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McLeod Lake, British Columbia
—  Village  —
Country Canada
Province British Columbia
Regional District Fraser-Fort George
Established 1805
 - Total 10 km2 (3.9 sq mi)
Elevation 2,496 m (8,190 ft)
Population (2006)
 - Total 70
Time zone PST (UTC−8)
 - Summer (DST) PDT (UTC−7)
Postal code span V0J 2G0
Area code(s) 250
Website McLeod Lake First Nation
Flag of Canada.svg
Indian, Fort McLeod, 1905

McLeod Lake is an Indian Reserve community located on Highway 97 in northern British Columbia, Canada, 140 kilometres (87 mi) north of Prince George. It is notable for being the first continuously inhabited European settlement established west of the Rocky Mountains in present-day Canada. Originally named Trout Lake Fort, it was founded by the explorer and North West Company trader Simon Fraser in 1805 and was for a while known as La Malice Fort, after an employee left in charge during Fraser's absence. It became known soon after as Fort McLeod during the tenure of Archibald McLeod, who was in charge of the post for many years.

It currently has a population of around 70, the main residents being an Athabascan Sekani people known as "Tse'Khene" (the people of the rock, in reference to the Rocky Mountains). Having signed Treaty 8 in the year 2000,[1][2] the natives of the community are trying to direct themselves towards self government and employment stability.

The lake itself is 2,290 hectares (5,700 acres).

A point in the marshes on its southern shore of nearby Summit Lake marks the low point of the divide between the drainages of the Fraser and Peace Rivers, As such it is significant as the prominence col between all points south in the Rockies and beyond and their "parent" summits in northern BC and Alaska (see Topographic prominence). Summit Lake col, at 710 metres (2,300 ft) in elevation, is the low point on the mountain spine of the Americas that connects Pico de Orizaba (5,640 metres (18,500 ft)) in Mexico with its next-higher "parent" peak, Mount Logan (5,959 metres (19,550 ft)).

See also

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Coordinates: 55°00′N 123°02′W / 55°N 123.033°W / 55; -123.033



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