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Medveđa
Медвеђа
—  Town  —

Coat of arms
Location of Medveđa within Serbia
Coordinates: 42°50′N 21°35′E / 42.833°N 21.583°E / 42.833; 21.583
Country Serbia
District Jablanica
Settlements 44
Government
 - Mayor Slobodan Drašković
Area [1]
 - Municipality 524 km2 (202.3 sq mi)
Population (2002 census)[2]
 - Total 2,810
 - Municipality 10,760
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 16240
Area code +381 16
Car plates LE
Website www.medvedja.org.rs
Medveđa
Gornji Gajtan
Srednji Bučumet
Lece
Rujkovac
Gazdare
Medevce
Ravna Banja
Sijarina
Municipality
of Medveđa

Flag of Serbia.svg

Medveđa (Serbian Cyrillic: Медвећа, pronounced [ˈmɛdvɛdʑа]) is a town and municipality in Jablanica District of Serbia. According to the 1991 census, the municipality of Medveđa had a population of 13,368 people, while according to the 2002 census, the municipality population numbered 10,760 people. The town of Medveđa itself had a population of 2,810 in 2002.

Contents

Name & History

Its name is derived from the Serbian word medved (медвед) ("bear" in English), hence the full meaning of the name would be "the place of the bears".

When Serbia was conquered by the Romans, the town had the name of Idimum and the status of mansia.

Architectural debris dating to the 4th century AD lay at various locations of the town, as it was a transitory zone of Upper Moesia, travel and postal stations are among the finds[3].

Settlements

Medveđa municipality include town of Medveđa, town of Sijarinska Banja, and following villages:

  • Bogunovac
  • Borovac
  • Varadin
  • Velika Braina
  • Vrapce
  • Gazdare
  • Gornja Lapaštica
  • Gornji Bučumet
  • Gornji Gajtan
  • Grbavci
  • Gubavce
  • Gurgutovo
  • Donji Bučumet
  • Donji Gajtan
  • Kapit
  • Lece
  • Mala Braina
  • Marovac
  • Maćedonce
  • Maćedonce (Retkocersko)
  • Medevce
  • Mrkonje
  • Negosavlje
  • Petrilje
  • Poroštica
  • Pusto Šilovo
  • Rama Banja
  • Retkocer
  • Rujkovac
  • Svirca
  • Sijarina
  • Sponce
  • Srednji Bučumet
  • Stubla
  • Tulare
  • Crni Vrh
  • Čokotin

Demographics

Ethnic map of the Medveđa municipality.
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Ethnic groups in the municipality

In 1991, the population of the Medveđa municipality was composed of: [1]

  • Serbs =7,205 (68.86%)
  • Albanians = 2,832 (28.67%)
  • Others = 330 (2.47%)

In 2002, the population of the Medveđa municipality was composed of:

Ethnic groups in the town

In 2002, the population of the Medveđa town was composed of:

  • Serbs = 2,460 (87.36%)
  • Albanians = 203(7.22%)
  • Roma = 97 (3.45%)

Settlements by ethnic majority

Settlements with absolute or relative Serb majority are: Medveđa, Bogunovac, Borovac, Varadin, Velika Braina, Donji Bučumet, Donji Gajtan, Drence, Lece, Maćedonce, Maćedonce (Retkocersko), Medevce, Mrkonje, Negosavlje, Petrilje, Poroštica, Pusto Šilovo,Retkocer, Rujkovac, Sponce, Srednji Bučumet, Stubla, Tulare, Crni Vrh, Čokotin, Mala Braina and Marovac.

Settlements with absolute or relative Albanian majority are: Gornja Lapaštica, Grbavce, Kapit, Svirca, Sijarina, Đulekare, Stara Banja, Ravna Banja, Sijarinska Banja and Tupale.

Politics

Seats in the municipality parliament won in 2004 local elections: [2]

  • Coalition for Medveđa (11)
  • Socialist Party of Serbia (7)
  • Democratic Party of Serbia (6)
  • Party for Democratic Changes (6)
  • Party for Democratic Activity (6)
  • Serbian Renewal Movement (3)
  • Serbian Radical Party (2)

Between 1999 and 2001, an ethnic Albanian guerilla organization, known as the "Liberation Army of Preševo, Medveđa and Bujanovac", operated in this region with a goal to secede these three municipalities from Yugoslavia and join them to Kosovo as a part of the Greater Albanian ideal, despite the fact that, unlike Preševo and Bujanovac, the municipality of Medveđa has a Serb majority.

References

  1. ^ "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. http://webrzs.statserb.sr.gov.yu/axd/Zip/OG2006webE.zip. 
  2. ^ (in Serbian) Popis stanovništva, domaćinstava i Stanova 2002. Knjiga 1: Nacionalna ili etnička pripadnost po naseljima. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. 2003. ISBN 86-84443-00-09. 
  3. ^ http://www.narodnimuzej.rs/code/navigate.php?Id=147

External links


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