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A Member of the Legislative Assembly (abbreviated MLA) or a Member of the Legislature (abbreviated ML), is a representative elected by the voters of a constituency to the legislature or legislative assembly of a sub-national jurisdiction.

Contents

Australia

Members of the Legislative Assembly in New South Wales, Victoria, Western Australia, Northern Territory and Australian Capital Territory are known as MLAs. However the suffix MPs is also commonly used. Queensland also has a Legislative Assembly but since 2000, members are now known as MPs. [1]

South Australia and Tasmania have a House of Assembly and denote its members MHA.

In federal parliament, members of the House of Representatives are known as MHRs, although the designation MP is often used.

Canada

In Canada, members of legislative assemblies are called MLAs in all provinces and territories except:

Members of the Legislative Assembly in British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia (despite being a House of Assembly), Prince Edward Island and in the three territories (Yukon, NWT and Nunavut) are known as MLAs.

Hong Kong

Members of Hong Kong Legislative Council are referred to as Legco Councillors.

India

A Member of Legislative Assembly, or MLA, is a representative elected by the voters of an electoral district to the Legislature of a State in the Indian system of government.

Northern Ireland

Members of the Northern Ireland Assembly, the devolved legislature of Northern Ireland are known as MLAs (Members of the Legislative Assembly).

The Assembly was suspended on October 14, 2002 but the persons elected to it at the 2003 Assembly Election were called together on 15 May 2006 under the Northern Ireland Act 2006 [2] for the purpose of electing a First Minister and Deputy First Minister and choosing the members of an Executive (before 25 November 2006) as a preliminary to the restoration of devolved government in Northern Ireland. Another election was held on 7 March 2007 and powers were restored to the Assembly in May 2007.

United States of America

In the United States of America, legislator is the generic term referring to a member of the legislative body of any of the country's 50 states.

The formal name varies from state to state. In 24 states, the legislature is simply called the Legislature, or the State Legislature, while in 19 states, the legislature is called the General Assembly. In Massachusetts and New Hampshire, the legislature is called the General Court, while North Dakota and Oregon designate the legislature as the Legislative Assembly.

Just as a member of the United States House of Representatives is officially a member of Congress (abbreviated MC) despite being referred as a congressmen or representatives, a legislator in the lower chamber of state legislatures would be a member of the Legislature (abbreviated ML), member of the State Legislature (abbreviated MSL), member of the General Assembly (abbreviated MGA), member of the General Court (abbreviated MGC) or member of the Legislative Assembly (abbreviated MLA) even though they are commonly referred to as representatives or assemblymen.

Further confusion over the proper title of legislators comes when newspapers, using the Associated Press guidelines for journalists, refer to legislators as state representatives or state senators to avoid confusion with federal counterparts.

Wales

Members of the National Assembly for Wales, the devolved Assembly of Wales are usually known as AMs or Aelod y Cynulliad (ACs).[3]

References

  1. ^ Resolution of Commonwealth Parliamentary Association (Qld branch), 19/10/2000. Source: Queensland Parliamentary Library, 15 November 2005.
  2. ^ Northern Ireland Act 2006 (c. 17)
  3. ^ The National Assembly for Wales, Civil rights - In Wales, Advice guide, Citizens Advice Bureau. Retrieved 13 July 2006.
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