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.The megabyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information storage or transmission with two different values depending on context: 1048576 bytes (10242) generally for computer memory;[1][2][3] and one million bytes (106, see prefix mega-) generally for computer storage.^ A unit of storage equal to 1,048,576 bytes or 8,388,608 bits.
  • Jargon Buster : MB (Megabyte) 2 February 2010 8:57 UTC stuff.tv [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There 1,024 bytes in a kilobyte and 1,048,576 in a megabyte.
  • Megabyte downloads at VicMan 2 February 2010 8:57 UTC www.vicman.net [Source type: General]
  • Megabyte to kilobyte converter downloads at VicMan 2 February 2010 8:57 UTC vicman.net [Source type: General]

^ Megabyte : Approximately one million bytes.
  • * Megabyte - (Photography): Definition 2 February 2010 8:57 UTC en.mimi.hu [Source type: Reference]

[1][3] .The IEEE Standards Board has decided that "Mega will mean 1 000 000", with exceptions allowed for the base-two meaning.^ In the metric system, the prefix kilo means 1,000, the prefix mega means 1,000,000, and the prefix giga means 1,000,000,000.
  • What is a Megabyte 2 February 2010 8:57 UTC www.jemisp.com [Source type: Reference]

^ In decimal systems, kilo stands for 1,000, but the computer world is based on a binary system of twos instead of tens.
  • What is a Byte? Kilobyte Megabyte Gigabyte Terabyte Petabyte 2 February 2010 8:57 UTC bugclub.org [Source type: Reference]

^ LAN ( music local area network ) A technology developed and licensed by Yamaha based on the IEEE 1394 standard.
  • Pro Audio Reference M 2 February 2010 8:57 UTC www.rane.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[3] .In rare cases, it is used to mean 1000×1024 (1024000) bytes.^ In rare cases, it is used to mean 1000×1024 ( 1 024 000 ) bytes.
  • Megabyte (Linux Reviews) 2 February 2010 8:57 UTC linuxreviews.org [Source type: Reference]

^ MB in this context means 1,000×1,024 bytes.
  • Megabyte (Linux Reviews) 2 February 2010 8:57 UTC linuxreviews.org [Source type: Reference]

^ A megabyte usually refers to 1,000,000 bytes when used to describe disk storage capacity and transmission rates.

[3] .It is commonly abbreviated as Mbyte or MB (compare Mb, for the megabit).^ It is commonly abbreviated as Mbyte or MB (compare Mb , for the megabit ).
  • Megabyte (Linux Reviews) 2 February 2010 8:57 UTC linuxreviews.org [Source type: Reference]

^ For example, it is now 16 mebibits, abbreviated 16 Mib, not 16 megabits or 16 Mb.
  • Pro Audio Reference M 2 February 2010 8:57 UTC www.rane.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A megabyte commonly known by its abbreviation MB, is a unit of computer storage.

Prefixes for bit and byte multiples
Decimal
Value SI
1000 k kilo
10002 M mega
10003 G giga
10004 T tera
10005 P peta
10006 E exa
10007 Z zetta
10008 Y yotta
Binary
Value IEC JEDEC
1024 Ki kibi K kilo
10242 Mi mebi M mega
10243 Gi gibi G giga
10244 Ti tebi
10245 Pi pebi
10246 Ei exbi
10247 Zi zebi
10248 Yi yobi

Contents

Definition

.The term "megabyte" is commonly used to mean either 10002 bytes or 10242 bytes.^ In rare cases, it is used to mean 1000×1024 (1,024,000) bytes.
  • Convert megabyte to Word - Data Storage Units Conversion 2 February 2010 8:57 UTC www.convertcenter.com [Source type: Reference]

^ In rare cases, it is used to mean 1000×1024 ( 1 024 000 ) bytes.
  • Megabyte (Linux Reviews) 2 February 2010 8:57 UTC linuxreviews.org [Source type: Reference]

^ The term "megabyte" is ambiguous because it is commonly used to mean either 1000 2 bytes or 1024 2 bytes.
  • Megabyte (Linux Reviews) 2 February 2010 8:57 UTC linuxreviews.org [Source type: Reference]

.This originated as compromise technical jargon for the byte multiples that needed to be expressed by the powers of 2 but lacked a convenient name.^ The confusion originated as compromise technical jargon for the byte multiples that needed to be expressed by the powers of 2 but lacked a convenient name.
  • Megabyte (Linux Reviews) 2 February 2010 8:57 UTC linuxreviews.org [Source type: Reference]

.As 1024 (210) approximates 1000 (103), roughly corresponding SI multiples began to be used for binary multiples.^ As 1024 (2 10 ) is roughly equal to 1000 (10 3 ), roughly corresponding SI multiples began to be used as approximate binary multiples.
  • Megabyte (Linux Reviews) 2 February 2010 8:57 UTC linuxreviews.org [Source type: Reference]

^ In rare cases, it is used to mean 1000×1024 (1,024,000) bytes.
  • Convert megabyte to Word - Data Storage Units Conversion 2 February 2010 8:57 UTC www.convertcenter.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The 1000 can be replaced with 1024 and still be correct using the other acceptable standards.
  • Megabytes, Gigabytes, Terabytes - What Are They? 2 February 2010 8:57 UTC whatsabyte.com [Source type: General]

.By the end of 2007, standards and government authorities including IEC, IEEE, EU, and NIST proposed standards for binary prefixes and requiring the use of megabyte to strictly denote 10002 bytes and mebibyte to denote 10242 bytes.^ IEC Standards: Binary versus Decimal .
  • Measures of Memory Space 2 February 2010 8:57 UTC www.robelle.com [Source type: Reference]

^ So far, very few people are using the IEC binary prefixes.
  • Measures of Memory Space 2 February 2010 8:57 UTC www.robelle.com [Source type: Reference]

^ In rare cases, it is used to mean 1000×1024 (1,024,000) bytes.
  • Convert megabyte to Word - Data Storage Units Conversion 2 February 2010 8:57 UTC www.convertcenter.com [Source type: Reference]

.This is reflected in an increasing number of software projects using the new definitions, but some file managers still show file sizes using the binary interpretation (10242 bytes).^ In rare cases, it is used to mean 1000×1024 (1,024,000) bytes.
  • Convert megabyte to Word - Data Storage Units Conversion 2 February 2010 8:57 UTC www.convertcenter.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The 1000 can be replaced with 1024 and still be correct using the other acceptable standards.
  • Megabytes, Gigabytes, Terabytes - What Are They? 2 February 2010 8:57 UTC whatsabyte.com [Source type: General]

^ Bit = Binary Digit · 8 Bits = 1 Byte · 1024 Bytes = 1 Kilobyte · 1024 Kilobytes = 1 Megabyte · 1024 Megabytes = 1 Gigabyte · 1024 Gigabytes = 1 Terabyte · 1024 Terabytes = 1 Petabyte · 1024 Petabytes = 1 Exabyte · 1024 Exabytes = 1 Zettabyte · 1024 Zettabytes = 1 Yottabyte · 1024 Yottabytes = 1 Brontobyte · 1024 Brontobytes = 1 Geopbyte .
  • Megabytes, Gigabytes, Terabytes - What Are They? 2 February 2010 8:57 UTC whatsabyte.com [Source type: General]

The term remains ambiguous and it can follow any one of the following common definitions:
.
  1. 1000000 bytes (10002, 106): This is the definition recommended by the International System of Units (SI) and the International Electrotechnical Commission IEC.^ In rare cases, it is used to mean 1000×1024 (1,024,000) bytes.
    • Convert megabyte to Word - Data Storage Units Conversion 2 February 2010 8:57 UTC www.convertcenter.com [Source type: Reference]

    ^ Read More close A megabyte is a unit of information or computer storage equal to either 10 6 (1,000,000) bytes or 2 20 (1,048,576) bytes, depending on context.
    • Convert megabyte to Word - Data Storage Units Conversion 2 February 2010 8:57 UTC www.convertcenter.com [Source type: Reference]

    ^ Wikipedia: Byte Wikipedia: Binary Prefix Wikipedia: International System of Units (SI) Retrieved from " http://www.boinc-wiki.info/Megabyte " Categories : Glossary .
    • Megabyte - Unofficial BOINC Wiki 2 February 2010 8:57 UTC www.boinc-wiki.info [Source type: Reference]

    [3] .This definition is used in networking contexts and most storage media, particularly hard drives, Flash-based storage[4], and DVDs, and is also consistent with the other uses of the SI prefix in computing, such as CPU clock speeds or measures of performance.^ This is when 1 GB is expressed as 1000 MB or 1000^2 kB. This is why when you buy an 80 GB hard drive, it might only read as 74.5 GB. For all standards such as programming, the decimal method is never used.
    • what is the conversion between kilobytes and megabytes?? - Q&A 2 February 2010 8:57 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Read More close A megabyte is a unit of information or computer storage equal to either 10 6 (1,000,000) bytes or 2 20 (1,048,576) bytes, depending on context.
    • Convert megabyte to Word - Data Storage Units Conversion 2 February 2010 8:57 UTC www.convertcenter.com [Source type: Reference]

    ^ These terms are usually used in the world of computing to describe disk space, or data storage space, and system memory.
    • Megabytes, Gigabytes, Terabytes - What Are They? 2 February 2010 8:57 UTC whatsabyte.com [Source type: General]

    .The Mac OS X 10.6 file manager is a notable example of this usage in software.^ In Chapter 17 of "Agile Management...", I take a serious look at product management for software services and examine the business model - I choose to use the telecom industry as an example.

    ^ Apple computers' Macintosh operating system, as of version 10 ("Mac OS X"), is based on Unix.
    • Matisse's Glossary of Internet Terms 2 February 2010 8:57 UTC www.matisse.net [Source type: Reference]

    .Since Snow Leopard, file sizes are reported in decimal units.^ Exact File Size Conversion Bit Smallest unit of measurement.
    • File Sizes Conversion GB MB KB Bytes Gigabyte Megabyte Kilobyte 2 February 2010 8:57 UTC www.internetfamilyfun.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Megabyte (MB) A measure of file size and storage capacity referring to between 1,000,000 and 1,048,576, 8- bit data units or characters.
    • * Megabyte - (Photography): Definition 2 February 2010 8:57 UTC en.mimi.hu [Source type: Reference]

    [5]
  2. .
  3. 1048576 bytes (10242, 220): This definition is most commonly used in reference to computer memory, but most software that display file size or drive capacity, including file managers also use this definition.^ Also, commonly used to refer to files that are not simply text files, e.g.
    • Matisse's Glossary of Internet Terms 2 February 2010 8:57 UTC www.matisse.net [Source type: Reference]

    ^ There are 1024 kilobytes per megabyte or 1,048,576 bytes.
    • what is the conversion between kilobytes and megabytes?? - Q&A 2 February 2010 8:57 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: General]

    ^ When discussing computer memory, most manufacturers use megabyte to mean 2^20 = 1 048 576 bytes, but the manufacturers of computer storage devices usually use the term to mean 1 000 000 bytes.
    • Measures of Memory Space 2 February 2010 8:57 UTC www.robelle.com [Source type: Reference]

    See Consumer confusion (in the "gigabyte" article). The Microsoft Windows file manager is a notable example of this usage in software.
  4. 1024000 bytes (1000×1024): This is used to describe the formatted capacity of the "1.44 MB" 3.5 inch HD floppy disk, which actually has a capacity of 1474560 bytes.

Examples of use

.
1.44 MB floppy disks can store 1,474,560 bytes of data.
^ One of those old 3-1/2 inch floppy disks can hold 1.44 Megabytes or the equivalent of a small book.
  • Megabytes, Gigabytes, Terabytes - What Are They? 2 February 2010 8:57 UTC whatsabyte.com [Source type: General]

^ For example, an error can occur if you have a 1.44-megabyte 3.5- inch floppy disk drive installed and the BIOS is set for a 1.2-megabyte 5.25-inch disk drive.
  • Troubleshooting Insufficient Memory Errors 2 February 2010 8:57 UTC support.microsoft.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Audio Data Rate In Bytes = 0.17 MB/s = 176,400 bytes per second .
  • Drastic® Video Math/Compression White Paper 2 February 2010 8:57 UTC www.drastictech.com [Source type: Reference]

MB in this context means 1,000×1,024 bytes.
Depending on compression methods and file format, a megabyte of data can roughly be:
  • a 1024×1024 pixel bitmap image with 256 colors (8 bpp color depth).
  • 1 minute of 128 kbit/s MP3 compressed music.
  • 6 seconds of uncompressed CD audio.
  • a typical book volume in text format (500 pages × 2000 characters per page).

See also

References

  1. ^ a b The American Heritage® Science Dictionary. Houghton Mifflin Company. 2005. http://www.thefreedictionary.com/megabyte. Retrieved 2009-12-22. "1. A unit of computer memory or data storage capacity equal to 1,048,576 bytes (1,024 kilobytes or 220) bytes. 2. One million bytes. ... prefix mega- often does not have its standard scientific meaning of 1,000,000 ... rate of one megabit per second is equal to one million bits per second ..." 
  2. ^ "What are bits, bytes, and other units of measure for digital information? - Knowledge Base". Indiana University. "1MB is 1,024 kilobytes, or 1,048,576 (1024x1024) bytes, not one million bytes. ... Many hard drive manufacturers use a decimal number system to define amounts of storage space. As a result, 1MB is defined as one million bytes, 1GB is defined as one billion bytes, and so on." 
  3. ^ a b c d e "Definitions of the SI units: The binary prefixes". National Institute of Standards and Technology. http://physics.nist.gov/cuu/Units/binary.html. Retrieved 2009-12-22. "third megabyte of 1 024 000 bytes is the megabyte used to format the familiar 90 mm (3 1/2 inch), "1.44 MB" diskette" 
  4. ^ SanDisk USB Flash Drive "Note: 1 megabyte (MB) = 1 million bytes; 1 gigabyte (GB) = 1 billion bytes."
  5. ^ "How Mac OS X reports drive capacity". Apple Inc. 2009-08-27. http://support.apple.com/kb/TS2419. Retrieved 2009-10-16. 

External links


Gaming

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

.From Wikia Gaming, your source for walkthroughs, games, guides, and more!^ Check your email, surf the web and download apps, games, Ringtones and more.
  • http://wirelesssupport.verizon.com/faqs/Calling+Plans/nationwide.html?t=5 2 February 2010 8:57 UTC wirelesssupport.verizon.com [Source type: General]

.A megabyte is a million (1,000,000) or 1,048,576 bytes, whichever the device manufacturer prefers.^ Definition: A megabyte is a unit of measure equal to 1,048,576 bytes, which is about a million bytes.
  • Buzzword Definition - mega 2 February 2010 8:57 UTC www.tekmom.com [Source type: Reference]

^ There 1,024 bytes in a kilobyte and 1,048,576 in a megabyte.
  • Megabyte downloads at VicMan 2 February 2010 8:57 UTC www.vicman.net [Source type: General]
  • Megabyte to kilobyte converter downloads at VicMan 2 February 2010 8:57 UTC vicman.net [Source type: General]

^ Megabyte : Approximately one million bytes.
  • * Megabyte - (Photography): Definition 2 February 2010 8:57 UTC en.mimi.hu [Source type: Reference]

.Typically used as a unit of memory storage.^ A unit of computer memory or data storage capacity equal to 1,048,576 bytes.
  • Megabyte - Xynergy 2 February 2010 8:57 UTC xynergy.com [Source type: General]

^ Bytes are used to measure both computer memory (RAM) and the storage capacity of floppy disks, CD-ROM drives, and hard drives.
  • MEMORY CAPACITY 2 February 2010 8:57 UTC www.maran.com [Source type: Reference]

^ MB A unit of computer memory or data storage capacity equal to 1,048,576 (2 20 ) bytes.
  • Megabyte Definition | Definition of Megabyte at Dictionary.com 2 February 2010 8:57 UTC dictionary.reference.com [Source type: Reference]
  • megabyte - Dictionary definition and pronunciation - Yahoo! Education 2 February 2010 8:57 UTC education.yahoo.com [Source type: Reference]

See also


This article uses material from the "Megabyte" article on the Gaming wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Simple English

A megabyte is a large number used when talking about hard drives or computer memory. One megabyte is 1 million bytes.

Until December 1998, when the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) first defined a mebibyte as 220, or 1,048,576 bytes, megabyte also meant either 1,048,576 bytes, or 1,024,000 bytes. Casual computer users still often use megabyte to mean one of these numbers.


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 18, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Megabyte, which are similar to those in the above article.








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