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Mendocino County, California
Seal of Mendocino County, California
Map of California highlighting Mendocino County
Location in the state of California
Map of the U.S. highlighting California
California's location in the U.S.
Seat Ukiah
Largest city Ukiah
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

3,878 sq mi (10,044 km²)
3,509 sq mi (9,088 km²)
369 sq mi (956 km²), 9.52%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

86,265
23/sq mi (9/km²)
Founded 1850
Website www.co.mendocino.ca.us

Mendocino County is a county located on the north coast of the U.S. state of California, north of the greater San Francisco Bay Area and west of the Central Valley. As of 2000, the population was 86,265. The county seat is Ukiah.

The county is noted for its distinctive Pacific Ocean coastline, Redwood forests, wine production, microbrews, and liberal views on marijuana[1].

The notable historic and recreational attraction of the "Skunk Train" connects Fort Bragg with Willits in Mendocino County via steam-locomotive trains and other vehicles.

Contents

History

Mendocino County was one of the original counties of California, created in 1850 at the time of statehood. Due to an initially low population, it did not have a separate government until 1859 and was under the administration of Sonoma County prior to that. The county contains several of the original Spanish land grants of Alta California including the Sanel Rancho in Hopland, and the Yokayo Rancho that forms the majority of the Ukiah Valley.

The county derives its name from Cape Mendocino, which was probably named in honor of either Antonio de Mendoza, Viceroy of New Spain, 1535–1542 (who sent the Juan Cabrillo Expedition to this coast in 1542), or Lorenzo Suárez de Mendoza, Viceroy from 1580 to 1583. Mendocino is the adjectival form of the family name of Mendoza.

Neither Spanish nor Mexican influence extended into Mendocino County beyond establishing in southern Mendocino County: Rancho Sanel in 1844 and Rancho Yokaya in 1845.

In the 19th century, the county witnessed many of the most serious atrocities in the extermination of the Californian Native American tribes who originally lived in the area, like the Yuki, the Pomo, the Cahto, and the Wintun. The systematic occupation of their lands, the reduction of many of their members into slavery and the raids against their settlements led to the Mendocino War in 1859, where hundreds of Indians were killed. The segregation continued well into the 20th century; and today the local Native Americans are fighting for land rights, to obtain gaming operations and against widespread poverty.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,878 square miles (10,044 km²), of which, 3,509 square miles (9,088 km²) of it is land and 369 square miles (956 km²) of it (9.52%) is water.

Cities and towns

Adjacent counties

Indian reservations

Mendocino County has nine Indian reservations lying within its borders, the fourth most of any county in the United States (after San Diego County, California; Sandoval County, New Mexico; and Riverside County, California).

National protected areas

Transportation infrastructure

Major highways

Public transportation

The Mendocino Transit Authority provides local and intercity bus service within Mendocino County. Limited service also connects with transit in Sonoma County

The Greyhound Bus Lines currently serves Ukiah.

AMTRAK has bus service that connects Mendocino to passenger service on rail lines such as the "Coast Starlight".

The historic "Skunk Train" connects Fort Bragg, California with Willits in Mendocino County via steam-locomotive trains and other vehicles. Conceivably, it could be used for public transportation, as well as its recreational uses.

Airports

For commercial service, passengers in Mendocino County need to go to Eureka, one county to the north in Humboldt County, or to Sonoma County Airport in Santa Rosa, Sonoma County, one county to the south. More comprehensive service is available from Sacramento to the east or San Francisco, well to the south.

Emergency services for the largely unincorporated county are coordinated through Howard Forest Station, a local Cal Fire station just south of Willits.

Demographics

A vineyard in Mendocino county

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 86,265 people, 33,266 households, and 21,855 families residing in the county. The population density was 25 people per square mile (9/km²). There were 36,937 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 80.76% White, 0.62% Black or African American, 4.76% Native American, 1.20% Asian, 0.15% Pacific Islander, 8.61% from other races, and 3.90% from two or more races. 16.48% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 12.2% were of German, 10.8% English, 8.6% Irish, 6.1% Italian and 5.6% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 84.4% spoke English and 13.2% Spanish as their first language.

There were 33,266 households out of which 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.9% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.3% were non-families. 27.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.5% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 27.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 98.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.1 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,996, and the median income for a family was $42,168. Males had a median income of $33,128 versus $23,774 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,443. About 10.9% of families and 15.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.5% of those under age 18 and 7.7% of those age 65 or over.

Government

  • Chief Executive Officer- Tom Mitchell
  • Board of Supervisors
    • 1st District-Carre Brown
    • 2nd District-John McCowen
    • 3rd District-John Pinches
    • 4th District-Kendall Smith
    • 5th District-J. David Colfax

Politics

Presidential election results
Year DEM GOP Others
2008 69.8% 27,843 26.9% 10,721 2.3% 1,366
2004 63.5% 24,385 33.7% 12,955 2.8% 1,089
2000 48.3% 16,634 35.7% 12,272 16.0% 5,504
1996 45.7% 14,952 29.9% 9,765 24.4% 7,975
1992 50.2% 18,344 21.8% 7,958 28.0% 10,236
1988 55.4% 17,152 41.9% 12,979 2.6% 816
1984 45.8% 14,407 52.1% 16,369 2.1% 646
1980 38.2% 10,784 44.1% 12,432 17.7% 5,008
1976 49.5% 10,653 45.5% 9,784 5.0% 1,072
1972 43.3% 9,325 51.0% 11,128 5.7% 1,251
1968 44.3% 7,935 46.4% 8,305 9.3% 1,664
1964 65.1% 11,869 34.7% 6,322 0.2% 36
1960 50.2% 9,476 49.3% 9,301 0.5% 94

Mendocino is a strongly Democratic county in Presidential and congressional elections.[3] The last Republican to win a majority in the county was Ronald Reagan in 1980 and 1984. It is part of California's 1st congressional district, which is held by Democrat Mike Thompson. In the state legislature Mendocino is in the 1st Assembly district, which is held by Democrat Wes Chesbro, and the 2nd Senate district, which is held by Democrat Pat Wiggins. As of April 2008, the California Secretary of State reports that Mendocino County has 47,168 registered voters. Of those, 22,264 (47.2%) are registered Democratic; 11,422 (24.2%) are registered Republican; 4,179 (8.9%) are registered with other political parties, and 9,303 (19.7%) declined to state a political party.

In 2000, Mendocino County voters approved Measure G, which calls for the decriminalization of marijuana when used and cultivated for personal use.[4] Measure G passed with a 58% majority vote, making it the first county in the United States to declare prosecution of small-scale marijuana offenses the "lowest priority" for local law enforcement. Measure G does not protect individuals who cultivate, transport or possess marijuana for sale. However, Measure G was passed at the local government level affecting only Mendocino County, and therefore does not affect existing state or federal laws. The city of Berkeley has had a similar law (known as the Berkeley Marijuana Initiative II) since 1979 which has generally been found to be unenforceable.[5]

In 2008, the Mendocino County Board of Supervisors placed Measure B on the June 3 county-wide ballot. After three months of hard-fought campaigning and national attention, voters narrowly approved "B", which repealed the provisions of 2000's Measure G.[6][7] However, opponents of Measure B intend to continue the challenge in court as the wording of Measure B relies heavily on S.B. 420's state limitations which were recently ruled unconstitutional by the California supreme court. On July 3, the Sheriff and District Attorneys offices announced that they would not be enforcing the new regulations for the time being, citing pending legal challenges and conflicts with existing state law.[8] In April, 2009, Sheriff Tom Allman issued his department's medical marijuana enforcement policy, which includes the provisions of Measure B and also cites the California Supreme Court Ruling narrowly defining "caregiver" in the state's medical marijuana law.[9]

In 2004, Measure H was passed in Mendocino County with a 57% majority, making it the first county in the United States to ban the production and cultivation of genetically modified organisms.

On Nov. 4, 2008 Mendocino County voted 63.2 % against Proposition 8 which amended the California Constitution to ban same-sex marriages.

Rivers

Aerial view of Noyo River

from south to north:

Beaches

A Beach Near the Town of Elk

Parks, reserves and related places

Ecological staircase trail in Jug Handle state nature reserve
Islands off the Mendocino coast

Education

Community Colleges

Local Schools

References

  1. ^ Regan, Trish. (2009-01-23). Marijuana Inc., Inside America's Pot Industry. [televised documentary]. Mendocino County, California, USA: CNBC, Incorporated.  
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  3. ^ "Mendocino County, California". political info. epodunk.com. http://www.epodunk.com/cgi-bin/politicalInfo.php?locIndex=10497. Retrieved 2009-09-23.  
  4. ^ "Mendocino County Personal Use of Marijuana Initiative". CA NORML News. California National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws. November 8, 2000. http://www.canorml.org/news/mendorelse.html. Retrieved 2009-09-23.  
  5. ^ Suzanne La Barre (March 31, 2006). "Legal Limbo for Pot Users?". Berkeley Daily Planet. http://www.berkeleydailyplanet.com/article.cfm?archiveDate=03-31-06&storyID=23788. Retrieved 2009-09-23.  
  6. ^ Measure B on the June 3 ballot, Ballotpedia.
  7. ^ It's official: Marijuana reform effort passes - Ukiah Daily Journal
  8. ^ Mike Geniella (July 3, 2008). "Mendocino County won't enforce pot measure". PressDemocrat.com web site (The Press Democrat, Santa Rosa, CA). http://www.pressdemocrat.com/article/20080703/NEWS/807030377/1350. Retrieved 2009-09-23.  
  9. ^ "Directive on Medical Marijuana 2009-04-03-NO.1". Mendocino County Sheriff's Office. April 3, 2009. http://www.mendocinosheriff.com/pdfs/2009-04-03-No1_JN.pdf. Retrieved 2009-09-23.  

External links

Coordinates: 39°26′N 123°26′W / 39.43°N 123.43°W / 39.43; -123.43


Genealogy

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Mendocino County, California
Map
File:Map of California highlighting Mendocino County.png
Location in the state of California
Map of the USA highlighting California
California's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1850
Seat Ukiah
Largest City Ukiah 15497
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 9.52%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

86265
Website: www.co.mendocino.ca.us

Mendocino County is a county located on the north coast of the U.S. state of California, north of the greater San Francisco Bay Area and west of the Central Valley. As of 2000, the population was 86,265. The county seat is Ukiah.

The county is noted for its distinctive Pacific Ocean coastline and is the location of the Mendocino American Viticultural Area.

Contents

History

Mendocino County was one of the original counties of California, created in 1850 at the time of statehood. Due to an initially low population, it did not have a separate government until 1859 and was under the administration of Sonoma County prior to that. The county contains several of the original Spanish land grants of Alta California including the Sanel Rancho in Hopland, and the Yokayo Rancho that forms the majority of the Ukiah Valley.

The county derives its name from Cape Mendocino, which was probably named in honor of either Antonio de Mendoza, Viceroy of New Spain, 15351542 (who sent the Juan Cabrillo Expedition to this coast in 1542), or Lorenzo Suárez de Mendoza, Viceroy from 1580 to 1583. Mendocino is the adjectival form of the family name of Mendoza.

In the nineteenth century, the county witnessed many of the most serious atrocities in the extermination of the Californian Native American tribes who originally lived in the area, like the Yuki, the Pomo and the Wintun. The systematical occupation of their lands, the reduction of many of their members into slavery and the raids against their settlements led to the Mendocino War in 1859, where hundreds of Indians were killed. The segregation continued well into the 20th century.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 10,044 km² (3,878 sq mi). 9,088 km² (3,509 sq mi) of it is land and 956 km² (369 sq mi) of it (9.52%) is water.

Cities and towns



Adjacent Counties

Transportation Infrastructure

Major Highways

Public Transportation

The Mendocino Transit Authority provides local and intercity bus service within Mendocino County. Limited service also connects with transit in Sonoma County

Airports

Demographics

Mendocino vineyard

As of the census² of 2000, there were 86,265 people, 33,266 households, and 21,855 families residing in the county. The population density was 9/km² (25/sq mi). There were 36,937 housing units at an average density of 4/km² (10/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 80.76% White, 0.62% Black or African American, 4.76% Native American, 1.20% Asian, 0.15% Pacific Islander, 8.61% from other races, and 3.90% from two or more races. 16.48% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 12.2% were of German, 10.8% English, 8.6% Irish, 6.1% Italian and 5.6% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 84.4% spoke English and 13.2% Spanish as their first language.

There were 33,266 households out of which 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.9% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.3% were non-families. 27.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.5% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 27.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 98.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.1 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,996, and the median income for a family was $42,168. Males had a median income of $33,128 versus $23,774 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,443. About 10.9% of families and 15.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.5% of those under age 18 and 7.7% of those age 65 or over.

Government

  • Chief Executive Officer- Albert P. Beltrami
  • Board of Supervisors
    • 1st District-Michael Delbar
    • 2nd District-Jim R. Wattenburger
    • 3rd District-John Pinches
    • 4th District-Kendall Smith
    • 5th District-J. David Colfax

Politics

Presidential election results
Year DEM GOP Others
2004 63.5% 24,385 33.7% 12,955 2.8% 1,089
2000 48.3% 16,634 35.7% 12,272 16.0% 5,504
1996 45.7% 14,952 29.9% 9,765 24.4% 7,975
1992 50.2% 18,344 21.8% 7,958 28.0% 10,236
1988 55.4% 17,152 41.9% 12,979 2.6% 816
1984 45.8% 14,407 52.1% 16,369 2.1% 646
1980 38.2% 10,784 44.1% 12,432 17.7% 5,008
1976 49.5% 10,653 45.5% 9,784 5.0% 1,072
1972 43.3% 9,325 51.0% 11,128 5.7% 1,251
1968 44.3% 7,935 46.4% 8,305 9.3% 1,664
1964 65.1% 11,869 34.7% 6,322 0.2% 36
1960 50.2% 9,476 49.3% 9,301 0.5% 94

Mendocino is a strongly Democratic county in Presidential and congressional elections.[1] The last Republican to win a majority in the county was Ronald Reagan in 1984. It is part of California's 1st congressional district, which is held by Democrat Mike Thompson. In the state legislature Mendocino is in the 1st Assembly district, which is held by Democrat Patty Berg, and the 2nd Senate district, which is held by Democrat Pat Wiggins.

In 2000, Mendocino County voters approved Measure G, which calls for the decriminalization of marijuana when used and cultivated for personal use.[2] Measure G passed with a 58% majority vote, making it the first county in the United States to declare prosecution of small-scale marijuana offenses the "lowest priority" for local law enforcement. Measure G does not protect individuals who cultivate, transport or possess marijuana for sale. However, Measure G was passed at the local government level affecting only Mendocino County, and therefore does not affect existing state or federal laws. (The city of Berkeley has had a similar law since 1979 which has generally been found to be unenforceable [3])

In 2004, Measure H was passed in Mendocino County with a 57% majority, making it the first county in the United States to ban the production and cultivation of genetically modified organisms.








Rivers

from south to north

Beaches

A Beach Near the Town of Elk

Parks, Reserves and related places

Islands off Mendocino

See also

External links

General information

Vineyards

Coordinates: 39°26′N 123°26′W / 39.43, -123.43

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Mendocino County, California. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Mendocino County, CaliforniaRDF feed
County names Mendocino County, California  +
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 California  +
Short name Mendocino County  +

This article uses material from the "Mendocino County, California" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Simple English

Mendocino County, California
Map

Location in the state of California

California's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1850
Seat Ukiah
Largest City Ukiah 15497
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

3,878 sq mi (10,044 km²)
3,509 sq mi (9,088 km²)
369 sq mi (956 km²), 9.52%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

86,265
23/sq mi (9/km²)
Website: www.co.mendocino.ca.us

Mendocino County is a county in Northern California. The county seat is in Ukiah. In 2000,

Towns in Mendocino County include:








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