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The state of Karnataka in India has been in the fore-front of communication with the first private radio station being started in Mysore in the year 1935. Radio which had lost its sheen with the advent of television has regained its popularity mainly with the advent of private FM radio channels which broadcast mainly popular film songs. Kannada newspapers have come a long way from the very first one Mangalooru Samachara published in 1843 to the currently most popular one Vijaya Karnataka.

Contents

Newspapers

The era of Kannada newspapers in Karnataka started in the year 1843 when Hermann Mögling, a missionary from Basel Mission published the first Kannada newspaper called Mangalooru Samachara from Mangalore. [1] The first Kannada periodical, Mysuru Vrittanta Bodhini was started by Bhashyam Bhashyacharya in Mysore.[2] Shortly after the Indian Independence in 1948, K N Guruswamy started the company, The Printers (Mysore Private Limited) and started publishing two newspapers Deccan Herald (in English) and Prajavani (in Kannada).[3] Vijaya Karnataka, owned by the Times of India group is the highest circulating Kannada newspaper in Karnataka.[4] Times of India is the largest selling English newspaper in Karnataka.[5] Tabloids like Lankesh Patrike and Hai Bangalore also find favour because of their publications of controversial topics.[6] Sudharma[7], the only daily newspaper published in the Sanskrit language in India is printed and distributed from Mysore.Some other Kannada dailies are Udayavani, Samyukta Karnataka.

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Television

Doordarshan (DD) is the broadcaster of the Government of India and its channel DD Chandana (previously called DD 9) is dedicated to Kannada. The first Kannada serial 'Sihikahi' (meaning bittersweet in Kannada) was produced and directed by H N K Murthy and transmitted by DD Bangalore in 1983. Udaya TV was the first private channel to broadcast in Kannada.[8] Other Kannada channels that broadcast in Kannada include Ushe TV, Zee Kannada, U 2 and most recent recently Asianet Suvarna (June 17th,2007), but these were the channels started from non Kannadigas.

Kasthuri (www.kasthuritv.com) is the first Kannadiga owned TV channel. The channel has been started by Kasturi Media Private Limited which is managed by Anitha Kumaraswamy, wife of the ex-chief minister of Karnataka, H D Kumaraswamy son of H. D. Deve Gowda, Kalyan Nandy & Clint Francis are handling promotions for Kasthuri Delhi & NCR.

Web Portals

Some of the good and fresh Kannada news portals are kannada.epapertoday.com, kannada.webdunia.com, www.thatskannada.com, in.kannada.yahoo.com.

Radio

Karnataka is the location of the first private radio broadcasting station in India when Akashvani (meaning voice from the sky) was setup in Mysore on September 10, 1935 in the premises of M.V. Gopalaswamy, a professor of psychology.[9][10] In 1957, the name Akashvani was chosen as the official name of the All India Radio which is the radio broadcaster of the Government of India. Some of the path-breaking Kannada programs broadcasted by All India Radio include Nisarga Sampada and Sasya Sanjeevini, which taught science through songs, plays and stories and it became so popular that the entire series was recorded in cassettes and distributed to around 5,000 schools by the Government of Karnataka.[10] It was translated into 18 languages and broadcast from various stations across the country and the BBC even sent a team to make a study of this series.[10] The advent of FM in Karnataka started when Radio City FM started broadcasting in Bangalore on July 3, 2001. [11] All India Radio has its own FM channel called FM Rainbow. Now quite a few FM channels have blossomed mainly in Bangalore.

Notes

  1. ^ Shrinivas Havanur. "Herr Kannada". Online Edition of The Deccan Herald 2004-01-18. 1999 The Printers (Mysore) Private Ltd.. http://www.deccanherald.com/archives/jan182004/artic6.asp. Retrieved 2007-06-08. 
  2. ^ Vikas Kamat. "Kannada Literary Journalists". Online webpage of kamat.com. © 1996-2007 Kamat's Potpourri. http://www.kamat.com/kalranga/kar/writers/journalists.htm. Retrieved 2007-06-08. 
  3. ^ "Dream of a visionary". Online Edition of The Prajavani. 2005 The Printers (Mysore) Private Ltd.. http://www.prajavani.net/Content/General/about.asp. Retrieved 2007-06-08. 
  4. ^ "Times Group acquires Vijayanand Printers". Online Edition of The Times of India dated 2006-06-15. © 2007 Times Internet Limited. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/articleshow/1651347.cms. Retrieved 2007-06-08. 
  5. ^ Shuma Raha. "Battleground Bangalore". Online Edition of The Telegraph dated 2006-11-19. © 2006 The Telegraph. http://www.telegraphindia.com/1061119/asp/look/story_7016875.asp. Retrieved 2007-06-08. 
  6. ^ T S Ranganna. "The public should teach erring newspapers a lesson". Online Edition of The Hindu dated 2003-10-31. © 2006 The Hindu. http://www.hindu.com/2003/10/31/stories/2003103102960400.htm. Retrieved 2007-06-08. 
  7. ^ epapertoday. "Sudharma - The only Sanskrit newspaper". http://sudharma.epapertoday.com. Retrieved 2008-08-03. 
  8. ^ "Channel Information". http://www.allsat.com/channels/showchannel.cgi?channel=UDAYA. Retrieved 2007-06-08. 
  9. ^ "STATION DIRECTORS’ CONFERENCE, ALL INDIA RADIO, PATNA, Radio QUIZ". All India Radio. http://www.allindiaradio.org/radioquiz.html. Retrieved 2007-06-08. 
  10. ^ a b c Deepa Ganesh. "Still a hot favourite at 50". Online Edition of The Hindu, dated 2006-03-09. 2006, The Hindu. http://www.hindu.com/thehindu/mp/2006/03/09/stories/2006030901660100.htm. Retrieved 2007-06-08. 
  11. ^ Deepa Ganesh. "Radio City 91 FM turns four on Sunday". Online Edition of The Hindu, dated 2005-06-30. 2005, The Hindu. http://www.hindu.com/2005/06/30/stories/2005063017090200.htm. Retrieved 2007-06-08. 

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