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Mayor of London
Boris Johnson, current incumbent
Incumbent
Boris Johnson (Conservative)

since 2008
Appointer Electorate of Greater London
Term length 4 years
Inaugural holder Ken Livingstone (Independent, then Labour)
Formation 2000
Succession 2012
Deputy Richard Barnes, Kit Malthouse, Sir Simon Milton
Salary £143,911
Website www.london.gov.uk/mayor

The Mayor of London is an elected politician who, along with the London Assembly of 25 members, is accountable for the strategic government of Greater London (see Greater London Authority). Since 4 May 2008, Conservative Boris Johnson holds the position. Previously, the position was held by Ken Livingstone from the creation of the role on 4 May 2000 until his succession by Johnson.

The role, created in 2000 after the London devolution referendum, was the first directly-elected mayor in the United Kingdom. The Mayor of London is also referred to as the London Mayor, a form which helps to avoid confusion with the Lord Mayor of the City of London, the ancient and now mainly ceremonial role in the geographically smaller inner-city region of the City of London. The Mayor of London is mayor of Greater London which has a population of over 7.5 million.

Contents

Elections

The mayor's office is at City Hall, overlooking the River Thames near Tower Bridge

The Mayor of London is elected by Supplementary Vote for a fixed term of four years, with elections taking place in May. As with most elected posts in the UK, there is a deposit, in this case of £10,000, returnable on the candidate's winning at least 5% of the first-choice votes cast.

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2000

The 2000 campaign was incident-filled. The eventual winner, Ken Livingstone, went back on an earlier pledge not to run as an independent after losing the Labour nomination to Frank Dobson. The Conservative Party had to replace Lord Archer of Weston-super-Mare as their candidate when he was charged with perjury; Steve Norris was elected as his replacement.

London Mayoral Election Results 2000
Name Party 1st Preference Votes  % 2nd Preference Votes¹  % Final  %²
Ken Livingstone Independent 667,877 39.0 178,809 12.6 776,427 57.9
Steven Norris Conservative 464,434 27.1 188,041 13.2 564,137 42.1
Frank Dobson Labour 223,884 13.1 228,095 16.0
Susan Kramer Liberal Democrat 203,452 11.9 404,815 28.5
Ram Gidoomal CPA 42,060 2.4 56,489 4.0
Darren Johnson Green 38,121 2.2 192,764 13.6
Michael Newland BNP 33,569 2.0 45,337 3.2
Damian Hockney UKIP 16,324 1.0 43,672 3.1
Geoffrey Ben-Nathan Pro-Motorist Small Shop 9,956 0.6 23,021 1.6
Ashwin Tanna Independent 9,015 0.5 41,766 2.9
Geoffrey Clements Natural Law 5,470 0.3 18,185 1.3

2004

In 2004, the second election was held. After being re-admitted to the Labour Party, Ken Livingstone was their official candidate. He won re-election after second preference votes were counted, with Steve Norris again coming second.

London Mayoral Election Results 2004
Name Party 1st Preference Votes  % 2nd Preference Votes  % Final  %
Ken Livingstone Labour 685,541 35.7 250,517 13.0 828,380 55.4
Steven Norris Conservative 542,423 28.2 222,559 11.6 667,178 44.6
Simon Hughes Liberal Democrat 284,645 14.8 465,704 24.3
Frank Maloney UKIP 115,665 6.0 193,157 10.0
Lindsey German RESPECT 61,731 3.2 63,294 3.3
Julian Leppert BNP 58,405 3.0 70,736 3.7
Darren Johnson Green 57,331 2.9 208,686 10.9
Ram Gidoomal CPA 41,696 2.2 56,721 2.9
Lorna Reid IWCA 9,542 0.5 39,678 2.1
Tammy Nagalingam Independent 6,692 0.4 20,391 1.1

2008

The incumbent Labour Mayor, Ken Livingstone was defeated by Tory candidate Boris Johnson becoming London's 2nd Mayor.

1Second preference votes are only used to elect the mayor if no single candidate receives more than 50% of the vote. Only the top two candidates receive the second preference votes.

2On papers where the 1st and 2nd choice votes are for the top two candidates, the 2nd choice votes are not counted.[1]

3Percentage figures are not officially published on the final votes, they are produced here for illustration and are calculated by dividing the candidate's final vote by the total of final votes. When based on the total votes cast, however, the figures are 48.4% and 42.6%.

4Matt O'Connor withdrew from the election in the week prior to polling day but his name remained on the ballot paper.[2]

2012 Election

No confirm candidates so far. Boris Johnson the incumbent may stand again for the Tories. Former Mayor Ken Livingstone has said he is interested in running again.

List of Mayors

Name Portrait Entered office Left office Political party
Ken Livingstone Ken Livingstone - World Economic Forum Annual Meeting Davos 2008.jpg 4 May 2000 4 May 2008 Independent 2000–2004
Labour 2004–2008
Boris Johnson Boris Johnson and John Hemming cropped.jpg 4 May 2008 Incumbent Conservative

Initiatives

Initiatives taken by Ken Livingstone as Mayor of London included the London congestion charge on private vehicles using city centre London on weekdays, the creation of the London Climate Change Agency, the London Energy Partnership and the founding of the international Large Cities Climate Leadership Group, now known as C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group. The Congestion charge led to many new buses being introduced across London.

They have also included the London Partnerships Register which was a voluntary scheme without legal force for same-sex couples to register their partnership, and paved the way for the introduction by the United Kingdom Parliament of civil partnerships. Unlike civil partnerships, the London Partnerships Register was open to heterosexual couples who favour a public commitment other than marriage.

As Mayor of London, Ken Livingstone was also a supporter of the London Olympics in 2012, and is known to encourage sport in London; especially when sport can be combined with helping UK charities-like The London Marathon and British 10K charity races. However, Livingstone, in a Mayoral election debate on the BBC's Question Time (TV series) programme in April 2008 did state that the primary reason he supported the Olympic bid was to secure funding for the redevelopment of the East End of London. In the summer of 2007 he brought the Tour de France cycle race to London.

In May 2008, Boris Johnson introduced a new transport safety initiative to put 440 high-visibility police officers on bus hubs and the immediate vicinity.[3] A ban on alcohol on underground, bus, Docklands Light Railway, and tram services and stations across the capital was announced.[4]

Also in May 2008, Boris Johnson announced the closure of The Londoner newspaper, saving approximately £2.9 million. A percentage of this saving will be spent on planting 10,000 new street trees.[5]

Salary

The Mayor of London's current salary is £143,911 per year, which is similar to that of a government Cabinet minister's.[6]

See also

References

External links


Simple English

The Mayor of London is an elected politician in London. The role, created in 2000, was the first directly-elected mayor in the United Kingdom. The Mayor of London is also referred to as the London Mayor, a form which helps to avoid confusion with the Lord Mayor of London, the ancient and now mainly ceremonial role in the City of London. The Mayor of London is mayor of Greater London, which has a population of over 7.5 million while the City of London is only a small part of the modern city centre and has a population of less than 10,000. The first elected Mayor of London is Ken Livingstone, who was re-elected in 2004. In 2008, Boris Johnson became mayor.

Role

The Mayor is responsible for budgeting and strategic planning of some governmental functions across the whole of the London region. The plans of the mayor are looked at by the London Assembly and actioned by the Greater London Authority. Responsibilities include transport, the police, fire and emergency services, cultural strategy and economic development.

Salary

The mayor of London's salary is one that ranks along that of a government cabinet minister's. The current salary is £137,579 per year [1].

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