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Mexica
Aztec drums, Florentine Codex..jpg
Music and dance during a One Flower ceremony, from the Florentine Codex.
Regions with significant populations
Tenochtitlan
Tlatelolco
Languages

Nahuatl

Religion

Aztec religion
Catholicism (after the Conquest)

Related ethnic groups

Other Nahua peoples

The Mexica (Nahuatl: Mēxihcah, pronounced [meːˈʃiʔkaʔ]) or Mexicans (Spanish: Mexicanos) — called Aztecs in Western historiography — were an indigenous people of the Valley of Mexico, known today as the rulers of the Aztec empire. The Mexica were a Nahua people who founded their two cities Tenochtitlan and Tlatelolco on raised islets in Lake Texcoco around AD 1200. After the rise of the Tenochca Mexica they came to dominate the other Mexica citystate Tlatelolco.

Contents

Name

There is much disagreement over the etymology and meaning of the name Mexica (Nahuatl Mēxihcah, which is plural; the singular is Mēxihcatl), and the related place name Mexico (Mēxihco) where they lived.[1]

The name of the modern nation of Mexico and its capital Mexico City are derived from the Nahuatl name Mēxihco.

The seven caves of Chicomoztoc, as depicted in the Historia Tolteca-Chichimeca.
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Language

Like many of the peoples around them, the Mexica spoke Nahuatl. The form of Nahuatl used in the 16th century, when it began to be written in the alphabet brought by the Spanish, is known as Classical Nahuatl. Nahuatl is still spoken today by over 1.5 million people.

Huitzilopochtli, the patron god of the Mexica, as depicted in the Codex Telleriano-Remensis.

Notes

  1. ^ Andrews (2003): p. 500.

References

  • Andrews, J. Richard (2003). Introduction to Classical Nahuatl (rev. ed. ed.). Norman: University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 0-8061-3452-6. 

Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

Etymology

From Nahuatl Mēxihcah, plural of Mēxihcatl.

Noun

Singular
Mexica

Plural
Mexicas or Mexica

Mexica (plural Mexicas or Mexica)

  1. An indigenous people of central Mexico.

Adjective

Mexica

  1. Of or pertaining to the Mexica.

Synonyms


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