction--use Federal authority to crush the existing power relations and rebuild rural economies to benefit rural working people.
  • Daily Kos: Debating Political Philosophy 2 February 2010 9:24 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Five votes from the city council that you just called, "spiteful, small, mean and vindictive."

The leader of a rural district council is called Landrat ("land counsellor"). In that case the chief burgomaster has also the duties and powers of a Landrat. .The term Oberbürgermeister is not used in the three city-states (e.g., in Berlin Regierender Bürgermeister ("governing burgomaster") is used).^ Now today's paper has a quote from Ron saying that it is his lifelong goal to be the number three city in the state.

India

.In India, mayor acts as city bureaucrat who is generally a state-appointed officer.^ A conservative would (generally) oppose the right to participate in said acts, therefore taking power from the individual to the state.
  • Liberalism’s Tragic Soul | The Patriot's Den at formykountry.com 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC www.formykountry.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Mayor in the Municipal Corporation is usually chosen through direct vote for a term of five year.^ I don't mean to break this down too far, but when you're the mayor, nothing happens for you unless you have five votes.

The Mayor generally lacks executive authority. .The Municipal Commissioner serves as the Principal Executive Officer subject to the power and administration of the Mayor as the Chief Executive Officer.^ Principal features of the political systems of the European Community member states; constitution, executive, public administration, political culture, role of political parties.
  • - Politics 14 January 2010 4:04 UTC politics.cua.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If no legal proceedings are started against Bush/Cheney then subsequent presidencies will believe they have all the power of this administration's mythical "unitary executive"claims.
  • A New Liberalism for the 21st Century 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC neo-liberalism.org [Source type: Original source]

Iran

.In Iran, Mayor is executive manager of city and elected by The Islamic City Council.^ But the city charter dictates that they report to the City Council, not the mayor.

^ City Council people are not hired, they're elected.

.The Mayor is elected for a four-year term.^ And as a bonus, when Ron is re-elected, it'll guarantee the corruption continues for four more years!

Japan

.Japan's Local-Autonomy Law of 1947 defines the structure of Japanese local governments, which were strengthened after World War II.^ You just defined every existing government in the world as socialist, just more or less so.
  • Daily Kos: Debating Political Philosophy 2 February 2010 9:24 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Andrzej Wajda was 13 years old when World War II broke out.
  • Politics on The WIP 14 January 2010 4:04 UTC thewip.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Perhaps Newt might consider that the degradation of the sanctity of life with in our culture can be tied to 60 years of post-world war II battles and wars.
  • Think Progress » Gingrich Blames Virginia Tech Tragedy On Liberalism 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

.It gives strong executive power to the mayor in the local politics like strong mayors in large cities in the United States of America.^ Power Politics, What makes a strong State .
  • Politics Research Papers - Direct Essays 11 September 2009 19:019 UTC www.directessays.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Like Councilman Pierce saying that he gives up trying to work with the Mayor on the project because when dealing with Ron, it's "my way or no way."

^ POL 520: United States Political Leadership .
  • - Politics 14 January 2010 4:04 UTC politics.cua.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The titles that are translated as "mayor" by the governments are those of the heads of cities shichō (市長?), towns chōchō (町長?), villages sonchō (村長?), and Tokyo's special wards kuchō (区長?).^ They watch as their village heads collect bribes from both the oil companies and the government while they get nothing.
  • Politics on The WIP 14 January 2010 4:04 UTC thewip.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Yes, the policies of a town of 30,000 people would translate very well to say New York City.
  • Think Progress » Gingrich Blames Virginia Tech Tragedy On Liberalism 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

(The head of the Tokyo prefecture is the Governor (知事 Chiji?).) .A mayor is elected every four years by direct popular votes held separately from the assembly.^ If the next four years are terrible and I don't vote, I have no right to complain as I made no attempt to have it be otherwise.” – Nicole Long, 21 .
  • Politics on The WIP 14 January 2010 4:04 UTC thewip.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And as a bonus, when Ron is re-elected, it'll guarantee the corruption continues for four more years!

.A mayor can be recalled by a popular initiative but the prefectural and the national governments cannot remove a mayor from office.^ The initiative is jointly sponsored by the national government and the city government of Buenos Aires.
  • Politics on The WIP 14 January 2010 4:04 UTC thewip.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Towards the assembly the mayor prepares budgets, proposes local acts and has vetoes on local acts just approved by the assembly which can be overridden by two-thirds assembly support.^ June 5, 2008 The Senate yesterday approved a new budget for the 2009 fiscal year that ignores the cuts to Medicare and Medicaid that were proposed in the budget proposed by President George Bush.
  • Senior Jounral - Politics for Senior Citizens 14 January 2010 4:04 UTC www.seniorjournal.com [Source type: News]

^ Feb 4, 2007 Higher income senior citizens will pay higher premiums in Medicare's drug program next year, if a budget proposal by President Bush is approved.
  • Senior Jounral - Politics for Senior Citizens 14 January 2010 4:04 UTC www.seniorjournal.com [Source type: News]

A mayor can resolve the assembly if the assembly passes a motion of no confidence or if the mayor thinks the assembly has no confidence in fact.

Moldova

.The Mayor of the municipality in Moldova is elected for four years.^ And as a bonus, when Ron is re-elected, it'll guarantee the corruption continues for four more years!

.In Bălţi, Vasile Panciuc (PCRM) is the incumbent from 2001 and was re-elected twice: in 2003 during the anticipated elections (as a result of a new reform of the administrative division in Moldova in 2003), and in 2007. In Chişinău, the last mayor elections had to be repeated three times, because of the low rate of participation.^ His approval ratings are plummeting, hitting new low after new low, but it’s not because of his politics.
  • Politics on The WIP 14 January 2010 4:04 UTC thewip.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Liberal bias" as a factor in network television news reporting; a special report based on the monitoring of the three major television network evening news shows during the 1972 primary election campaign period.

^ I'm printing our convo here for the first time because I've gotten a lot of email from new readers (because of the current mayoral campaign, no doubt) who don't understand why I'm doing this.

.As a result, Dorin Chirtoaca (Liberal Party), won the last mayor elections in Chişinău.^ Last week, the firefighters union, who supported him last election cycle, have opted not to endorse Ron Littlefield for Mayor.

Romania

The Mayor of the municipality in Romania is elected for four years.In Bucharest for example, Traian Băsescu (The Alliance of Justice and Truth), the president of Romania was the Mayor of the municipality from 2000 to 2004.

Netherlands

In the Netherlands, the mayor (in Dutch: burgemeester) is the leader of the municipal executive ('College van Burgemeester en Wethouders'). In the Netherlands, burgermeesters are de facto appointed by the national cabinet, de jure by the monarch. .They preside both the municipal executive and the legislative ('gemeenteraad').^ After all, Dick Cheney is currently contending in court that the office of the Vice President is a branch of the government all by itself, it is not executive nor legislative nor judicial.
  • A New Liberalism for the 21st Century 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC neo-liberalism.org [Source type: Original source]

^ If no legal proceedings are started against Bush/Cheney then subsequent presidencies will believe they have all the power of this administration's mythical "unitary executive"claims.
  • A New Liberalism for the 21st Century 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC neo-liberalism.org [Source type: Original source]

The title is sometimes translated as burgomaster, to emphasize the appointed, rather than elected, nature of the office. The appointment procedure was recently brought for discussion. The appointment procedure is considered undemocratic. Alternatives are direct election of the mayor by the people or appointment by the gemeenteraad. A constitutional change to allow this failed to pass the Senate in May 2005.

Spain and Spanish America

.Alcalde is the most common Spanish term for the mayor of a town or city.^ Say, since you're term-limited in the governor's office, would you consider being mayor of the city you just helped succeed in the 21st Century?

^ The most important coalition for political success that Ron put together in his first run for mayor in 2005 was inner city blacks.

.It is derived from the Arabic al-qaḍi ( قاضي ), i.e., "the (Sharia) judge," who often had administrative, as well as judicial, functions.^ After all, is it not the case that we are often understood best by those who are, well, not us?

.Although the Castilian alcalde and the Andalusian qaḍi had slightly different attributes (the qaḍi oversaw an entire province, the alcalde only a municipality; the former was appointed by the ruler of the state, the latter was elected by the municipal council) the adoption of this term reflects how much Muslim society in the Iberian Peninsula influenced the Christian one in the early phases of the Reconquista.^ An unacknowledged influence was Marsilius, who had argued that the ultimate authority in the Church was the Christian people, that Councils should be convened by the secular ruler and that a Council could not err in matters of faith.
  • Medieval Political Philosophy (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 2 February 2010 9:24 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The early Christian community in Jerusalem "had but one heart and one soul: neither did any one say that aught of the things which he possessed, was his own; but all things were common unto them.
  • Medieval Political Philosophy (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 2 February 2010 9:24 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The Council of Constance, 1414-1418, deposed two rival Popes (by then there were three, one of whom resigned) and elected a new Pope.
  • Medieval Political Philosophy (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 2 February 2010 9:24 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.As Spanish Christians took over an increasing part of the Peninsula, they adapted Muslim systems and terminology for their own use.^ He was overjoyed that they owned a “good used car” and they were buying a small house.
  • Liberalism’s Tragic Soul | The Patriot's Den at formykountry.com 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC www.formykountry.com [Source type: Original source]

^ January 4th, 2007 Koran Owned by Thomas Jefferson Plays Prominent Role The first Muslim in Congress will take the oath of office using the Koran.
  • A New Liberalism for the 21st Century 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC neo-liberalism.org [Source type: Original source]

^ A hand up gives people the tools they can use to make their own plans.
  • Daily Kos: Debating Political Philosophy 2 February 2010 9:24 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

.Today it refers to the executive head of a municipal or local government, who usually does not have judicial functions.^ April 17th, 2008 You Just Cannot Trust the Government Americans must get it through their heads soon that the government does not have their best interests at heart.
  • A New Liberalism for the 21st Century 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC neo-liberalism.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Examines the constitutional foundations of subnational governance and explores the executive, legislative, and judicial consequences of national, state, and local interactions regarding regulations and resources.
  • - Politics 14 January 2010 4:04 UTC politics.cua.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The word intendente is used in Argentina and Paraguay for the office that is analogous to a mayor.

Sweden

The Swedish title borgmästare (burgomaster) was abolished in the municipal reform of 1971. Today, the municipal commissioner - the highest ranking politician in each municipality - is informally titled "mayor" in English.

Taiwan

.In the Republic of China in Taiwan the mayor is the head of a city's government and is completely distinct from the associated city's council, which is in charge of legislative affairs.^ But the city charter dictates that they report to the City Council, not the mayor.

.The mayor and city council are elected separately by the city's residents.^ City Council people are not hired, they're elected.

^ The City Council has earmarked even more area to be razed despite the pleas by the residents to formalize these areas.
  • Politics on The WIP 14 January 2010 4:04 UTC thewip.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But the city charter dictates that they report to the City Council, not the mayor.

Ukraine

.In Ukraine was introduced a title of Mer for the position of the head of the municipal state administration in the federal cities of Kiev and Sevastopol.^ A community (a state, or the Church, or particular communities) acquires property only from individuals, and the head of the community is the administrator of the community's property, not its owner.
  • Medieval Political Philosophy (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 2 February 2010 9:24 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

In the rest of the urban and rural settlements the position is unofficial and is simply referring to the head of a local council who at the moment of such assignment cannot be affiliated with any party of the council.

United States

Former New York City Mayor Rudy Giuliani (right) with former U.S. Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld (left) near the World Trade Center site on November 14, 2001.
.In the United States, there are several distinct types of mayors, depending on the system of local government.^ The poor in the United States enjoy the highest standard of living anywhere in the world due to a capitalist form of government.
  • Liberalism’s Tragic Soul | The Patriot's Den at formykountry.com 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC www.formykountry.com [Source type: Original source]

^ United States government recognition and encouragement of pure and applied science.
  • - Politics 14 January 2010 4:04 UTC politics.cua.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ CBO, therefore, estimates that the bill would impose minimal costs on State, local, or tribal governments, or the private sector.
  • Testimony - March 5, 2002 (Christopher Reeve Homepage) 11 September 2009 9:50 UTC www.chrisreevehomepage.com [Source type: Original source]

.Under council-manager government, the mayor is a first among equals on the city council, analogous to a head of state for the city.^ Today Liberia is at peace under the government of Africa’s first female president, Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf.
  • Politics on The WIP 14 January 2010 4:04 UTC thewip.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But the gist of it concerns the question of the political development of man — how government or the state first enters the world and how it develops as an institution.

^ It's time for the City Council to bring the auditors under their purview.

He or she may chair the city council, but lacks any special legislative powers. .The mayor and city council serve part-time, with day-to-day administration in the hands of a professional city manager.^ My dad worked for the city and drove a cab part time.
  • Liberalism’s Tragic Soul | The Patriot's Den at formykountry.com 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC www.formykountry.com [Source type: Original source]

^ HW: What did the mayor do from the start that had you pegging him as "worst mayor ever" just days into his administration?

^ It's time for the City Council to look into all of this.

.The system is most common among medium sized cities from around 25,000 to several hundred thousand, usually rural and suburban municipalities.^ Like I said, it's unlikely any of this matters--based on the Ward Crutchfield phone transcripts from Operation Tennessee Waltz, Ron still has his coalition with inner city leaders intact, and that is the most important thing in a municipal election in this city--but it's still interesting that several of the piers he built his previous campaign around are crumbling.

^ I explained this because this fallacy is one of the most common ones among the hundreds that people commit.
  • Think Progress » Gingrich Blames Virginia Tech Tragedy On Liberalism 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

.In the second form, known as mayor-council government, the mayoralty and city council are separate offices.^ Unlike previous mayors, Ron Littlefield can't call our city's best and brightest into his office and seek advice or partnerships.

^ Say, since you're term-limited in the governor's office, would you consider being mayor of the city you just helped succeed in the 21st Century?

^ But the city charter dictates that they report to the City Council, not the mayor.

.Under a strong mayor system, the mayor acts as an elected executive with the city council functioning with legislative powers.^ The power of controlling the courts forced through abortion rights legislation among other things, which generated a strong push by Republicans to pack the courts with conservatives.
  • A New Liberalism for the 21st Century 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC neo-liberalism.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But the city charter dictates that they report to the City Council, not the mayor.

^ It's time for the City Council to bring the auditors under their purview.

He or she may select a chief administrative officer to oversee the different departments. .This is the system used in most of the United States' large cities, primarily because mayors serve full time and have a wide range of services that they oversee.^ You say that state socialism is unnecessary because individuals are more efficient and effective at helping the needy, then criticize an individual for helping the most needy.
  • Liberalism’s Tragic Soul | The Patriot's Den at formykountry.com 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC www.formykountry.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Example: Most of us have a liberal view on big government using its powers to build an interstate highway system.
  • Liberalism’s Tragic Soul | The Patriot's Den at formykountry.com 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC www.formykountry.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Just seems to me they've left lots of useful stuff of their last stated philosophy lying around for us idea-designers to pick up.
  • Daily Kos: Debating Political Philosophy 2 February 2010 9:24 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

.In a weak mayor or ceremonial mayor system, the mayor has appointing power for department heads but is subject to checks by the city council, sharing both executive and legislative duties with the council.^ Ockham's view was that the normal constitution of the Church is monarchical (according to Ockham, Christ had appointed Peter as sole head of the Church), and a Council or indeed someone else may acquire power over a Pope, or in place of a Pope, only in exceptional circumstances.
  • Medieval Political Philosophy (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 2 February 2010 9:24 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Account for the failure of both the Power Sharing Executive and the Northern Ireland Assembly .
  • Politics Research Papers - Direct Essays 11 September 2009 19:019 UTC www.directessays.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But the city charter dictates that they report to the City Council, not the mayor.

This is common for smaller cities, especially in New England. Charlotte, North Carolina and Minneapolis, Minnesota are two notable large cities with a ceremonial mayor.
Many American mayors are styled “His/Her Honor” while in office.

Multi-tier local government

.In several countries, where there is not local autonomy, mayors are often appointed by some branch of the federal or regional government.^ But then goes on to say 'Mayor Ron Littlefield worked with local and regional leaders to steer the 1.9 million sq ft VW factory here."

^ I think some of these fellows may very well face treason charges, if there was any real justice in this country.
  • A New Liberalism for the 21st Century 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC neo-liberalism.org [Source type: Original source]

.In some cities, subdivisions such as boroughs may have their own mayors; this is the case, for example, with the arrondissements of Paris, Montreal, and Mexico City.^ The earthly city is not identical with any particular state, since some members of any given state may be predestined to salvation.
  • Medieval Political Philosophy (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 2 February 2010 9:24 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Thus even now that property exists, things are in some sense "common", and the amount of property people may legitimately keep for their own use is limited.
  • Medieval Political Philosophy (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 2 February 2010 9:24 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.In Belgium, the capital, Brussels, is administratively one of the federation's three regions, and is the only city subdivided, without the other regions' provincial level, into 19 rather small municipalities, which each have an elected--formally appointed--Burgomaster (i.e., Mayor, responsible to his / her elected council); while Antwerp, the other major metropolitan area, has one large city (where the boroughs, former municipalities merged into it, elect a lower level, albeit with very limited competence) and several smaller surrounding municipalities, each under a normal Burgomaster as in Brussels.^ Asima was only three years old, but the incidences of that evening are burned into her memory forever.
  • Politics on The WIP 14 January 2010 4:04 UTC thewip.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The City Council has earmarked even more area to be razed despite the pleas by the residents to formalize these areas.
  • Politics on The WIP 14 January 2010 4:04 UTC thewip.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Categories: Links , Politics Vice President Dick Cheney's former chief of staff, I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby, was convicted Tuesday of lying and obstructing a leak investigation that reached into the highest levels of the Bush administration.
  • News Tracker Blog on syracuse.com: Politics 11 September 2009 19:019 UTC blog.syracuse.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the People's Republic of China, the Mayor (市長) may be the administrative head of any municipality, provincial, prefecture-level, or county-level.^ If nothing else it is criminal negligence and may actually rise to the level of treason, if the right people "spilled the beans", I bet!
  • A New Liberalism for the 21st Century 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC neo-liberalism.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Though all of those people may have problems with this administration, I'm not them.

.The Mayor is usually the most recognized official in cities, although the position is the second-highest ranking official in charge after the local Communist Party Secretary.^ The most important coalition for political success that Ron put together in his first run for mayor in 2005 was inner city blacks.

^ They also arrested two other MDC officials, Ian Makone, the party’s Secretary for Elections, and Dennis Murira, Director of Elections.
  • Politics on The WIP 14 January 2010 4:04 UTC thewip.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In principle, the Mayor (who also serves as the Deputy Communist Party Secretary of the city) is responsible for managing the city administration while the Communist Party Secretary is responsible for general policy and managing the party bureaucracy, but in practice the roles blur, frequently causing conflict.^ We believe in FDR’s principles of a government’s role, in that it should exist to help those who need it.
  • Liberalism’s Tragic Soul | The Patriot's Den at formykountry.com 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC www.formykountry.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Liberals who can manage to leave responses without being vulgar or distasteful are encouraged to do so.
  • Liberalism’s Tragic Soul | The Patriot's Den at formykountry.com 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC www.formykountry.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This administration has completely destabilized the Mid-East in particular, and the world in general, by their militaristic foreign policy.
  • A New Liberalism for the 21st Century 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC neo-liberalism.org [Source type: Original source]

Sources and references

(incomplete)
  • A. Shaw, Municipal Government in Continental Europe
  • J - A. Fairlie, Municipal Administration
  • S. and B. Webb, English Local Government
  • Redlich and Hirst, Local Government in England
  • A. L. Lowell, The Government of England.

See also

Historical

External links


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

MAYOR (Lat. .major, greater), in modern times the title of a municipal officer who discharges judicial and administrative functions.^ And what Dabney says has been proven with a vengeance in modern times, under recent Republican Administrations and Congresses who were supported enthusiastically by individuals and organizations who called themselves “Christian” but who, alas, when judged by their fruits, were not.
  • Liberalism’s Tragic Soul | The Patriot's Den at formykountry.com 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC www.formykountry.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I was amazed to read in a Times newspaper account that Jeff Pfitzer, who was the director of capital planning under that administration, was quoted that this was "an anticipated expense".

^ So, this is the lesson of our time: the "good" man is the one who treats his garbage with greater care than his own soul.

The French form of the word is maire. In Germany the corresponding title is Biirgermeister, in Italy sindico, and in Spain alcalde. " Mayor" had originally a much wider significance. .Among the nations which arose on the ruins of the Roman empire of the West, and which made use of the Latin spoken by their "Roman" subjects as their official and legal language, major and the Low Latin feminine majorissa were found to be very convenient terms to describe important officials of both sexes who had the superintendence of others.^ Mack believes that by appealing to “eudaemonistic egoism” of this sort, he can better explain why people are obligated not to use other people as means who do not have ends of their own.
  • Online Library of Liberty - Bibliographical Essay: Contemporary Currents in Libertarian Political Philosophy by David Gordon - Literature of Liberty, Spring 1981, vol. 4, No. 1 2 February 2010 9:24 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I don’t deny that it’s a safety net for some and a hammock for others [my uncle uses it as a hammock and he is a fat lazy slob] but there are very few lazy slobs compared to the number of diligent workers who would benefit from social security.
  • Liberalism’s Tragic Soul | The Patriot's Den at formykountry.com 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC www.formykountry.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Who, other than porn sluts, has had more sex than Jack, Bobby, Teddy and their brother-in-bed Bill?"
  • The American Spectator : The Face of Liberalism 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC spectator.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Any female servant or slave in the houselold of a barbarian, whose business it was to overlook other female servants or slaves, would be quite naturally called a majorissa. So the male officer who governed the king's household would be the major domus. the households of the Frankish kings of the Merovingian line, the major domus, who was also variously known as the gubernator, rector, moderator or praefectus palatii, was so great an officer that he ended by evicting his master.^ The emancipation of the slaves, the end of Jim Crow Segregation, forced busing to achieve school integration, the enfranchisement of women, African Americans, and other minorities, all involved great social, cultural and political upheaval.
  • Philosophy Talk: The Blog: Politics and Political Philosophy 2 February 2010 9:24 UTC theblog.philosophytalk.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Catholic Democrat who believed government should protect the weak from the strong would waver when there were votes to be had from feminists but not the unborn.
  • The American Spectator : The Face of Liberalism 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC spectator.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It would have prevented illegal aliens, criminals who shouldn’t be in the country in the first place, from collecting Government benefits, like welfare, education, etc.
  • Liberalism’s Tragic Soul | The Patriot's Den at formykountry.com 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC www.formykountry.com [Source type: Original source]

He was the "mayor of the palace" (q.v.). The fact that his office became hereditary in the family of Pippin of Heristal made the fortune of the Carolingian line. .But besides the major domus (the major-domo), there were other officers who were majores, the major cubiculi, mayor of the bedchamber, and major equorum, mayor of the horse.^ I truly do think that there are others who venture here, out of curiousity, who are open.
  • Think Progress » Gingrich Blames Virginia Tech Tragedy On Liberalism 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ And because there are other dems who attempt promote the common good.
  • Daily Kos: Debating Political Philosophy 2 February 2010 9:24 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

.In fact a word which could be applied so easily and with accuracy in so many circumstances was certain to be widely used by itself, or in its derivatives.^ That's why they could claim with a straight face that John Kerry was an elitist while Chimpy wasn't -- in the sense they use the word, they're right.
  • TPMCafe | Talking Points Memo | The End of Checklist Liberalism 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC tpmcafe.talkingpointsmemo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ That I assume could easily be fixed by language if that were, in fact, an ambiguity.
  • Testimony - March 5, 2002 (Christopher Reeve Homepage) 11 September 2009 9:50 UTC www.chrisreevehomepage.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If a scientist were to use IVF- derived stem cells to design a treatment for Alzheimer's disease, it still could not be easily applied to any patients without the utilization of therapeutic cloning.
  • Testimony - March 5, 2002 (Christopher Reeve Homepage) 11 September 2009 9:50 UTC www.chrisreevehomepage.com [Source type: Original source]

.The post-Augustine majorinus, " one of the larger kind," was the origin of the medieval Spanish merinus, who in Castillian is the merino, and sometimes the merino mayor, or chief merino.^ Rather than attempt to respond to each one these in the original thread, leaving the matter of the responses' connections to the original queries ambiguous - who raised this issue?, to what is this a response?

^ Nothing new about that, but this one limits the posts to those originating from the IP address segment that is Capitol Hill.
  • A New Liberalism for the 21st Century 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC neo-liberalism.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This one includes a post-townhall interview with the MD who asked the question.

He was a judicial and administrative officer of the king's. .The gregum merinus was the superintendent of the flocks of the corporation of sheep-owners called the mesta. From him the sheep, and then the wool, have come to be known as merinos - a word identical in origin with the municipal title of mayor.^ Joe Griffo, R-Rome, objected to publicizing the names of the businesses that got the letters, but the CNY Snakepit blog took him on in a posting titled "Call the Waaaaahmbulance" ...
  • News Tracker Blog on syracuse.com: Politics 11 September 2009 19:019 UTC blog.syracuse.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I mean, come on, these people worked for Ron Littlefield, a man known far and wide as the Worst Mayor Ever.

.The latter came directly from the heads of gilds, and other associations of freemen, who had their banner and formed a group on the populations of the towns, the majores baneriae or vexilli. In England the major is the modern representative of the lord's bailiff or reeve (see BoRouGH).^ He is electable, but I don't see too many other who are.
  • Big Hollywood » Blog Archive » Has Liberalism Jumped the Shark? 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC bighollywood.breitbart.com [Source type: General]

^ Lead author Meredith R. Golomb, M.D, M.Sc., an Indiana University School of Medicine associate professor of neurology, sees other uses for the technology in the future: .
  • GamePolitics News | GamePolitics 14 January 2010 4:04 UTC gamepolitics.com [Source type: General]

^ A survey of the theorists who formed the tradition of Western political thought, utilizing representative selections from their works.
  • - Politics 14 January 2010 4:04 UTC politics.cua.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.We find the chief magistrate of London bearing the title of portreeve for considerably more than a century after the Conquest.^ Some areas get considerably more rain than Athens, but that is because of local mountains, which gets us to the next problem: the land itself.
  • Greek Philosophy 2 February 2010 9:24 UTC www.friesian.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Penalties.-- (1) Criminal penalty.--Any person or entity that violates this section shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than 10 years, or both.
  • Testimony - March 5, 2002 (Christopher Reeve Homepage) 11 September 2009 9:50 UTC www.chrisreevehomepage.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And more often than not, it’s blogs (like this one) where twenty-first century conservatives are exercising reason in politics.
  • Liberalism’s Tragic Soul | The Patriot's Den at formykountry.com 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC www.formykountry.com [Source type: Original source]

.This official was elected by popular choice, a privilege secured from king John.^ Relying on the papal claim that the emperor elect requires papal approval, John rejected the electors' choice of Ludwig as Roman Emperor (see §8).
  • Medieval Political Philosophy (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 2 February 2010 9:24 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

By the beginning of the 11th century the title of portreeve 1 gave way to that of mayor as the designation of the chief officer of 1 If a place was of mercantile importance it was called a port (from porta, the city gate), and the reeve or bailiff, a "portreeve." xvII. 30 a London, 1 and the adoption of the title by other boroughs followed at various intervals.
.A mayor is now in England and America the official head of a municipal government.^ A private mercenary army, waging war for profit and beholden to particular government officials and partisan ideologies is an enormous threat to freedom in America.
  • A New Liberalism for the 21st Century 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC neo-liberalism.org [Source type: Original source]

^ America now is #1 in citizen debt individually, #1 in total debt owed to foreign institutions or governments, and #1 in rate of adding and acquiring new debt.
  • Daily Kos: Debating Political Philosophy 2 February 2010 9:24 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

In the United Kingdom the Municipal Corporations Act, 1882, s. 15, regulates the election of mayors. He is to be a fit person elected annually on the 9th of November by the council of the borough from among the aldermen or councillors or persons qualified to be such. .His term of office is one year, but he is eligible for re-election.^ The police have said that they get about 1300 SOCPA requests a year; we’re giving them twice that in one day.
  • as days pass by, by Stuart Langridge — Politics 11 September 2009 19:019 UTC www.kryogenix.org [Source type: General]

He may appoint a deputy to act during illness or absence, and such deputy must be either an alderman or councillor. .A mayor who is absent from the borough for more than two months becomes disqualified and vacates his office.^ We need to be able to explain to people in a sentence or two why democratic policies are justifiable and better -- more fair, more just, and more efficient -- than Republican policy proposals.
  • Daily Kos: Debating Political Philosophy 2 February 2010 9:24 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I know, you’re going to say that it only affects certain people who make more than a certain amount of money.
  • Liberalism’s Tragic Soul | The Patriot's Den at formykountry.com 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC www.formykountry.com [Source type: Original source]

^ June 14th, 2007 Impeachment is VITAL Many Democrats are now claiming that impeachment of President Bush is impractical, because it will take more than two years.
  • A New Liberalism for the 21st Century 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC neo-liberalism.org [Source type: Original source]

.A mayor is ex officio during his year of office and the next year a justice of the peace for the borough.^ Then he spent the next whatever years serving in public office, etc etc.
  • Daily Kos: Debating Political Philosophy 2 February 2010 9:24 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

He receives such remuneration as the council thinks reasonable. The office of mayor in an English borough does not entail any important administrative duties. It is generally regarded as an honour conferred for past services. .The mayor is expected to devote much of his time to ornamental functions and to preside over meetings which have for their object the advancement of the public welfare.^ June 6, 2006 The public's approval of President George W. Bush hit an all time low in the latest research by the Pew Research Center 33%.
  • Senior Jounral - Politics for Senior Citizens 14 January 2010 4:04 UTC www.seniorjournal.com [Source type: News]

^ I expect a reporter who informs the public about what is going on, the facts, who takes the time to investigate what is going on behind the scenes and shares that with us as well.
  • TPMCafe | Talking Points Memo | The End of Checklist Liberalism 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC tpmcafe.talkingpointsmemo.com [Source type: Original source]

His administrative duties are merely to act as returning officer at municipal elections, and as chairman of the meetings of the council.
.The position and power of an English mayor contrast very strongly with those of the similar official in the United States.^ Quite clearly, then, at this very early stage of the American Republic, the U.S. government did not consider the United States a Christian nation.
  • A New Liberalism for the 21st Century 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC neo-liberalism.org [Source type: Original source]

^ John McCain is also older than RADAR, commercial television, jet-powered flight...Hell, he is actually older than the formation of the United States Air Force!
  • A New Liberalism for the 21st Century 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC neo-liberalism.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In the United States however the real champions of liberty are those who want to keep things like they were, to keep freedom and liberty and equality of opportunity at the forefront and on the pedestal.
  • Liberalism’s Tragic Soul | The Patriot's Den at formykountry.com 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC www.formykountry.com [Source type: Original source]

.The latter is elected directly by the voters within the city, usually for several years; and he has extensive administrative powers.^ They will find numerous pathological and suicidal undercurrents in the move by Democratic primary voters to elect a Democrat and not an appeaser, but they will, as usual, miss the point.
  • TPMCafe | Talking Points Memo | The End of Checklist Liberalism 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC tpmcafe.talkingpointsmemo.com [Source type: Original source]

.The English method of selecting a mayor by the council is followed for the corresponding functionaries in France (except Paris), the more important cities of Italy, and in Germany, where, however, the central government must confirm the choice of the council.^ We must resist the half-conscious urge to make feelings and feints, interpretations and intimations, more important than the behaviors that call them into 'being.'

^ The three were detained for more than four hours at Harare Central Police Station where they were quizzed about their party’s intention to “cause mayhem in the city.” .
  • Politics on The WIP 14 January 2010 4:04 UTC thewip.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The City Council has earmarked even more area to be razed despite the pleas by the residents to formalize these areas.
  • Politics on The WIP 14 January 2010 4:04 UTC thewip.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Direct appointment by the central government exists in Belgium, Holland, Denmark, Norway, Sweden and the smaller towns of Italy and Spain.^ Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, Denmark, France, Germany, Israel, Japan, Norway, Peru, Slovakia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom already have laws or have announced plans to pass laws prohibiting the cloning of human beings.
  • Testimony - March 5, 2002 (Christopher Reeve Homepage) 11 September 2009 9:50 UTC www.chrisreevehomepage.com [Source type: Original source]

.As a rule, too, the term of office is longer in other countries than in the United Kingdom.^ Our education system is getting worse and worse, yet we spend more per child than any almost other country in the world.
  • Liberalism’s Tragic Soul | The Patriot's Den at formykountry.com 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC www.formykountry.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Ronzo: Yet in so many countries other than America, the government successfully prevents those situations from occurring.
  • Liberalism’s Tragic Soul | The Patriot's Den at formykountry.com 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC www.formykountry.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The last President to win office on anything OTHER than an "I can work with the other side of the aisle" message was, maybe Reagan?
  • TPMCafe | Talking Points Memo | The End of Checklist Liberalism 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC tpmcafe.talkingpointsmemo.com [Source type: Original source]

.In France election is for four years, in Holland for six, in Belgium for an indefinite period, and in Germany usually for twelve years, but in some cases for life.^ Look, if the Dems should have learned anything from the past six years, it's that phony symbolism and passive agressive politics simply doesn't win elections.
  • Daily Kos: Debating Political Philosophy 2 February 2010 9:24 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

.In Germany the post may be said to be a professional one, the burgomaster being the head of the city magistracy, and requiring, in order to be eligible, a training in administration.^ The question of whether these side constraints are absolute, or whether they may be violated in order to avoid catastrophic moral horror, is one I hope largely to avoid.” 57 .
  • Online Library of Liberty - Bibliographical Essay: Contemporary Currents in Libertarian Political Philosophy by David Gordon - Literature of Liberty, Spring 1981, vol. 4, No. 1 2 February 2010 9:24 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The rest of my post said “Poor, poor MA. I hope you have on original thought one day.” or something to that effect.
  • Think Progress » Gingrich Blames Virginia Tech Tragedy On Liberalism 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ The Bush Administration and the Reagan Administration are not strangling the cities in order to impose a wholesome discipline that will help us reorganize these ossified bureaucracies.
  • Liberalism and the City by Richard Vigilante, William J. Stern, Sol Stern, Jim Sleeper, Fred Siegel, Jonathan Rieder, Charles Morris, Joe Klein, Elaine Kamarck, Nathan Glazer, Alan Ehrenhalt, City Journal Autumn 1991 28 January 2010 0:17 UTC www.city-journal.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

German burgomasters are most frequently elected by promotion from another city. .In France the maire, and a number of experienced members termed "adjuncts," who assist him as an executive committee, are elected directly by the municipal council from among their own number.^ One senior citizen advocacy group was quick to claim credit today for helping elect a significant number of Congressional candidates who understand the privatization of Social Security and Medicare is not the answer to long-term solvency.
  • Senior Jounral - Politics for Senior Citizens 14 January 2010 4:04 UTC www.seniorjournal.com [Source type: News]

^ Chairman, I also want to point out that there are a number of individuals, including Senator Hatch, the Ranking Member of the Senate Judiciary Committee, who support stem cell research, but also support a ban on human cloning.
  • Testimony - March 5, 2002 (Christopher Reeve Homepage) 11 September 2009 9:50 UTC www.chrisreevehomepage.com [Source type: Original source]

Most of the administrative work is left in the hands of the maire and his adjuncts, the full council meeting comparatively seldom. The maire and the adjuncts receive no salary.
Further information will be found in the sections on local government in the articles on the various countries; see also A. Shaw, Municipal Government in Continental Europe; J. A. Fairlie, Municipal Administration; S. and B. Webb, English Local Government; Redlich and Hirst, Local Government in England; A. L. Lowell, The Government of England.


Simple English

The mayor is a person who is in charge of the administration of a city. Sometimes, mayors get elected by the people who live in that city, at other times, a central government body may determine who the mayor of a certain city is.

In a federal countries like Germany or the United States the mayor can also head of the government of a city state. The Mayor of Berlin is runs the government just like the Minister President of Bavaria runs the Bavarian government. If Washington DC in the USA ever becomes a state the Mayor of Washington DC would be the Governor.

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Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 25, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Mayor, which are similar to those in the above article.








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