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Meningoencephalitis: Wikis

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Meningoencephalitis
Classification and external resources
ICD-10 G04.
ICD-9 323.9
DiseasesDB 22543
MeSH D008590

Meningoencephalitis (pronounced /mɛˌnɪŋɡɵ.ɛnˌsɛfəˈlaɪtɨs/, from Greek: meninges- membranes; enkephalos brain; and -itis inflammation) is a medical condition that simultaneously resembles both meningitis, which is an infection or inflammation of the meninges, and encephalitis, which is an infection or inflammation of the brain.

Contents

Causes

Causative organisms include protozoans, viral and bacterial pathogens.

Specific types include:

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Bacterial

Viral

Other/multiple

Protozoal

Ameobic pathogens exist as free-living protozoans. Nevertheless, these pathogens cause rare and uncommon CNS infections. N. fowleri produces primary amebic meningoencephalitis (PAM). The symptoms of PAM are indistinguishable from acute bacterial meningitis. Other amebae cause granulomatous amebic encephalitis (GAE), which is a more subacute and can even a non-symptomatic chronic infection. Ameobic meningoencephalitis can mimic a brain abscess, aseptic or chronic meningitis, or CNS malignancy.[3]

Prognosis

The disease is associated with high rates of mortality and severe morbidity.[citation needed]

Notable cases

It was the claimed cause of death of the popular British TV presenter Christopher Price.[4]

In May, 2009 former Premier of New South Wales (Australia) Morris Iemma was admitted to hospital with meningoencephalitis[5].

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1512024/
  2. ^ Orgogozo, MD, J.-M. (2003-07-08). "Subacute meningoencephalitis in a subset of patients with AD after Aß42 immunization". Neurology (American Academy of Neurology) 61 (1): 46–54. PMID 12847155. http://www.neurology.org/cgi/content/abstract/61/1/46?ck=nck. Retrieved 2008-05-01. 
  3. ^ Amebic Meningoencephalitis Author: Robert W Tolan Jr, MD, Chief, Division of Allergy, Immunology and Infectious Diseases, The Children's Hospital at Saint Peter's University Hospital; Clinical Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Drexel University College of Medicine Contributor Information and Disclosures Updated: Jan 21, 2009, http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/996227-overview
  4. ^ "Presenter Killed by Rare Infection". BBC News. 2002-06-19. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/tv_and_radio/2053119.stm. Retrieved 2008-05-01. 
  5. ^ "Paralysed Iemma fights to walk again". The Sunday Telegraph. 2009-06-28. http://www.news.com.au/story/0,27574,25702400-421,00.html. Retrieved 2009-06-28. 

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