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Melilotus albus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Trifolieae
Genus: Melilotus
Species: M. albus
Binomial name
Melilotus albus
Medik.

Melilotus albus (Bokhara clover, honey clover, tree clover, sweet clover, white-flowered sweet clover, white sweet clover, white melilot), is a legume sometimes grown for forage. White sweet clover is a major source of nectar for an apiary. Its characteristic sweet odour, intensified by drying, is derived from coumarin.

Contents

Chemical constituents

It has been used in herbal medicine. It contains dicoumarol that is an anticoagulant.

Habitat

White sweet clover is native to Europe and Asia. It was introduced to North America in the 1600s for cattle forage purposes and is now widespread throughout Canada and the United States, where it has become invasive and can outcompete native plant species. White sweet clover can grow up to 2 meters in height and can produce abundant amounts of seeds that readily float and disperse in water. This has allowed the plant to colonize natural habitat such as riparian areas all across much of North America.

Uses

It is nonetheless favoured for honey production and for its nitrogen fixing ability in preparing agricultural soil for future crops.

References

External links


Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Melilotus albus

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales
Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Faboideae
Tribus: Trifolieae
Genus: Melilotus
Species: Melilotus albus

Name

Melilotus albus Medik.

References

  • Vorles. Churpfälz. Phys.-Öcon. Ges. 2:382. 1787 "alba"
  • USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Data from 07-Oct-06]. 23989

Vernacular names

Dansk: Hvid Stenkløver
Deutsch: Weißer Steinklee
Hornjoserbsce: Běły komonc
Nederlands: Witte honingklaver
‪Norsk (bokmål)‬: Hvitsteinkløver
Polski: Nostrzyk biały
Suomi: Valkomesikkä
Svenska: Vit sötväppling
Türkçe: Beyaz çiçekli taş yoncası
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Melilotus albus on Wikimedia Commons.

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