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Melodi Grand Prix (MGP or Grand Prix) is an annual music competition organised by Norwegian public broadcaster Norsk Rikskringkasting (NRK). It determines the country's representative for the Eurovision Song Contest, and has been staged almost every year since 1960.

The festival has produced three Eurovision winners and nine top-five placings for Norway at the contest. However, Norway holds the record for the number of entries who have come last since entering Eurovision; 10 in all. Despite this, the competition still makes considerable impact on music charts in Norway, and in other Nordic countries, with the 2008 winner topping the Norwegian charts, as well as peaking 8th on the Swedish charts.[1][2]

Contents

Origins

The Eurovision Song Contest began on 24 May 1956, when the Grand Prix Eurovision de la Chanson Européenne was held in Lugano, Switzerland. Norway's first contest was the fourth, the 1960 Contest. The first Melodi Grand Prix was held on 20 February at the NRK Television Centre in Oslo. Ten songs competed in the radio semi-final, held on 2 February, where the top 5 songs would progress to the televised contest. However this number was increased to 6 after three songs tied for fourth place. The winner of the televised contest was "Voi Voi", performed by Nora Brockstedt. Brockstedt performed Norway's first Eurovision entry at London on 29 March, and placed a respectable fourth. Brockstedt also went on to win the following year's contest as well with "Sommer i Palma".

Melodi Grand Prix has failed to be staged on three previous occasions. In 1970 Norway was absent from the contest because of a Nordic boycott of the voting system, which had led to a four-way tie for first place at the 1969 contest.[3] In 1991 no Melodi Grand Prix was held as NRK felt that the submitted entries received for the Contest were of too low quality, and so commissioned an entry for the Contest in Rome. The final instance of no Melodi Grand Prix was in 2002, when Norway was relegated from competing in the 2002 Contest after coming last the previous year.

Winners

2008 winner Maria Haukaas Storeng went on to finish fifth at the Eurovision Song Contest 2008 final in Belgrade

All winners of MGP have gone on to represent Norway at Eurovision. Norway has won Eurovision for three times: in 1985, 1995 and 2009. However Norway has also come last 10 times, more than any other nation: in 1963, 1969, 1974, 1976, 1978, 1981, 1990, 1997, 2001 and 2004.

The following table lists those entries which finished fifth or higher at Eurovision:

Year Song Artist Position
1960 "Voi Voi" Nora Brockstedt 4th
1966 "Intet er nytt under solen" Åse Kleveland 3rd
1985 "La det swinge" Bobbysocks 1st
1988 "For vår jord" Karoline Krüger 5th
1993 "Alle mine tankar" Silje Vige 5th
1995 "Nocturne" Secret Garden 1st
1996 "I evighet" Elisabeth Andreassen 2nd
2003 "I'm Not Afraid To Move On" Jostein Hasselgård 4th
2008 "Hold On Be Strong" Maria Haukaas Storeng 5th
2009 "Fairytale" Alexander Rybak 1st

See also

External links

References

  1. ^ "Norwegian Music Charts - Hold On Be Strong". Norwegiancharts.com. http://norwegiancharts.com/showitem.asp?interpret=Maria+Haukaas+Storeng&titel=Hold+On+Be+Strong&cat=s.  
  2. ^ "Swedish Music Charts - Hold On Be Strong". Swedishcharts.com. http://swedishcharts.com/showitem.asp?interpret=Maria+Haukaas+Storeng&titel=Hold+On+Be+Strong&cat=s.  
  3. ^ Kennedy O'Connor, John (2007). The Eurovision Song Contest: The Official History. UK: Carlton Books. pp. 40–43. ISBN 978-1-84442-994-3.  

Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

Danish

Proper noun

Melodi Grand Prix

  1. Eurovision Song Contest

Usage notes

Regional term used more actively to mean "Eurovision Song Contest" than the official name itself. The national final round to determine a Danish entrant is also called Melodi Grand Prix, and context clues tend to differentiate the usage between the national and international contests.


Norwegian

Proper noun

Melodi Grand Prix

  1. Eurovision Song Contest

Usage notes

Regional term used more actively to mean "Eurovision Song Contest" than the official name itself. The national final round to determine a Norwegian entrant is also called Melodi Grand Prix, and context clues tend to differentiate the usage between the national and international contests. In the Norwegian press, especially newspapers, "Melodi Grand Prix" is the most favored term, sometimes shortened to MGP.








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