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Melitón Manzanas González (San Sebastián, 1906-1968) was a high-ranking police officer in Francoist Spain and the first planned victim of ETA.

Manzanas entered the police force in San Sebastián in 1941, eventually becoming commander of the Brigada Político-Social (the francoist political police division) in San Sebastián. A Basque himself, he was a vehement opponent of Basque nationalism, which had been revived in the 1960s, and, in particular, to the then fledging terrorist organisation ETA.

In 1968, he was murdered by ETA[1] in retaliation for the torture of arrested ETA members. His killers waited for him at his residence and shot him seven times.

Thirty years after his death, José María Aznar awarded Manzanas posthumously the medal of Civil Merit dedicated to the victims of terrorism. Manzanas' service under Franco's regime and the fact that he was known for having used police torture[2] raised some controversy about this award[3].


  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ El País, "Hablan las víctimas de Melitón Manzanas"
  3. ^ El Mundo "El Gobierno condecora al policía torturador Melitón Manzanas por ser víctima de ETA"


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