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Mesomycetozoea
Scientific classification
Domain: Eukarya
(unranked) Opisthokonta
(unranked) Choanozoa or Holozoa
Class: Mesomycetozoea
Orders

Dermocystida
Ichthyophonida

The Mesomycetozoea (or DRIP clade, or Ichthyosporea) are a small group of protists, mostly parasites of fish and other animals.

Significance

They are not particularly distinctive morphologically, appearing in host tissues as enlarged spheres or ovals containing spores, and most were originally classified in various groups of fungi, protozoa, and algae. However, they form a coherent group on molecular trees, closely related to both animals and fungi and so of interest to biologists studying their origins. In a 2008 study they emerge robustly as the sister-group of the clade Filozoa, which includes the animals.[1]

Eukaryota tree. Note "Ichthyosporea" at bottom left, in Opisthokont clade. "Metazoa" are animals, and Choanoflagellates are closely aligned. Fungi is at other end of Opisthokont clade, with Cristidiscoidea closely aligned. Ichthyosporea is in the middle ("Meso-") of the fungi ("-myceto-") and the animals ("-zoea").

Terminology

The name DRIP is an acronym for the first protozoa identified as members of the group, [2] Cavalier-Smith later treated them as the class Ichthyosporea, since they were all parasites of fish.

Since other new members have been added, Mendoza et al. suggested changing the name to Mesomycetozoea, which refers to their evolutionary position.[3] Note the name Mesomycetozoa (without a second e) is also used to refer to this group, but Mendoza et al. use it as an alternate name for the phylum Choanozoa.[4]

References

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Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010
(Redirected to Ichthyosporea article)

From Wikispecies

Taxonavigation

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Phylum: Choanozoa
Classis: Ichthyosporea
Ordines: Dermocystida - Ichthyophonida

References

  • Leonel Mendoza, John W. Taylor, and Libero Ajello, The class Mesomycetozoea: a heterogeneous group of microorganisms at the animal-fungal boundary, Annu. Rev. Microbiol. 56, 315–44 (2002).
  • Thomas Cavalier-Smith, Protist phylogeny and the high-level classification of Protozoa, Europ. J. Protistol. 39, 338-348 (2003).

Alternative classifications

Mendoza, et al. (2002)

In Phylum Neomonada, Subphylum Mesomycetozoa
Class Mesomycetozoea em. Mendoza et al. 2001 - Ichthyosporea, Cavalier-Smith 1998

Vernacular names

Français: Ichthyospores

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