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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

McMinnville, Oregon
—  City  —
Hotel Oregon in the Downtown Historic District
Nickname(s): Mac
Location in Oregon
Coordinates: 45°12′42″N 123°11′50″W / 45.21167°N 123.19722°W / 45.21167; -123.19722Coordinates: 45°12′42″N 123°11′50″W / 45.21167°N 123.19722°W / 45.21167; -123.19722
Country United States
State Oregon
County Yamhill
Incorporated 1876
Government
 - Mayor Rick Olson
Area
 - Total 9.9 sq mi (25.6 km2)
 - Land 9.9 sq mi (25.6 km2)
 - Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 157 ft (47.9 m)
Population (2009)
 - Total 32,400
 - Density 2,675.8/sq mi (1,033.5/km2)
Time zone Pacific (UTC-8)
 - Summer (DST) Pacific (UTC-7)
ZIP code 97128
Area code(s) 503, 971
FIPS code 41-45000[1]
GNIS feature ID 1163136[2]
Website www.ci.mcminnville.or.us

McMinnville is the county seat and largest city of Yamhill County, Oregon, United States. According to Oregon Geographic Names, it was named by its founder, William T. Newby, an early immigrant on the Oregon Trail, for his hometown of McMinnville, Tennessee. As of January 2009, the city had a total population of 32,400.[3]

McMinnville is located at the confluence of the North and South Forks of the Yamhill River in the Willamette Valley. Part of the Portland metropolitan area, it lies 35 miles (56 km) southwest of Portland. The city is home to Linfield College and the Evergreen Aviation Museum.

Contents

History

Town founder William Newby

McMinnville was incorporated as a town in 1876 and became a city in 1882. County residents voted to move the county seat of Yamhill County from Lafayette to McMinnville in 1886.

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McMinnville UFO photographs

McMinnville is known among UFO researchers for photographs published on the front page of the June 9, 1950 edition of the city's newspaper, the News-Register (then known as the Telephone-Register), reportedly of an unidentified flying object seen almost a month earlier, May 11. The Oregonian published the photographs the next day, and within a month they were published in LIFE magazine.[4] The photographs were taken on a farm near McMinnville by a farming couple, Mr. and Mrs. Paul Trent. Mrs. Trent was the first to see the object—it resembled a classic "flying saucer"—and she pointed it out to her husband, who obtained a camera from their farmhouse and took two photos before the "saucer" flew away. A debate has raged for decades between UFO researchers, who claim that the photos are genuine and are among the best ever taken of a UFO, and UFO skeptics/debunkers, who claim that the photos are a hoax. Both sides in the debate have hired photographic experts numerous times to do a professional analysis of the photos, but so far neither side has offered convincing evidence to prove their case. The Trents' background was also thoroughly checked, and to date no evidence has surfaced implicating them in a hoax. The whole sequence of events has led to a "UFO Festival" being held in McMinnville each year, which is the biggest such gathering in the Pacific Northwest, and second in the country only to Roswell, New Mexico's.

Geography

McMinnville is located 50 miles (80 km) from the Pacific Ocean, 35 miles (56 km) from Portland, and 26 miles (42 km) from Salem, the state capital.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.9 square miles (25.6 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 26,499 people residing in the city, among 9,367 households and 6,463 families. The population density is 2,675.8 people per square mile (1,033.5/km²). There are 9,834 housing units at an average density of 993.0/sq mi (383.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city is 86.39% White, 1.39% Native American, 1.25% Asian, 0.68% Black or African American, and 0.18% Pacific Islander. 14.64% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race. 7.26% identify themselves as from other races, and 2.86% from two or more races.

There are 9,367 households out of which 35.4% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.5% are married couples living together, 10.8% have a female householder with no husband present, and 31.0% are non-families. 23.9% of all households are made up of individuals and 11.5% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.66 and the average family size is 3.13.

In the city, the population is spread out with 26.3% under the age of 18, 14.7% from 18 to 24, 26.9% from 25 to 44, 17.9% from 45 to 64, and 14.3% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 32 years. For every 100 females there are 93.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 90.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city is $38,953, and the median income for a family is $44,013. Males have a median income of $33,517 versus $24,405 for females. The per capita income for the city is $17,085. 12.9% of the population and 8.2% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 14.0% of those under the age of 18 and 7.8% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

Economy

Headquarters of the Oregon Mutual Insurance Company

Since the 1990s, the majority of the vineyards of the Willamette Valley American Viticultural Area (AVA) are in the area surrounding McMinnville, thus giving this city a claim to the title of the capital of Oregon's wine industry. In January 2005, a McMinnville AVA was established after an application from Youngberg Hill Vineyards. The AVA includes 14 wineries and 523 acres (2.12 km²) within the Willamette Valley AVA. The city is at the northeastern border of its AVA namesake.[5]

Arts and culture

Annual cultural events

Pioneer Hall at Linfield College

Turkey Rama is a three-day festival held in downtown McMinnville celebrating the ongoing tradition of the turkey barbecue. The barbecue was started in 1938 by turkey farmers in Yamhill County, when the main source of wealth in the county was based on the booming turkey-farming industry. Now, commercial exhibitions have replaced the "turkey exhibitions", and so the turkey-judging competitions and turkey races have been eliminated in favor of more "turkey-friendly" rides, booths, and outdoor entertainment.

The International Pinot Noir Celebration has been held every July since 1987 on the Linfield College campus.

Museums and other points of interest

The Evergreen Aviation Museum

The Evergreen Aviation Museum is located in McMinnville and is best known as the home of the Spruce Goose, the world's largest propeller-driven airplane, built by the famed aviator Howard Hughes. It is also home to an SR-71 "Blackbird", a Titan II SLV Missile and a Grumman F6F3 "Hellcat." The museum is also home to another 80 historic aircraft and exhibits. The museum is a large symmetrical building with a glass facade, a local landmark which can be seen for miles. There is also a newly built IMAX theater and aerospace museum along with classrooms for the Engineering and Aerospace Academy of McMinnville High School.

Parks and recreation

McMinnville has several parks scattered across the city. The best-known city parks are the Wortman Park and the City Park, in downtown, the latter of which is within walking distance from the downtown business district. In 1910, the city sold $3,000 worth of park bonds to finance construction of a band stand and a small zoo featuring bears, deer and other local animals. Near the site of Lower City Park, along the Cozine Creek, there used to be a large flour mill, called the Star Mill. The mill was closed in 1921 and was damaged by a fire in 1927. The city of McMinnville sold $8,500 worth of bonds to finance the purchase of the property. The tract ran from Star Mill Way to Cozine Creek and West Second Street, to the Mill pond site. The pond site is now occupied by tennis courts. Wortman Park is a very large park with a small stream running through it and trees scattered throughout the whole area. In fact, there are so many trees in the park that it sometimes creates an "umbrella" effect from the weather, keeping the park shady in the summer (though still hot and dry) and only damp or moist when it rains. A disc golf course was put into the park in 1991 and is home to the annual Squirrel Open, an Oregon Disc Sports Association's Oregon Series tournament.

Education

McMinnville High School

McMinnville is served by the McMinnville School District. McMinnville also has two colleges, Linfield College and the McMinnville campus of Chemeketa Community College, whose main campus is in Salem. Among the private schools in McMinnville are Bethel Christian School, McMinnville Christian High School[6] and St. James Catholic Elementary School.[7]

Media

  • News Register - local paper
  • The Linfield Review - Linfield College student paper
  • The Bruin - McMinnville High School student paper[8]
  • McMinnville Community Media - community television[9]
  • KLYC 1260 AM
  • KSLC 90.3 FM - Linfield College student radio

Infrastructure

Transportation

McMinnville Municipal Airport is owned and operated by the City of McMinnville.[10] The city is also served by the Portland & Western Railroad.[11]

Health care

Notable residents

See also

References

External links


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