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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Media may refer to:

Contents

Communications

Computing

Fine art

  • Media (arts), materials and techniques used by an artist to produce a work

Life sciences

  • Growth media, objects in which microorganisms or cells can experience growth
  • Media filter, a filter consisting of several different filter materials
  • Tunica media, the middle layer of the wall of a blood vessel

Titles/names

Locations

Music

Mythology

  • Medea, the daughter of King Aeëtes of Colchis in Greek mythology

Ships

  • RMS Media, a Cunard Line cargo liner in service 1948-61

See also


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Media is a the county seat of Delaware County.

Get in

By car

Media is located off Exit 3 on Interstate 476 (locally known as the "Blue Route")

By train

SEPTA's R3 Regional Rail line (Media-Elwyn) has a stop located in Media, and also another stop just south of the borough, in Rose Valley (Moylan-Rose Valley station).

Get around

By foot/bike

Media is a compact borough, and has excellent sidewalks, which makes a car unecessary

By trolley

The Route 101 trolley runs through the heart of Media on State St to Upper Darby. Standard fare (as in for all of septa) is $2 cash, or one token ($1.45)(tokens are available at major SEPTA stations in Philadelphia).

By car

Parking is available on most side streets and there are several parking garages located near the State. St Business District

Eat

Fellini's Cafe, 610-892-7616, [1].  edit Small italian restaurant located on State St. The cafe features murals on both walls, and has live opera on Monday Nights. $10-$20

Sleep

.Quality Inn, 4 South New Middleton Road , Media, PA, US, 19063, (610) 565-5800, [2].^ Hickey examines some of the differences in news media perspective on the US war in Afghanistan.
  • Mass Media 10 January 2010 10:25 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Scherer discusses the patriotic bias that the American news media has shown towards the US war on terrorism in Afghanistan.
  • Mass Media 10 January 2010 10:25 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Let us infotain you: Politics in the new media environment.
  • MASS MEDIA - TELEVISION EFFECTS AND NEWS COVERAGE 10 January 2010 10:25 UTC www.wfu.edu [Source type: Academic]

Located at the intersection of Baltimore Pike and Route 352, accessible by Car only.  edit

Contact

Internet

Internet access (WiFi) is avaliable in several coffee shops located in Media, including the Starbucks on Baltimore Pike (at the far eastern edge of the borough) and at the Franklin Mint Federal Credit Union on State St.

Phone

.Media, PA is covered by all the major cell phone companies in the United States (Verizon, AT&T, T-Mobile).^ The Company also develops exclusive content for cross media platforms such as Internet, mobiles, ITV and IPTV. The bouquet covers an entire gamut of news, travel, entertainment, shopping, health, gadgets.

^ Yogi is a global on-demand services company that provides personalized computer support for consumers and small businesses in United States, United Kingdom, Canada and Australia.

^ Ettinger LE. Nurse-midwives, the mass media, and the politics of maternal health care in the United States, 1925-1955.
  • Health and the Mass Media - Sydney School of Public Health - The University of Sydney 10 January 2010 10:25 UTC www.health.usyd.edu.au [Source type: Academic]

.Unfortunately, most public phones have been removed, and celluar service is the only way to communicate.^ Tata Teleservices’ bouquet of telephony services includes mobile services, wireless desktop phones, public booth telephony and Wireline services.

^ Secondly, the often-ambiguous aims sought in most operations today require greater communication of military goals and objectives, as well as public support.
  • Mass Media 10 January 2010 10:25 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Newspapers

The Philadelphia Inquirer and the Delaware County Daily Times are daily newspapers widely avaliable in Media, PA. The freesheet Metro Philadelphia is avaliable at SEPTA Regional Rail stations. Philadelphia Weekly and Philadelphia City Paper are two alternative weeklies also avaliable in Media, PA.

Get out

Philadelphia is located only 12 miles away
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Study guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiversity

See also

Resources

External links

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Please help develop this page
This page was created, but so far, little content has been added. Everyone is invited to help expand and create educational content for Wikiversity. .If you need help learning how to add content, see the editing tutorial and the MediaWiki syntax reference.^ Do you need God’s help?
  • Florida Lottery Winner Loses All! (You Tube Videos) Feb. 2-9, 2010 « Faith Center 6 February 2010 12:26 UTC faithcenter.wordpress.com [Source type: General]

^ Need God to help you (1) .
  • Florida Lottery Winner Loses All! (You Tube Videos) Feb. 2-9, 2010 « Faith Center 6 February 2010 12:26 UTC faithcenter.wordpress.com [Source type: General]

^ Beaulieu A, Lippman A. "Everything you need to know": how women's magazines structure prenatal diagnosis for women over 35.
  • Health and the Mass Media - Sydney School of Public Health - The University of Sydney 10 January 2010 10:25 UTC www.health.usyd.edu.au [Source type: Academic]

.To help you get started with content, we have automatically added references below to other Wikimedia Foundation projects.^ Here, I'll help you get started.
  • "Question for Jehovah's witness" | Página 1030 | Foros de MySpace 6 February 2010 12:26 UTC forums.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The partnership with Internet and Mobile Association of India (IAMAI) and The Indus Entrepreneurs (TiE) will help jump-start web professionals’ development projects.

^ Once you're finished, we'll start placing ads next to your video and pay you a share of the revenue as long as you meet the program requirements.
  • Mass Media - Secure Computing: Sec-C 10 January 2010 10:25 UTC www.hackerfactor.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This will help you find materials such as information, media and quotations on which to base the development of "Media" as an educational resource.^ Here you will find a list of useful articles that address the topic of 'Health and the Mass Media' across a range of issues.
  • Health and the Mass Media - Sydney School of Public Health - The University of Sydney 10 January 2010 10:25 UTC www.health.usyd.edu.au [Source type: Academic]

^ Role of material resources and means of production in industrial development; Significance of information to the standard of living of the human society; Impact of information technology on the structure of modern society; Use of information technology for contemporary terrorism.
  • Mass Media 10 January 2010 10:25 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For other than authorized activities such as military exchanges and morale, welfare and recreation sites, the U.S. Air Force does not exercise any editorial control over the information you may find at these locations.
  • Mass Media 10 January 2010 10:25 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

However, please do not simply copy-and-paste large chunks from other projects. .You can also use the links in the blue box to help you classify this page by subject, educational level and resource type.^ This list of articles is a reference point only, and is made available as a resource to direct you to useful readings and articles.
  • Health and the Mass Media - Sydney School of Public Health - The University of Sydney 10 January 2010 10:25 UTC www.health.usyd.edu.au [Source type: Academic]

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

.MEDIA, the ancient name of the north-western part of Iran, the country of the Medes, corresponding to the modern provinces of Azerbaijan, Ardelan, Irak Ajemi, and parts of Kurdistan.^ The Medes were very closely related to the Scythians and lived in central Iran, while the Persians lived in ancient Elam in southwestern Iran.

^ A: This used to be the capital city of the ancient kingdom of Elam, which is in the southwest part of modern Iran.

^ Effects of the terrorist attacks on the operation of several news media in the country; Information on the training of reporters and correspondents in war and terrorism news coverage.
  • Mass Media 10 January 2010 10:25 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It is separated from Armenia and the lowlands on the Tigris (Assyria) by the mighty ranges of the Zagros (mountains of Kurdistan; in its northern parts probably called Choatras, Plin. v. 98), and in the north by the valley of the Araxes (Aras). .In the east it extends towards the Caspian Sea; but the high chains of mountains which surround the Caspian Sea (the Parachoathras of the ancients and the Elburz, separate it from the coast, and the narrow plains on the border of the sea (Gilan, the country of the Gelae and Amardi, and Mazandaran, in ancient times inhabited by the Tapuri) cannot be reckoned as part of Media proper.^ In High Mountains Rising: Appalachia in Time and Place , eds.
  • WVU Libraries: Appalachian Bibliography: Mass Media, Stereotypes 10 January 2010 10:25 UTC www.libraries.wvu.edu [Source type: Academic]

The greater part of Media is a mountainous plateau, about3000-5000ft. above the sea; but it contains some fertile plains. The climate is temperate, with cold winters, in strong contrast to the damp and unwholesome air of the shores of the Caspian, where the mountains are covered with a rich vegetation. Media contains only one river, which reaches the sea, the Sefid Rud (Amardus), which flows into the Caspian; but a great many streams are exhausted after a short course, and in the north-west is a large lake, the lake of Urumiah or Urmia. 1 From the mountains in the west spring some great tributaries of the Tigris, viz. the Diyala (Gyndes) and the Kerkheh (Choaspes). .Towards the south-east Media passes into the great central desert of Iran, which eastwards of Rhagae (mod.^ They debate over the fairness and balance on news media coverage, the central points of the American media, and the best and worst American news outlets when it comes to Middle East coverage.
  • Mass Media 10 January 2010 10:25 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Rai, near Teheran), in the region of the "Caspian gates," reaches to the foot of the Elburz chain. On a tract of about 150 m. the western part of Iran is connected with the east (Khorasan, Parthyaea) only by a narrow district (Choarene and Comisene), where human dwellings and small villages can exist.
.The people of the Mada, Medes (the Greek form M Sot is Ionian for MaBoc) appear in history first in 836 B.C., when the Assyrian conqueror Shalmaneser II.^ Historical Facts 1.1 The Medes history is reconstructed exclusively from Assyrian, Babylonian, Persian, and Greek sources, since no Medean writing has been found.

^ Necho II came to the throne in 658 B .C.E. He maintained a strong foreign involvement by taking Palestine as an Egyptian possession once again (this is described in the Bible in the second Book of Kings) and recruited the displaced Ionian Greeks to form an Egyptian navy.
  • "Question for Jehovah's witness" | Página 1030 | Foros de MySpace 6 February 2010 12:26 UTC forums.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "As Widengren notes, 'both Medes and Persians were often called simply Medes by the Greeks, and this usage evidently dates from the first contact between Greeks in Ionia and Iranians of the west."

in his wars against the tribes of the Zagros received the tribute of the Amadai (this form, with prosthetic a-, which occurs only here, has many analogies in the names of Iranian tribes). His successors under took many expeditions against the Medes (Madai). Sargon in 715 and 713 subjected them "to the far mountain Bikni," i.e. the Elburz (Demavend) and the borders of the desert. .They were divided into many districts and towns, under petty local chieftains; from the names which the Assyrian inscriptions mention, we learn that they were an Iranian tribe and that they had already adopted the religion of Zoroaster.^ Protestants are not demonising the catholic religion they are merely learning what scientists have said before.
  • Sinister Sites: The EU Parliament | The Vigilant Citizen 6 February 2010 12:26 UTC vigilantcitizen.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The was likely the individual mentioned here under the name Darius.

In spite of different attempts of some chieftains to shake off the Assyrian yoke (cf. the information obtained from prayers to the Sun-god for oracles against these rebels: Knudtzon, Assyrische Gebete an den Sonnengott), Media remained tributary to Assyria under Sargon's successors, Sennacherib, Esar-haddon and Assur-bani pal.
Herodotus, i. tor, gives a list of six .Median tribes (-yE)€a), among them the Paraetaceni, the inhabitants of the mountainous highland of Paraetacene, the district of Isfahan, and the Magoi, i.e. the Magians, the hereditary caste of the priests, who in Media took the place of the "fire-kindlers" (athravan) of the Zoroastrian religion, and who spread from Media to Persia and to the west.^ Why the author is more angry that the photos were taken and released than over the acts which took place; Harm which came from publication of the photos; Criticism of the U.S. media as well as the military.
  • Mass Media 10 January 2010 10:25 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

But the Iranian Medes were not the only inhabitants of the country. The names in the Assyrian inscriptions prove that the tribes in the Zagros and the northern parts of Media were not Iranians nor Indo-Europeans, but an aboriginal population, like the early inhabitants of Armenia, perhaps connected with the numerous tribes of the Caucasus.
1 Anc. Mantiane, Strabo xi. 529; Martiane, Ptol. vi. 2, 5, probably identical with the name Matiane, Matiene, by which Herodotus i. 189, 202, iii. 94, v. 49, 52 (in i. 72 and vii. .72 they seem to be a different people in Asia Minor); Polyb.^ The names seemed to serve the purpose of reminding them that they were a conquered people, and exalting the Babylonian gods.

v. 44, 9; Strabo i. 49, ii 73, xi. 5 0 9, 5 1 4, 5 2 3, 525; Plin vi. 48, designate the northern part of Media.
.We can see how the Iranian element gradually became dominant: princes with Iranian names occasionally occur as rulers of these tribes.^ How Images of Death Became Must See TV. Time 159:40 April 29, 2002.
  • Mass Media 10 January 2010 10:25 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

But the Gelae, Tapuri, Cadusii, Amardi, Utii and other tribes in northern Media and on the shores of the Caspian were not Iranians. With them Polybius v. 44, 9, Strabo xi. 507, 508, 514, and Pliny vi. .46, mention the A.nariaci, whom they consider as a particular tribe; but in reality their name, the "Not-Arians," is the comprehensive designation of all these small tribes.^ To all the people claiming they have the ultimate and correct viewpoint on these matters please remember one point, it is us against them and not us against each other.
  • Sinister Sites: The EU Parliament | The Vigilant Citizen 6 February 2010 12:26 UTC vigilantcitizen.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is to this innate need of belief that one might justly give the name of natural religion; and all which tends to clip the wings of these beliefs is, on the religious plane, in opposition to nature.
  • Arnold: Send California prisoners to Mexico 6 February 2010 12:26 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He looks more like the mafioso – frequently the ones assigned a so-called ‘italian nationality’ – when, in reality, they are part of the ‘jewish nation’, with names like Siegal.
  • Sinister Sites: The EU Parliament | The Vigilant Citizen 6 February 2010 12:26 UTC vigilantcitizen.com [Source type: Original source]

.In the second half of the 7th century the Medians gained their independence and were united by a dynasty, which, if we may trust Herodotus, derived its origin from Deioces, a Median chieftain in the Zagros, who was, with his kinsmen, transported by Sargon to Hamath (Hamah) in Syria in 715 B.C. The kings, who created the Median Empire, were Phraortes and his son Cyaxares.^ Darius I, the son of Hystaspes/Vishtaspa , was a Persian (not a Mede) who became King in 522 B.C., after Cyrus and the false Bardiya reigned.

^ In the first year of Da·ri'us the son of A·has·u·e'rus of the seed of the Medes, who had been made king over the kingdom of the Chal·de'ans; .
  • "Question for Jehovah's witness" | Página 1030 | Foros de MySpace 6 February 2010 12:26 UTC forums.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Q: In Dan 11:1-33, who were the kings of the Persian Empire?

.Probably they were chieftains of a nomadic Median tribe in the desert, the Manda, mentioned by Sargon; for the Babylonian king Nabonidus designates the Medians and their kings always as Manda.^ It mentions the reigns of the Neo-Babylonian kings Nebuchadnezzar, Evil-Merodach, Neriglissar.
  • "Question for Jehovah's witness" | Página 1030 | Foros de MySpace 6 February 2010 12:26 UTC forums.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ All the reigns of the Neo-Babylonian Kings are given in these royal inscriptions, from Nabopolassar to Nabonidus, and the length of the reigns are in complete accordance with the Royal Canon and the Uruk Kinglist.
  • "Question for Jehovah's witness" | Página 1030 | Foros de MySpace 6 February 2010 12:26 UTC forums.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A: The Greek historian Herodotus, writing only about 90 years after the fall of Babylon, never mentioned Belshazzar and explicitly said the last king was Nabonidus.

.The origin and history of the Median Empire is quite obscure, as we possess almost no contemporary information, and not a single monument or inscription from Media itself.^ The Persian GOT ALL THE RECORDS THAT EXISTED. Their was NO Babylonian Empire continued in Exile keeping the heritage and History of Babylon.
  • "Question for Jehovah's witness" | Página 1030 | Foros de MySpace 6 February 2010 12:26 UTC forums.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

.Our principal source is Herodotus, who wrongly makes Deioces the first king and uniter of the whole nation, and dates their independence from c. 710-i.e.^ The Persian conquest definitely put an end to Babylon's supremacy over the nations who had served as vassal kings.
  • "Question for Jehovah's witness" | Página 1030 | Foros de MySpace 6 February 2010 12:26 UTC forums.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Also the whole of Jeremiah 42 is telling the Jews who were left after the destruction to stay in the land of Judah, cultivate it and stay in submission to the king of Babylon.
  • "Question for Jehovah's witness" | Página 1030 | Foros de MySpace 6 February 2010 12:26 UTC forums.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The seventy years of servitude foretold by Jeremiah therefore did not apply to Judah as a nation, but only to the nations who submitted to the king of Babylon.
  • "Question for Jehovah's witness" | Página 1030 | Foros de MySpace 6 February 2010 12:26 UTC forums.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

from the time when the Assyrian supremacy was at its height. .But his account contains real historical elements, whereas the story which Ctesias gave (a list of nine kings, beginning with Arbaces, who is said to have destroyed Nineveh about 880 B.C., preserved in Diod.^ A: The Greek historian Herodotus, writing only about 90 years after the fall of Babylon, never mentioned Belshazzar and explicitly said the last king was Nabonidus.

^ Fears become amplified and made more real by their appearance in headlines, creating a hysteria about a topic whereas in reality things are much better.
  • Modern Mass Media: The Bane of Human Cultural Evolution 10 January 2010 10:25 UTC www.humantruth.info [Source type: News]

^ "I may have to do a little rethinking about who was the greatest astronomer," said the onetime Ptolemy supporter.
  • "Question for Jehovah's witness" | Página 1030 | Foros de MySpace 6 February 2010 12:26 UTC forums.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

ii. 32 sqq. and copied by many later authors) has no historical value whatever, although some of his names may be derived from local traditions. .According to Herodotus, the conquests of Cyaxares were interrupted by an invasion of the Scythians, who founded an empire in western Asia, which lasted twenty-eight years.^ But were they too squeamish when it came to showing the carnage of war during the invasion last year?
  • Mass Media 10 January 2010 10:25 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A: The Greek historian Herodotus, writing only about 90 years after the fall of Babylon, never mentioned Belshazzar and explicitly said the last king was Nabonidus.

^ The Rise and Fall of an Immense Image *** 9 Nebuchadnezzar, who reigned for 43 years, headed a dynasty that ruled over the Babylonian Empire.
  • "Question for Jehovah's witness" | Página 1030 | Foros de MySpace 6 February 2010 12:26 UTC forums.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

.From the Assyrian prayers to the Sun-god, mentioned above, we learn that the Median dynasts, who tried rebellions against the Assyrians in the time of Esar-haddon and Assur-bani-pal, were allied with chieftains of the Cimmerians (who had come from the northern shore of the Black Sea and invaded Armenia and Asia Minor), of the Saparda, Ashguza and other tribes; and from Jeremiah and Zephaniah we know that a great invasion of Syria and Palestine by northern barbarians really took place in 626 B.C. With these facts the traditions of Herodotus must in some way be connected; but at present it is impossible to regain the history of these times.^ By this time the Medes, too, began to attack Assyria, and in 614 they took Ashur, the ancient Assyrian capital.
  • "Question for Jehovah's witness" | Página 1030 | Foros de MySpace 6 February 2010 12:26 UTC forums.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ To know all is an impossible dream; but woe unto him who dares not to learn all, and who does not know that, in order to know anything, one must learn eternally!
  • Arnold: Send California prisoners to Mexico 6 February 2010 12:26 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Then, the other five can be scattered one way or the other in some other friendly client state like maybe Rwanda, Burundi and Uganda, where they will be second class citizens like the Hutu Tribes.

.The only certain facts are that in 606 Cyaxares succeeded in destroying Nineveh and the other cities of Assyria (see Phraortes and Deioces).^ However, the Medes, aside from assisting the Babylonians in destroying Assyria, fighting the Scythians, and merging with the Persians, had no other effect on world history.

^ Historians feel that this world power began its reign when it destroyed the city of Haran in 609 BCE and took over from the Assyria world power that had control at that time.
  • "Question for Jehovah's witness" | Página 1030 | Foros de MySpace 6 February 2010 12:26 UTC forums.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Head of State for the Holy See is the POPE. The Head of State for the State of Vatican City is the POPE. That is a fact recognized under international law.
  • Sinister Sites: The EU Parliament | The Vigilant Citizen 6 February 2010 12:26 UTC vigilantcitizen.com [Source type: Original source]

From then the Median king ruled over the greatest part of Iran, Assyria and northern Mesopotamia, Armenia and Cappadocia. His power was very dangerous to their neighbours, and the exiled Jews expected the destruction of Babylonia by the Medes (Isa. xiii., xiv., xxi.; Jerem. 1. li.). When Cyaxares attacked Lydia, the kings of Cilicia and Babylon intervened and negotiated a peace in 585, by which the Halys was established as the boundary. Nebuchadrezzar married a daughter of Cyaxares, and an equilibrium of the great powers was maintained till the rise of Cyrus.
.About the internal organization of the Median Empire we know only that the Greeks derive a great part of the ceremonial of the Persian court, the costume of the king, &c., from Media.^ Bear raised on one side: The Medeo-Persian Empire had two parts, with the Persian side being dominant.

^ A: The Greek historian Herodotus, writing only about 90 years after the fall of Babylon, never mentioned Belshazzar and explicitly said the last king was Nabonidus.

^ In the Persian Empire, Medea was one of the 20 (not 120) satrapies of the Persian Empire, but it was divided into two parts for taxation purposes.

But it is certain that the national union of the Median clans was the work of their kings; and probably the capital Ecbatana was created by them.
.By the rebellion of Cyrus, king of Persia, against his suzerain Astyages, the son of Cyaxares, in 553, and his victory in 550, the Medes were subjected to the Persians.^ Furthermore, no verse says this Darius was over all the Medes and Persians, but rather that he was made king over just the Babylonians.

^ How is it that the Persian historians would have no records of an Alliance between Babylon and the Medes by way of marriage of Cyaxares granddaughter to Nebuchadnezzar?
  • "Question for Jehovah's witness" | Página 1030 | Foros de MySpace 6 February 2010 12:26 UTC forums.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This changed under Cyrus (a Persian who was one-fourth Mede), when he defeated his Median grandfather Astyges in 625 B.C..

.In the new empire they retained a prominent position; in honour and war they stood next to the Persians; the ceremonial of their court was adopted by the new sovereigns who in the summer months resided in Ecbatana, and many noble Medes were employed as officials, satraps and generals.^ The Medes still had the highest position after the Persians, and as the 1956 and 1972 editions of Encyclopedia Britannica say, "many noble Medes were employed as officials, satraps and generals."

^ A speculation is that if the Persians heard of this, they would be favorably impressed with Daniel, and they would be more likely to retain Daniel as a high official.

^ It seems that little over 200 had passed and the Persians had NO IDEA who built cities in the country that they now ruled!!
  • "Question for Jehovah's witness" | Página 1030 | Foros de MySpace 6 February 2010 12:26 UTC forums.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

.After the assassination of the usurper Smerdis, a Mede Fravartish (Phraortes), who pretended to be of the race of Cyaxares, tried to restore the Median kingdom, but was defeated by the Persian generals and executed in Ecbatana (Darius in the Behistun inscr.^ The Medes still had the highest position after the Persians, and as the 1956 and 1972 editions of Encyclopedia Britannica say, "many noble Medes were employed as officials, satraps and generals."

^ Biblical Observations The Darius in Daniel was a Mede, 62 years old, who had 120 administration districts (not necessarily satrapies) under him.

^ Identity of Darius the Mede Since Darius was the one who took over Babylon, there are three choices.

). Another rebellion, in 409, against Darius II. (Xenophon, Hellen. i. 2, 19) was of short duration. But the non-Aryan tribes of the north, especially the Cadusians, were always troublesome; many abortive expeditions of the later kings against them are mentioned.
.Under the Persian rule the country was divided into two satrapies.^ In the Persian Empire, Medea was one of the 20 (not 120) satrapies of the Persian Empire, but it was divided into two parts for taxation purposes.

.The south, with Ecbatana and Rhagae (Rai), Media proper, or "Great Media," as it is often called, formed in Darius' organization the eleventh satrapy (Herodotus iii.^ (The organization calls itself the Leader in Documenting, Exposing and Neutralizing Liberal Media Bias).
  • Mass Media 10 January 2010 10:25 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

92), together with the Paricanians and Orthocorybantians; the north, the district of Matiane (see above), together with the mountainous districts of the Zagros and Assyria proper (east of the Tigris) was united with the Alarodians and Saspirians in eastern Armenia, and formed the eighteenth satrapy (Herod. iii. 94; cf. v. 49, 5 2, vii. 72). When the empire decayed and the Carduchi and other mountainous tribes made themselves independent, eastern Armenia became a special satrapy, while Assyria seems to have been united with Media; therefore Xenophon in the Anabasis ii. 4, 27; iii. 5, 15; vii. 8, 25; cf. iii. 4, 8 sqq. always designates Assyria by the name of Media.
Alexander occupied Media in the summer of 330; in 328 he appointed Atropates, a former general of Darius (Arrian iii. 8, 4), as satrap (iv. 18, 3, vi. 29, 3), whose daughter was married to Perdiccas in 324 (Arrian vii. 4, 5). In the partition of his empire, southern Media was given to the Macedonian Peithon; but the north, which lay far off and was of little importance for the generals who fought for the inheritance of Alexander, was left to Atropates. While southern Media with Ecbatana passed to the rule of Antigonus, and afterwards (about 310) to Seleucus I.; Atropates maintained himself in his satrapy and succeeded in founding an independent kingdom. Thus the partition of the country, which the Persian had introduced, became lasting; the north was named Atropatene (in Plin. vi. 42, Atrapatene; in Ptolem. vi. 2, 5, Tropatene; in Polyb. v. 44 and S5 corrupted in Ta crarpaireia Ka)ouµEva), after the founder of the dynasty, a name which is preserved in the modern Azerbaijan; cf. Noldeke, "Atropatene," in Zeitschrift der deutschen morgenl. Gesellschaft, 34, 692 sqq. and Marquart, Eranshahr, p. 108 sqq. The capital was Gazaca in the central plain, and the strong castle Phraaspa (Dio Cass. xlix. 26; Plut. Anton. 38; Ptol. vi. 2, 10) or Vera (Strabo xi. 523), probably identical with the great ruin Takhti Suleiman, with remains of Sassanid fire-altars and of a later palace. The kings had a strong and warlike army, especially cavalry (Polyb. v. 55; Strabo xi. 253). Nevertheless, King Artabazanes was forced by Antiochus the Great in 220 to conclude a disadvantageous treaty (Polyb. v. .55), and in later times the rulers became in turn dependent on the Parthians, on Tigranes of Armenia, and in the time of Pompey who defeated their king Darius (Appian, Mithr. 108), on Antonius (who invaded Atropatene) and on Augustus of Rome.^ They were led by Gary North of Christian Reconstruction who declared that 'We need times so hard that men will turn to God.'
  • Modern Mass Media: The Bane of Human Cultural Evolution 10 January 2010 10:25 UTC www.humantruth.info [Source type: News]

^ It only includes the ruler who will come making a covenant, and 3 1/2 years later breaking this covenant.

^ Darius I, the son of Hystaspes/Vishtaspa , was a Persian (not a Mede) who became King in 522 B.C., after Cyrus and the false Bardiya reigned.

In the time of Strabo (A.D. 17), the dynasty existed still (p. 523); in later times the country seems to have become a Parthian province.
.Atropatene is that country of western Asia which was least of all influenced by Hellenism; there exists not even a single coin of its rulers.^ Thus we find the Christian Magus who imposed his power upon the world taking the existing worships and making a single system combining all their merits.
  • Arnold: Send California prisoners to Mexico 6 February 2010 12:26 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

But the opinion of modern authors-that it had been a special refuge of Zoroastrianism-is based upon a wrong etymology of the name (which is falsely explained as "country of fire-worship"), and has no foundation whatever. .There can be no doubt that the kings adhered to the Persian religion; but it is not probable that it was deeply rooted among their subjects, especially among the non-Aryan tribes.^ A: No, but this is something King Darius probably would not desire to have remembered either.

^ Furthermore, no verse says this Darius was over all the Medes and Persians, but rather that he was made king over just the Babylonians.

^ However, even assuming Daniel acted properly, this was praise and definitely not worship, as no king would want to compromise his authority by worshipping one of his subjects.

Southern Media remained a province of the Seleucid Empire for a century and a half, and Hellenism was introduced everywhere. "Media is surrounded everywhere by Greek towns, in pursuance of the plan of Alexander, which protect it against the neighbouring barbarians," says Polybius (x. 27). Only Ecbatana retained its old character. But Rhagae became a Greek town, Europus; and with it Strabo (xi. 524) names Laodicea, Apamea, Heraclea or Achais (cf. Plin. vi. 48). .Most of them were founded by Seleucus I. and his son Antiochus I. In 221, the satrap Molon tried to make himself independent (there exist bronze coins with his name and the royal title), together with his brother Alexander, satrap of Persis, but they were defeated and killed by Antiochus the Great.^ These transactions were dated and had the reigning King's name on them.There were also about 1300 Royal Inscriptions that were found from the Neo-Babylonian era.
  • "Question for Jehovah's witness" | Página 1030 | Foros de MySpace 6 February 2010 12:26 UTC forums.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Persians didn't keep the records they captured they seem to have destroyed ALL babylonian corrospondence otherwise they would still have existed when Alexander captured ALL the Imperial capitals.
  • "Question for Jehovah's witness" | Página 1030 | Foros de MySpace 6 February 2010 12:26 UTC forums.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

.In the same way, in 161, the Median satrap Timarchus took the diadem and conquered Babylonia; on his coins he calls himself "the great king Timarchus"; but this time again the legitimate king, Demetrius I., succeeded in subduing the rebellion, and Timarchus was slain.^ Two kings of Babylon ruling at the same time CONFIRMED. Hence his offer to Daniel to make him the THIRD man in the Kingdom.
  • "Question for Jehovah's witness" | Página 1030 | Foros de MySpace 6 February 2010 12:26 UTC forums.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Q: Does Dan 11:1, contradict history, which says the Persian King who conquered Babylonia was Cyrus I, not Darius I? A: Neither Cyrus nor Darius captured Babylon.

But with Demetrius I. the dissolution of the Seleucid Empire begins, which was brought on chiefly by the intrigues of the Romans, and shortly afterwards, about 150, the Parthian king, Mithradates I. (q.v.), conquered Media (Justin xli. 6). From this time Media remained subject to the Arsacids, who changed the name of Rhagae, or Europus, into Arsacia (Strabo xi. 524), and divided the country into five small provinces (Isidorus Charac.). From the Arsacids or Parthians, it passed in A.D. 226 to the Sassanids, together with Atropatene. .By this time the old tribes of Aryan Iran had lost their character and had been amalgamated into the one nation of the Iranians.^ However, "There is little doubt that the names of the instruments in Daniel were Old Persian in character, and were assimilated by the Greeks into their own culture with some orthographic modifications.

The revival of Zoroastrianism, which was enforced everywhere by the Sassanids, completed this development. It was only then that Atropatene became a principal seat of fire-worship, with many fire-altars. Rhagae now became the most sacred city of the empire and the seat of the head of the Zoroastrian hierarchy; the Sassanid Avesta and the tradition of the Parsees therefore consider Rhagae as the home of the family of the Prophet. .Henceforth the name of Media is used only as a geographical term and begins to disappear from the living language; in Persian traditions it occurs under the modern form Mah (Armen.^ Because of this abundance of dated texts modern scholars are able to determine not only the length of the reign of each king, but also the time of the year when each change of reign occurred, sometimes almost to the day.
  • "Question for Jehovah's witness" | Página 1030 | Foros de MySpace 6 February 2010 12:26 UTC forums.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Use of consumer’s location for targeted advertising is missing on Web, TV & other traditional media.

^ Daniel uses the Hebrew term, Kasdim, not only to refer to priests, but also the Chaldean (Babylonian) people in Daniel 5:30.

Mai; in Syriac the old name Madai is preserved; cf. Marquart, Eranshahr, 18 seq.).
For Mahommedan history see CALIPHATE; for later history SELJUKS and PERSIA. (ED. M.)


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also media, and média

Contents

English

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Etymology

From Ancient Greek Μῆδος (Mēdos), from Mada (vocalization uncertain), the Median language self-designator signifying speakers of the Median language.

Pronunciation

  • IPA: [ˈmiːdıə]

Proper noun

Singular
Media
Plural
-
Media
  1. a historical region in northwestern Iran, originally inhabited by the Medes
  2. territories corresponding to the empire ruled by dynasts from Media

Related terms

Translations

Anagrams


Wikibooks

Up to date as of January 23, 2010
(Redirected to Mass Media article)

From Wikibooks, the open-content textbooks collection

Welcome to the WikiTextBook on
Mass Media

Table of contents

Newspaper stands

Theories of media

Mass media forms

Visual Media

Audio media

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Internet media

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  • Journalism
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Bible wiki

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From BibleWiki


Heb. .Madai, which is rendered in the Authorized Version (1) "Madai," Gen 10:2; (2) "Medes," 2Kg 17:6; 18:11; (3) "Media," Est 1:3; 10:2; Isa 21:2; Dan 8:20; (4) "Mede," only in Dan 11:1.^ Insight on the News 18:20-21 March 4, 2002.
  • Mass Media 10 January 2010 10:25 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.We first hear of this people in the Assyrian cuneiform records, under the name of Amada, about B.C. 840. They appear to have been a branch of the Aryans, who came from the east bank of the Indus, and were probably the predominant race for a while in the Mesopotamian valley.^ If the Greeks inhereted the records when THEY conquered the Persians then the greek historians of the day wouldn't have complained about the LACK OF SOURCES!.
  • "Question for Jehovah's witness" | Página 1030 | Foros de MySpace 6 February 2010 12:26 UTC forums.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ You would think that if the Medes and the Persian kept their own records, they would have known about this treaty, and also, they would have known the location of Ninevah.
  • "Question for Jehovah's witness" | Página 1030 | Foros de MySpace 6 February 2010 12:26 UTC forums.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

.They consisted for three or four centuries of a number of tribes, each ruled by its own chief, who at length were brought under the Assyrian yoke (2Kg 17:6).^ It seems that little over 200 had passed and the Persians had NO IDEA who built cities in the country that they now ruled!!
  • "Question for Jehovah's witness" | Página 1030 | Foros de MySpace 6 February 2010 12:26 UTC forums.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

From this subjection they achieved deliverance, and formed themselves into an empire under Cyaxares (B.C. 633). .This monarch entered into an alliance with the king of Babylon, and invaded Assyria, capturing and destroying the city of Nineveh (B.C. 625), thus putting an end to the Assyrian monarchy (Nah 1:8; 2:5,6; 3:13, 14).^ Not once have you commented on the Persians not knowing the where abouts of Nineveh The great City of the Assyrians even in the 400s!
  • "Question for Jehovah's witness" | Página 1030 | Foros de MySpace 6 February 2010 12:26 UTC forums.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Four Words That Changed the World *** Proud King Nebuchadnezzar’s 43-year reign in Babylon ended with his death in 582 B.C.E. *** dp chap.
  • "Question for Jehovah's witness" | Página 1030 | Foros de MySpace 6 February 2010 12:26 UTC forums.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ To refrain from doing so would have been altogether too alien from the customs of the kings of Babylon and Assyria."
  • "Question for Jehovah's witness" | Página 1030 | Foros de MySpace 6 February 2010 12:26 UTC forums.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

Media now rose to a place of great power, vastly extending its boundaries. But it did not long exist as an independent kingdom. .It rose with Cyaxares, its first king, and it passed away with him; for during the reign of his son and successor Astyages, the Persians waged war against the Medes and conquered them, the two nations being united under one monarch, Cyrus the Persian (B.C. 558).^ You have been arguing the the Medes and the Persians are in fact ONE Empire.
  • "Question for Jehovah's witness" | Página 1030 | Foros de MySpace 6 February 2010 12:26 UTC forums.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Thus the nations that accepted the Babylonian yoke would serve the king of Babylon seventy years by being vassal kings.
  • "Question for Jehovah's witness" | Página 1030 | Foros de MySpace 6 February 2010 12:26 UTC forums.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Persian and one Mede ayt the same time and then you have shown they were seperate....
  • "Question for Jehovah's witness" | Página 1030 | Foros de MySpace 6 February 2010 12:26 UTC forums.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

.The "cities of the Medes" are first mentioned in connection with the deportation of the Israelites on the destruction of Samaria (2Kg 17:6; 18:11).^ If you are going to claim the bible as your true source, then you cannot ignore the connections between Babylon, Egypt, Assyria, and Jerusalem.....not to mention the Medes and Persians.
  • "Question for Jehovah's witness" | Página 1030 | Foros de MySpace 6 February 2010 12:26 UTC forums.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

Soon afterwards Isaiah (13:17; 21:2) speaks of the part taken by the Medes in the destruction of Babylon (comp. .Jer 51:11, 28).^ By http://geshuced.l0fkgwy.com/blue_man_group_charleston_wv.html on August 28, 2009 at 11:51 am blue man group charleston wv… .
  • ?uestlove » i got 2 puuurrrr, i (really) got 2 puuuurrr. 6 February 2010 12:26 UTC blogs.okayplayer.com [Source type: General]

.Daniel gives an account of the reign of Darius the Mede, who was made viceroy by Cyrus (Dan 6:1-28).^ In the first year of Da·ri'us the son of A·has·u·e'rus of the seed of the Medes, who had been made king over the kingdom of the Chal·de'ans; .
  • "Question for Jehovah's witness" | Página 1030 | Foros de MySpace 6 February 2010 12:26 UTC forums.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Oz: Daniel mentions Darius the Mede ruling in Babylon.
  • "Question for Jehovah's witness" | Página 1030 | Foros de MySpace 6 February 2010 12:26 UTC forums.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Who was Darius the Mede?
  • "Question for Jehovah's witness" | Página 1030 | Foros de MySpace 6 February 2010 12:26 UTC forums.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

The decree of Cyrus, Ezra informs us (6:2-5), was found in "the palace that is in the province of the Medes," Achmetha or Ecbatana of the Greeks, which is the only Median city mentioned in Scripture.
This entry includes text from Easton's Bible Dictionary, 1897.
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