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Meco
—  Municipality  —

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Meco is located in Spain
Meco
Location in Spain
Coordinates: 40°33′14″N 3°19′34″W / 40.55389°N 3.32611°W / 40.55389; -3.32611Coordinates: 40°33′14″N 3°19′34″W / 40.55389°N 3.32611°W / 40.55389; -3.32611
Country  Spain
Autonomous community  Madrid
Province Madrid
Comarca Comarca de Alcalá
Government
 - Alcalde Pedro Luis Sanz Carlavilla (PP)
Area
 - Total 35.07 km2 (13.5 sq mi)
Elevation 673 m (2,208 ft)
Population (2008)
 - Total 12,198
 Density 347.8/km2 (900.8/sq mi)
 - Demonym Mequero
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 28880
Official language(s)
Website Official website

Meco is a municipality in the eastern part of the Autonomous Community of Madrid, (Spain). In 2006, Meco had a population of 11,094 (Spanish National Statistics Institute).

The town is located to the north of the River Henares, in the comarca of La Campiña del Henares, and also in one of the two natural sub-comarcas that make up the Comarca de Alcalá, La Campiña del Henares, characterized by vast grain fields and gentle hills. It is 8 km to the north of the metropolitan area of Alcalá de Henares and 4 km from the University of Alcalà de Henares, a part of Complutense University of Madrid. It provides residences for the university and also is part of the Henares Industrial Corridor.

On the east, Meco borders the municipalities of Azuqueca de Henares and Villanueva de la Torre, of Guadalajara, and also the autonomous community of Castile-La Mancha. It can be reached by the Royal Cattle Track of Galiana or Riojana, and by the last section of the Henares Canal.

Meco is on the C-2 line of the Cercanías Madrid railway. It is also served by an exit from Radial Motorway 2 and two exits from the A2 (Nos. M-116 and M-112).

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Geography

  • Altitude: 673 m
  • Latitude: 40º 33' 00" N
  • Longitude: 003º 19' 59" E

Located at the edge of one of the terraces of the River Henares, 35 km from the capital, Madrid. The rivers Las Monjas, Villanueva, and its tributary, Valdegatos.

Meco also has the distinction of being Spain's most distant populated area from the sea.

Economy

A town with a dry-soil agricultural tradition, Meco has long been an exporter of wheat, flour and bread to Alcalá, Guadalajara, and Madrid.

History

There are archaeological remains from the Iron Age, as well as a Roman necropolis. The municipality may have originated as a Roman agricultural estate, and may have been a wheat staple in Muslim times. After the re-conquest of the Media Marca (Middle March) by Alfonso VI, it came to form part of the Commune of Villa and Land of Guadalajara. In the 15th century, King Juan II gave it to the Marquis of Santillana, Iñigo López de Mendoza, who passed it ti his second son, Iñigo López de Mendoza, Count of Tendilla. The son of Iñigo López de Mendoza, also of the same name, added the title of Marquis of Móndejar by buying this villa from the Catholic Monarchs. In 1801, Alcalá de Henares was separated from the administration of Toledo and became capital of the administrative region. It also separated from Guadalajara, coming to form part of the region of Alcalá de Henares.

Art

Among the buildings of the town, a magnificent parish church stands out. It is dedicated to Our Lady of the Assumption, and is located on Plaza de la Constitución. Construction started in the middle of the 16th century in the Gothic Transitional style, and was completed in the 17th in Baroque style. The presbytery was therefore built of limestone masonry, while the sacristy and tower were brick.

A hall church with columns, its design has been attributed to Rodrigo Gil de Hontañón by some historians. It has three naves, the middle one with barrel vaults flattened at the top, and the lateral ones with pointed arches. Its Baroque dome is constructed on pendentives. It is surrounded by an atrium.

It was listed as an Artistic Historical Monument in 1982, and has been part of the Cultural Heritage of the Community of Madrid since 1992.

The town's main street also has fine examples of spacious historic houses.

There are two hermitages: that of Christ of Succour (Christo del Socorro, late 16th century?) and that of the Virgin (Virgen de la Cabeza, 17th century).

Demographic development

demographic variation of the municipality between 1991 and 2005
2005 2004 2001 1996 1991
10,774 9,986 8,267 4,142 2,928

External links

Statistics

Street guide, maps and aerial photos


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