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Dwarf Tarantulas
Megahexura fulva
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Suborder: Mygalomorphae
Superfamily: Mecicobothrioidea
Family: Mecicobothriidae
Holmberg, 1882
Genera

Hexura (Simon, 1884)
Hexurella (Gertsch & Platnick, 1979)
Mecicobothrium (Holmberg, 1882)
Megahexura (Kaston, 1972)

Diversity
4 genera, 9 species

Dwarf tarantulas, also known as sheet funnel-web spiders are a type of spider from the family Mecicobothriidae. Dwarf tarantulas are one of several families of the sub-order Mygalomorphae; this larger group also includes the true tarantulas.

Contents

Description

Dwarf tarantulas, as the name indicates, appear like other species of tarantula, but are physically much smaller. Many specimens are smaller than 1 cm in length, and the largest in the family are seldom larger than 2 cm. The spiders, like all Mygalomorphae, have downward pointing fangs; dwarf tarantulas also have long spinnerets.

Classification

There are currently only 4 recognized genera and 9 recognized species in this family. These are:

Hexura Simon, 1884

  • Hexura picea Simon, 1884 — USA
  • Hexura rothi Gertsch & Platnick, 1979 — USA

Hexurella Gertsch & Platnick, 1979

  • Hexurella apachea Gertsch & Platnick, 1979 — USA
  • Hexurella encina Gertsch & Platnick, 1979 — Mexico
  • Hexurella pinea Gertsch & Platnick, 1979 — USA
  • Hexurella rupicola Gertsch & Platnick, 1979 — USA

Mecicobothrium Holmberg, 1882

  • Mecicobothrium baccai Lucas et al., 2006 — Brazil
  • Mecicobothrium thorelli Holmberg, 1882 — Argentina, Uruguay

Megahexura Kaston, 1972

  • Megahexura fulva (Chamberlin, 1919) — USA

See also

References

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Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Taxonavigation

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Classis: Arachnida
Ordo: Araneae
Subordo: Opisthothelae
Infraordo: Mygalomorphae
Superfamilia: Mecicobothrioidea
Familia: Mecicobothriidae
Genera: Hexura - Hexurella - Mecicobothrium - Megahexura

Name

Mecicobothriidae Holmberg, 1882

Vernacular names

English: Dwarf tarantula
Русский: Карликовые тарантулы

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