|Sultan of the Ottoman Empire|
|Caliph of Islam|
|Period||Dissolution of the Ottoman Empire|
|Full Name||Mehmed VI|
|Born||14 January 1861|
|Died||16 May 1926 (aged 65)|
|Wives||Emine Nazikedâ Marjim-Abaza Kadın Efendi
Inshira Kadın Efendi
Sadiye Mevedett Kadın Efendi
Nevare Kadın Efendi
Nimit Nevzad Kadın Efendi
|Offspring||Princess Münire Sultan
Princess Fatma Ulviye Sultan
Princess Rukiye Sabiha Sultan Hanım Efendi
Prince Şehzade Ertuğrul Mehmed Efendi
|Royal House||House of Osman|
|Religious beliefs||Sunni Islam|
Mehmed VI Wahid ed-din (Ottoman Turkish: محمد سادس Meḥmed-i sâdis, Turkish: Mehmed Vahideddin or Mehmet Vahdettin) (14 January/2 February 1861 – 15/16 May 1926) was the 36th and last Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, reigning from 1918 to 1922. The brother of Mehmed V, he succeeded to the throne as the eldest male member of the House of Osman after the 1916 suicide of Abdülaziz's son Yusuf Izzettin Efendi, the heir to the throne. He was girded with the Sword of Osman on July 4, 1918, as the thirty-sixth padishah. His father was sultan Abdülmecid I and mother was Gülüstü, (1831 - May 1861), originally named Henriet, a Circassian.
He was born in the Dolmabahçe Palace or the Beşiktaş Palace, Beşiktaş, both in Constantinople. On his ninth birthday he was ceremoniously circumcised in the special Circumcision Room (Sünnet Odasi) of Topkapı Palace.
Only a few were members of the Turkish harems, even the mothers of the sultans and their children for generations came from most of Europe or the Caucasus.
The First World War was a disaster for the Ottoman Empire. British and allied forces had conquered Baghdad, Damascus, and Jerusalem during the war and most of the Empire was divided among the European allies. At the San Remo conference of April 1920, the French were granted a mandate over Syria and the British were granted one over Palestine and Mesopotamia. On August 10, 1920, Mehmed's representatives signed the Treaty of Sèvres, which recognized the mandates, removed Ottoman control over Anatolia and İzmir, severely reduced the extent of Turkey, and recognized Hejaz as an independent state.
Turkish nationalists were angered by the Sultan's acceptance of the settlement. A new government, the Turkish Grand National Assembly, under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal (Atatürk) was formed on 23 April 1920, in Ankara (then known as Angora). The new government denounced the rule of Mehmed VI and a temporary constitution was drafted.
The Turkish Grand National Assembly abolished the Sultanate on November 1, 1922, and Mehmed left Constantinople, aboard the British warship Malaya on 17 November. He went into exile in Malta; Mehmed later lived in the Italian Riviera.
On 19 November 1922 Mehmed's first cousin and heir Abdülmecid Efendi was elected Caliph, becoming the new head of the dynasty as Abdülmecid II before the Caliphate was abolished in 1924. Mehmed died on 16 May 1926 in Sanremo, Italy, and was buried at the mosque of Sultan Selim I in Damascus.
His first marriage was to Abkhaz HH Emine Nazikedâ Marjim-Abaza Kadın Efendi (Sukhumi, Abkhazia, 9 October 1866 - Maadi, Cairo, 1944 and buried there) in the Ortaköy Palace, Constantinople, on 8 June 1885. Their issue was:
His second marriage was to Georgian HH Inshira Kadın Efendi (Batumi, 10 July 1887 - Cairo, 10 June 1930) at the Çengelköy Palace, Çengelköy, Üsküdar, Constantinople, on 8 July 1905. They divorced in 1909, without issue.
His third marriage was to HH Sadiye Mevedett Kadın Efendi (Adapazarı, 12 October 1893 - Çengelköy Palace, Çengelköy, Üsküdar, Constantinople, 1951 and buried there), at the Çengelköy Palace, Çengelköy, Üsküdar, Constantinople, on 25 April 1911, Their only issue was:
Mehmed VIBorn: January 14, 1861 Died: May 16, 1926
|Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
3 July 1918 – 1 November 1922
|Sunni Islam titles|
|Caliph of Islam
3 July 1918 – 19 November 1922
|Titles in pretence|
Loss of actual title
|— TITULAR —
Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
1 November 1922 – 19 November 1922