Memorials and services for the September 11 attacks: Wikis


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The 2004 Tribute in Light memorial.
A series of hand-painted tiles, dedicated to the victims of the September 11 attacks, on the fence of a car-lot in New York City.

The first memorials to the victims of the September 11, 2001 attacks began to take shape online, as hundreds of webmasters posted their own thoughts, links to the Red Cross, and other rescue agencies, photos and eyewitness accounts. Numerous online September 11 memorials began appearing a few hours after the attacks, although many of these memorials were only temporary.[1]

Around the world, U.S. embassies and consulates became makeshift memorials as people came out to pay their respects. Many U.S. ambassadors have said that they will never forget the outpouring of people as they showed their sympathy to the American people and their opposition to terrorism.

The Tribute in Light was the first major physical memorial at the World Trade Center site. A permanent memorial and museum, the National September 11 Memorial & Museum at the World Trade Center site are planned, as part of the design by overall WTC site redevelopment. The Memorial will consist of two massive pools set within the original footprints of the Twin Towers with 30-foot waterfalls cascading down their sides. The names of the victims of the attacks will be inscribed around the edges of the waterfalls.

One of the places that had many memorials and candlelight vigils was Pier A in Hoboken, New Jersey, where many people saw the events of September 11 (Pier A had a good view of the World Trade Center.) There was also a memorial service on March 11, 2002, at dusk on Pier A when the Tribute in Light first turned on, marking the half-year anniversary of the terrorist attack. A permanent September 11 memorial for Hoboken, called Hoboken Island, was chosen in September 2004.

The first anniversary of the September 11, 2001 attacks brought numerous memorials and services.

Eighty-one streets in New York City, mostly in Staten Island, were renamed after victims.

George Clooney arranged a televised benefit concert called America: A Tribute to Heroes which aired ten days after the attacks.


Physical memorials

The Flight 93 temporary memorial in Pennsylvania
View of a Memorial from Jersey City, New Jersey - USA, that faces the former location of the Twin Towers, photo taken in July 2007
A 9/11 memorial hand-painted on a NYCTA bus following repairs after it was severely damaged in the World Trade Center collapse. On the rear is Never Forget—9-11-01.
Memorial at Arlington National Cemetery for victims of the September 11th, 2001, terrorist attack on the Pentagon.
September 11 Memorial at the Texas State Cemetery
Steel from the World Trade Center is poured for construction of USS New York (LPD-21)
Steel recovered from the World Trade Center displayed on USS New York (LPD-21).

Impromptu memorials are put up at Washington Square, with hundreds of candles and flowers, and Union Square, where people write messages on large rolls of paper taped to the ground amidst candles, including a 6 feet (1.8 m) high concrete candle. A mural is spray-painted on a wall in the Lower East Side. In the coming days the memorials continue to grow, especially at Union Square Park, where thousands come to congregate, grieve, and celebrate—the statue George Washington in Union Square overtaken as a shrine for peace, memory and the United States, thousands of candles are added, a metal sculpture of the American flag and 2500 roses planted in the shape of the World Trade Center towers. John F. Kennedy International Airport (JFK) Hangar 17 holds the remains of the Twin towers including Column 1001-B of the south tower the last column to be removed. The Stars and Stripes appeared on front stoops, flagpoles, cars, clothing, and on public buildings across the United States.

A statue in honor of fallen firefighters, commissioned in 2000 by the Firefighters Association of Missouri, was in New York City en route to Missouri at the time of the attack. It was since donated to New York City in honor of the hundreds of firefighters who lost their lives in the collapse of the World Trade Center.

On October 4, Reverend Brian Jordan, a Franciscan priest, blessed two beams at the crash site which had formed a cross spontaneously, and then had been welded together by iron-workers.

On October 13, the North Charleston Coliseum raised a special banner featuring the retired number of Mark Bavis, who was on United Airlines Flight 175. Bavis had played for the ECHL's South Carolina Stingrays, and his retired number hangs in a special corner, independently from the Stingrays' retired numbers (#14, #24) and awards banners (1997 and 2001 Kelly Cup Championships), with the years he played for the team (1994-96), the date of his death (September 11, 2001), and an American flag.

On March 11, the damaged Sphere sculpture formerly in the World Trade Center was dedicated by the city as a temporary memorial in Battery Park City.

Beginning March 11, the Tribute in Light project, 88 searchlights placed next to the site of the World Trade Center created two vertical columns of light, lasting until April 14. This tribute is now made every year on September 11.

Also in New York City, a commuter bus that was heavily damaged in the collapse of the World Trade Center was repainted with a special American flag scheme on its sides and rear (as shown to the right).

On September 11, 2002, representatives from over 90 countries came to Battery Park City as New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg lit an eternal flame to mark the first anniversary of the attacks. Leading the dignitaries were Canadian Prime Minister Jean Chrétien, U.N. Secretary General Kofi Annan, Bloomberg, and Secretary of State Colin Powell.

Although people from around the world were lost, communities in the New York City area lost many citizens in the attack. Colts Neck, New Jersey lost five members of their tiny community and commissioned sculptor Jim Gary, a lifetime resident, to create a memorial garden featuring his central sculpture of brass, copper, and stained glass—where each victim is represented by a colorful butterfly among plants in a water garden. The contemplative garden was dedicated at the municipal center of Colts Neck on November 10, 2002.

Similar permanent memorials are being constructed around the world, and a list of them is being updated as new ones are completed. 911 Memorials is a site that features the newest as they are added and provides a directory of each by community, state, and country in the column on the right of the site page.

On September 11, 2006 at 9:15am, Russian artist Zurab Tsereteli dedicated his sculpture, "To the Struggle Against World Terrorism" (also commonly known as "Tear of Grief", a 10-story high tribute to be erected on the Jersey City waterfront across the Hudson River from where the World Trade Center towers fell. The sculpture is an official gift of the Russian government to commemorate the victims of the attacks. That evening, the Empire State Building went dark for 11 minutes at 9:11 p.m. in remembrance.

The Pentagon Memorial was opened on September 11, 2008, the seventh anniversary of the attacks.[2] It is a 1.93-acre (7,800 m2) park, with 184 benches, in memory of the 184 victims at The Pentagon and on American Airlines Flight 77, arranged according to the victims' ages, ranging from 3 to 71. Construction on the Pentagon Memorial began on June 15, 2006. An additional memorial inside the Pentagon, along with a chapel, was constructed at the site of the attack when the building was rebuilt in 2002.[3][4]

At Shanksville, a permanent Flight 93 National Memorial is in planning stages, which will include a sculpted grove of trees forming a circle around the crash site, bisected by the plane's path, while wind chimes will bear the names of the victims.[5] A temporary memorial is located 500 yards (457 m) from the Flight 93 crash site near Shanksville.[6] New York City firefighters donated a memorial to the Shanksville Volunteer Fire Department. It is a cross made of steel from the World Trade Center and mounted atop a platform shaped like the Pentagon.[7] It was installed outside the firehouse on August 25, 2008.[8]

The US Navy named three ships, (New York Arlington and Somerset, in commemoration of the places the planes used in the attack came down: New York, Arlington, Virginia, and Somerset County, Pennsylvania.

The Texas State Cemetery has a monument to the September 11 victims.

The city of Coral Springs, Florida has its own memorial dedicated to the victims of the attacks. It is located outside the Northwest Regional Library, the city's only public library.

The Official Pennsylvania Memorial to the Victims of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks ( The Garden of Reflection 9-11 Memorial was created to remember and honor our loved ones and all 2,973 killed on September 11, 2001. It is situated in Memorial Park amid the natural beauty of Historical Bucks County farmland in Lower Makefield Township, PA.

The Memorial designed by Yardley architect Liuba Lashchyk AIA invites us on a walking Memorial Journey symbolizing “After Darkness…Light”. This Memorial Journey leads from sorrowful reminders of tragedy and grief towards luminous symbols of Hope, Peace and Celebration of Life.

The dedication and support of so many individuals, organizations and volunteers has made this Memorial Garden possible. We thank you. We hope the spirit and symbolism of the Garden of Reflection will endure in your hearts as it endures in ours.

The LeRoy Homer Foundation ( The LeRoy W. Homer Jr. Foundation, established in memory of United 93 First Officer LeRoy Homer by his widow Melodie Homer. The Foundation awards up to three scholarships annually from applicants ages 16 – 23 residing within the United States as citizens or resident aliens. The scholarship program is funded through private donations, corporate contributions and grant requests. The Foundation also promotes awareness of aviation as a career choice, with a focus on providing information to women and minorities who are underrepresented in the US pilot population.

Performances and benefits

On Thursday, September 20, the New York Philharmonic performed a memorial concert of Brahms' Ein Deutsches Requiem in Avery Fisher Hall. The concert was led off by the national anthem, and on the stage was a flag which appeared on stage during all Philharmonic World War II concerts. All proceeds went to disaster relief. At the request of the Philharmonic director, all applause was held, and the audience filed out in silence.

On Friday, September 21, America: A Tribute to Heroes

A two-hour live telethon entitled America: A Tribute to Heroes, with musical performances and spoken tributes by top American performers, was simultaneously broadcast on nearly every single network. Celebrities such as Al Pacino, George Clooney and Jack Nicholson manned the phones.

On Tuesday, October 2, beginning at 8 p.m. EDT: Come Together: A Night for John Lennon's Words and Music

A tribute to John Lennon that became a concert of prayer and healing for New York City to benefit the relief efforts, hosted by Kevin Spacey and featuring Dave Matthews, Moby, Stone Temple Pilots, Nelly Furtado, Shelby Lynne, Alanis Morissette, Cyndi Lauper, The Isley Brothers, Lou Reed, Marc Anthony, Natalie Merchant, Yolanda Adams, Sean Lennon and Yoko Ono, was held at Radio City Music Hall and simultaneously broadcast live on the TNT and WB networks. It had been scheduled before the attack to be taped September 20 and broadcast on October 9 to promote a non-violent world.

On Thursday, October 4, at 9 p.m. EDT: ART Benefit for Sept. 11 Fund

Silent auction of photography, mixed media, painting and sculpture to benefit the victims, at View Bar, 232 Eighth Avenue, free (212.929.2243).

On Saturday, October 6, at 6 p.m. EDT: And the Sun Went Down

Luvchild Theatre Ensemble performs a work in progress based on stories of people directly affected by the events of Sept. 11. All proceeds benefit victims and families, at New York Comedy Club, 241 East 24th St., $10 plus two drink minimum (212.330.9314).

On Sunday, October 7: AMF National Bowl-a-thon

National effort to raise $3 million for the Twin Towers Fund. In New York City at 3 p.m.: Chelsea Piers, $200 per lane.[9]

On Monday, October 8: New York City Columbus Day Parade

The annual Columbus Day parade is dedicated to victims and rescue and relief workers. The NYPD and FDNY did not march in the parade as they usually do, but they sent a single fire truck instead, in somber memory.

At 3 p.m. EDT:

Free Brooklyn Philharmonic concert conducted by Robert Spano at the Brooklyn Academy of Music with music from American composers, including George Gershwin, Leonard Bernstein, and Aaron Copland. The concert is rebroadcast on WNYC at 8 p.m.

On Monday, October 8 and October 15, from 11-8: Haircut for Life

Roberto Novo and his stylists cut hair to benefit WTC victims at the Roberto Novo Salon, 192 Eighth Avenue, $25 minimum (212.929.1652).

On Tuesday, October 9: Benefit for WTC Disaster Fund: Celebration of John Lennon's Birthday

The East Village Antifolk scene play John Lennon's and their own songs to raise money. Performances from The Voyces, Joie DBG, Amos, Bionic Finger, Laura Fay, Barry Bliss, Tony Hightower, Linda Draper, Pat Cisarano, Lach, Testosterone Kills, Kenny Davidsen, Jude Kastle, Bree Sharp, Erica Smith, Fenton Lawless, Grey Revell, at the Sidewalk Cafe, 94 Ave. A, two-drink minimum (212-473-7373).

On October 17, Marvel Comics and other members of the comic industry release a tribute book, primarily with drawings of firefighters and police officers, with proceeds going to the victims. Other charity books are also in production.

On October 20, The Concert for New York City

On October 20, 21 Volunteers For America was a benefit concert held on October 20, in Atlanta Georgia and October 21 at the Smirnoff Music Center Dallas Texas The concerts were held in tribute to the victims of the September 11, 2001 attacks. Styx band members, Tommy Shaw, James Young along with others put the benefit concert together in a short period of time. The Concert was in Atlanta Georgia October 20 and moved over night to Dallas, Texas for the October 21 show. Proceeds from the concerts went to Families of Fireman killed in the 9-11 Terror attacks.

On October 21, United We Stand: What More Can I Give

On February 3, 2002, during the Halftime Show of Super Bowl XXXVI, rock group U2 performed Where the Streets Have No Name, whilst the names of the victims were projected onto banners. Bono opened his jacket to reveal a U.S. flag pattern sewn in the inside lining.

On February 23, 2003, the 45th Annual Grammy Awards were held at Madison Square Garden and paid tribute to those who died during the 9/11 attacks, to whom the ceremony was dedicated. Ceremony host Bruce Springsteen performed "The Rising" at the Awards.

Memorial efforts

Many families and friends of victims have set up memorial funds and projects to give back to their communities and change the world in honor of their loved ones' lives. Examples include:

  • Beyond the 11th
  • The Peter M. Goodrich Memorial Foundation
  • Our Voices Together
  • September 11th Families for Peaceful Tomorrows
  • Heroic Choices (originally the Todd M. Beamer Foundation)
  • Tuesday's Children
  • 9-11 Garden of Reflection (
  • LeRoy Homer Foundation (

The Raoul Wallenberg Award was given to New York City in 2001 "For all of its citizens who searched for the missing, cared for the injured, gave comfort to loved ones of the missing or lost, and provided sustenance and encouragement to those who searched through the rubble at ground hero."

Virtual Memorials

The growing popularity of virtual worlds such as Secondlife has led to the construction of permanent virtual memorials and exhibits. Examples include:

  • Celestial Requiem NYC (SecondLife) [10] is a virtual recreation of a submitted physical memorial proposal:

    On September 11, 2007, a virtual reality World Trade Center Memorial will be presented to the people of the world. The location is in Second Life, on the island we have named after the original design: Celestial Requiem NYC. We have built this memorial because, to be blunt, the world needed it done years ago, and the two years longer to await the completion of the "Reflected Absence" memorial in New York city (by Michael Arad and Peter Walker) was in our opinion two years too long.[11]

  • World Trade Center Memorial (SecondLife) [12] is focused on the victims of 9/11, reminiscent of the Memorial Wall of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial.

See also


  1. ^ For an assessment of the response of webloggers to the attacks, see When blogging came of age
  2. ^ Wilgoren, Debbie; Nick Miroff, Robin Shulman (2008-09-11). ""Pentagon Memorial Dedicated on 7th Anniversary of Attacks"". The Washington Post (The Washington Post Company). Retrieved 2008-09-11.  
  3. ^ Pentagon Memorial Web Site
  4. ^ Official Press release at the United States Department of Defense
  5. ^ "Sept. 11 Flight 93 Memorial Design Chosen". Fox News. 2005-09-08.,2933,168821,00.html. Retrieved 2007-07-22.  
  6. ^ "Flight 93 Memorial Project". Flight 93 Memorial Project / National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-04-14.  
  7. ^ Ganassi, Michelle (2008-08-25). "NY firefighter donating steel to Shanksville". Daily American. Retrieved 2008-08-22.  
  8. ^ Gaskell, Stephanie (2008-08-25). "Pa. site of 9/11 crash gets WTC beam". New York Daily news. Retrieved 2008-08-25.  
  9. ^ AMF National Bowl-A-Thon to Benefit New York City Police, Firefighters and Rescue Workers
  10. ^ "Celestial Requiem NYC, 11, 120, 21".  
  11. ^ "Announcement of Celestial Requiem NYC".  
  12. ^ "World Trade Center Memorial, World Trade Center 181, 76, 26".  

13. 9-11 Garden of Reflection ( 14. LeRoy Homer Foundation (

External links



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