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Meireki (明暦 ?) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, ?, lit. "year name") after Jōō and before Manji. This period spanned the years from April 1655 to July 1658.[1] The reigning emperor was Go-Sai-tennō (後西院天皇 ?).[2]


Change of era

  • 1655 Meireki gannen (明暦元年 ?): The era name was changed to mark the enthronement of Emperor Go-Sai. The previous era ended and a new one commenced in Jōō 4, on the 13th day of the 4th month.

The source of the new era name was:

  • From the Book of the Han: "With the Nine Chapters of the Great Law, the five eras will be known" (大法九章、而五紀歴法)
  • From the Book of the Later Han: "The Yellow Emperor began the passing of time, so that is why the character 歴 [passing of time] and 暦 [rhythmic cycle] are used together" (黄帝造歴、歴与同作)

Events of the Meireki era

  • 1655 (Meireki 1): The new ambassador of Korea, arrived in Japan.[2]
  • 1655 (Meireki 1): The ex-Emperor went for the first time to Shugakuin Rikyū.[3]
  • March 2-3, 1657 (Meireki 3, 18th-19th days of the 1st month): The city of Edo was devastated by a violent fire.[2]


  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Meireki" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 625; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File.
  2. ^ a b c Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, p. 413.
  3. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1956). Kyoto: the Old Capital, 794-1869, p. 318.



External links

Meireki 1st 2nd 3rd 4th
Gregorian 1655 1656 1657 1658

Preceded by:

Era or nengō:

Succeeded by:


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