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McHenry County, Illinois
Seal of McHenry County, Illinois
Map of Illinois highlighting McHenry County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the U.S. highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Seat Woodstock
Largest city Crystal Lake, Illinois - 42,000
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

611 sq mi (1,582 km²)
604 sq mi (1,564 km²)
8 sq mi (21 km²), 1.25%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

260,077
430/sq mi (166/km²)
Founded 1836
Website www.co.mchenry.il.us

McHenry County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. As of 2000, the population was 260,077. As of 2008, the U.S. Census Bureau estimated the population to be 318,641. Its county seat is Woodstock, Illinois[1]. This county is part of the Chicago metropolitan area. It is the sixth largest county, in terms of population, in the state of Illinois. Long known as a center of agriculture and recreation, it has recently grappled with rapid rates of suburbanization and urbanization.

Contents

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 611 square miles (1,583 km²), of which 604 square miles (1,563 km²) is land and 8 square miles (20 km²) (1.25%) is water.

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Major highways

Adjacent counties

History

McHenry County was formed in 1836 out of Cook and LaSalle Counties. The County was named for Major William McHenry, an Indian fighter who died in Vandalia in 1835.

McHenry County originally stretched all the way east to Lake Michigan, with the county seat centrally in McHenry, but in 1839, the eastern townships of the county were carved out to form Lake County.

President Gerald Ford's mother Dorothy Ayer Gardner Ford and maternal grandfather Levi Addison Gardner and possibly his maternal grandmother Adele Augusta Ayer Gardner were born in the county (near Harvard, Illinois).

Historical Sites

  • Memorian Hall 10308 Main St Richmond
  • Lucien Bonepart Covell House 5805 Broadway Richmond
  • Colonel Gustavius A Palmer House 5516 Terra Cotta Ave Crystal Lake
  • The Count's House 3803 Waukegan Rd McHenry
  • Charles H Hibbard House 413 W Grant Hwy Marengo
  • Orson Rogers House 19621 E Grant Hwy Marengo
  • Old McHenry Courthouse Woodstock City Square Woodstock
  • Woodstock Opera House 110 Van Buren St Woodstock
  • George Stickney House 1904 Cherry Valley Rd Bull Valley
  • Terrwilliger House Mason Hill Rd & Cherry Valley Rd Bull Valley
  • Tyron Grove Farm 8914 Tyron Grove Rd Ringwood
  • John B Walkup House 5215 N Walkup Rd Crystal Lake
  • Old Greenwood School House 4614 Greenwood Rd Greenwood
  • Diggins School House 19017 River Rd Marengo
  • Ormsby-Starck House 8909 McConnell Rd Woodstock
  • John James House 2719 Greenwood Rd Woodstock
  • Holcombville School 6310 Crystal Springs Rd Crystal Lake
  • The Newman House 20605 E Brink St Harvard
  • Ostend Cemetery IL Route 120 McHenry
  • Christopher Walkup House 2809 Country Club Rd Woodstock
  • Miller Chapel Ringwood Rd & Johnsburg Rd Johnsburg
  • Mount Auburn Cemetery E Brink St Harvard
  • Rudolphus Hutchinson House US Route 14 & Hebron Rd Harvard
  • Huntley's Woodstock St & North St Woodstock St & North St Huntley
  • Allendale Steel Truss Bidge Allendale Rd Greenwood
  • Carr-Harrison Cemetery Barnard Mill Rd Ringwood
  • Stowell-Deicke Farmstead 12202 W Main St Huntley
  • Fred Hatch Upright Silo 801 Main St Spring Grove
  • Richmond Mill Site 5604 Mill St Richmond
  • Congregational Church of Algonquin 109 Washington St Algonquin
  • Gannon Log Cabin 6422 Main St Union
  • Cold Springs School House 9313 Bull Valley Rd Woodstock
  • Greenwood School 4617 Greenwood Rd Greenwood
  • Riley Township Hall 2913 Riley Rd Riley
  • John A Kennedy House 17817 US Route 14 Woodstock
  • First Congregational Church of Huntley 10812 Church St Huntely
  • Muller Chapel Wilmot Rd & Ringwood Rd Johnsburg
  • Alden Methodist Church 16503 IL Route 173 Alden
  • Rudolphus Hutchinson Farm 10308 US Route 14 Harvard
  • Deep Cut School House 3425 Deep Cut Rd Woodstock
  • Prescott-Wittemore House 13520 Marengo Rd Huntley
  • Chemung Methodist Church IL Route 173 Chemung
  • Robert Richardson House 9407 Richardson Rd Spring Grove
  • Simon Wheeler House 2110 S Country Club Rd Woodstock
  • Charles Cotting House Main St & Mill St Richmond
  • William C Rider Cabin 1114 S Fleming Rd Woodstock
  • St. John's Church Site 2303 W Church St Johnsburg
  • LB Peatt Home 3920 Greenwood Rd Woodstock
  • Barnard's Mill 7514 Barnard Mill Rd Wonder Lake
  • Willard Bloodgood House 642 E Washington St Marengo
  • AB & Arvilla Coon House 320 S State St Marengo
  • First United Methodist Church of McHenry 3717 W Main St McHenry
  • Seth Lewis House 553 E Grant Hwy Marengo
  • Cary Cemetery 1st St & Pearl St Cary
  • Sarah Gibbs House 10313 W Main St Richmond
  • Samuel R Morris House 17907 Harmony Rd Harmony
  • Seneca Town Hall Franklinville Rd & Garden Valley Rd Franklinville
  • Franklinville Methodist Episcopal Church 3708 Franklinvile Rd Woodstock
  • Greenwood Town Hall 4314 Greenwood Rd Greenwood
  • William D Hall House 201 Garfield St Harvard
  • Riley Methodist Church Riley Rd Riley
  • William Coventry House 7704 US Route 14 Harvard
  • Ridgefield Prebysterian Church 8505 Church St Ridgefield
  • Francis Patrick House 321 E Washington St Marengo
  • Heath-Stefanik House 162 Rosedale Ave Crystal Lake
  • Charles R Andrews House 19419 IL Route 173 Alden
  • Columbus Wallace House 36 N Virginia St Crystal Lake
  • William Gardner House 4218 W Solon Rd Solon Mills
  • Huntley Gazebo Huntley Town Square Huntley
  • Algonquin Village Hall 2 Main St Algonquin
  • Daniel Quinlan House 311 W Judd St Woodstock
  • Oak Glen School 1005 Algonquin Rd Fox River Grove
  • Levi Seebert House 312 W Main St Cary
  • James Harvey Philip House 314 Washington St Algonquin
  • Franklin & Louisa Newman House 20605 Brinks St Harvard
  • The Community Church of Richmond 5714 Broadway Richmond
  • William & Dagmar Wascher House 404 W Main St Cary
  • Arthur & Augusta Mickelson House 40 Pomeroy Ave Crystal Lake
  • Frank Tomisky House 22 High Rd Cary
  • Pistakee Yacht Club 3300 N Rocky Beach Ln McHenry
  • Bauman Barn Site 7908 S Union Rd Union
  • Enos Conley House 10706 Woodstock St Huntley
  • Andrew McAnsh House & Site 2911 Bay View Ln McHenry
  • Charles Kruse House 5509 Kenosha St Richmond
  • William H Woodbeck Barn 1112 Fleming Rd Woodstock
  • First Prebysterian Church of Marengo 203 W Washington St Marengo
  • West Main Street School 441 W Main St Cary
  • Prentice Smith Barn & Site 167 Country Commons Cary
  • LB Anna Covell House & Site 5806 Broadway Richmond
  • The Hoy House 10802 Woodstock St Huntley
  • Christopher Sponable House 326-328 Rowland Ave Marengo
  • Teckler House 25 S Walkup Ave Crystal Lake
  • Church House 550 Woodstock St Crystal Lake
  • Simons House 1 S Virginia St Crystal Lake
  • Pomeroy House 169 Pomeroy Ave Crystal Lake
  • Duffee House 370 Oriole Trail Crystal Lake
  • Tarpley House 210 McHenry Ave Crystal Lake
  • Dole Mansion 401 Country Club Rd Crystal Lake
  • Crow House 648 Leonard Pkwy Crystal Lake
  • Ellsworth House 155 Terra Cotta Ave Crystal Lake
  • Hale House 140 N Walkup Ave Crystal Lake
  • North Western Hotel 3939-41 Main St McHenry
  • Harrison-Smith Home 3801 W Main St McHenry
  • Riverside Hotel 3308 W Elm St McHenry
  • Barbian Homestead 1501 N Riverside Dr McHenry
  • McHenry Power Plant 1402 N Riverside Dr McHenry
  • Prairie Four Square 3619 Waukegan Rd McHenry
  • Samantha McCollum-Button Home 3715 W Waukegan Rd McHenry
  • Dunlap Home 3712 W Main St McHenry
  • McHenry Brewery 3425 W Pearl St McHenry
  • Wentworth-Walsh Home 3710 W Main St McHenry
  • McHenry School/Landmark School 3614 W Waukegan Rd McHenry
  • Zion Lutheran Church 3813 John St McHenry
  • Jacob Woods House 4817 Pagles Rd Harvard
  • McNutt House 306 N Jefferson St Harvard
  • Clarence Darrell Law Office 22 N Ayer St Harvard
  • Repeta House 901 N Division St Harvard
  • 1st State Bank Building 32 N Ayer St Harvard
  • Congregational Church 308 N Hart St Harvard
  • Gilbert Brainard House 401 W Brown St Harvard
  • Episcopal Parish Hall 107 E Sumner St Harvard
  • St. Joseph's School US Route 14 Harvard
  • St. Joseph's Catholic Church 206 East St Harvard
  • Stafford House 600 N Hart St Harvard
  • Engine House 107 W Front St Harvard
  • Mt. Auburn Cemetery 22501 Brink St Harvard
  • Harvard Retirement Home 210 E Front St Harvard
  • John Hendrick House 329 Lake Ave Woodstock
  • Jacobs Harder House 123 S Hayward St Woodstock
  • Elijah Burbank House 517 Dean St Woodstock
  • David W Robinson House 535 W Jackson St Woodstock
  • Peter Sondericker House 304 W Calhoun St Woodstock
  • Major John Southworth House 301 W Jackson St Woodstock
  • Joseph Petrie House 315 Dean St Woodstock
  • Simon Brink House 602 Clay St Woodstock
  • Cyrus B Durfee House 401 W Jackson St Woodstock
  • Edward Murphy House 326 W Jackson St Woodstock
  • Colonel William Avery House 415 W South St Woodstock
  • Homer Abbott House 382 S Tyron St Woodstock
  • Lorenzo Parsons House 481 W Jackson St Woodstock
  • Judge CP Barnes House 344 Fremont St Woodstock
  • Silas B Olmstead House 410 Dean St Woodstock
  • Charles Rushton House 348 S Madison St Woodstock
  • AB McConnell House 126 E South St Woodstock
  • Charles B Wright House 421 E Jackson St Woodstock
  • Josiah Hyde House 457 W Jackson St Woodstock
  • Emilius C Jewitt House 310 W Jackson St Woodstock
  • Stark L Hart House 216 3rd St Woodstock
  • Edwin Hanaford House 450 Fremont St Woodstock
  • George Mills House 631 S Jefferson St Woodstock
  • Peter Nester House 339 S Madison St Woodstock
  • Fremont Hoy House 502 W Judd St Woodstock
  • George S Eckert House 340 S Madison St Woodstock
  • William B Class House 202 W South St Woodstock
  • Dr. EV Anderson House 324 Dean St Woodstock
  • Bart Young House 327 S Jefferson St Woodstock
  • Leroy Wright House 360 S Madison St Woodstock
  • AJ Murphy House 463 W Jackson St Woodstock
  • Louis G Wilcox House 324 N Madison St Woodstock
  • Herman Bosshard House 400 S Madison St Woodstock
  • Robert Beatty House 354 S Madison St Woodstock
  • John Johnson House 838 Seminary Ave Woodstock
  • Van Natta House 127 College St Crystal Lake
  • Collen House 70 N Caroline St Crystal Lake
  • Lake Avenue Cemetery Lake Ave Crystal Lake

Demographics

McHenry County
Population by year

2008 - 318,641
2000 - 260,077
1990 - 183,241
1980 - 147,897
1970 - 111,555
1960 - 84,210
1950 - 50,656
1940 - 37,311
1930 - 35,079
1920 - 33,164
1910 - 32,509
1900 - 29,759
1890 - 26,114
1880 - 24,908
1870 - 23,762
1860 - 22,089
1850 - 14,978
1840 - 2,578

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 260,077 people, 89,403 households, and 69,287 families residing in the county. The population density was 431 people per square mile (166/km²). There were 92,908 housing units at an average density of 154 per square mile (59/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.91% White, 0.59% Black or African American, 0.17% Native American, 1.45% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 2.77% from other races, and 1.08% from two or more races. 7.54% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 28.5% were of German, 12.2% Irish, 9.8% Polish, 8.8% Italian and 5.6% English ancestry according to Census 2000. 89.3% spoke English, 6.4% Spanish and 1.0% Polish as their first language. The population of the Polish population has doubled within the last several years.

There were 89,403 households out of which 42.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.50% were married couples living together, 7.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.50% were non-families. 18.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.89 and the average family size was 3.31.

In the county the population was spread out with 30.20% under the age of 18, 7.10% from 18 to 24, 33.50% from 25 to 44, 21.30% from 45 to 64, and 8.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 100.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $64,826, and the median income for a family was $71,553. Males had a median income of $50,479 versus $31,141 for females. The per capita income for the county was $26,476. About 2.50% of families and 3.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.80% of those under age 18 and 3.60% of those age 65 or over.

Climate

McHenry County is like much of the Upper Midwest, as it usually sees hot, humid summers, and cold, snowy winters. The county is notably susceptible to high wind events, blizzards, severe thunderstorms, tornadoes, and flooding.

Some of the most notable weather events in the county include the 1965 Palm Sunday tornado outbreak, the Blizzard of 1967, the 1967 Belvidere - Oak Lawn tornado outbreak, the Blizzard of February 1979, the Flood of 1996, the Blizzard of 1999, the Early Winter 2006 North American Storm Complex, the 2007 Midwest flooding event, and the January 2008 tornado outbreak sequence.

Government

McHenry County government is based primarily out of Woodstock, the county seat. The McHenry County Government Center, located on the north end of Woodstock along Illinois Route 47, features county offices as well as judicial facilities. Several state agencies also have local offices in Woodstock.

Politics

McHenry County has historically been a reliable stronghold for the Republican Party. The county has voted for the Republican candidate for President in almost every election for at least the past 50 years. Recent elections in 2004 and 2000 saw George W. Bush capture 59.72% and 58.5% of the county vote, respectively. However in the 2008 Presidential Election, Democrat Barack Obama captured McHenry County with 52% of the vote.

McHenry County is served in the United States House of Representatives by Donald Manzullo (R, IL-16), who represents the southern and western portions of the county, and Melissa Bean (D, IL-8), who represents the northeastern parts of the county.

In the Illinois Senate, McHenry County is served by Pamela Althoff (R) and William Peterson (R) and in the Illinois House of Representatives by Mike Tryon (R), Jack Franks (D), and Mark Beaubien, Jr. (R).

A majority of elected county officials are Republican.

Education

McHenry County College, a rapidly growing community college established in 1967, serves the majority of county residents. The college includes 2,000 full-time students and 5,800 part-time students. The main campus is located on the northwest side of Crystal Lake, along U.S. Route 14. Secondary facilities exist in Crystal Lake and McHenry.

McHenry County also includes dozens of school districts. There are also several high schools in the county. The largest high schools are McHenry High School East & West, Johnsburg High School, Woodstock High School, Woodstock North High School, Prairie Ridge High School, Crystal Lake Central High School, Crystal Lake South High School, Cary-Grove High School, Harry D. Jacobs High School, and Huntley High School, all of which are part of the Fox Valley Conference. Harvard High School, Richmond-Burton High School, and Marengo High School are part of the Big Northern Conference. Alden-Hebron High School and Marian Central Catholic High School are also found in the county.

Medical facilities

McHenry County is gradually gaining a reputation as an important center of healthcare, due to its unique location and proximity to a wide range of hospital systems. Hospitals currently in the county include Mercy Harvard Hospital, Centegra Northern Illinois Medical Center in McHenry, and Centegra Memorial Medical Center in Woodstock. There are also plans to build a Mercy hospital in Crystal Lake. Provena, Advocate, and Sherman also maintain a strong presence in the county, and have hospitals in nearby Elgin and Barrington.

Economy

Much of McHenry County's economy centers around manufacturing, metalworking, media development and printing, transportation equipment, agriculture, heathcare, education, retail, food production, distribution, and technology.

The major employment centers can be found in Crystal Lake, Algonquin, Huntley, McHenry, and Woodstock.

The southern portions of the county are within the scope of the Golden Corridor, the region of commerce along the Jane Addams Memorial Tollway.

Shopping

The county is known for its wide variety of shopping options. McHenry, Crystal Lake, and Algonquin/Lake in the Hills have established themselves as major retail areas, all featuring an array of big box stores, specialty stores, and restaurants. While there are no major malls located within the county, several lie just outside its borders: the lifestyle centers Algonquin Commons and Algonquin Galleria, the Huntley Prime Outlets outlet mall, and the regional indoor mall Spring Hill Mall in West Dundee.

In addition, several historic downtowns throughout the county offer unique shops and eateries in charming environments. The Woodstock Square Historic District, antique shops in Richmond and Hebron, downtown Crystal Lake and downtown Algonquin, and shops in other historic downtowns throughout the county accommodate residents and tourists alike. Green Street is also a major attraction in the county.

Recreation

The entire county is served by the McHenry County Conservation District, which preserves sensitive land throughout the county and provides recreational opportunities for residents. The District also operates the McHenry County Prairie Path, a regional bike path that extends from the Wisconsin State Line in Richmond southward to Algonquin, where the path connects with the Fox River Bike Trail, which continues south to Aurora.

In addition, the Fox River and Chain O'Lakes provide immense opportunites for boating, fishing, swimming, and other water activities. Moraine Hills State Park and Chain O' Lakes State Park are both located in the county, adjacent to the waterway. Other major lakes in the county include Crystal Lake, Wonder Lake, and McCullom Lake.

There are also dozens of parks, golf courses, and country clubs throughout the county.

Major skiing areas include Nordic Ski Jump in Fox River Grove and Buffalo Snowboarding Park in Algonquin. In addition, the Windy City Balloon Port in Fox River Grove offers hot air balloon rides over the Fox River Valley.

Culture

McHenry County has an active art and theater scene. The historic Woodstock Opera House and Crystal Lake's Raue Center for the Arts both provide exceptional programs. In addition, Algonquin is noted for its Public Art Program, which showcases artwork year-round throughout the community.

There are also several important points of interest in the county including the Illinois Railway Museum and McHenry County Historical Museum in Union, the Old McHenry County Courthouse in Woodstock, and a variety of historical homes including the Orson Rogers House, George Stickney House, Charles H. Hibbard House, the Terwilliger House, the Count's House, and the Dole Mansion.

Throughout the year are a variety of festivals throughout the county, the centerpiece of which is the McHenry County Fair, occurring during a week in August in Woodstock. Many towns also have their own festivals throughout the year. Some of the most notable ones are the Dick Tracy Days in Woodstock, Fall Fest in Huntley, the Summer Sunset Festival in Lake in the Hills, the Gala Festival in Crystal Lake, Milk Days in Harvard, Settler's Days in Marengo, Cary Days in Cary, Founders Days in Algonquin, and Fiesta Days in McHenry.

Transportation

Several state highways run through McHenry County, including U.S. Route 20, U.S. Route 14, U.S. Route 12, Illinois Route 23, Illinois Route 173, Illinois Route 120, Illinois Route 176, Illinois Route 47, Illinois Route 31, and Illinois Route 62. Highly traveled county highways include Randall Road, Algonquin Road, and Walkup Road.

McHenry County is also the most populous county in the United States without direct access to an Interstate within its borders. As a result, most residents use nearby Interstate 90 (Jane Addams Memorial Tollway), a couple miles south in Kane County, to access the interstate highway system.

McHenry County is also served by Metra Rail, which provides daily commuter service to and from downtown Chicago. There are seven stations in the county, all of them located along the Union Pacific/Northwest Line. The county is also served by Pace, which provides three regular bus routes, and dial-a-ride service for several communities.

Lake in the Hills Airport offers general aviation service, as do Dacy Airport and Galt Airport, in the northern part of the county. Chicago-O'Hare International Airport is approximately 30-40 miles from the county, while Milwaukee's General Mitchell International Airport is approximately 50-60 miles. Chicago Rockford International Airport, a busy cargo airport with limited, scheduled passenger service is located approximately 42 miles west of the central part of the county (Woodstock).

Media

McHenry County is entirely within the scope of the Chicago media market and the majority of the county relies primarily on Chicago television stations, radio stations, and newspapers for the source of its news and information. Certain sections of the county, particularly the rural far northern and far western parts, are also within the scope of the Milwaukee and Rockford media markets, respectively.

The county does have one FM radio station (WZSR - Star 105.5 FM), which plays mostly Adult Contemporary and pop music, and one AM radio station (WAIT - 850 AM). WZSR is based out of Woodstock, while WAIT is based out of Crystal Lake.

The Northwest Herald, with a circulation of almost 39,000, is the county's primary newspaper, serving the greater McHenry County area, and printed and published in Crystal Lake. The county is also served by the larger Chicago newspapers Chicago Tribune, Chicago Sun-Times, and the suburban-focused newspaper The Daily Herald. McHenry County Living, a bimonthly lifestyle magazine serving the county, also reaches tens of thousands of area residents and businesses. There are also several weekly publications throughout the county, focusing on the individual municipalities.

Townships

Cities and villages

Census designated places

Unincorporated communities

Notable residents

Further reading

  • Dupré, D.H. and D.M. Robertson. (2004). Water quality of Nippersink Creek and Wonder Lake, McHenry County, Illinois, 1994-2001 [Scientific Investigations Report 2004-5085]. Reston, VA: U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey.

References

  • Forstall, Richard L. (editor) (1996). Population of states and counties of the United States: 1790 to 1990 : from the twenty-one decennial censuses. United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Population Division. ISBN 0-934213-48-8. 
  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links

Coordinates: 42°19′N 88°27′W / 42.32°N 88.45°W / 42.32; -88.45


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

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McHenry County, Illinois
Seal of McHenry County, Illinois
Map
File:Map of Illinois highlighting McHenry County.png
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the USA highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1836
Seat Woodstock
Largest City Crystal Lake
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 1.25%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

260077
Website: www.co.mchenry.il.us

McHenry County is located in the U.S. state of Illinois. As of 2000, the population was 260,077. As of 2006, the U.S. Census Bureau estimated the population to be 312,373. Its county seat is Woodstock6. This county is part of the Chicago metropolitan area. It is the sixth largest county, in terms of population, in the state of Illinois. Long known as a center of agriculture and recreation, it has recently grappled with rapid rates of suburbanization and urbanization.

Contents

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,583 km² (611 sq mi). 1,563 km² (604 sq mi) of it is land and 20 km² (8 sq mi) of it (1.25%) is water.

Adjacent Counties

History

McHenry County was formed in 1836 out of Cook and LaSalle Counties. The County was named for Major William McHenry, an Indian fighter who died in Vandalia in 1835.

McHenry County originally stretched all the way east to Lake Michigan, with the county seat centrally in McHenry, but in 1839, the eastern townships of the county were carved out to form Lake County.

President Gerald Ford's mother Dorothy Ayer Gardner Ford and maternal grandfather Levi Addison Gardner and possibly his maternal grandmother Adele Augusta Ayer Gardner were born in the county (near Harvard).

Demographics

McHenry County
Population by year

2000 - 260,077
1990 - 183,241
1980 - 147,897
1970 - 111,555
1960 - 84,210
1950 - 50,656
1940 - 37,311
1930 - 35,079
1920 - 33,164
1910 - 32,509
1900 - 29,759
1890 - 26,114
1880 - 24,908
1870 - 23,762
1860 - 22,089
1850 - 14,978
1840 - 2,578

As of the census² of 2000, there were 260,077 people, 89,403 households, and 69,287 families residing in the county. The population density was 166/km² (431/sq mi). There were 92,908 housing units at an average density of 59/km² (154/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 93.91% White, 0.59% Black or African American, 0.17% Native American, 1.45% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 2.77% from other races, and 1.08% from two or more races. 7.54% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 89,403 households out of which 42.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.50% were married couples living together, 7.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.50% were non-families. 18.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.89 and the average family size was 3.31.

In the county the population was spread out with 30.20% under the age of 18, 7.10% from 18 to 24, 33.50% from 25 to 44, 21.30% from 45 to 64, and 8.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 100.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $64,826, and the median income for a family was $71,553. Males had a median income of $50,479 versus $31,141 for females. The per capita income for the county was $26,476. About 2.50% of families and 3.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.80% of those under age 18 and 3.60% of those age 65 or over.

Climate

McHenry County is like much of the Upper Midwest, as it usually sees hot, humid summers, and cold, snowy winters. The county is notably susceptible to high wind events, blizzards, severe thunderstorms, tornadoes, and flooding.

Some of the most notable weather events in the county include the 1965 Palm Sunday tornado outbreak, the Blizzard of 1967, the 1967 Belvidere - Oak Lawn Tornado Outbreak, the Flood of 1996, the Blizzard of 1999, the Early Winter 2006 North American Storm Complex, and the 2007 Midwest flooding event.

Government

McHenry County government is based primarily out of Woodstock, the county seat. The McHenry County Government Center, located on the north end of Woodstock along Illinois Route 47, features county offices as well as judicial facilities. Several state agencies also have local offices in Woodstock.

Politics

McHenry County has historically been a reliable stronghold for the Republican Party. The county has voted for the Republican candidate for Preisdent in almost every election for at least the past 50 years. Recent elections in 2004 and 2000 saw George W. Bush capture 59.72% and 58.5% of the county vote, respectively.

McHenry County is served in the United States House of Representatives by Donald Manzullo (R), who represents the southern and western portions of the county, and Melissa Bean (D), who represents the northeastern parts of the county.

In the Illinois Senate, McHenry County is served by Pamela Althoff (R) and in the Illinois House by Mike Tryon (R) and Jack Franks (D).

A majority of elected county officials are Republican.

Education

McHenry County College, a rapidly growing community college established in 1967, serves the majority of county residents. The college includes 2,000 full-time students and 5,800 part-time students. The main campus is located on the northwest side of Crystal Lake, along U.S. Route 14. Secondary facilities exist in Crystal Lake and McHenry.

McHenry County also includes dozens of school districts. There are also several high schools in the county. The largest high schools are Johnsburg High School, McHenry High School East & West, Woodstock High School, Prairie Ridge High School, Crystal Lake Central High School, Crystal Lake South High School, Cary-Grove High School, Harry D. Jacobs High School, and Huntley High School, all of which are part of the Fox Valley Conference. Harvard High School, Richmond-Burton High School, and Marengo High School are part of the Big Northern Conference. Alden-Hebron High School and Marian Central Catholic High School are also found in the county.

Medical facilities

McHenry County is gradually gaining a reputation as an important center of healthcare, due to its unique location and proximity to a wide range of hospital systems. Hospitals currently in the county include Mercy Harvard Hospital, Centegra Northern Illinois Medical Center in McHenry, and Centegra Memorial Medical Center in Woodstock. There are also plans to build a Mercy hospital in Crystal Lake. Provena, Advocate, and Sherman also maintain a strong presence in the county, and have hospitals in nearby Elgin and Barrington.

Economy

Much of McHenry County's economy centers around manufacturing, metalworking, media development and printing, transportation equipment, agriculture, heathcare, education, retail, food production, distribution, and technology.

The major employment centers can be found in Crystal Lake, Algonquin, Huntley, McHenry, and Woodstock.

The southern portions of the county are within the scope of the Golden Corridor, the region of commerce along the Jane Addams Memorial Tollway.

Shopping

The county is known for its wide variety of shopping options. McHenry, Crystal Lake, and Algonquin/Lake in the Hills have established themselves as major retail areas, all featuring an array of big box stores, specialty stores, and restaurants. While there are no major malls located within the county, several lie just outside its borders: the lifestyle centers Algonquin Commons and Algonquin Galleria, the Huntley Prime Outlets outlet mall, and the regional indoor mall Spring Hill Mall in West Dundee.

In addition, several historic downtowns throughout the county offer unique shops and eateries in charming environments. The Woodstock Square Historic District, antique shops in Richmond and Hebron, and shops in historic downtowns throughout the county accommodate residents and tourists alike.

Recreation

The entire county is served by the McHenry County Conservation District, which preserves sensitive land throughout the county and provides recreational opportunities for residents. The District also operates the McHenry County Prairie Path, a regional bike path that extends from the Wisconsin State Line in Richmond southward to Algonquin, where the path connects with the Fox River Bike Trail, which continues south to Aurora.

In addition, the Fox River and Chain O'Lakes provide immense opportunites for boating, fishing, swimming, and other water activities. Moraine Hills State Park and Chain O' Lakes State Park are both located in the county, adjacent to the waterway. Other major lakes in the county include Crystal Lake, Wonder Lake, and McCullom Lake.

There are also dozens of parks, golf courses, and country clubs throughout the county.

Major skiing areas include Nordic Ski Jump in Fox River Grove and Buffalo Snowboarding Park in Algonquin. In addition, the Windy City Balloon Port in Fox River Grove offers hot air balloon rides over the Fox River Valley.

Culture

McHenry County has an active art and theater scene. The historic Woodstock Opera House and Crystal Lake's Raue Center for the Arts both provide exceptional programs. In addition, Algonquin is noted for its Public Art Program, which showcases artwork year-round throughout the community.

There are also several important points of interest in the county including the Illinois Railway Museum and McHenry County Historical Museum in Union, the Old McHenry County Courthouse in Woodstock, and a variety of historical homes including the Orson Rogers House, George Stickney House, Charles H. Hibbard House, the Terwilliger House, the Count's House, and the Dole Mansion.

Throughout the year are a variety of festivals throughout the county, the centerpiece of which is the McHenry County Fair, occurring during a week in August in Woodstock. Many towns also have their own festivals throughout the year. Some of the most notable ones are the Dick Tracy Days in Woodstock, the Town Picnic in Huntley, the Summer Sunset Festival in Lake in the Hills, the Gala Festival in Crystal Lake, Milk Days in Harvard, Settler's Days in Marengo, Cary Days in Cary, Founders Days in Algonquin, and Fiesta Days in McHenry.

Transportation

Several state highways run through McHenry County, including U.S. Route 20, U.S. Route 14, U.S. Route 12, Illinois Route 23, Illinois Route 173, Illinois Route 120, Illinois Route 176, Illinois Route 47, Illinois Route 31, and Illinois Route 62. Highly traveled county highways include Randall Road, Algonquin Road, and Walkup Road.

McHenry County is also the most populous county in the United States without direct access to an Interstate within its borders. As a result, most residents use nearby Interstate 90 (Jane Addams Memorial Tollway), a couple miles south in Kane County, to access the interstate highway system.

McHenry County is also served by Metra Rail, which provides daily commuter service to and from downtown Chicago. There are seven stations in the county, all of them located along the Union Pacific Chicago & Northwest line. The county is also served by Pace, which provides three regular bus routes, and dial-a-ride service for several communities.

Lake in the Hills Airport offers general aviation service, as do Darcy Airport and Galt Airport, in the northern part of the county. Chicago-O'Hare International Airport is approximately 30-40 miles from the county.

Media

McHenry County is entirely within the scope of the Chicago media market and the majority of the county relies primarily on Chicago television stations, raido stations, and newspapers for the source of its news and information. Certain sections of the county, particularly the rural far northern and far western parts, are also within the scope of the Milwaukee and Rockford media markets, respectively.

The county does have one FM radio station (WZSR - Star 105.5 FM), which plays mostly Adult Contemporary and pop music, and one AM radio station (WCPT - 850 AM), which broadcasts daytime progressive talk radio. WZSR is based out of Woodstock, while WCPT is based out of Crystal Lake.

Also, the county has its own major daily newspaper, the Northwest Herald, which provides complete, comprehensive local coverage of news throughout the greater McHenry County area. There are also several weekly publications throughout the county, focusing on the individual municipalities.

Townships

Cities and villages

Census designated places

Unincorporated communities

Notable Residents

External links

References

  • Forstall, Richard L. (editor) (1996). Population of states and counties of the United States: 1790 to 1990 : from the twenty-one decennial censuses. United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Population Division. ISBN 0-934213-48-8. 


Coordinates: 42°19′N 88°27′W / 42.32, -88.45

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at McHenry County, Illinois. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about McHenry County, IllinoisRDF feed
County names McHenry County, Illinois  +
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 Illinois  +
Short name McHenry County  +

This article uses material from the "McHenry County, Illinois" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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