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Mewari language: Wikis


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Spoken in India (Mewar region of Rajasthan)
Total speakers 5.2 million (2006)
Language family Indo-European
Language codes
ISO 639-1 None
ISO 639-2 raj
ISO 639-3 mtr

Mewari is one of the major dialects of Rajasthani language of Indo-Aryan languages family. It is spoken by about five million speakers in Rajsamand, Bhilwara, Udaipur, and Chittorgarh districts of Rajasthan state of India. It has SOV word order.

There are 31 consonants, 10 vowels, and 2 diphthongs in Mewari. Intonation is prominent. Dental fricative is replaced by glottal stop at initial and medial positions. Inflection and derivation are the forms of word formation. There are two numbers--singular and plural, two genders--masculine and feminine, and three cases--simple, oblique, and vocative. Case marking is partly inflectional and partly postpositional. Concord is of subject-verb type in all the tenses but object-verb in perfect tense.[1] Nouns are declined according to their endings. Pronouns are inflected for number, person, and gender. Third person is distinguished not only in gender but also in remote-proximal level. There are three tenses--present, past, and future; and four moods. Adjective are of two types--marked or unmarked. Three participles are there--present, past, and perfect. [2]

Linguistic samples

  • Ae melaadra! (O dirty scoundrel)
  • Baandi bhaato kuda mein (Tie him/her to a rock and throw in the well)
  • Baayaaji kathe gaya he? (Where has dad gone?)
  • Balio maalpo (Burnt 'maalpo' (sweet bread))
  • Gaadi aaje dus waje aawega (The car/train/vehicle will arrive today at 10 o'clock)
  • Haathe'j jai riya (Going together)
  • Hu kay-ra? (What did you just say?)
  • Hu thai rayo he? (What's happening?)
  • Hu thiyo? (What happened?)
  • Ka shah (Equivalent for 'What's up')
  • Kaale apne waage jawanga (We'll go to 'Waage' tomorrow)
  • Kaam chaali rayo he (eq. of 'just keeping busy; working')
  • Kai khaado? (informal for 'Did you eat?')
  • Kai ni (Nothing)
  • Katraa waji riya he? (What's the time?)
  • Kemto thaare kaain he (What's your problem?)
  • Kiyan jai riya? (Where are you going?)
  • Mane tu ghaNi aacchi laage (Boy to Girl: 'I like you very much')
  • Naahaq sataawe chori! (This girl terrorizes me for no reason!)
  • Tamein hu kai riya, samajh ni padti (Can't understand what you're saying)
  • Tamein hu kaririya ho? (formal for 'What are you doing?')
  • Tamein jamya? (formal for 'Did you eat?')
  • Thelo hai Thelo (Eq. for 'That guy/girl's a fatso')
  • Tu kayi kar-rio he? (informal for 'What are you doing?')
  • Wana pagtia ni waawri mein (Go to fruitless fields, equivalent of 'Go to Hell')


  1. ^ Bahl, KC.(1979). A Structural Grammar of Rajasthani. Chicago: University Press
  2. ^ Gusain, Lakhan.(2006). Mewari Grammar (LW/M 428). Munich: Limcom Gbh.

External links



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