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Dadecountylogo.png Metrorail

A Metrorail train at Government Center
Overview
Type Rapid transit
Locale Miami
Termini Palmetto (north)
Dadeland South (south)
Stations 22
Daily ridership 67,000 [1]
Operation
Opened May 20, 1984
Owner Miami-Dade County
Operator(s) Miami-Dade Transit
Character Elevated and at-grade
Rolling stock 136 Budd cars
Technical
Line length 22.4 miles (36.0 km)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in)
Electrification Third rail
Operating speed 66 miles per hour (106 km/h)
Route map
Metrorail
Legend
 
Unknown route-map component "uKBFa"
 Palmetto
 
Unknown route-map component "uAKRZu"
  (SR 826)
 
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Unknown route-map component "uHST"
 Okeechobee
 
Unknown route-map component "uÜST"
 
 
Unknown route-map component "uHST"
 Hialeah
 
Unknown route-map component "uTurmBHFo"
 Tri-Rail (transfer to Tri-Rail)
 
Unknown route-map component "uHST"
 Northside
 
Unknown route-map component "uÜST"
 
 
Unknown route-map component "uHST"
 Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Plaza
 
Unknown route-map component "uÜST"
 
 
Unknown route-map component "uHST"
 Brownsville
 
Airport Unknown route-map component "uINTa" Urban straight track
 Airport (MIA via MIC; opening in 2012)
 
Unknown route-map component "uhWSTR" Urban straight track
  (Miami River)
 
Urban straight track Urban straight track
 
 
Unknown route-map component "uAKRZo" Urban straight track
  (SR 112)
 
Waterway turning to left Unknown route-map component "uABZlg"
 
 
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 Earlington Heights
 
Unknown route-map component "uAKRZo"
  (SR 112/I-195)
 
Unknown route-map component "uHST"
 Allapattah
 
Unknown route-map component "uHST"
 Santa Clara
 
Unknown route-map component "uHST"
 Civic Center
 
Unknown route-map component "uAKRZo"
  (I-395)
 
Unknown route-map component "uHST"
 Culmer
 
Unknown route-map component "uAKRZu"
  (I-95)
 
Unknown route-map component "uHST"
 Historic Overtown/Lyric Theatre
 
Unknown route-map component "uINT"
 Government Center (transfer to Metromover)
 
Unknown route-map component "uhWSTR"
  (Miami River)
 
Unknown route-map component "uINT"
 Brickell (transfer to Metromover)
 
Unknown route-map component "uAKRZu"
  (I-95)
 
Unknown route-map component "uÜST"
 
 
Unknown route-map component "uHST"
 Vizcaya
 
Unknown route-map component "uHST"
 Coconut Grove
 
Unknown route-map component "uHST"
 Douglas Road
 
Unknown route-map component "uÜST"
 
 
Unknown route-map component "uHST"
 University
 
Unknown route-map component "uHST"
 South Miami
 
Unknown route-map component "uHST"
 Dadeland North
 
Unknown route-map component "uAKRZo"
  (SR 878)
 
Unknown route-map component "uÜST"
 
 
Unknown route-map component "uKBFe"
 Dadeland South

Metrorail is the principal rapid transit system operated by Miami-Dade Transit in Miami, Florida, serving the immediate Miami metropolitan area.

Currently operating on a 22.4 miles of rail line, it is Florida's sole metro system. Running from Medley in northwest Miami-Dade to Kendall in southern Miami-Dade, Metrorail is one of only two heavy rail rapid transit systems in the Southeastern United States (the other system being MARTA in Atlanta).

Contents

History

Metrorail viaduct under construction along South Dixie Highway in Coral Gables during the early 1980s.
Credit: Florida Photographic Collection

In 1971, a study completed by the Miami Urban Area Transportation Study (MUATS) recommended the construction for a rapid transit system for the county; having experienced a prolonged post-World War II population boom, Dade County's permanent population rose by 35% to nearly 1.7 million residents within a decade.[2] Within a year of the study, county residents approved a $132.5 million ($689 million, adjusted for current inflation) bond dedicated to transit, with additional funding approved by the Florida Legislature for transit which, up until that time, operated solely on fare revenue. In 1976, with preliminary engineering completed for the system, the Federal Transit Administration (FTA, then, the Urban Mass Transit Administration) committed 80% of the costs for the first stage of rapid transit system, with the county and state incurring the remaining cost.

In April 1979, the Interstate Commerce Commission ratified an agreement between the Florida East Coast Railway (FEC) and Dade County to transfer the then-FEC right-of-way along US 1 to Miami-Dade Transit, then named the Metro Transit Agency (MTA), with groundbreaking for the system the county commission voted to be named "Metrorail" taking place at the site of what would become University Station in June. Construction began in December 1980 with placing of a double-tee guideway girder near the University of Miami. In June 1983, the first segment of Metrorail from Dadeland South to Overtown (now "Historic Overtown/Lyric Theatre") was completed with the construction of the Miami River bridge, with free first-day service from Pinecrest to Overtown commencing May 20, 1984 with over 125,000 riders.

Additional segments opened subsequently in December 1984 to Earlington Heights Station and to Okeechobee Station in May 1985. In March 1989, temporary station was opened to provide a connection to the newly-opened Tri-Rail commuter rail line, with the station officially opening in June of that year. Preliminary engineering for a rapid transit extension to the Palmetto Expressway began in 1996 with Palmetto Station opening in May 2003.

Construction on Metrorail's 23rd station at the Miami International Airport's Miami Intermodal Center began in May 2009, with service projected to begin in late 2011/early 2012.[3][4]

Fares and service

The current standard fare on Metrorail is $2.00 and reduced fare is $1.00. A standard monthly pass costs $100 and $50 for reduced fare. The monthly EASY Cards are sold at over 50 sales outlets. Reduced fares are available only to Medicare recipients, people with disabilities, and Miami-Dade students in grades 1-12. Ticket Vending Machines (TVMs) that sell EASY Cards and EASY Tickets are found in all rail stations. All Miami-Dade senior citizens aged 65 years and older and with Social Security benefits, and Veterans residing in Miami-Dade and earning less than $22,000 annually ride free with the reduced fare monthly EASY Card.

On July 16, 2008, Miami-Dade Transit announced that it would be replacing all fare collection methods with the EASY Card system by late 2009. The system replaces the old cash-/token-based system with one that makes riding transit easier than ever by automatically deducting fares at Metrorail fare gates from a reloadable card.[5][6][7] The final station to start fare gate installation was Government Center on August 2, 2009 [8]. Since the system launch on October 1, 2009, all passengers utilizing Metrorail must use either an EASY Card or EASY Ticket to enter stations.[9]

Metrorail runs regularly from 5 a.m. until midnight seven days a week. Trains arrive every 8 minutes during weekday rush hours, every 15 minutes at midday, and every 15–30 minutes after 6 p.m. until midnight. Weekend service runs every 30 minutes until midnight. For a brief period from 2003 to April 2004 there was 24-hour service; between midnight and 5 a.m., trains arrived every 60 minutes.

A limited-stop bus route, Route 500 Midnight Owl, operates hourly between 12:30 a.m. and 5:30 a.m. trip between Dadeland South and Government Center Metrorail stations. This bus service replaces the 24-hour Metrorail service cancelled due to a lack of ridership.

Train and track information

A northbound Metrorail train approaching Government Center Station. Museum Tower is in the background.

Metrorail runs from the northwest in Medley through Hialeah, into the city of Miami, the downtown area, through Coral Gables and South Miami, and ending in southwest Miami-Dade at Dadeland Mall. There are 22 accessible Metrorail stations, one about every 1.25 miles (or 1.9 kilometers). Metrorail connects to the Metromover system at Government Center and Brickell stations and to South Florida's Tri-Rail suburban system at the Tri-Rail Station (see below).

Trains are stored at the Palmetto Yard just west of Okeechobee Station. The yard houses 136 cars built by the Budd Company; Miami-Dade's subway cars were among the last orders Budd filled before shuttering its railcar manufacturing business. The cars are identical to those used on the Baltimore Metro (save for the modifications made to Baltimore's cars during their refurbishment in 2005), as the two systems were built at the same time, and the two agencies were able to save money by sharing a single order.

Along the Metrorail system, the tracks are mostly elevated. Three sections are not: under I-95 between Vizcaya and Brickell stations, under I-95 just east of Culmer station, and from just east of the Palmetto Expressway heading west into the Palmetto station and tail track. In each of these cases, the tracks ride on ground level for a brief amount of time.

The platform at each Metrorail station is long enough to accommodate six-car-long trains; the Dadeland North and Government Center station platforms are long enough to accommodate eight-car-long trains. In-service trains are usually either four or six cars long; in the evening it is not uncommon for Miami-Dade Transit to link two out-of-service trains together before returning them to Palmetto Yard.

Future plans

Government Center Station is Miami's central metro station, as well as Downtown Miami's main station. Transfers can be made to all three Metromover loops and all intercity Metrobus lines.

By 2020, when Metrorail's Orange Line is scheduled for completion, the Metrorail network will serve Miami International Airport, Florida International University and LandShark Stadium (see The Orange Line). Long-term plans exist to extend the system so it serves more of Coral Gables, as well as entering western Kendall, and Aventura. These plans have been put into indefinite hold as crucial federal funding for such projects has been revoked for the time being.

Stations

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Current stations

Travel times provided are approximate for travel to/from Government Center in Downtown Miami; additional station, passenger, and transfer information available on respective Wiki pages:

Number Station Time Opened Average weekday ridership
(November 2009)[10]
Connections
1 Palmetto Feature parking.svg 29 min May 30, 2003 1,293 Metrobus: 87
2 Okeechobee Feature parking.svg 26 min May 19, 1985 1,426 Metrobus: 73
3 Hialeah Feature parking.svg 23 min May 19, 1985 1,634 Metrobus: 29, 37, 54, L
4 Tri-Rail 22 min June 5, 1989 1,648 Tri-Rail

Metrobus: 42, L

5 Northside Feature parking.svg 20 min May 18, 1985 1,667 Metrobus: 12, 21, 32, 79 St Max (79), L, 221
6 Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., Plaza 19 min May 19, 1985 1,343 Metrobus: 27, 62, 27 Av Max (97)
7 Brownsville Feature parking.svg 14 min May 19, 1985 873 Metrobus: 27, Liberty City Connnection (46), 54, Brownsville Connection (254)
8 Earlington Heights Feature parking.svg 13 min December 17, 1984 1,279 Metrobus: 17, 22, 95x, East-West Connection (238), Airport-Beach Flyer (Route 150)
9 Allapattah Feature parking.svg 12 min December 17, 1984 1,843 Metrobus: 12, 21, 36, J, Night Owl (246)
10 Santa Clara Feature parking.svg 7 min December 17, 1984 694 Metrobus: 12, 21, 32, M, Night Owl (246)
11 Civic Center 6 min December 17, 1984 6,312 Metrobus: 12, 32, 95x, M, Night Owl (246)
12 Culmer 4 min December 17, 1984 1,261 Metrobus: 77, NW 7 Av Max (277), Overtown Circulator (211)
13 Historic Overtown/Lyric Theatre < 1 min May 20, 1984 1,309 Metrobus: 2, 7, 95x, Overtown Circulator (211), Seaport Connection (243)
14 Government Center 0 min May 20, 1984 11,097 Metromover: Downtown, Omni, and Brickell Loops

Metrobus: 2, 3, 7, 9, 11, 16, 21, 24, 77, 95x, e95, C, S, Flagler MAX (51), Biscayne MAX (93), Beach MAX (120), Little Havana Circulator (207), Little Havana Circulator (208), Night Owl (246), NW 7 Av MAX (277), Midnight Owl (500)
Broward County Transit: 95x

15 Brickell 1 min May 20, 1984 3,633 Metromover: Brickell Loop
Metrobus: 6, 8, 48, B, Brickell Key Shuttle (248)
16 Vizcaya Feature parking.svg 5 min May 20, 1984 1,302 Metrobus: 12, 17, 24
17 Coconut Grove Feature parking.svg 8 min May 20, 1984 1,752 Metrobus: 6, 22, 27, 42 (weekdays only), Coconut Grove Circulator (249)
18 Douglas Road Free parking 10 min May 20, 1984 3,731 Metrobus: 37, 40, 42, 48, 65, J, Coral Way MAX (224), Coconut Grove Ciruclator (249)

Coral Gables Trolley

19 University Free parking 13 min May 20, 1984 1,976 Metrobus: 48, 56, Midnight Owl (500)
20 South Miami Free parking 15 min May 20, 1984 3,225 Metrobus: 37, 52, 57, 72
21 Dadeland North Free parking 19 min May 20, 1984 6,346 Metrobus: 1, 87, 88, 104, Bird Road MAX (240), Kendall KAT (288), Killian KAT (204), Sunset KAT (272)
22 Dadeland South Free parking 20 min May 20, 1984 6,643 South Miami-Dade Busway

Metrobus: 1, 52, 65, 73, 136, Busway Flyer (34), Busway Local (31), Busway MAX (38), Coral Reef MAX (252), Saga Bay MAX (287), Midnight Owl (500)

Future stations

Number Station Time Opened Average weekday ridership
(November 2009)[11]
Connections
23 Miami Central Station
(Airport Station)
Feature parking.svg ~16
min
Early
2012
N/A Miami Intermodal Center: Rental Car Center

Amtrak: Silver Meteor and Silver Star
Tri-Rail
Miami Metrorail: Green Line
MIA Mover
Metrobus

Projects

  • The Miami-Dade County Government is working with the Citizens Independent Transportation Trust to receive money from the half-penny sur-tax approved by voters in 2002 in order to purchase new Metrorail cars.
Metrorail extensions

See also

References

  1. ^ Miami-Dade County Transit's $72.9 million system to curb fare evasion
  2. ^ http://www.censusscope.org/us/s12/c86/chart_popl.html
  3. ^ http://www.miamidade.gov/transit/corridor/mic-e_corridor/mic-e_home.asp
  4. ^ http://www.miamiherald.com/460/story/1028513.html
  5. ^ http://www.miamidade.gov/transit/advisories/08-07-14-easy_card_google.asp
  6. ^ http://miamidade.gov/wps/PA_1_TC5RNSJDM7JC0027AB79NQ10L5/ondemand_view.jsp?itemid=47503
  7. ^ http://www.miamidade.gov/transit/library/pdfs/misc/easy_card_brochure011209.pdf
  8. ^ http://www.miamidade.gov/transit/library/pdfs/misc/govt_center_easyc_fcs_install_flyer.pdf
  9. ^ http://www.miamidade.gov/transit/library/easy_card/conga_line_letter_size.pdf
  10. ^ http://www.miamidade.gov/transit/library/pdfs/rtr/2009-11_Ridership_Technical_Report.pdf
  11. ^ http://www.miamidade.gov/transit/library/pdfs/rtr/2009-11_Ridership_Technical_Report.pdf

External links


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