Mecklenburg-Strelitz: Wikis

  
  

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Mecklenburg-Strelitz
1701–1918
Flag Coat of arms
Mecklenburg-Strelitz within the German Empire
Capital Neustrelitz
Government Monarchy
History
 - Established 1701
 - Disestablished 1918
Population
 - 1905 est. 103,000 

Mecklenburg-Strelitz was a duchy and later grand duchy in northern Germany, roughly consisting of the present day district of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (the historical Stargarder Land), bordering areas of modern-day Brandenburg with the town of Fürstenberg and the area around Ratzeburg in modern Schleswig-Holstein.

Contents

History

It was established in 1701, roughly on the territory of the former duchy of Mecklenburg-Güstrow. The capital was Neustrelitz. In 1808, the duchy joined the Confederation of the Rhine. The Congress of Vienna recognized it as a grand duchy and member of the German Confederation. Mecklenburg-Strelitz joined the North German Confederation in 1867, and became a part of the German Empire in 1871. On January 1, 1934 it was united with the neighbouring state of Mecklenburg-Schwerin to form the State of Mecklenburg (today part of the Bundesland Mecklenburg-Vorpommern).

The US county Mecklenburg (Charlotte, North Carolina) is named after Mecklenburg-Strelitz and Strelitz-born Princess Charlotte (queen consort of King George III of the United Kingdom). The flower Strelitzia ("Bird of Paradise") also is in honor of her home country. Queen Luise of Prussia also was a born princess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.

The lingering end of the ruling family of Mecklenburg-Strelitz occurred just prior to the loss of actual monarchy in developments of First World War — at that time, there existed only two surviving recognized male dynasts of Strelitz, the young Grand Duke Adolf Frederick VI and his cousin Duke Charles Michael who was in Russian service, being a son of a grand duchess. In 1914, before the proclamation of war between Germany and Russia, Duke Charles Michael renounced his Mecklenburgish citizenship. On 23 February 1918, Grand Duke Adolf Frederick VI committed suicide, leaving his cousin Charles Michael as heir to the Strelitz throne. Charles Michael however being in Russia did not assume the throne and in 1918 wrote to Grand Duke Frederick Francis IV of Mecklenburg-Schwerin who was acting as regent in Strelitz, that he wished to renounce his rights of succession to Strelitz though the letter was only received by Frederick Francis in 1919 after the end of German monarchies so the issue of succession could not be resolved in time.

Mecklenburg-Strelitz (yellow), 1866-1934.

The House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz survives to this day descending from Duke George of Mecklenburg (former Count of Carlow), who was the morganatic nephew (son of Duke George Alexander and Countess Natalia Carlow) of Duke Charles Michael. Duke Charles Michael adopted his nephew George in 1928 with George subsequently assuming the title Duke of Mecklenburg (Serene Highness) which was recognised by Grand Duke Frederick Francis IV. He was later given the style of Highness by the House of Mecklenburg-Schewrin. George's grandson Borwin, Duke of Mecklenburg is the present head of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.

Dukes of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, 1701-1815

Grand Dukes of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, 1815-1918

Heads of the House post-monarchy

Heir: Duke Alexander of Mecklenburg (born 1991)

See also

External links


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

MECKLENBURG-STREL1TZ consists of two detached parts, the duchy of Strelitz on the E. of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, and the principality of Ratzeburg on the W. The first is bounded by Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Pomerania and Brandenburg, the second by Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Lauenburg, and the territory of the free town of Lbeck. Their joint area is 1130 sq. m. Pop. (1905), 103,451.

Mecklenburg lies wholly within the great North-European plain, and its flat surface is interrupted only by one raiIge of low hills, intersecting the country from south-east to north-west, and forming the watershed between the Baltic Sea and the Elba. Its highest point, the Helpter Berg, is 587 ft. above sea-level. The coast-line runs for 65 m. along the Baltic (without including indentations), for the most part in flat sandy stretches covered with dunes. The chief inlets are Wismar Bay, the Salzhaff, and the roads of Warnemnde. The rivers are numerous though small; most of them are affluents of the Elbe, which traverses a small portion of Mecklenburg. Several are navigable, and the facilities for inland water traffic are increased by canals. Lakes are numerous; about four hundred, covering an area of 500 sq. m., are reckoned in the two duchies. The largest is Lake MUritz, 52 sq. m. in extent. The climate resembles that of Great Britain, but the winters are generally more severe; the mean annual temperature is 48 F., and the annual rainfall is about 28 in. Although there are long stretches of marshy moorland along the coast, the soil is on the whole productive. About 57% of the total area of 1\Iecklenburg-Schwerin consists of cultivated land, 18% of forest, and 13% of heath and pasture. In Mecklenburg-Strelitz the corresponding figures are 47, 21 and 10%. Agriculture is by far the most important industry in both duchies. The chief crops are rye, oats, wheat, potatoes and hay. Smaller areas are devoted to maize, buckwheat, pease, rape, hemp, flax, hops and tobacco. The extensive pastures support large herds of sheep and cattle, including a noteworthy breed of merino sheep. The horses of Mecklenburg are of a fine sturdy quality and highly esteemed. Red deer, wild swine and various other game are found in the forests. The industrial establishments include a few ironfoundries, wool-spinning mills, carriage and machine factories, dyeworks, tanneries, brick-fields, soap-works, breweries, distilleries, numerous limekilns and tar-boiling works, tobacco and cigar factories, and numerous mills of various kinds. Mining is insignificant, though a fair variety of minerals is represented in the district. Amber is found on and near the Baltic coast. Rostock, Warnemuhde and Wismar are the principal commercial centres. The chief exports are grain and other agricultural produce, live stock, spirits, wood and wool; the chief imports are colonial produce, iron, coal, salt, wine, beer and tobacco. The horse and wool markets of Mecklenburg are largely attended by buyers from various parts of Germany. Fishing is carried on extensively in the numerous inland lakes:

In 1907 the grand dukes of both duchies promised a constitution to their subjects. The duchies had always been under a government of fetidal character, the grand dukes having the executive entirely in their hands (though acting through ministers), while the duchies shared a diet (Landtag), meeting for a short session each year, and at other times represented by a committee, and consisting of - the proprietors of knights estates (Rittergitter), known as the Ri.iterschaft, and the Landschaft or burgomasters of certain towns.


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