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Melilotus indicus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Genus: Melilotus
Species: M. indicus
Binomial name
Melilotus indicus
(L.) All.

M. indicus var. indicus
M. indicus var. tommasinii

Melilotus indicus, sometimes incorrectly written Melilotus indica, is a yellow-flowered herb native to northern Africa, Europe and Asia, but naturalized throughout the rest of the world.

Common names in English include sweet clover (or sweet-clover), sour clover (sour-clover, sourclover), Indian sweet-clover, annual yellow sweetclover, small-flowered sweet clover, small-flowered melilot and small melilot. In Australia and New Zealand, where it is naturalised, it is sometimes called King Island melilot.[1][2]



It is an annual or biennial herb from 10 to 50 centimetres in height (rarely to one metre), with yellow flowers.[3]


It was first published as Trifolium indica by Carl Linnaeus in his 1753 Species plantarum. It was transferred into Melilotus by Carlo Allioni in 1785.[4]

Distribution and habitat

It has a wide native distribution, ranging from Macaronesia and northern Africa, through Europe, and into temperate and tropical Asia. It is naturalised throughout most of the rest of the world, including the United Kingdom, the United States, South America, Australia and New Zealand.[1]

Uses and economic importance

It is used as a source of nectar for bees, as forage, and as a soil improver. It is also used in folk medicine. It is poisonous to some mammals, and is a potential seed crop contaminant.[1]


External links



Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Melilotus indicus


Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales
Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Faboideae
Tribus: Trifolieae
Genus: Melilotus
Species: Melilotus indicus
Varieties: M. i. var. indicus - M. i. var. tommasinii


Melilotus indicus (L.) All.


  • Flora Pedemontana sive Enumeratio Methodica Stirpium Indigenarum Pedemontii 1:308. 1785 "indica"
  • USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Data from 07-Oct-06]. 24000

Vernacular names

English: sweet clover
Türkçe: Küçük taş yoncası


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