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United Mexican States
Estados Unidos Mexicanos[1][2]  (Spanish)
Flag Coat of arms
Anthem"Himno Nacional Mexicano"
Mexican National Anthem
National seal:
Seal of the United Mexican States Seal of the Government of Mexico.svg
Capital
(and largest city)
Mexico City
19°03′N 99°22′W / 19.05°N 99.367°W / 19.05; -99.367
Official language(s) Spanish [1]
Recognised regional languages 62 Indigenous Amerindian languages[3]
Demonym Mexican
Government Federal presidential republic
 -  President Felipe Calderón
(PAN)
Legislature Congress
 -  Upper House Senate
 -  Lower House Chamber of Deputies
Independence from Spain 
 -  Declared September 16, 1810 
 -  Recognized September 27, 1821 
Area
 -  Total 1,972,550 km2 (15th)
761,606 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 2.5
Population
 -  July 2009 estimate 111,211,789[4] (11th)
 -  2005 census 103,263,388 
 -  Density 55/km2 (142nd)
142/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2009 estimate
 -  Total $1.563 trillion[5] (11th)
 -  Per capita $14,534[6] (55th)
GDP (nominal) 2009 estimate
 -  Total $1.143 trillion[7] (13th)
 -  Per capita $10,212[8] (46th)
Gini (2008) 46.1[9] (high
HDI (2007) 0.854[10] (high) (53rd)
Currency Peso (MXN)
Time zone Official Mexican Timezones (UTC-8 to -6)
 -  Summer (DST) varies (UTC-7 to -5)
Drives on the right
Internet TLD .mx
Calling code +52
.The United Mexican States[11] (Spanish: About this sound Estados Unidos Mexicanos ), commonly known as Mexico (English: /ˈmɛksɪkoʊ/) (Spanish: About this sound México [ˈmexiko]), is a federal constitutional republic in North America.^ Mexico has long complained that the money is not enough, and that the United States does not do enough to curb demand for drugs among its own citizens.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Hoover said that, of the guns successfully traced from those submitted by Mexican authorities, 90% were found to be from the United States.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Mexico crime unit arrested The men are believed to have aided drug smugglers in Sinaloa state, officials say.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.It is bordered on the north by the United States; on the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; on the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and on the east by the Gulf of Mexico.^ Mexico has long complained that the money is not enough, and that the United States does not do enough to curb demand for drugs among its own citizens.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Staff reply: Check today's Column One story, which shows how law-enforcement corruption is a problem north of the border, not just in Mexico.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Mexico crime unit arrested The men are believed to have aided drug smugglers in Sinaloa state, officials say.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[12][13] .Covering almost 2 million square kilometres (over 760,000 sq mi),[14] Mexico is the fifth-largest country in the Americas by total area and the 14th largest independent nation in the world.^ As far as traveling into Mexico, it is a corrupt, third-world country, do so at your own risk, same as any other third-world country.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ NATIONAL COUNCIL OF THE JUDICIARY The peace agreements provided for the establishment of a National Council of the Judiciary independent from the organs of State and from political parties (Mexico Agreements: "Political agreements elaborating on the constitutional reform", A (b) (1); Chapultepec Peace Agreement, chap.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Staff reply: Indeed, attacks on the media in Mexico have been severe, and the country ranks as one of the most deadly for journalists, and the most deadly in the Americas.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

With an estimated population of 111 million,[15] it is the 11th most populous country and the most populous Hispanophone country on earth. .Mexico is a federation comprising thirty-one states and a Federal District, the capital city.^ Two top state police officers slain in Mexico One of the killings occurs in Mexico state, where 12 officers have been killed in five days, apparently by gangs seeking a foothold in areas near the capital.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Zacatecas was once one of the safest states in Mexico...hope it can return to that.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ As one famous Mexican author put it, "Mexico: so far from God, so close to the United States."
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

In Pre-Columbian Mesoamerica many cultures matured into advanced civilizations such as the Olmec, the Toltec, the Teotihuacan, the Zapotec, the Maya and the Aztec before the first contact with Europeans. .In 1521, Spain conquered and colonized the territory, which was administered as the viceroyalty of New Spain which would eventually become Mexico as the colony gained independence in 1821. The post-independence period was characterized by economic instability, territorial secession and civil war, including foreign intervention, two empires and two long domestic dictatorships.^ It should be recalled that one of the reasons for the war between the two countries had been the settlement of Salvadorian peasants in border areas in Honduran territory.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Although many justices of the peace were murdered in the period 1980-1982, only two such murders, including this one, occurred between 1986 and 1988.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

The latter led to the Mexican Revolution in 1910, which culminated with the promulgation of the 1917 Constitution and the emergence of the country's current political system. .Elections held in July 2000 marked the first time that an opposition party won the presidency from the Institutional Revolutionary Party (Spanish: Partido Revolucionario Institucional, PRI).^ President Duarte offered to grant amnesty to FMLN and to recognize it so that it could participate as a political party in the elections, if it agreed to lay down its arms.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Elections for the Legislative Assembly and the municipalities were held on 31 March and the Christian Democrats won.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ At the same time, there was a marked decrease in the activities of death squads during the first months of the year.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

.As a regional power[16][17] and currently the only Latin American member of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) since 1994, Mexico is firmly established as an upper middle-income country,[18] and is considered a newly industrialized country[19][20][21][22] and an emerging power [23].^ The National Guard transmitted copies of the pages of the book in which it kept a record of people arrested on 17, 18, 19 and 20 August.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The only way to rid Mexico of it's corrupt Police officers along with their corrupt military is to have American Police Advisors taking over the whole Mexican law enforcement system.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ By June of that year, the number of Salvadorian refugees in Latin American countries totalled between 175,000 and 295,000.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

It has the 13th largest nominal GDP and the 11th largest by purchasing power parity. .The economy is strongly linked to those of its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners.^ The entire infrastructure of both the US and Mexico are mired in the drug trade which fuels Mexico's economy thanks to NAFTA's ruination of Mexican corn farmers.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Those who choose not to recognize the link between Mexican narco terrorists and the illegal immigrant smuggling trade need to do their homework.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[24][25]

Contents

Etymology

Image of Mexico-Tenochtitlan from the Codex Mendoza
.After New Spain won independence from Spain, it was decided that the new country would be named after its capital, Mexico City, which was founded in 1524 on top of the ancient Aztec capital of México-Tenochtitlan.^ It is clear that the peace negotiators wanted this new peace to be founded, raised and built on the transparency of a knowledge which speaks its name.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ While growing up in L.A. I would frequently visit family in Mexico both in large cities and remote "pueblos".
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Two held in Mexico in killings of 24 A municipal police commander is among the accused in connection with the two dozen bodies found in a wooded area outside Mexico City.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

The name comes from the Nahuatl language, but its meaning is not known. It has been suggested that it is derived from Mextli or Mēxihtli, a secret name for the god of war and patron of the Aztecs, Huitzilopochtli, in which case Mēxihco means "Place where Mēxihtli lives".[26]
Another hypothesis suggests that the word Mēxihco derives from the mētztli ("moon"), xictli ("navel", "center" or "son"), and the suffix -co (place), in which case it means "Place at the center of the moon" or "Place at the center of the Lake Moon", in reference to Lake Texcoco.[27] The system of interconnected lakes, of which Texcoco was at the center, had the form of a rabbit, the same image that the Aztecs saw in the moon. Tenochtitlan was located at the center (or navel) of the lake (or rabbit/moon).[27] Still another hypothesis suggests that it is derived from Mēctli, the goddess of maguey.
The name of the city was transliterated to Spanish as México with the phonetic value of the x in Medieval Spanish, which represented the voiceless postalveolar fricative /ʃ/. This sound, as well as the voiced postalveolar fricative /ʒ/, represented by a j, evolved into a voiceless velar fricative /x/ during the sixteenth century.[28] .This led to the use of the variant Méjico in many publications in Spanish, most notably in Spain, whereas in Mexico and most other Spanish–speaking countries México was the preferred spelling.^ It is not true, as many have pointed out, that 90% of guns used by cartels in Mexico are from U.S. sources.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Staff reply: Indeed, attacks on the media in Mexico have been severe, and the country ranks as one of the most deadly for journalists, and the most deadly in the Americas.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Would Predator drones used a la Afghanistan and Pakistan help reduce the effectiveness of the various cartels' destruction of peace in Mexico?
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.In recent years the Real Academia Española, which regulates the Spanish language, determined that both variants are acceptable in Spanish but that the normative recommended spelling is México.^ In order to achieve this, a process of collective reflection on the reality of the past few years is crucial, as is a universal determination to eradicate this experience forever.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

[29] .The majority of publications in all Spanish-speaking countries now adhere to the new norm, even though the alternative variant is still occasionally used.^ I still think it is going to take first of all educating children at a very early stage about the ravages of drug use.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Still, it stands to reason that the traffickers use the path of least resistance, and right now that path seems to lead directly to Arizona, Texas and California.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Considered one of his partys most important leaders, Zamora was also a major public figure outside the party; given the political violence in the country, this exposed him to reprisals.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

[30] In English, the x in Mexico represents neither the original nor the current sound, but the consonant cluster /ks/.
The official name of the country has changed as the form of government has changed. On two occasions (1821–1823 and 1863–1867), the country was known as Imperio Mexicano (Mexican Empire). .All three federal constitutions (1824, 1857 and 1917, the current constitution) used the name Estados Unidos Mexicanos[31]—or the variants Estados Unidos mexicanos[32] and Estados-Unidos Mexicanos,[33] all of which have been translated as "United Mexican States". The term República Mexicana, "Mexican Republic" was used in the 1836 Constitutional Laws.^ Hoover said that, of the guns successfully traced from those submitted by Mexican authorities, 90% were found to be from the United States.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ The agency never said that 90% of the guns used by traffickers in Mexico come from the U.S. It said that it has estimated that 90% of the traceable guns that were seized either en route to Mexico or on the ground were from the United States.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ It's time for the Mexican Federal Government to implement Marshal Law in all of the border towns.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[34]

History

Archaeological sites of Chichén-Itzá, one of the New Seven Wonders of the World
.Campfire remains in the Valley of Mexico have been radiocarbon-dated to 21,000 BCE, and a few chips of stone tools have been found near the hearths, indicating the presence of humans at that time.^ Remains of 9 decapitated men found in Mexico .
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ The situation in northern Mexico remains fluid; the location and timing of future armed engagements cannot be predicted.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ I am grateful for your presence in such a critical time for humanity.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[35] .Around 9,000 years ago, ancient indigenous peoples domesticated corn and initiated an agricultural revolution, leading to the formation of many complex civilizations.^ Over 7,000 deaths since just over a year ago?
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ He said that 2,000 people had been murdered in the Department of Cuscatlán that year and that probably less than 20 per cent of those murders had been registered in court.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

.Between 1,800 and 300 BCE, many matured into advanced pre-Columbian Mesoamerican civilizations such as: the Olmec, the Teotihuacan, the Maya, the Zapotec, the Mixtec, the Toltec and the Aztec, which flourished for nearly 4,000 years before the first contact with Europeans.^ See Foreign Assistance Legislation for Fiscal Year 1982: Hearings before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs , 97th Congress, First Session 163, 1981.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ By June of that year, the number of Salvadorian refugees in Latin American countries totalled between 175,000 and 295,000.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In response to some posts I read, I have been searched many times going into the border town I live next to, but only as recently as the last two years.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

These civilizations are credited with many inventions and advancements in fields such as architecture (pyramid-temples), mathematics, astronomy, medicine and theology. .The Aztecs were noted for practicing human sacrifice on a large scale.^ Violation of these rights may even constitute an international crime in situations where acts are of a consistent type or reflect a systematic practice whose purpose is the large-scale violation of these fundamental rights of the human person.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

[36] .At its peak, Teotihuacan, containing some of the largest pyramidal structures built in the pre-Columbian Americas, had a population of more than 150,000 people.^ More than 150 people are estimated to have been killed by mines in 1988.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The population is about 11,000 people.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ California’s prison population is larger than some states.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[37] Estimates of the population before the Spanish conquest range from 6 million to 25 million.[38][39]
Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla "The Father of Mexico"
In the early 16th century, from the landing of Hernán Cortés, the Aztec civilization was invaded and conquered by the Spaniards.[40] Unintentionally introduced by Spanish conquerors, smallpox ravaged Mexico in the 1520s, killing millions of Aztecs,[41] including the emperor, and was credited with the victory of Hernán Cortés over the Aztec empire.[42] .The territory became part of the Spanish Empire under the name of New Spain.^ The official position of FMLN was that certain parts of the national territory were under its control, and it did in fact exercise that control.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

Much of the identity, traditions and architecture of Mexico were created during the colonial period.
On September 16, 1810, independence from Spain was declared by priest Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, in the small town of Dolores, Guanajuato.[43] The first insurgent group was formed by Hidalgo, the Spanish viceregal army captain Ignacio Allende, the militia captain Juan Aldama and "La Corregidora" Josefa Ortiz de Domínguez. .Hidalgo and some of his soldiers were captured and executed by firing squad in Chihuahua, on July 31, 1811. Following his death, the leadership was assumed by priest José María Morelos, who occupied key southern cities.^ In July 1989, according to witnesses, a group of uniformed soldiers from the Second Brigade, together with some civilians, came to her house.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There is sufficient evidence of the following: (a) Miguel Lemus, a former member of the local civil defence unit, participated as a member of the death squad.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In April, however, Legal Protection reported that murders by death squads were on the increase again, following a two-month lull.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

.In 1813, the Congress of Chilpancingo was convened and, on November 6, signed the "Solemn Act of the Declaration of Independence of Northern America". Morelos was captured and executed on December 22, 1815. In subsequent years, the insurgency was near collapse, but in 1820 Viceroy Juan Ruiz de Apodaca sent an army under the criollo general Agustín de Iturbide against the troops of Vicente Guerrero.^ Between 17 and 22 July, 68 civilians were executed by army troops during a military operation in Los Llanitos, Cabañas.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Under Salvadorian law, in certain situations the General Command of the Armed Forces acts as a special court.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ On 19 November, the United Nations Secretary-General, Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, called on FMLN not to jeopardize the negotiating process.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

Instead, Iturbide approached Guerrero to join forces, and in 1821 representatives of the Spanish Crown and Iturbide signed the "Treaty of Córdoba", which recognized the independence of Mexico under the terms of the "Plan of Iguala".
Mexico's Territorial Evolution since 1821
Benito Juárez is generally regarded as Mexico's greatest president for resisting the French occupation, overthrowing the Empire, and restoring the Republic, as well as for his role in modernizing the country.
Agustin de Iturbide immediately proclaimed himself emperor of the First Mexican Empire. .A revolt against him in 1823 established the United Mexican States.^ The United States Consul General in San Salvador representing the family of one of the dead United States marines went to court to file an appeal against the amnesty.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Hoover said that, of the guns successfully traced from those submitted by Mexican authorities, 90% were found to be from the United States.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Generally, is the United States making meaningful progress against the influx of illegal drugs?
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.In 1824, a Republican Constitution was drafted and Guadalupe Victoria became the first president of the newly born country.^ Duarte took office on 1 June and became the first civilian to be elected President in 50 years.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

.The first decades of the post-independence period were marked by economic instability, which led to the Pastry War in 1836, and a constant strife between liberales, supporters of a federal form of government, and conservadores, proposals of a hierarchical form of government.^ A number of its leaders had held prominent government posts in the first Revolutionary Junta which had overthrown General Romero on 15 October 1979.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ First let me say that those who claim the mexican state is in a process of collapse have missed the mark by several decades.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ As an analyst of this situation for many decades, it seems apparent this may have to become the first war where it is necessary for both sides to surrender.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[44]
.General Antonio López de Santa Anna, a centralist and two-time dictator, approved the Siete Leyes in 1836, a radical amendment that institutionalized the centralized form of government.^ At the same time, the Central American Governments urged the Government of El Salvador to arrange, with full guarantees, the integration of the members of FMLN in peaceful life.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

.When he suspended the 1824 Constitution, civil war spread across the country, and three new governments declared independence: the Republic of Texas, the Republic of the Rio Grande and the Republic of Yucatán.^ Mexico, Canada and the Central American Governments also appealed to FMLN to suspend its new offensive.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The 60-member Constituent Assembly 38/ adopted a new Constitution and elected an interim Government.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

.Texas successfully achieved independence and was annexed by the United States, a border dispute led to the Mexican–American War, which began in 1846 and lasted for two years, settled via the "Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo" forcing Mexico to give up nearly half of its land to the U.S., including California and New Mexico.^ These instruments, which are binding on the State of El Salvador, include, in addition to the Charters of the United Nations and OAS, the following human rights treaties: the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the American Convention on Human Rights.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It is important to mention that, in the San José Agreement on Human Rights, it was the understanding of the Parties to the peace agreements that "human rights" shall mean "those rights recognized by the Salvadorian legal system, including treaties to which El Salvador is a party, and by the declarations and principles on human rights and humanitarian law adopted by the United Nations and the Organization of American States".
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Mexico, Canada and the Central American Governments also appealed to FMLN to suspend its new offensive.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

.Further transferred some of its territories, southern Arizona and New Mexico, via the Gadsden Purchase in 1854. The Caste War of Yucatán, the Mayan uprising that began in 1847,[45] was one of the most successful modern Native American revolts.^ Anything is possible with a new Congress, and there have been rumblings already about reconsidering aid to Mexico and drug-war funding in general.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Contrary to what most people in the US believes the war on drugs in Mexico is not a new thing.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Violence in Mexico is the result of smuggled weapons coming from California, Arizona, New Mexico and Texas.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[46] .Maya rebels, or Cruzob, maintained the Maya free state until the 1930s.^ Because of FMLN actions, the state of siege decreed by the Junta was maintained until October 1981.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

[47]
.Dissatisfaction with Santa Anna's return to power led to the liberal "Plan of Ayutla", initiating an era known as La Reforma, after which a new Constitution was drafted in 1857 that established a secular state, federalism as the form of government and several freedoms.^ An attempt was made to form a transitional Government which would establish a democratic system.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ They passed the place known as "la Entrada de Tempisque" and continued on to Santa Bárbara canton, arriving around noon.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Bush took the opportunity to state publicly that the death squads must disappear because they constituted a threat to the political stability of the Government.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

.As the conservadores refused to recognized, the War of Reform began in 1858, both groups had their own governments, but ended in 1861 with the liberal victory led by Amerindian President Benito Juárez.^ In the end, it's not about you and me - six pack Joe and Jane - it's about perpetuating the "War Effort" that perpetuates the pouring of MONEY into "Big Government."
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ This insanity has gone on long enough it is time to declare victory in the war on drugs and end the prohibition, both in the U.S. and Mexico.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ My group has drugs, but we are having trouble finding any evidence that funding and programs already inplace to end the drug war has worked.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.In the 1860s Mexico underwent a military occupation by France, which established the Second Mexican Empire under the rule of Habsburg Archduke Ferdinand Maximilian of Austria with support from the Roman Catholic clergy and the conservadores, who later switched sides and joined the liberales.^ Belén Güijat canton was under the military jurisdiction of the Second Military Brigade which, in 1980, was under the command of Colonel Servio Tulio Figueroa.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Mexico has had a sad history of foreign invasion and occupation, and that has made it wary of direct military aid.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Those on the American side of the border who either sold or in any way supported the drug traffics are worse.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

Maximilian surrendered, was tried on June 14 and was executed on June 19, 1867.
Porfirio Diaz and his wife with other members of the Porfirian ruling faction
Venustiano Carranza, one of the leaders of the Mexican Revolution and supporter of the 1917 Constitution
Porfirio Díaz, a republican general during the French intervention, ruled Mexico from 1876–1880 and then from 1884–1911 in five consecutive reelections, period known as the Porfiriato, characterized by remarkable economic achievements, investments in arts and sciences, but also of economic inequality and political repression.[48]

20th century

A likely electoral fraud that led to Diaz's fifth reelection sparked the 1910 Mexican Revolution, initially led by Francisco I. Madero.
.Díaz resigned in 1911 and Madero was elected president but overthrown and murdered in a coup d'état two years later directed by conservative general Victoriano Huerta.^ President Duarte stated that the delay was permissible because Miranda had been arrested for one offence and his participation in the murder had emerged later.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Duarte took office on 1 June and became the first civilian to be elected President in 50 years.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And the murder of the six Jesuit priests 10 years later was the final outburst of the delirium that had infected the armed forces and the innermost recesses of certain government circles.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

.Event that re-ignited the civil war, involving figures such as Francisco Villa and Emiliano Zapata, who formed their own forces.^ Members of a security force were responsible for Zamoras murder, which forms part of a pattern of conduct adopted by such forces in their illegal activities.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Think about that, more Americans have lost their lives in their own hometown to illegal aliens than those who are fighting a brutal war in Iraq.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ There is full evidence of a cover-up by air force personnel, who denied the arrests of Sara Cristina Chan Chan and Juan Francisco Massi.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

.A third force, the constitutional army led by Venustiano Carranza, managed to bring an end to the war, and radically amended the 1857 Constitution to include many of the social premises and demands of the revolutionaries into what was eventually called the 1917 Constitution.^ At the political level, the abduction of the opposition leaders closed the door to negotiations and fuelled demands for armed confrontation against the third Revolutionary Government Junta.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The comprehensive review of the military legislation in force should be completed without delay, in order to bring it fully into line with the new Political Constitution, the new doctrine of the armed forces and the requirements of respect for human rights.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ A kind of complicity developed between businessmen and landowners, who entered into a close relationship with the army and intelligence and security forces.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

.It is estimated that the war killed 900,000 of the 1910 population of 15 million.^ This report estimates the loss of life caused by the civil war at 60,000 persons.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

[49][50]
Assassinated in 1920, Carranza was succeeded by another revolutionary hero, Álvaro Obregón, who in turn was succeeded by Plutarco Elías Calles. Obregón was reelected in 1928 but assassinated before he could assume power. .In 1929, Calles founded the National Revolutionary Party (PNR), later renamed the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), and started a period known as the Maximato, which ended with the election of Lázaro Cárdenas, who implemented many economic and social reforms, and most significantly expropriated the oil industry into PEMEX on March 18, 1938, but sparked a diplomatic crisis with the countries whose citizens had lost businesses by Cárdenas radical measure.^ Both parties undertook to respect the most fundamental rights of the human person and to institute a procedure for international verification by a United Nations mission.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ That same day, Dutch journalist Jan Pierre Lucien Schmeitz, who also worked for the company IKON, arrived in the country to cover the elections.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The United Nations is also responsible for verifying all the agreements, which includes ensuring that the recommendations of the Commission on the Truth, which the Parties undertook to carry out, are implemented.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

.Between 1940 and 1980, Mexico experienced a substantial economic growth that some historians call the "Mexican Miracle".[51] Although the economy continued to flourish, social inequality remained a factor of discontent.^ This would pull the rug out from under the illegal gun trade between the U.S. and Mexico and it would help both economies.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ A fatal factor that, combined with the economic slowdown on both sides of the border, has created a perfect social storm for years to come.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Although many justices of the peace were murdered in the period 1980-1982, only two such murders, including this one, occurred between 1986 and 1988.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

Moreover, the PRI rule became increasingly authoritarian and at times oppressive[52] (i.e.: the 1968 Tlatelolco massacre,[53] which claimed the life of around 30–800 protesters).[54]
.
NAFTA Initialing Ceremony, October 1992. From left to right (standing) President Carlos Salinas de Gortari, President George H. W. Bush, Prime Minister Brian Mulroney.
^ The most important event in this respect was the visit by the Vice-President of the United States, George Bush, to San Salvador on 9 December.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Founded the Inter-American Institute of Human Rights, San José, Costa Rica, in 1980; President (1980-1992); currently Honorary President.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ We owe a debt of gratitude to the President of Colombia, Mr. César Gaviria Trujillo; the President of Mexico, Mr. Carlos Salinas de Gortari; the Prime Minister of Spain, Mr. Felipe González; and the President of Venezuela, Mr. Carlos Andrés Pérez known as "the four friends of the Secretary-General", and their ambassadors to the United Nations and El Salvador, for their constant and full support.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

(Seated) Jaime Serra Puche, Carla Hills, Michael Wilson.
Electoral reforms and high oil prices followed the administration of Luis Echeverría,[55][56] mismanagement of these revenues led to inflation and exacerbated the 1982 Crisis. That year, oil prices plunged, interest rates soared, and the government defaulted on its debt. President Miguel de la Madrid resorted to currency devaluations which in turn sparked inflation.
Vicente Fox was the first president from an opposition party to win the presidential election in over 70 years
.In the 1980s, first cracks in the political monopolistic position of PRI were seen such as the election of Ernesto Ruffo Appel in Baja California and the 1988 electoral fraud, which prevented leftist candidate Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas from winning the national presidential elections, who lost to Carlos Salinas de Gortari, leading to massive protests in Mexico City.^ Calderon stole the presidential election in Mexico.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ The first phase would be aimed at reaching a set of political agreements leading to a cease-fire and would cover the topics of the armed forces, human rights, the judicial and electoral systems, constitutional reforms, economic and issues and United Nations verifications reached of the agreements.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ His companion "Carlos", who, according to Mirandas first statement, shot at Anaya, managed to escape.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

[57]
.Salinas embarked on a program of neoliberal reforms which fixed the exchange rate, controlled inflation and culminated with the signing of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), which came into effect on January 1, 1994. The same day, the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN) started a two-week-lived armed rebellion against the federal government, and has continued as a non-violent opposition movement against neoliberalism and globalization.^ American Federal Government let the local police forces fade into oblivion???
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Book takes Mexico drug war to task The book by two former Mexican government officials criticizes President Felipe Calderon’s campaign against the drug cartels.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Adviser to the Venezuelan Government on its accession to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and on the drafting of an anti-dumping law.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

In December 1994, a month after Salinas was succeeded by Ernesto Zedillo, the Mexican economy collapsed, with a rapid rescue packaged authorized by U.S. President Bill Clinton and major macroeconomic reforms started by president Zedillo, the economy rapidly recovered and growth peaked at almost 7% by the end of 1999.[58]
.In 2000, after 71 years, the PRI lost a presidential election to Vicente Fox of the opposition National Action Party (PAN).^ Mexico tried to do this a few years ago, but Vicente Fox bowed to American coercion in the end.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.In the subsequent presidential elections, Felipe Calderón from the PAN was declared the winner, with a razor-thin margin over leftist politician Andrés Manuel López Obrador of the Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD).^ Felipe Calderón stole the presidential election?
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Andrés Manuel López Obrador and his followers have never given up on the fraud claim, but all the evidence that they've ever submitted has proven to be specious or of less than compelling strength.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

López Obrador, however, contested the election and pledged to create an "alternative government".[59]

Administrative divisions

.The United Mexican States are a federation of thirty-one free and sovereign states, which form a union that exercises jurisdiction over the Federal District and other territories.^ The United States Consul General in San Salvador representing the family of one of the dead United States marines went to court to file an appeal against the amnesty.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Hoover said that, of the guns successfully traced from those submitted by Mexican authorities, 90% were found to be from the United States.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ We have the violence because the BIGGEST market for drugs is the United States, because the DEA is not doing their work, because the US government let the american cartels work freely.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.Each state has its own Constitution and Congress, as well as a judiciary, and its citizens elect by direct voting, a governor for a six-year term, as well as representatives to their respective unicameral state congresses, for three-year terms.^ Its impossible to think that this drugs dealers from mexico are smuggling drugs on their own and I do believe that their are United State citizens also involved in drug smuggling.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Mexico has long complained that the money is not enough, and that the United States does not do enough to curb demand for drugs among its own citizens.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ This is the direct result of Mexico subverting its own gun rights in its constitution.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[60]
.The states are also divided into municipalities, the smallest administrative political entity in the country, governed by a mayor or municipal president (Presidente municipal), elected by its residents by plurality.^ I'm curious why the Mexican government doesn't step up efforts to review automobile traffic headed into their country.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Once the Mexican government loses total control of the country, the United States who is a responsive country will have no choice but to militarily enforce the chaos that is Mexico.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ López Sibrián remained in the armed forces until President Duarte, under pressure from the United States Government, discharged him on 30 November 1984.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

[61] Municipalities can be further subdivided into non-autonomous boroughs or in semi-autonomous auxiliary presidencies.
.Constitutionally, Mexico City, as the capital and seat of the federal powers, is the Federal District, a special political division that belongs to the federation as a whole and not to a particular state, and as such, has more limited local rule than the nation's states.^ Mexico drug traffickers corrupt politics The cult-like La Familia Michoacana has contaminated city halls across one state, federal officials say.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ This is what the U.S. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives has reported in its efforts to stem gun-smuggling from the U.S. into Mexico: "Project Gunrunner has resulted in approximately 650 cases by ATF, in which more than 1,400 defendants were referred for prosecution in federal and state courts and more than 12,000 firearms were involved."
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Mexico sending more forces to Ciudad Juarez As violence spirals, Mexico dispatches another 1,000 federal police to the border city of Juarez, where 2,000 additional soldiers arrived earlier this week.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[62] .Since 1987, it has progressively gained a greater degree of autonomy, and residents now elect a head of government and representatives of a Legislative Assembly directly.^ The 60-member Constituent Assembly 38/ adopted a new Constitution and elected an interim Government.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Requests for precise information on various cases were transmitted to Ministers and heads of Government departments, and to what is now the former FMLN Command.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It is recommended that a special committee of the Legislative Assembly be appointed for that purpose, comprising the various political forces represented in the Assembly.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

.Unlike the states, the Federal District does not have a Constitution but a Statute of Government.^ Bush took the opportunity to state publicly that the death squads must disappear because they constituted a threat to the political stability of the Government.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Foundation for the Truth would be a not-for-profit academic body governed by statutes conforming to United States law.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Law clerk for Federal Judge Stanley S. Brotman (United States District Court of New Jersey and District Court of the Virgin Islands).
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

Mexico City is coterminous and coextensive with the Federal District.
Administrative Divisions of Mexico
State Capital State Capital State Capital State Capital
 Aguascalientes Aguascalientes  Federal District Mexico City  Morelos Cuernavaca  Sinaloa Culiacán
 Baja California Mexicali  Durango Durango  Nayarit Tepic  Sonora Hermosillo
 Baja California Sur La Paz  Guanajuato Guanajuato  Nuevo León Monterrey  Tabasco Villahermosa
 Campeche Campeche  Guerrero Chilpancingo  Oaxaca Oaxaca  Tamaulipas Ciudad Victoria
 Chiapas Tuxtla Gutiérrez  Hidalgo Pachuca  Puebla Puebla  Tlaxcala Tlaxcala
 Chihuahua Chihuahua  Jalisco Guadalajara  Querétaro Querétaro  Veracruz Xalapa
 Coahuila Saltillo  Mexico State Toluca  Quintana Roo Chetumal  Yucatán Mérida
 Colima Colima  Michoacán Morelia  San Luis Potosí San Luis Potosí  Zacatecas Zacatecas

Geography and climate

A picture of Mexico as seen from outer space.
A winding river in the valley of Michoacán
.Mexico is located at about 23° N and 102° W[63] in the southern portion of North America.^ It is about time that America at least takes the initiative to hear Mexico’s leaders out regarding this massive drug war.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Just how much money are we talking about that ends up in Mexico and or transits on to South America.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Is this person knows what is living in Mexico city, and I don't talk about The Capital, I talk about all the mexican nation, from south to north, and west to east.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[64][65] .Almost all of Mexico lies in the North American Plate, with small parts of the Baja California peninsula on the Pacific and Cocos Plates.^ Mexico army nabs vats-of-lye suspect The man arrested in Baja California is said to have dissolved hundreds of bodies as part of Tijuana's drug turf war.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Why can't the American military go into Northern part of Mexico?
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Almost 80%of Americans are all for Closing the US/Mexican border completely.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.Geophysically, some geographers include the territory east of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec (around 12% of the total) within Central America.^ There is every kind and type of gun in endless quantity floating around Central/South America and available for sale to wealthy narco terrorists.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Some of the weapons are left over from the wars that the United States helped fight in Central America -- including here in Guatemala, which is still recovering from its 36-year civil war."
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Weapons also are coming in from other countries, including from Central America and from Asia, and some of them are military-grade .
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[66] .Geopolitically, however, Mexico is entirely considered part of North America, along with Canada and the United States.^ Mexico has long complained that the money is not enough, and that the United States does not do enough to curb demand for drugs among its own citizens.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Mexico crime unit arrested The men are believed to have aided drug smugglers in Sinaloa state, officials say.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Mexicali drug tunnel Under a simple home in a typical Mexicali neighborhood, traffickers were busy for months excavating a sophisticated tunnel toward the United States, one of seven discovered this year along this part of the U.S. border Mexicali drug tunnel .
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[67][68]
.Mexico's total area is 1,972,550 km2 (761,610 sq mi), making it the world's 14th largest country by total area, and includes approximately 6,000 km2 (2,300 sq mi) of islands in the Pacific Ocean (including the remote Guadalupe Island and the Revillagigedo Islands), Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean, and Gulf of California.^ As far as traveling into Mexico, it is a corrupt, third-world country, do so at your own risk, same as any other third-world country.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Hey, can anyone tell me if the 6,800 "drug war" murders in Mexico includes all murder in Mexico since January 2007 or just a subset of the total number of murders?
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ But, as far as some simple research shows, most countries around the world have a GDP lower than that; only about 80 countries have a GDP larger that 40,000,000,000.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.On its north, Mexico shares a 3,141 km (1,952 mi)border with the United States.^ Drug war on another border: Canada Pressure on the U.S.-Mexico border makes the Vancouver, Canada market all the more lucrative and dangerous as narcotics traffickers battle for market share.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Mexico has long complained that the money is not enough, and that the United States does not do enough to curb demand for drugs among its own citizens.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Staff reply: Check today's Column One story, which shows how law-enforcement corruption is a problem north of the border, not just in Mexico.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.The meandering Río Bravo del Norte (known as the Rio Grande in the United States) defines the border from Ciudad Juárez east to the Gulf of Mexico.^ Mexico has long complained that the money is not enough, and that the United States does not do enough to curb demand for drugs among its own citizens.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Mexico crime unit arrested The men are believed to have aided drug smugglers in Sinaloa state, officials say.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ U.S. drug czar John Walters reassures, sounds alarm on Mexico drug violence In Mexico visit, anti-drug chief warns that violent cartels in Mexico "do not respect the border" and pose a threat to the United States.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.A series of natural and artificial markers delineate the United States-Mexican border west from Ciudad Juárez to the Pacific Ocean.^ Mexican labor in the United States.
  • Mexican Americans and Texas 21 January 2010 11:011 UTC swco.ttu.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ The Daily News noted that "Mexican government officials said they have neither seen the report nor map and dispute the findings, stating that at no time in recent years have military personnel crossed the border into the United States.
  • Common Sense for Drug Policy Examines The US Drug War In Mexico & Central America 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC www.csdp.org [Source type: News]

^ As one famous Mexican author put it, "Mexico: so far from God, so close to the United States."
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.On its south, Mexico shares an 871 km (541 mi) border with Guatemala and a 251 km (156 mi) border with Belize.^ Drug war on another border: Canada Pressure on the U.S.-Mexico border makes the Vancouver, Canada market all the more lucrative and dangerous as narcotics traffickers battle for market share.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

Topography

Topographic map of Mexico
.Mexico is crossed from north to south by two mountain ranges known as Sierra Madre Oriental and Sierra Madre Occidental, which are the extension of the Rocky Mountains from northern North America.^ Every fight or battle, either on the streets or the sierras or mountains of Mexico, invariably ends up with the drug dealers running or dead.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Just how much money are we talking about that ends up in Mexico and or transits on to South America.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Is this person knows what is living in Mexico city, and I don't talk about The Capital, I talk about all the mexican nation, from south to north, and west to east.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.From east to west at the center, the country is crossed by the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt also known as the Sierra Nevada.^ Is this person knows what is living in Mexico city, and I don't talk about The Capital, I talk about all the mexican nation, from south to north, and west to east.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.A fourth mountain range, the Sierra Madre del Sur, runs from Michoacán to Oaxaca.^ Every fight or battle, either on the streets or the sierras or mountains of Mexico, invariably ends up with the drug dealers running or dead.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[69]
As such, the majority of the Mexican central and northern territories are located at high altitudes, and the highest elevations are found at the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt: Pico de Orizaba (5,700 m, 18,701 ft), Popocatépetl (5,462 m, 17,920 ft) and Iztaccíhuatl (5,286 m, 17,343 ft) and the Nevado de Toluca (4,577 m, 15,016 ft). .Three major urban agglomerations are located in the valleys between these four elevations: Toluca, Greater Mexico City and Puebla.^ Mexico arrests major drug-trafficking suspect Jesus Zambada Garcia is captured after a gun battle in Mexico City.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[69]

Climate

Updated Köppen-Geiger climate map[70]
     Af      Am      Aw      BWh      BWk      BSh      BSk      Csa      Csb      Cwa      Cwb      Cfa      Cfb      Cfc
Snowfall is common in the mountainous area of the Sierra Madre del Sur
The Tropic of Cancer effectively divides the country into temperate and tropical zones. Land north of the twenty-fourth parallel experiences cooler temperatures during the winter months. .South of the twenty-fourth parallel, temperatures are fairly constant year round and vary solely as a function of elevation.^ South of that parallel they merge in the estacion de las Aguas, or rainy season, from May to October, and the estacion seca, or dry season, which prevails for the rest of the year.

.This gives Mexico one of the world's most diverse weather systems.^ A. Administration of justice One of the most pressing requirements if democracy in El Salvador is to be consolidated into the genuine rule of law is the transformation of its judicial system.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He says there’s nothing personal in his hunt for one of Mexico’s most wanted.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Staff reply: Indeed, attacks on the media in Mexico have been severe, and the country ranks as one of the most deadly for journalists, and the most deadly in the Americas.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.Areas south of the twenty-fourth parallel with elevations up to 1,000 metres (3,300 ft) (the southern parts of both coastal plains as well as the Yucatán Peninsula), have a yearly median temperature between 24 to 28 °C (75 to 82 °F).^ But the tourist areas of Cancun are strictly policed and well insulated, thus far, from the seamier side of life in the Yucatan peninsula.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.Temperatures here remain high throughout the year, with only a 5 °C (9 °F) difference between winter and summer median temperatures.^ That differs only slightly from the previous year, when the range was estimated at about 509-709 metric tons.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.Both Mexican coasts, except for the south coast of the Bay of Campeche and northern Baja, are also vulnerable to serious hurricanes during the summer and fall.^ The reluctance in both Guatemala and El Salvador to give the Commission access to the information it requested during its investigation imposed serious constraints on it.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

.Although low-lying areas north of the twentieth-fourth parallel are hot and humid during the summer, they generally have lower yearly temperature averages (from 20 to 24 degrees Celsius or 68 to 75 °F) because of more moderate conditions during the winter.^ Three others murdered were judges of courts of first instance and the remaining 24 were justices of the peace; of the latter, 20 were murdered during the period 1980-1982.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But the truth is that Big Government will not eradicate illegal drugs because it's bad for business - if they kill the golden goose of illegal drugs, what excuse will Big Government use to ask for more MONEY? .
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ The cartels represent more than just the drug trade they represent the poor and oppressed of Mexico whom for generations have mistrusted the corrupt Mexican government.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.Many large cities in Mexico are located in the Valley of Mexico or in adjacent valleys with altitudes generally above 2,000 m (6,600 ft).^ While growing up in L.A. I would frequently visit family in Mexico both in large cities and remote "pueblos".
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Mexico is not a war territory place, it has locations were the cartels are fighting, but is just like some locations here too like LA, Bronx, Chicago or many other cities or places that you just won't go there at all.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

This gives them a year-round temperate climate with yearly temperature averages (from 16 to 18 degrees Celsius or 61 to 64 °F) and cool nighttime temperatures throughout the year.
.Many parts of Mexico, particularly the north, have a dry climate with sporadic rainfall while parts of the tropical lowlands in the south average more than 200 cm (79 in) of annual precipitation.^ The only difference now is that Mexico's drug cartel is more vocal than ever about the terror their spreading in their own backyard.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Author of more than a dozen books and many articles on international law.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The USA is responsible for more drug importation in the world than Mexico and causes more deaths than that going in Mexico right now.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.For example, many cities in the north like Monterrey, Hermosillo, and Mexicali experience temperatures of 40 °C (104 °F) or more in summer.^ How bad is the drug war in Mexicali, and do you see Mexicali, BC becoming more like Tijuana or even worse?
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

In the Sonoran desert temperatures reach 50 °C (122 °F) or more. .Northern Mexico is characterized by desert because it is located in a latitude where all deserts around the globe are formed.^ There is a black list going around all over Mexico of around one million people who is tied in one way or another in this problem.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ The situation in northern Mexico remains fluid; the location and timing of future armed engagements cannot be predicted.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ For years it has been widely known that crime of all sorts goes by w/o prosecution in Mexico because of graft and corruption.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[71]

Biodiversity

.
The Golden Eagle, the national symbol of Mexico is a protected species by national law and is used in many government functions.
^ We all know that Mexico have Many Famous Drugs dealers and make huge money (Millions and Millions of dollars), and corrupts politicians for protection.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ It is not true, as many have pointed out, that 90% of guns used by cartels in Mexico are from U.S. sources.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ S/25500 English Page 202 8/ United Nations, Mexico Agreements, 27 April 1991, Commission on the Truth, "Functions" section, para.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

It can be found throughout the north and central areas of the country.
The jaguar, a native mammal of Mexico.
.Mexico is one of the 18 megadiverse countries of the world.^ Staff reply: Indeed, attacks on the media in Mexico have been severe, and the country ranks as one of the most deadly for journalists, and the most deadly in the Americas.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Grim glossary of the narco-world Average words aren't sufficient for the over-the-top violence of Mexico's drug war, so new ones have been invented.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ As far as traveling into Mexico, it is a corrupt, third-world country, do so at your own risk, same as any other third-world country.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.With over 200,000 different species, Mexico is home of 10–12% of the world's biodiversity.^ Western Kanjobal native to Mexico; 10,000 refugees.
  • Ethnologue report for Mexico 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC www.ethnologue.com [Source type: General]

^ In central and southern Mexico the mountain slopes are forested up to 12,500 to 13,500 ft., juniper bushes continuing up to 14,000 ft.

^ At least 12 die in Mexico shootout The deadly clash in the state of Guanajuato is said to have occurred when security forces sought to search a home.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[72] .Mexico ranks first in biodiversity in reptiles with 707 known species, second in mammals with 438 species, fourth in amphibians with 290 species, and fourth in flora, with 26,000 different species.^ Vatican suggests excommunicating Mexican drug traffickers Vatican's second-ranking official suggests severe penalty for drug thugs responsible for thousands of deaths in Mexico.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[73] .Mexico is also considered the second country in the world in ecosystems and fourth in overall species.^ As far as traveling into Mexico, it is a corrupt, third-world country, do so at your own risk, same as any other third-world country.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[74] Approximately 2,500 species are protected by Mexican legislations.[74]
.The Mexican government created the National System of Information about Biodiversity, in order to study and promote the sustainable use of ecosystems.^ I also invite you to join me in this uphill battle on Facebook where I created a profile specifically dedicated to promoting more field staff in national parks.
  • BIRDS OF EL SALVADOR; CHECKLIST OF THE BIRDS OF EL SALVADOR; ITS COMPLETE BIRDLIST 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.birdlist.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Mexican government, the non-corrupted and still alive, should simply apply their efforts on the small pie who uses drugs.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ The need to create confidence in the positive changes which the peace process is promoting and to assist the transition to national reconciliation."
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

.Deforestation is one of the most serious environmental issues in Mexico, with more than one million hectares of forest being lost each year.^ What we should be doing is sending more guns into Mexico instead of worrying about guns being smuggled in.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ The only difference now is that Mexico's drug cartel is more vocal than ever about the terror their spreading in their own backyard.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Mexico's 'narco-lawyers' risk everything One 'Bulletproof Lawyer' survived four assassination attempts before being gunned down.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

As of 2002, Mexico had the second fastest rate of deforestation in the world, second only to Brazil.[75] .The government has taken another initiative in the late 1990s to expand the people's knowledge, interest and use of the country's esteemed biodiversity, through the Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad.^ This has been reflected, throughout the countrys history, in a pattern of conduct within the Government and power élites of using violence as a means to control civilian society.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Government measures 26/ and illegal repressive measures were taken to dismantle the countrys legal structure and neutralize the opposition.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It also expresses its gratitude to President Cristiani and the members of his Government, and to the Commanders and members of the Frente Farabundo Martí para la Liberación Nacional (FMLN), for cooperating with it in the performance of its tasks.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

In Mexico, 170,000 square kilometres (66,000 sq mi) are considered "Protected Natural Areas." .These include 34 reserve biospheres (unaltered ecosystems), 64 national parks, 4 natural monuments (protected in perpetuity for their aesthetic, scientific or historical value), 26 areas of protected flora and fauna, 4 areas for natural resource protection (conservation of soil, hydrological basins and forests) and 17 sanctuaries (zones rich in diverse species).^ In the intermediate zones between the higher sierras and the tierras calientes the flora is very largely composed of species characteristic of the bordering hot and cold regions.

^ These note issues are everywhere current at full nominal value, being secured under the provisions of the national banking law of 1896 by metallic reserves.

[72]
The discovery of the Americas brought to the rest of the world many widely used food crops and edible plants. .Some of Mexico's native culinary ingredients include: chocolate, avocado, tomato, maize, vanilla, guava, chayote, epazote, camote, jícama, nopal, zucchini, tejocote, huitlacoche, sapote, mamey sapote, many varieties of beans, and an even greater variety of chiles, such as the Habanero and the Xalapeño.^ This has caused many tourists and even Mexican-Americans like me to stay away from Mexico because we fear the violence.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Yes..some in the U.S. should not be supplying Mexico with drugs and guns..but why are they even able to?
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

Most of these names come from indigenous languages like Nahuatl.

Government and politics

Mexico

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Mexico


Other countries · Atlas
Politics portal
The National palace, symbolic seat of the Executive
.The United Mexican States are a federation whose government is representative, democratic and republican based on a presidential system according to the 1917 Constitution.^ The cartels represent more than just the drug trade they represent the poor and oppressed of Mexico whom for generations have mistrusted the corrupt Mexican government.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ The United States Consul General in San Salvador representing the family of one of the dead United States marines went to court to file an appeal against the amnesty.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Hoover said that, of the guns successfully traced from those submitted by Mexican authorities, 90% were found to be from the United States.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.The constitution establishes three levels of government: the federal Union, the state governments and the municipal governments.^ COUNTRY DESCRIPTION: Mexico is a Spanish-speaking country about three times the size of Texas, consisting of 31 states and one federal district.
  • Mexico 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although the law provides for an independent judiciary, government authorities occasionally influenced court decisions, particularly at the state and local level.
  • Mexico 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ According to the Federal Institute for Access of Information, the Federal District and 27 of the country's 31 states enacted transparency laws; 70 municipalities in the country had enacted transparency rules.
  • Mexico 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

.All officials at the three levels are elected by voters through first-past-the-post plurality, proportional representation or are appointed by other elected officials.^ I don't know about anyone else, but I have wondered a lot about how many of our elected officials, all over the US, are involved in the drug and gun smuggling trade.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ There is an unconscionable level of northbound traffic in illegal immigrants, which our elected officials seem unwilling to stop, as well as the traffic in drugs.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ I was inspired to post the other morning as I read through your series.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

The federal government is constituted by the Powers of the Union, the three separate branches of government:

Legislature

.Legislative: the bicameral Congress of the Union, composed of a Senate and a Chamber of Deputies, which makes federal law, declares war, imposes taxes, approves the national budget and international treaties, and ratifies diplomatic appointments.^ Without U.S. drug customers and the laws that make them criminals, there would be no drug war.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Lobingier Professor of International and Comparative Law, George Washington University Law School, and Director of the George Washington University National Law Center.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

[76]

Executive

.Executive: the President of the United Mexican States, who is the head of state and government, as well as the commander-in-chief of the Mexican military forces.^ The United States Government also significantly increased its military and economic assistance.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In his sermon on 17 February 1980, he expressed opposition to United States military aid to El Salvador, pointing out that "(...
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Hoover said that, of the guns successfully traced from those submitted by Mexican authorities, 90% were found to be from the United States.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

The President also appoints the Cabinet and other officers. The President is responsible for executing and enforcing the law, and has the authority of vetoing bills.[77]

Judiciary

.Judiciary: The Supreme Court of Justice, comprised by eleven judges appointed by the President with Senate approval, who interpret laws and judge cases of federal competency.^ Judges should not be appointed and removed by the Supreme Court of Justice, but by an independent National Council of the Judiciary.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Three others murdered were judges of courts of first instance and the remaining 24 were justices of the peace; of the latter, 20 were murdered during the period 1980-1982.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ S/25500 English Page 120 Special mention must be made of the interference in the case by the President of the Supreme Court of El Salvador, Mr. Mauricio Gutiérrez Castro.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

.Other institutions of the judiciary are the Electoral Tribunal, collegiate, unitary and district tribunals, and the Council of the Federal Judiciary.^ According to the Federal Institute for Access of Information, the Federal District and 27 of the country's 31 states enacted transparency laws; 70 municipalities in the country had enacted transparency rules.
  • Mexico 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ The most important federal institution active in the field of arts is the National Council for Culture and Arts (CNCA).
  • Culture of Mexico - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, dress, marriage, men, life, wedding, population, religion, rituals 6 February 2010 12:29 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Federal Electoral Tribunal ruled to recount approximately 9 percent of voting stations, principally those in which the PRD presented some evidence of inconsistencies.
  • Mexico 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

[78]
Mexican Congress
.All elected executive officials are elected by plurality (first-past-the-post).^ I don't know about anyone else, but I have wondered a lot about how many of our elected officials, all over the US, are involved in the drug and gun smuggling trade.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

Seats to federal and state legislatures are elected by a system of parallel voting that includes plurality and proportional representation.[79] The Chamber of Deputies of the Congress of the Union is conformed by 300 deputies elected by plurality and 200 deputies by proportional representation with closed party lists[80] for which the country is divided into 5 electoral constituencies or circumscriptions.[81]
.The Senate is conformed by a total of 128 senators: 64 senators, two for each state and two for the Federal District, elected by plurality in pairs; 32 senators assigned to the first minority or first-runner up (one for each state and one for the Federal District), and 32 are assigned by proportional representation with closed party lists for which the country conforms a single electoral constituency.^ As one famous Mexican author put it, "Mexico: so far from God, so close to the United States."
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ It should be recalled that one of the reasons for the war between the two countries had been the settlement of Salvadorian peasants in border areas in Honduran territory.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Staff reply: You're correct on those first two points: Mexico is highly unlikely to seek or permit a greater military role by the United States in its country.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[80]
.According to the constitution, all constituent states of the federation must have a republican form of government composed of three branches: the executive, represented by a governor and an appointed cabinet, the legislative branch constituted by a unicameral congress and the judiciary, which will include called state Supreme Court of Justice.^ The United States Consul General in San Salvador representing the family of one of the dead United States marines went to court to file an appeal against the amnesty.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ IV. COMMISSION ON THE TRUTH Agreement has been reached to establish a Commission on the Truth, which shall be composed of three individuals appointed by the Secretary-General of the United Nations after consultation with the Parties.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Three others murdered were judges of courts of first instance and the remaining 24 were justices of the peace; of the latter, 20 were murdered during the period 1980-1982.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

.They also have their own civil and judicial codes.^ For these persons, the Commission recommends that they be dismissed from the civil service or judicial posts they currently occupy.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

.In the 2009-2012 Congress of the Union, seven parties are therein represented; four of them, however, have not received neither in this nor in previous congresses more than 4% of the national votes.^ The cartels represent more than just the drug trade they represent the poor and oppressed of Mexico whom for generations have mistrusted the corrupt Mexican government.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ It is truth however, that President Calderon has given more support and more freedom to the Army to operate against the Cartels, but this is a necessity rather than a strategy.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ The United Nations Special Representative, José Antonio Pastor Ridruejo, reported more humanitarian patterns of conduct in the armed forces compared with the previous year.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

[82] The other three parties have historically been the dominant parties in Mexican politics:
.
President Felipe Calderón
  • PAN party.png National Action Party (Partido Acción Nacional, PAN): a center-right conservative party founded in 1939. PAN has gained plurality, but not absolute majority in several parliamentary elections.^ Felipe Calderón stole the presidential election?
    • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Founded the Inter-American Institute of Human Rights, San José, Costa Rica, in 1980; President (1980-1992); currently Honorary President.
    • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Both parties undertook to respect the most fundamental rights of the human person and to institute a procedure for international verification by a United Nations mission.
    • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

    In 2000, it gained the presidency for the first time. It belongs to the Christian Democrat Organization of America.[83]
  • .
  • PRI party.png Institutional Revolutionary Party (Partido Revolucionario Institucional, PRI): a center-left party that ascribes to social democracy—it is a member of Socialist International[84] founded in 1929 to unite all the factions of the Mexican Revolution.^ Both parties undertook to respect the most fundamental rights of the human person and to institute a procedure for international verification by a United Nations mission.
    • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Democracy itself has had some ironic effects, as well: it removed the old relationships between traffickers and the ruling party, and left the political scene fragmented.
    • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

    ^ THE AMERICAN CHURCHWOMEN SUMMARY OF THE CASE On 2 December 1980, members of the National Guard of El Salvador arrested four churchwomen after they left the international airport.
    • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

    Prominent left-wing Mexican politicians have been members of the party. Having dominated Mexican politics since the Revolution, PRI includes diverse factions including some center-right members.
  • PRD party.png Party of the Democratic Revolution (Partido de la Revolución Democrática, PRD): a left-wing party,[85] founded in 1989 as the successor of the coalition of socialists and liberal parties, the National Democratic Front that had presented the candidacy of Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas in the controversial 1988 elections.
.The PRI held an almost hegemonic power in Mexican politics since 1929. Since 1977 consecutive electoral reforms allowed opposition parties to win more posts at the local and federal level.^ Its political divisions consist of 27 states (originally 19) having independent local governments, 3 territories and 1 federal district in which the national capital stands.

^ Moreover, since the beginning of prohibition, the illegal trade appeared related to powerful political agents in the production and trafficking regions.
  • Drug Trafficking in Mexico - Discussion Paper 36 6 February 2010 12:29 UTC www.unesco.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Researcher for the IDS Institute for Popular Politics in Lima since 1988: has developed institutional reform projects to promote peace in Peru.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

.This process culminated in the 2000 presidential elections in which Vicente Fox, candidate of the PAN, became the first non-PRI president to be elected in 71 years.^ Duarte took office on 1 June and became the first civilian to be elected President in 50 years.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The loss of relative political control by ARENA led to a process of internal realignments which culminated, on 29 September, in the election of Alf redo Cristiani as President of the National Executive Committee of that party.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In the presidential elections, Alf redo Cristiani, 106/ the ARENA candidate, was elected while FMLN called for a boycott of the elections and a transport stoppage during election week.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

In 2006, Felipe Calderón of the PAN faced Andrés Manuel López Obrador of the PRD in a very close election (0.58% difference), by simple plurality—the Mexican electoral system does not include runoff voting. .López Obrador contested the elections, but on September 6, 2006, Felipe Calderón was declared President-elect by the Electoral Tribunal.^ Felipe Calderón stole the presidential election?
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

His cabinet was sworn in at midnight on December 1, 2006 and Calderón was handed the presidential band by outgoing Vicente Fox at Los Pinos. .He was officially sworn as President on the morning of December 1, 2006 in Congress.^ We are chronicling what has gone on since President Calderon began sending in troops, shortly after his inauguration in December, 2006.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

Foreign relations

President Calderón and Canadian Prime Minister Harper at the 2007 North American Leaders' Summit.
.The foreign policy of Mexico is directed by the President[86] and managed through the Ministry of Foreign Affairs,[87] whose constitutionally recognized principles are: respect for international law and legal equality of states, their sovereignty and independence, non-intervention, peaceful resolution of conflicts and promotion of collective security through active participation in international organizations.^ It is important to mention that, in the San José Agreement on Human Rights, it was the understanding of the Parties to the peace agreements that "human rights" shall mean "those rights recognized by the Salvadorian legal system, including treaties to which El Salvador is a party, and by the declarations and principles on human rights and humanitarian law adopted by the United Nations and the Organization of American States".
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ With respect to the flow of guns into Mexico, I believe the bigger problem is that none of the guns are in the hands of the law abiding citizens of Mexico.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ NATIONAL COUNCIL OF THE JUDICIARY The peace agreements provided for the establishment of a National Council of the Judiciary independent from the organs of State and from political parties (Mexico Agreements: "Political agreements elaborating on the constitutional reform", A (b) (1); Chapultepec Peace Agreement, chap.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

[86]
.
President Felipe Calderón with other national leaders at the meeting of G5 leaders in Berlin, Germany.
^ Another significant point is that neither President Duarte nor other important Christian Democratic leaders were in the country, nor was Colonel Majano.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

From left to right: Manmohan Singh of India, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva of Brazil, Hu Jintao of China and Thabo Mbeki of South Africa.
Since the 1930s, the Estrada Doctrine has served as a crucial complement to these principles.[88] .The foreign relations of Mexico have been focused primarily on the United States and its historically tied neighbors in Latin America and the Caribbean.^ At the Cocoyoc meeting, held in Mexico from 21 to 24 July 1989 between prominent persons from the United States of America and representatives of FMLN, FMLN acknowledged responsibility for Mr. Peccorinis death.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This violence is spreading into the southwestern United States and if Mexico can't deal with it, then someone needs to.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Its impossible to think that this drugs dealers from mexico are smuggling drugs on their own and I do believe that their are United State citizens also involved in drug smuggling.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.In the 20th century, Mexico developed a foreign policy based on hemispheric prestige.^ Mexico fought a bitter revolution against dictatorship at the beginning of the 20th Century, and has had a stable central government for decades.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Reality check for U.S.-Mexico relations Calderon must face facts in Mexico, and Obama may find the drug war a tough foreign policy issue.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ My question: As I undestand, Mexico does not allow for any foreign based police or people to carry guns in Mexico.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.However, in the 2000s, former President Vicente Fox adopted a new foreign policy that called for an openness and an acceptance of criticism from the international community and the increase of Mexican involvement in foreign affairs, as well as a further integration towards its northern neighbors.^ Book takes Mexico drug war to task The book by two former Mexican government officials criticizes President Felipe Calderon’s campaign against the drug cartels.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Intensifying treatment efforts is critical as well, but the problem is the attitude that addicts have toward treatment.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Do you see any change in US policy toward the drug war with the new cabinet and new Homeland Security secretary?
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[89] .A greater priority to Latin America and the Caribbean has been given in the administration of President Felipe Calderón.^ Vice-President for Latin America of the Club of Rome and President of the Santillana Foundation for Iberoamerica in Santa Fé de Bogotá.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

[90]
.In addition, since the 1990s Mexico has sought a reform of the United Nations Security Council and its working methods[91] with the support of Canada, Italy, Pakistan and other nine countries, which form a group informally called the Coffee Club.^ This is a direct threat to the national security of Canada, U.S., and Mexico.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ As far as traveling into Mexico, it is a corrupt, third-world country, do so at your own risk, same as any other third-world country.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ The United Nations Secretary-General and his representatives intervened at crucial moments to keep one or the other of the parties from leaving the negotiating table.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

[92] .As an regional and emerging power, Mexico has a significant global presence and is a member of several international organizations and forums such as the United Nations, the Organization of American States, the G8+5, the G-20 major economies, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.^ United States national.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The international human rights law applicable to the present situation comprises a number of international instruments adopted within the framework of the United Nations and the Organization of American States (OAS).
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But several attempts over the years to create elite national police units have been compromised by corruption as well.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

Military

.Mexico has the third-largest defense budget in Latin America, with reported annual military expenditures of US $24.944 billion or about 1.6% of GDP.^ US do something about it send some military forces after all it is 50% their fault.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Calderon presents Mexico's annual report in written form .
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ With that said, I predict the US military will enter northern mexico in either may/june or sept./oct.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.Since the 1990s, when the military escalated its role in the war on drugs, increasing importance has been placed on acquiring airborne surveillance platforms, aircraft, helicopters, digital war-fighting technologies[93], urban warfare equipment and rapid troop transport.^ What would the US government agencies that fight the failed war on drugs do without the millions upon millions of dollars that the US spends every year on "the war"?
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ As an aging baby boomer, I have witnessed the lunacy of America's failed War on Drugs since the advent of the Nixon administration back in 1970.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ In Tijuana, opera offers a refuge from violence On the streets, drug smugglers and gangs are fighting a war.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[94]
.The Mexican Military has two branches: the Mexican Army (which includes the Mexican Air Force), and the Mexican Navy.^ She went to various military and police departments around the city in search of information; from the National Police to the air force; from the air force to the Treasury Police; from the Treasury Police to the air force.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The soldiers allegedly took Sara Cristina and Juan Francisco to the air force barracks, although no one saw a military vehicle at the scene.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Mexican Military and Security forces are waging a parallel war with the cartels and trying to enforce security and stop the drug trade.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.The Mexican armed forces maintain significant infrastructure, including facilities for design, research, and testing of weapons, vehicles, aircraft, naval vessels, defense systems and electronics;[93][95] military industry manufacturing centers for building such systems, and advanced naval dockyards that build heavy military vessels and advanced missile technologies.^ Mexico tightens security at U.S. border crossings The new infrastructure -- including gates, cameras and vehicle scales -- aims to hamper the smuggling of drug money and weapons to Mexican cartels.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Staff reply: For those who missed the reference, this is the story about military-level arms being found in the arsenals of Mexican drug cartels.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ The Salvadorian armed forces also maintained within the Joint Staff under Department 5 - Civilian Affairs, a secret, clandestine intelligence unit for the surveillance of civilian political targets, which received information from the S-II sections of each military unit or security force.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

[96]
These facilities have a significant employment and economic impact. .In recent years, Mexico has improved its training techniques, military command and information structures and has taken steps to becoming more self-reliant in supplying its military by designing as well as manufacturing its own arms,[97] missiles,[95] aircraft,[98] vehicles, heavy weaponry, electronics,[93] defense systems,[93] armor, heavy military industrial equipment and heavy naval vessels.^ Mexico has stepped in a taken it's place.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ In security conferences held recently it has been discussed that another source of weaponry, particularly the heavier weapons have also been obtained illegally from the FARC and possibly illicit arms sales involving Venezuela.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Special attention should be paid to the subordination of the military establishment to the civilian authorities, democratic control over promotions to senior ranks and positions of command, rigorous budgetary management, greater decentralization of the military structure, application of the new doctrine and new educational system of the armed forces and steady professionalization of officers.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

[99]
.Historically, Mexico has remained neutral in international conflicts[100] with the exception of World War II. However, in recent years some political parties have proposed an amendment of the Constitution in order to allow the Mexican army, air force or navy to collaborate with the United Nations in peacekeeping missions, or to provide military help to countries that officially ask for it.^ I know the Mexican constitution does not allow international troops in its territory, but can't the United States send Special ops and intelligence officers to help track down and arrest these drug lords?
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ However, considering the international attention Mexico has received over the past few years for its inability to control the drug violence; one would wonder why the Mexican Government has not requested military assistance from its friendly US neighbor?
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ NATIONAL COUNCIL OF THE JUDICIARY The peace agreements provided for the establishment of a National Council of the Judiciary independent from the organs of State and from political parties (Mexico Agreements: "Political agreements elaborating on the constitutional reform", A (b) (1); Chapultepec Peace Agreement, chap.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

[101]

Law enforcement

.Public security is enacted at the three levels of government, each of which has different prerogatives and responsibilities.^ The Commission on the Truth concludes that it was an operation carried out by one or more public security forces and that the Treasury Police were responsible for the external security operation which aided and abetted the perpetrators.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

.Local and state police department are primarily in charge of law enforcement, whereas the Federal Preventive Police is in charge of specialized duties.^ Staff reply: There have been significant reforms in the police departments, but the local forces in the most trafficking-intensive areas never fail to disappoint.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Every law enforcement branch in Tijuana for example, the Municipal, Estatal and Federal have been infiltrated by the cartels.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ In both cases, these agencies report the "presence" of Mexican drug-trafficking organizations in 195 U.S. cities, and that is based on reports from local law enforcement and intelligence from federal agencies, according to NDIC. The extent of the "presence" or activity is neither detailed nor quantified.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.All levels report to the Secretaría de Seguridad Pública (Secretariat of Public Security).^ Statement by Lucio de Jesús Escoto Córdova at the offices of the Vice-Ministry of Public Security.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ At the time of drafting of this report, no reply to this request had been received from the Minister of Defence and Public Security.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Statement by Francisco de Jesús Monzón Solís at the offices of the Vice-Ministry of Public Security.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

.The General Attorney's Office (Procuraduría General de la República, PGR) is the executive power's agency in charge of investigating and prosecuting crimes at the federal level, mainly those related to drug and arms trafficking, espionage, and bank robberies.^ General battles Tijuana drug traffickers .
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Dossier of the Office of the Attorney General of the Republic, ff.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Mexico drug traffickers corrupt politics The cult-like La Familia Michoacana has contaminated city halls across one state, federal officials say.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[102] .The PGR operates the Federal Investigations Agency (Agencia Federal de Investigación, AFI) an investigative and preventive agency.^ The Agencia Nacional de Servicios Especiales de El Salvador (ANSESAL) was the State intelligence agency set up by General Medrano.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

[103]
.While the government respects the human rights of most citizens,[104] serious abuses of power have been reported in security operations in indigenous communities and poor urban neighborhoods.^ Army needs oversight, Human Rights Watch says Report lists 17 allegations of serious human rights abuse by the Mexican army, including torture and murder.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ END TO IMPUNITY The Parties recognize the need to clarify and put an end to any indication of impunity on the part of officers of the armed forces, particularly in cases where respect for human rights is jeopardized.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ For decades, it has been a fragmented society with a weak system of justice and a tradition of impunity for officials and members of the most powerful families who commit abuses.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

[104] .The National Human Rights Commission has had little impact in reversing this trend, engaging mostly in documentation but failing to use its powers to issue public condemnations to the officials who ignore its recommendations.^ CIRD, the National Police and the National Guard provided the Commission with copies of the official dossiers and other documents concerning these incidents.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Americas Watch brought the case to the attention of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR).
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ For decades, it has been a fragmented society with a weak system of justice and a tradition of impunity for officials and members of the most powerful families who commit abuses.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

[105] .By law, all defendants have the rights that assure them fair trials and human treatment; however, the system is overburdened and overwhelmed with several problems.^ International human rights law .
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The El Calabozo massacre was a serious violation of international humanitarian law and international human rights law.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The State of El Salvador failed in its obligation under international human rights law to investigate the case, to bring to trial those responsible for ordering and carrying out the executions and, lastly, to compensate the victims relatives.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

[106]
.Despite the efforts of the authorities to fight crime and fraud, few Mexicans have strong confidence in the police or the judicial system, and therefore, few crimes are actually reported by the citizens.^ Staff reply: A crime in Mexico must be reported to Mexican police.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Mexican police linked to rising kidnappings Many are afraid to contact authorities about abductions, fearing officers could be involved.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ The only way to rid Mexico of it's corrupt Police officers along with their corrupt military is to have American Police Advisors taking over the whole Mexican law enforcement system.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[106] .In 2008, president Calderón proposed a major reform of the judicial system, which was approved by the Congress of the Union, which included oral trials, the presumption of innocence for defendants, the authority of local police to investigate crime—until then a prerogative of special police units—and several other changes intended to speed up trials.^ Staff reply: There have been significant reforms in the police departments, but the local forces in the most trafficking-intensive areas never fail to disappoint.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ As in the case of the other defendants, he too, at his trial, was denied the benefit of the National Reconciliation Act.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Lack of agreement among the forces that made up the Government and the pressures of the armed conflict prevented any substantive changes from being made during Magaña's Presidency.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

[107]
.Total crimes per capita average 12 per 1,000 people in Mexico, ranking 39 in a survey of 60 countries.^ Why do you think the some people from Mexico think there's no problem with what is going on with there own country?
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ How many people in Mexico have been successfully prosecuted for all these crimes?
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Staff reply: Indeed, attacks on the media in Mexico have been severe, and the country ranks as one of the most deadly for journalists, and the most deadly in the Americas.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[108] .Violent crime is a critical issue in Mexico; with a rate of homicide varying from 11 to 14 per 100,000 inhabitants.^ We are exporting our inability to control demand for drugs in this country -- and the fact that we insist on treating drug use as a crime rather than a health issue -- to Mexico.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Is the more serious issue not in violent Mexico, but rather in our feverish consumption and ever growing demand for drugs?
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ James: Regarding 35,000 homicides in the U.S., coverage of Mexico's violence is important as a wake up call.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[109] .Drug-traffic and narco-related activities are a major concern in Mexico.^ Illegal immigration and narco trafficing are related.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Mexico arrests major drug-trafficking suspect .
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Some in Mexico want the death penalty reinstated The increase in slayings and kidnappings related to the nation's war on drug traffickers has created a climate of fear.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[110] .The Mexican drug cartels have as many as 100,000 foot soldiers, which is about the size of the Mexican army.^ U.S. guns arm Mexican drug cartels .
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ The army was the drug cartel.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ The cartels represent more than just the drug trade they represent the poor and oppressed of Mexico whom for generations have mistrusted the corrupt Mexican government.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[111] .Drug cartels are active in the shared border with the US and police corruption and collusion with drug cartels is a crucial problem.^ The cartels represent more than just the drug trade they represent the poor and oppressed of Mexico whom for generations have mistrusted the corrupt Mexican government.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ ALL PEOPLE WILL DO WHAT THEY WANT IN THE END, with or without Mexico, drug cartels, us political regimes, and media brain washing.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Drug war on another border: Canada Pressure on the U.S.-Mexico border makes the Vancouver, Canada market all the more lucrative and dangerous as narcotics traffickers battle for market share.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[109]
.Current president Felipe Calderón made abating drug-trafficking one of the top priorities of his administration.^ The problem is an awkward one for President Felipe Calderon's drug war.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Corruption hurting Mexico's fight against crime, Calderon says Mexican President Felipe Calderon says his government has made strides in combating graft.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Book takes Mexico drug war to task The book by two former Mexican government officials criticizes President Felipe Calderon’s campaign against the drug cartels.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.In a very controversial move, Calderón deployed military personnel to cities where drug cartels operate.^ Towards the middle of November, FMLN stepped up its military operations in various areas as a means of exerting military pressure to get the stalled negotiating process moving again.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

While this move has been criticized by the opposition parties and the National Human Rights Commission, its effects have been praised by the Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs as having obtained "unprecedented results..." with "many important successes".[112] In October 2007, the president Calderón and US president George W. Bush announced the Mérida Initiative a historic plan of law enforcement cooperation between the two countries.[113]

Economy

Economy of Mexico
Mexican Economy.png
Aspects of Mexican economy
Currency Mexican peso (MXN, $)
Fiscal year calendar
Trade organisations APEC, CARICOM, NAFTA, OECD and WTO
Statistics
GDP $1.563 Trillion[114] (2008)
GDP growth 4.8% (2009)
GDP per capita $14,932 (2009 est.)[115]
GDP by sector agriculture: 4%, industry: 26.6%, services: 69.5% (2007 est.)
Inflation (CPI) 2.88% (Central bank report for February 2009)
Population
below poverty line
4.8% using food-based definition of poverty; asset based poverty amounted at approximately 15% (December 2008)
Labour force 45.38 million (2007 est.)
Labour force
by occupation
agriculture: 13%, industry: 29%, services: 58% (2003)
Unemployment 3.7% plus considerable underemployment(21%) (2007 est.)
Main industries Food and Beverages, Aerospace, Electronics, Tobacco, chemicals, Iron and Steel, Petroleum, Biotechnology, Mining, Shipbuilding, Electricity, Defense Products, Textiles, Clothing, Motor vehicles, Computers, consumer durables, Information Technologies, Tourism and Ecotourism
External
Exports $419.9 billion f.o.b. (2008 est.)
Export goods Manufactured goods, electronics, automobiles, oil and oil products, aircraft, silver, computers and servers, fruits, meats, consumer electronics, processed foods, vegetables, ships, coffee, LCD screens, electricity, biotechnology, cotton, rolling stock, automotive and aircraft enigines, cellular phones, metals, industrial equipment, granite and marble, lithium, batteries, firearms, aluminium, information technologies, foodstuffs, silicone, medical technology, gold, plastics, microproccesors,
Main export partners United States 49.2%, Germany 15%, South Korea 12.5% China 10.3% Chile 8.4% (2008)
Imports $283 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Main import partners United States 44.3%,
Brazil 31.5%,
Chile 9.3%,
China 5.5%,
South Korea 5.3%,
Japan 4.1% (2008)
Public finances
Public debt $92.7 billion (October 2008)
Revenues $571.2 billion (2008)
Expenses $321.2 billion (2000 est.)
Economic aid $189.4 million (2008)
Main data source: CIA World Fact Book
All values, unless otherwise stated, are in US dollars
Although the Mexican Peso has historically been a relatively unstable currency, it has in recent years become a secure stable currency and has maintained a low inflation rate becoming increasingly prominent on the international level.
The economy of Mexico is the 11th largest in the world. Since the 1994 crisis, administrations have improved the country's macroeconomic fundamentals. .Mexico was not significantly influenced by the recent 2002 South American crisis, and has maintained positive rates of growth after a brief period of stagnation in 2001. Moody's (in March 2000) and Fitch IBCA (in January 2002) issued investment-grade ratings for Mexico's sovereign debt.^ After a brief period in detention, Majano went into exile in March 1981.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

.In spite of its unprecedented macroeconomic stability, which has reduced inflation and interest rates to record lows and has increased per capita income, enormous gaps remain between the urban and the rural population, the northern, central, and southern states, and the rich and the poor although there has been a large growing middle class since the mid 1990's.^ The violence was less indiscriminate in urban areas, and also in rural areas after 1983 (95 per cent of complaints concerned incidents in rural areas and S per cent concerned incidents in more urban areas).
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Mexico's per capita income remains very low, and no amount of military crack-down will change the situation - drug cartels have too much money to offer public employees to corrupt them.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ The fact remains that legal or not there is a large demand for drugs in the US. Maybe it's time for an honest public debate.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[116] Some of the government's challenges include the upgrade of infrastructure, the modernization of the tax system and labor laws, and the reduction of income inequality.
The economy contains rapidly developing modern industrial and service sectors, with increasing private ownership. Recent administrations have expanded competition in ports, railroads, telecommunications, electricity generation, natural gas distribution and airports, with the aim of upgrading infrastructure. .As an export-oriented economy, more than 90% of Mexican trade is under free trade agreements (FTAs) with more than 40 countries, including the European Union, Japan, Israel, and much of Central and South America.^ The cartels represent more than just the drug trade they represent the poor and oppressed of Mexico whom for generations have mistrusted the corrupt Mexican government.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ That way the drug trade can be regulated and brought under control, rather than driven underground and out of control.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ So, yes: it is a bit of a statistical stretch to say more than 90% of the guns used in Mexico are from U.S. sources.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.The most influential FTA is the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), which came into effect in 1994, and was signed in 1992 by the governments of the United States, Canada and Mexico.^ The United States Government also significantly increased its military and economic assistance.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ NATIONAL COUNCIL OF THE JUDICIARY The peace agreements provided for the establishment of a National Council of the Judiciary independent from the organs of State and from political parties (Mexico Agreements: "Political agreements elaborating on the constitutional reform", A (b) (1); Chapultepec Peace Agreement, chap.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Mexico, 80 percent stayed with the national government, 16 percent went to the states and 4 percent went to cities.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

In 2006, trade with Mexico's two northern partners accounted for almost 50% of its exports and 45% of its imports.[117] .Recently, the Congress of the Union approved important tax, pension and judicial reforms, and reform to the oil industry is currently being debated.^ The judicial reform programmes currently being worked out should be intensified and put into practice as soon as possible.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ On the contrary, a judicial debate in the current context, far from satisfying a legitimate desire for justice, could revive old .
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The death penalty was being discussed and considerered recently in the Mexican congress, but shot down, literally.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

According to the Forbes Global 2000 list of the world's largest companies in 2008, Mexico had 16 companies in the list.[118]
Mexico has a free market mixed economy, and is firmly established as an upper middle-income country.[18] It is the 11th largest economy in the world as measured in gross domestic product in purchasing power parity.[119] According to the latest information available from the International Monetary Fund, Mexico had the second-highest Gross National Income per capita in Latin America in nominal terms, at $9,716 in 2007, and the highest in purchasing power parity (PPP), at $14,119 in 2007.[119]
After the 1994 economic debacle, Mexico has made an impressive recovery, building a modern and diversified economy.[18] .Oil is Mexico's largest source of foreign income.^ We are Mexicos second highest source of income.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ According to the DEA, Mexico is the second-largest supplier of heroin in the United States after Colombia, and the largest foreign supplier of marijuana.
  • Common Sense for Drug Policy Examines The US Drug War In Mexico & Central America 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC www.csdp.org [Source type: News]

^ By way of comparison, Mexico's second source of legal foreign exchange (after oil revenues) are the remittances Mexican immigrants send home (entirely legally).
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[120] .According to Goldman Sachs, BRIMC review of emerging economies, by 2050 the largest economies in the world will be as follows: China, India, United States, Brazil and Mexico.^ Mexico has long complained that the money is not enough, and that the United States does not do enough to curb demand for drugs among its own citizens.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Mexico crime unit arrested The men are believed to have aided drug smugglers in Sinaloa state, officials say.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ The United States is the largest consumer of drugs in the world, when they stop consuming, the traffickers will reduce their portions.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[121] Mexico is the largest North American auto producing nation, recently surpassing Canada and U.S.[122]
.According to the director for Mexico at the World Bank, the population in poverty has decreased from 24.2% to 17.6% in the general population and from 42% to 27.9% in rural areas from 2000 to 2004.[123] As of January 2009 4.6% of the population is impoverished if measured by food based poverty and 15% of the population is considered to be impoverished by asset based measurments (living on less than $10,000 per year).^ I have lived in Mexico for almost 20 years and must say things are much different here than the scary stories the media drums into you daily.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ The violence was less indiscriminate in urban areas, and also in rural areas after 1983 (95 per cent of complaints concerned incidents in rural areas and S per cent concerned incidents in more urban areas).
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But, as far as some simple research shows, most countries around the world have a GDP lower than that; only about 80 countries have a GDP larger that 40,000,000,000.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.Nonetheless, income inequality remains a problem, and huge gaps remain not only between rich and poor but also between the north and the south, and between urban and rural areas.^ The violence was less indiscriminate in urban areas, and also in rural areas after 1983 (95 per cent of complaints concerned incidents in rural areas and S per cent concerned incidents in more urban areas).
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The county finds itself wedged between a relentless supply of drugs to the south, and an insatiable appetite for them to the north.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Consumption of drugs north of the border keeps the traffickers rich south of the border.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.Sharp contrasts in income and Human Development are also a grave problem in Mexico.^ 'It's a grave public health problem of enormous dimensions,' said Victor Clark Alfaro, a border expert and director of the Binational Center for Human Rights in Tijuana.
  • Common Sense for Drug Policy Examines The US Drug War In Mexico & Central America 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC www.csdp.org [Source type: News]

.The 2004 United Nations Human Development Index report for Mexico states that Benito Juárez, a district of Mexico City, and San Pedro Garza García, in the State of Nuevo León, would have a similar level of economic, educational and life expectancy development to Germany or New Zealand.^ United States national.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In his annual report, the Special Representative of the United Nations Commission on Human Rights stated that "...
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Mexico has long complained that the money is not enough, and that the United States does not do enough to curb demand for drugs among its own citizens.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

In contrast, Metlatonoc, in the state of Guerrero, would have an HDI similar to that of Syria.[124][125]
Electronics now play an important role in the Mexican economy, with over 600 new electronics related companies formed since 2000.
GDP annual average growth for the period of 1995–2002 was 5.1%.[56] .The economic downturn in the United States also caused a similar pattern in Mexico, from which it rapidly recovered to grow 4.1% in 2005 and 3% in 2005. Inflation has reached a record low of 3.3% in 2005, and interest rates are low, which have spurred credit-consumption in the middle class.^ Mexico is a major transit and source country for illicit drugs reaching the United States.
  • Canada, Mexico, and Central America 11 September 2009 8:08 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mexico has long complained that the money is not enough, and that the United States does not do enough to curb demand for drugs among its own citizens.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ In addition to the record number of extraditions, USG and Mexican LEAs regularly coordinate to deport or otherwise expel numerous fugitives to the United States.
  • Canada, Mexico, and Central America 11 September 2009 8:08 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Mexico has experienced in the last decade monetary stability: the budget deficit was further reduced and foreign debt was decreased to less than 20% of GDP.[56] Along with Chile, Mexico has the highest rating of long-term sovereign credit in Latin America.^ He said that 2,000 people had been murdered in the Department of Cuscatlán that year and that probably less than 20 per cent of those murders had been registered in court.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Staff reply: We have written more than 100 stories on drug violence in Mexico since June of last year.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ If we were to, once again, have a sovereign border with Mexico, I feel it would go a LONG, LONG way in curtailing these undesirables from entering the U.S. and performing their myriad of illegal activities.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.The remittances from Mexican citizens working in the United States account for only 0.2% of Mexico's GDP[126] which was equal to US$20 billion dollars per year in 2004 and is the tenth largest source of foreign income after oil, industrial exports, manufactured goods, electronics, heavy industry, automobiles, construction, food, banking and financial services.^ The "problem" is only 40 billion dollars that the US expends on drugs every year.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ We are Mexicos second highest source of income.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ If so is there any good being done for Mexican citizens?
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[127] According to Mexico's central bank, remittances fell 3.6% in 2008 to $25bn.[128]
.Ongoing economic concerns include the commercial and financial dependence on the US,[129] low real wages, underemployment for a large segment of the population, inequitable income distribution (the top 32% of income earners account for 55% of income), and few advancement opportunities for the largely Mayan population in the southern states.^ With the large mexican population in the US I have no doubt that the War will spill into our streets as more illegals and their Anchor babies multiply.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ There also needs to be a tougher screening of drugs coming into the US. Mexicos' drug problem is intertwined with the large population of poor people.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

Industry

An automated Volkswagen factory in Puebla, Puebla.
Among the most important industrial manufacturers in Mexico is the automotive industry, whose standards of quality are internationally recognized. .The automobile sector in Mexico differs from that in other Latin American countries and developing nations in that it does not function as a mere assembly manufacturer.^ As far as traveling into Mexico, it is a corrupt, third-world country, do so at your own risk, same as any other third-world country.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ All political sectors in the country disclaimed responsibility for the incident, accusing other sectors.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Staff reply: Mexico is unlikely to suffer the fate of some of its other Latin American neighbors and fall into a dictatorship.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

The industry produces technologically complex components and engages in some research and development activities.[130] The "Big Three" (General Motors, Ford and Chrysler) have been operating in Mexico since the 1930s, while Volkswagen and Nissan built their plants in the 1960s.[131]
Later, Toyota, Honda, BMW, and Mercedes-Benz established a presence. .Given the high requirements of North American components in the industry, many European and Asian parts suppliers have also moved to Mexico: in Puebla alone, 70 industrial part-makers cluster around Volkswagen.^ Why can't the American military go into Northern part of Mexico?
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ This has caused many tourists and even Mexican-Americans like me to stay away from Mexico because we fear the violence.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ ABOUT MEXICO THE HARDEST PART WAS TO GET IT STARTED NOW IT DOESNT MATTER HOW MANY PEOPLE ARE GONNA DIE...
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[130] The relatively small domestic car industry still is represented by DINA Camiones S.A. de C.V., that has built buses and trucks for almost half a century and the new car company Mastrettadesign that builds the race car Mastretta MXT.
.Some large industries of Mexico include Cemex, the third largest cement conglomerate in the world;[132] the alcohol beverage industries, including world-renowned players like Grupo Modelo; conglomerates like FEMSA, which apart from owning breweries and the OXXO convenience store chain, is also the second-largest Coca-Cola bottler in the world; Gruma, the largest producer of corn flour and tortillas in the world; and Grupo Bimbo, Telmex, Televisa, among many others.^ As far as traveling into Mexico, it is a corrupt, third-world country, do so at your own risk, same as any other third-world country.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Would Mexico ever consider allowing people from places like the U.S to carry out operation inside its own territory?
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Why do you think the some people from Mexico think there's no problem with what is going on with there own country?
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

In 2005, according to the World Bank, high-tech industrial production represented 19.6% of total exports.[133]
The Mexican aerospace industry builds high end aircraft and aircraft systems and parts for foreign companies.[134][135]
Mexico is the worlds second largest producer of construction materials.[citation needed]
.Maquiladoras (Mexican factories which take in imported raw materials and produce goods for export) have become the landmark of trade in Mexico.^ The cartels represent more than just the drug trade they represent the poor and oppressed of Mexico whom for generations have mistrusted the corrupt Mexican government.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ The only way to rid Mexico of it's corrupt Police officers along with their corrupt military is to have American Police Advisors taking over the whole Mexican law enforcement system.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ The drug trade used to just pass through Mexico, now the Mexicans want a piece of the pie and seem to be taking advantage of the merchandise and all the negativity it brings with it.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

This sector has benefited from NAFTA, in that real income in the maquiladora sector has increased 15.5% since 1994, though from the non-maquiladora sector has grown much faster.[131] .Contrary to popular belief, this should be no surprise since maquiladora's products could enter the US duty free since the 1960s industry agreement.^ This is why all this violence control of the Industry--Cocaine which in mY opinion should all Be fully legal no diluted none just all Pure and Legalized...NOW! .
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Legalizing drugs in the US has no effect on the method of production in other countries.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ But since that is an industry that provides jobs, no one dares to investigate them.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

Other sectors now benefit from the free trade agreement, and the share of exports from non-border states has increased in the last 5 years while the share of exports from maquiladora-border states has decreased.
Currently Mexico is focusing in developing an aerospace industry[citation needed] and the assembly of helicopter and commercial jet aircraft is taking place. Foreign firms such as MD Helicopters and Bombardier build helicopters and commercial jets respectively in Mexico. .Although the Mexican aircraft industry is mostly foreign, as is its car industry, Mexican firms have been founded such as Aeromarmi, which builds light propeller airplanes, and Hydra Technologies, which builds Unmanned Aerial Vehicles.^ A few years ago, an American tourist was jailed for 10 years by Mexican authorities because a SINGLE ROUND of ammunition was found in his vehicle, the result of an honest oversight.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.As compared with the United States or countries in Western Europe a larger sector of Mexico's industrial economy is food manufacturing which includes several world class companies but the regional industry is undeveloped.^ Mexico has long complained that the money is not enough, and that the United States does not do enough to curb demand for drugs among its own citizens.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Mexico crime unit arrested The men are believed to have aided drug smugglers in Sinaloa state, officials say.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ The United States is the largest consumer of drugs in the world, when they stop consuming, the traffickers will reduce their portions.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.There are national brands that have become international and local Mom and Pop producers but little manufacturing in between.^ There were demonstrations in the capital and national and international human rights groups and civilian associations expressed their concern.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In March, an Amnesty International mission visited the National Guard barracks, but did not find the young man there.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

Tourism

Coastal skyline of Cancún, Quintana Roo
.According to the World Tourism Organization, Mexico has one of the largest tourism industries in the world.^ Grim glossary of the narco-world Average words aren't sufficient for the over-the-top violence of Mexico's drug war, so new ones have been invented.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

In 2005 it was the seventh most popular. The most notable tourist draws are the ancient Mesoamerican ruins, and popular beach resorts. The coastal climate and unique culture – a fusion of European (particularly Spanish) and Mesoamerican cultures; also make Mexico attractive. .The peak tourist seasons in Mexico are during December and during July and August, with brief surges during the week before Easter and during spring break at many of the beach resort sites which are popular among vacationing college students from the United States.^ Some facts for traveling to Mexico are that citizens of the United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Japan, Argentina, Chile, and mostly all Western European countries do not require a visa to enter Mexico as tourists.
  • Mexico Information Guide & Resources Directory 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC mexicoweloveyou.com [Source type: General]

^ At the Cocoyoc meeting, held in Mexico from 21 to 24 July 1989 between prominent persons from the United States of America and representatives of FMLN, FMLN acknowledged responsibility for Mr. Peccorinis death.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ According to Matias Romero ( Mexico and the United States, 1898), a new type of indebtedness was inaugurated in 1850, in the shape of an internal debt payable in silver.

.Mexico is the twenty-third highest tourism spender in the world, and the highest in Latin America.^ Strategies for Mexico's drug war Experts and public figures in the U.S. and Latin America offer a range of views, from stepped-up policing to legalization.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ As far as traveling into Mexico, it is a corrupt, third-world country, do so at your own risk, same as any other third-world country.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[136]

Energy

.Energy production in Mexico is managed by state-owned companies: the Federal Commission of Electricity (Comisión Federal de Electricidad, CFE) and Pemex (Petróleos Mexicanos).^ Mexico has long complained that the money is not enough, and that the United States does not do enough to curb demand for drugs among its own citizens.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Its impossible to think that this drugs dealers from mexico are smuggling drugs on their own and I do believe that their are United State citizens also involved in drug smuggling.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.The CFE is in charge of the operation of electricity-generating plants and its distribution all across the territory, with the exception of the states of Morelos, Mexico State, Hidalgo and Mexico City, whose distribution of electricity is in charge of the state-owned Luz y Fuerza del Centro.^ We can just sit here and say mexico is out of control when all the drugs are ending up here in the United States.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Mexico anti-drug general is ousted Sergio Aponte Polito is relieved of duty in Baja California and Sonora states.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Let me explain, you mentioned and I agree, that here in the U.S. is the largest market and prime point of distribution for all these narcotics being brought up from Mexico.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

Most of the electricity is generated in thermoelectrical plants, even though CFE operates several hydroelectric plants, as well as wind power, geothermal and nuclear generators.[137]
Natural resources are the "nation's property" (i.e. public property) by constitution. As such, the oil sector is administered by the government with varying degrees of private investment. .Mexico is the sixth-largest oil producer in the world, with 3.7 million barrels per day.^ Mexico receives 23 million visitors per year and the number of incidents are minimal.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[138]
.Pemex, the public company in charge of exploration, extraction, transportation and marketing of crude oil and natural gas, as well as the refining and distribution of petroleum products and petrochemicals, is one of the largest companies (oil or otherwise) in Latin America, making US $86 billion in sales a year,[139] a sum larger than the GDP of some countries.^ Of course this would have a negative effect on gun sales in the US, for a few unscrupulous gun marketers.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ So stop puting the blame on us and put it in the 20 000 000 drugadicts you have and the cartels who make billion with that.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Billions or drug dollars move freely and are laundered every year in the USA with the complacency of US Government and the public.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.Nonetheless, the company is heavily taxed, a significant source of revenue for the government, of almost 62 per cent of the company's sales.^ Those giving testimony attributed almost 85 per cent of cases to agents of the State, paramilitary groups allied to them, and the death squads.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Government forces had suffered 3,285 casualties: 470 dead and 2,815 wounded, 90 per cent of whom had returned to active duty.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ No more killing, end of problem, the US government taxes the drugs and creates never seen before revenue, good for the economy?
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

In 1980 oil exports accounted for 61.6% of total exports; by 2000 it was only 7.3%.[130]

Transportation

See also: List of Mexican Federal Highways and List of Mexican railroads
Much of Mexico's automotive traffic depends on the national highway system.
An Aeroméxico plane landing at Mexico City International Airport.
.The paved-roadway network in Mexico is the most extensive in Latin America at 116,802 km (72,577 mi) in 2005; 10,474 km (6,508 mi) were multi-lane freeways or expressways,[140] most of which were tollways.^ Staff reply: Indeed, attacks on the media in Mexico have been severe, and the country ranks as one of the most deadly for journalists, and the most deadly in the Americas.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Strategies for Mexico's drug war Experts and public figures in the U.S. and Latin America offer a range of views, from stepped-up policing to legalization.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ I'm doing a project for my AP Comparative Politcs class, where we argue which problem in mexico is the most prolific and what programs and funding could help end the problem.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.Nonetheless, Mexico's diverse orography—most of the territory is crossed by high-altitude ranges of mountains—as well as economic challenges have led to difficulties in creating an integrated transportation network and even though the network has improved, it still cannot meet national needs adequately.^ The need to create confidence in the positive changes which the peace process is promoting and to assist the transition to national reconciliation."
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ However, since the countrys financial constraints and national reconstruction needs cannot be ignored complementary mechanisms along the lines recommended below should be envisaged.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Still, the violence and the institutional destruction is occurring in Mexico, and these traffickers pose a security threat to both nations.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[141]
.Being one of the first Latin American countries to promote railway development,[141] the network, though extensive at 30,952 km (19,233 mi),[142] is still inefficient to meet the economic demands of transportation.^ My question is this, how are the wars being fought in Mexico similar to the ones being fought currently in Columbia?
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ In June, after a second attempt to sign the Central American peace agreement failed, 13 Latin American nations made one final attempt to save the Contadora peace process.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The root of the problem is not Latin America, corrupt police, or corrupt politicians (they exist in all countries) but the demand for drugs in the States.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[141] Most of the rail network is mainly used for merchandise or industrial freight and was mostly operated by National Railway of Mexico (Ferrocarriles Nacionales de México, FNM), privatized in 1997.
In 1999, Mexico had 1,806 airports, of which 233 had paved runways; of these, 35 carry 97% of the passenger traffic.[142] .The Mexico City International Airport remains the largest in Latin America and the 44th largest in the world[143] transporting 21 million passengers a year.^ But bear in mind that 21 journalists have been killed in Mexico in the past eight years, and that several others are missing still.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Strategies for Mexico's drug war Experts and public figures in the U.S. and Latin America offer a range of views, from stepped-up policing to legalization.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ The team was headed by Koster, who was familiar with the political situation in the country, spoke Spanish and had the necessary contacts, since he had been working in Latin America for years.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

[144] .There are more than 30 domestic airline companies of which only two are known internationally: Aeroméxico and Mexicana.^ With support from the other cartel in the south "Sinaloa Cartel" he returned to Tijuana in September of this year, In two months there have been more than 300 murders related to two these two groups.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ The only difference now is that Mexico's drug cartel is more vocal than ever about the terror their spreading in their own backyard.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ The present report describes 11 executions, but there were more than that.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

Mass transit in Mexico is modest. Most of the domestic passenger transport needs are served by an extensive bus network[142] with several dozen companies operating by regions. Train passenger transportation between cities is limited. .Inner-city rail mass transit is available at Mexico City—with the operation of the metro, elevated and ground train, as well as a Suburban Train connecting the adjacent municipalities of Greater Mexico City—as well as at Guadalajara and Monterrey, the first served by a commuter rail and the second by an underground and elevated metro.^ Two held in Mexico in killings of 24 A municipal police commander is among the accused in connection with the two dozen bodies found in a wooded area outside Mexico City.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Staff reply: Mexico has a pretty well-trained army that has shown much more ability to avoid graft than police departments.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

Communications

A Satmex communications satellite being deployed from its launch vehicle
.The telecommunications industry is mostly dominated by Telmex (Teléfonos de México), privatized in 1990. As of 2006, Telmex had expanded its operations to Colombia, Peru, Chile, Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay and the United States.^ Internships with the International Commission of Jurors (Geneva) and the Centro de Investigación y Educación Popular (Colombia), and clerkahips in the United States Court of International Trade, New York, and the United States District Court, Eastern District, New York.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

Other players in the domestic industry are Axtel and Maxcom. .Due to Mexican orography, providing landline telephone service at remote mountainous areas is expensive, and the penetration of line-phones per capita is low compared to other Latin American countries, at forty-percent, however 82% of Mexicans over the age of 15 own a mobile phone.^ As far as traveling into Mexico, it is a corrupt, third-world country, do so at your own risk, same as any other third-world country.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Staff reply: Mexico is unlikely to suffer the fate of some of its other Latin American neighbors and fall into a dictatorship.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Only when, and if, the U.S. finally does something about the demand for drugs in its own country will the violence in Latin America diminish.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.Mobile telephony has the advantage of reaching all areas at a lower cost, and the total number of mobile lines is almost two times that of landlines, with an estimation of 63 million lines.^ Reports at the time put the total number of men who participated in the operation at between 13 and 200.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Almost all drug related crime is manufactured by our desire to control the use of something a large number of us want.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Hey, can anyone tell me if the 6,800 "drug war" murders in Mexico includes all murder in Mexico since January 2007 or just a subset of the total number of murders?
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[145] .The telecommunication industry is regulated by the government through Cofetel (Comisión Federal de Telecomunicaciones).^ They are buying this equipment straight from the U.S. Government through so-called "rogue" agents that are in reality honest american citizens employed by the government to carry out the government's dirty deed.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

A Telmex retail store in Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco
The Mexican satellite system is domestic and operates 120 earth stations. There is also extensive microwave radio relay network and considerable use of fiber-optic and coaxial cable.[145] .Mexican satellites are operated by Satélites Mexicanos (Satmex), a private company, leader in Latin America and servicing both North and South America.^ The local Mexican media that I have access to, is reporting horrible things happening in small towns, big cities, the north, the south, everywhere!
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ The drug war is killing the Mexican economy and any student of Latin America knows that when the economy is bad, the guerrillas surface.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Given Mexico's historical reticence to allow U.S. law enforcement to operate broadly in its territory, I doubt leaders there would hire a private firm based in the U.S. .
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[146] It offers broadcast, telephone and telecommunication services to 37 countries in the Americas, from Canada to Argentina. Through business partnerships Satmex provides high-speed connectivity to ISPs and Digital Broadcast Services.[147] Satmex maintains its own satellite fleet with most of the fleet being Mexican designed and built.
Mexico has recently emerged as a major producer of communications technology. .In 2008 Mexico manufactured over 130 million mobile phones making it the sixth largest producer of mobile phones.^ We all know that Mexico have Many Famous Drugs dealers and make huge money (Millions and Millions of dollars), and corrupts politicians for protection.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

Usage of radio, television, and Internet in Mexico is prevalent.[142] .There are approximately 1,410 radio broadcast stations and 236 television stations (excluding repeaters).^ The Honduran President, Policarpo Paz, denied the truth of the complaint in a speech broadcast on national radio and television.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The accusations were made in paid advertisements on television and in the press and in speeches broadcast on radio and television.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

[145] Major players in the broadcasting industry are Televisa—the largest Spanish media company in the Spanish-speaking world[148]—and TV Azteca.

Demographics

.According to the latest official estimate, which reported a population of 111 million, Mexico is the most populous Spanish-speaking country in the world.^ Towards the end of the year, it was reported that FMLN attacks on the economic infrastructure had cost the country 238 million colones.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Staff reply: Indeed, attacks on the media in Mexico have been severe, and the country ranks as one of the most deadly for journalists, and the most deadly in the Americas.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Clearly, unabashedly, the drugs are flowing into America with relative ease...and the world's most powerful country with the most powerful military can't stop it?
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[149] .Mexican annual population growth has drastically decreased from a peak of 3.5% in 1965 to 0.99% in 2005. Life expectancy in 2006 was estimated to be at 75.4 years (72.6 male and 78.3 female).^ The Mexican-American population of Houston; a survey in the field, 1965-1970 [by] Mary Ellen Goodman, with the collaboration of Alma Beman and others.
  • Mexican Americans and Texas 21 January 2010 11:011 UTC swco.ttu.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Of the half-breed element which has become so important a part of the Mexican population, no safe estimate can be made.

^ Merida Initiative gives 400 million this year in broken down equipment to Mexico, where as the estimates for US consumption in close to 50 BILLION annually..
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.The states with the highest life expectancy are Baja California (75.9 years) and Nuevo León (75.6 years).^ Mexico anti-drug general is ousted Sergio Aponte Polito is relieved of duty in Baja California and Sonora states.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.The Federal District has a life expectancy of the same level as Baja California.^ Baja, or Lower California, is divided into two districts for administrative convenience.

.The lowest levels are found in Chiapas (72.9), Oaxaca (73.2) and Guerrero (73.2 years).^ In contrast, poorer states such as Oaxaca and Chiapas have average educational attainment of six years, which means children have completed basic primary education only.
  • Common Sense for Drug Policy Examines The US Drug War In Mexico & Central America 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC www.csdp.org [Source type: News]

^ Sporadic outbursts of politically motivated violence continued to occur in indigenous communities in the states of Chiapas, Guerrero, and Oaxaca.
  • Mexico 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Sporadic outbursts of politically motivated violence occur from time to time in certain areas of the country, particularly in the southern states of Chiapas, Guerrero and Oaxaca."
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

The mortality rate in 1970 was 9.7 per 1000 people; by 2001, the rate had dropped to 4.9 men per 1000 men and 3.8 women per 1000 women. The most common reasons for death in 2001 were heart problems (14.6% for men 17.6% for women) and cancer (11% for men and 15.8% for women).
.Mexican population is increasingly urban, with close to 75% living in cities.^ Is this person knows what is living in Mexico city, and I don't talk about The Capital, I talk about all the mexican nation, from south to north, and west to east.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.The five largest urban areas in Mexico (Greater Mexico City, Greater Guadalajara, Greater Monterrey, Greater Puebla and Greater Toluca) are home to 30% of the country's population.^ The guerrilla forces took cover in densely populated areas during the skirmishes and urban areas were the targets of indiscriminate aerial bombardment.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ FIX MEXICO and deport lawbreakers back to their home country.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Two held in Mexico in killings of 24 A municipal police commander is among the accused in connection with the two dozen bodies found in a wooded area outside Mexico City.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.Migration patterns within the country show positive migration to north-western and south-eastern states, and a negative rate of migration for the Federal District.^ This has been reflected, throughout the countrys history, in a pattern of conduct within the Government and power élites of using violence as a means to control civilian society.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The administrative division of Mexico is, 31 states, and 1 federal district.
  • Mexico Information Guide & Resources Directory 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC mexicoweloveyou.com [Source type: General]

^ Its political divisions consist of 27 states (originally 19) having independent local governments, 3 territories and 1 federal district in which the national capital stands.

.While the annual population growth is still positive, the national net migration rate is negative (-4.7/1000), attributable to the emigration phenomenon of people from rural communities to the United States.^ United States national.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ These efforts proved fruitless and the investigation was apparently limited to asking the officer in charge of each unit to fill out a form stating that he was not holding the young people.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The United States Embassy reported a total of 5,639 people killed, of whom 2,330 were civilians, 762 were members of the armed forces and 2,547 were members of the guerrilla forces.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

Metropolitan areas

.Metropolitan areas in Mexico have been traditionally defined as the group of municipalities that heavily interact with each other, usually around a core city.^ The members of such groups usually wore civilian clothing, were heavily armed, operated clandestinely and hid their affiliation and identity.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Mexico school The grisly discovery capped four days of violence that has shaken the sprawling Tijuana metropolitan area and forced Baja California state officials to plead for more federal police to help control the city.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Two held in Mexico in killings of 24 A municipal police commander is among the accused in connection with the two dozen bodies found in a wooded area outside Mexico City.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[150] In 2004, a joint effort between CONAPO, INEGI and the Ministry of Social Development (SEDESOL) agreed to define metropolitan areas as either:[150]
  • the group of two or more municipalities in which a city with a population of at least 50,000 is located whose urban area extends over the limit of the municipality that originally contained the core city incorporating either physically or under its area of direct influence other adjacent predominantly urban municipalities all of which have a high degree of social and economic integration or are relevant for urban politics and administration; or
  • a single municipality in which a city of a population of at least one million is located and fully contained, (that is, it does not transcend the limits of a single municipality); or
  • a city with a population of at least 250,000 which forms a conurbation with other cities in the United States.
.It should be noted, however, that northwestern and southeastern states are divided into a small number of large municipalities whereas central states are divided into a large number of smaller municipalities.^ In this political and chronological context, it should be noted that during October 1989, there had been a number of attacks against the army and against opponents of the Government.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

.As such, metropolitan areas in the northwest usually do not extend over more than one municipality (and figures usually report population for the entire municipality) whereas metropolitan areas in the center extend over many municipalities.^ Sergeant Tobar said in the same offices that a soldier had told him that the officers had ordered them to shoot after the mines were detonated, but not more than one round.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The attack left one civilian dead and more than five people injured.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I would take a guess and say that it is many times more than have died in Mexico.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.Few metropolitan areas extend beyond the limits of one state, namely: Greater Mexico City (Federal District, Mexico State and Hidalgo), Puebla-Tlaxcala (Puebla and Tlaxcala, but excludes the city of Tlaxcala), Comarca Lagunera (Coahuila and Durango), and Tampico (Tamaulipas and Veracruz).^ Mexico drug traffickers corrupt politics The cult-like La Familia Michoacana has contaminated city halls across one state, federal officials say.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ One Mexico border city is quiet, maybe too quiet .
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ I am one of the 14,000 to 16,000 foreign residents who live in the Rosarito area, and I can tell you that the new mayor here has done a magnificent job in reorganizing the police department and requesting state and federal troops to come to the area.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

Immigration

.
The Mexico–U.S. border separates densely populated Tijuana (right), from San Diego (left).
^ Ours is based on data analyzed by the University of San Diego's Trans-Border Institute, which gets its raw information from Reforma Group newspapers.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Some leaders of the Tijuana Cartel are living in La Jolla and San Diego.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Killing of Tijuana pizzeria owner leaves family, Mexican authorities at odds George Norman Harrison, a San Diego County native, was found decapitated.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.This is the most frequently crossed international border in the world, with 250 million legal crossings per year.^ Why are we sending millions of dollars to Mexico every year where we can use that $700M to hire more border patrol agent and seal up the border?.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Mexico receives 23 million visitors per year and the number of incidents are minimal.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[153][154]
.Mexico is home to the largest number of U.S. citizens abroad (estimated at one million as of 1999),[155] which represents 1% of the Mexican population and 25% of all U.S. citizens abroad.^ The cartels represent more than just the drug trade they represent the poor and oppressed of Mexico whom for generations have mistrusted the corrupt Mexican government.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Mexico receives 23 million visitors per year and the number of incidents are minimal.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ The Mexican authorities have said many times that CAF bosses and some of the Sinaloa's Cartel Bosses are Living in US territory and it’s known by all Mexican citizens.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.Other significant communities of foreigners are those of Central and South America, most notably from Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Peru, Cuba, Venezuela, Guatemala, and Belize.^ The poor in America would be considered to have a privileged and blessed life by most Mexicans south of the border, especially in areas like TJ and Juarez.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Military weaponry is coming from the worldwide arms bazaar, including stockpiles in Central America and South America.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ There is every kind and type of gun in endless quantity floating around Central/South America and available for sale to wealthy narco terrorists.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.Though estimations vary, the Argentine community is considered to be the second largest foreign community in the country (estimated somewhere between 30,000 and 150,000).^ By June of that year, the number of Salvadorian refugees in Latin American countries totalled between 175,000 and 295,000.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

[156][157]
.Throughout the 20th century, Mexico followed a policy of granting asylum to fellow Latin Americans and Europeans (mostly Spaniards in the 1940s) fleeing political persecution in their home countries.^ Following an attempt to assassinate him at his home on 27 March, Judge Ramirez Amaya tendered his resignation and left the country.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ FIX MEXICO and deport lawbreakers back to their home country.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ The team was headed by Koster, who was familiar with the political situation in the country, spoke Spanish and had the necessary contacts, since he had been working in Latin America for years.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

.In October 2008, Mexico tightened its immigration rules and agreed to deport Cubans using the country as an entry point to the US.[158] Because Mexico is much richer than the countries to its immediate southeast, it has a chronic problem with illegal immigration from those countries, especially Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador.^ Not against Mexico, but against illegal immigration.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ The report added that "information was found pointing to Infantry Colonel Mario Denis Morán Echeverria of the Salvadorian army, El Salvadors Military Attaché in Guatemala, as someone whose background gave grounds to .
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Specifically the suggestion that in order to remedy our country's continuing problems of gun control and drug use/abuse, we should in essence occupy the border towns of the sovereign nation of Mexico.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.Large numbers of Central American migrants who have crossed Guatemala's western border into Mexico are deported every year.^ Mexico tightens security at U.S. border crossings .
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Should American be concerned about crossing the border into Mexico?
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Mexico, Canada and the Central American Governments also appealed to FMLN to suspend its new offensive.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

[159]
Discrepancies between the figures for official legal aliens and those of all foreign-born residents regardless of their immigration status are quite large. .The official figure for foreign-born legal residents in Mexico is 493,000 (since 2004), with a majority (86.9%) of these born in the United States (except Chiapas, where the majority of immigrants are from Central America).^ I was born here in the US. My parents were born in the state of Jalisco Mexico.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ This violence is spreading into the southwestern United States and if Mexico can't deal with it, then someone needs to.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Its impossible to think that this drugs dealers from mexico are smuggling drugs on their own and I do believe that their are United State citizens also involved in drug smuggling.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.The five states with the most immigrants are Baja California (12.1% of total immigrants), Mexico City (the Federal District; 11.4%), Jalisco (9.9%), Chihuahua (9%) and Tamaulipas (7.3%).^ I've spent much time in Mexico and the most fearful corruption was the Federal Police or Federalies.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Mexico drug traffickers corrupt politics The cult-like La Familia Michoacana has contaminated city halls across one state, federal officials say.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ The administrative division of Mexico is, 31 states, and 1 federal district.
  • Mexico Information Guide & Resources Directory 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC mexicoweloveyou.com [Source type: General]

.More than 54.6% of the immigrant population are fifteen years old or younger, while 9% are fifty or older.^ Since his command of this ship, less than three years, he has rescued some fifty-five lives.
  • Wreck of the Central America, 1857 10 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.theshipslist.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Staff reply: We have written more than 100 stories on drug violence in Mexico since June of last year.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ More than 1,500 people have been killed this year in drug-related violence, and the violence has taken a brutal turn, with 13 beheadings in recent weeks.
  • Common Sense for Drug Policy Examines The US Drug War In Mexico & Central America 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC www.csdp.org [Source type: News]

.Mexico represents the largest source of immigration to the United States.^ Mexico has long complained that the money is not enough, and that the United States does not do enough to curb demand for drugs among its own citizens.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ The United States Consul General in San Salvador representing the family of one of the dead United States marines went to court to file an appeal against the amnesty.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Mexico crime unit arrested The men are believed to have aided drug smugglers in Sinaloa state, officials say.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.About 9% of the population born in Mexico is now living in the United States.^ The visit demonstrated that United States diplomatic pressure could bring about a reduction in the number of violations.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I was born here in the US. My parents were born in the state of Jalisco Mexico.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ The only difference now is that Mexico's drug cartel is more vocal than ever about the terror their spreading in their own backyard.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[160] 28.3 million Americans listed their ancestry as Mexican as of 2006.[161]

Ethnography

Demographic diversity in school children.
.Mexico is ethnically diverse, and the constitution defines the country to be a multicultural nation.^ NATIONAL COUNCIL OF THE JUDICIARY The peace agreements provided for the establishment of a National Council of the Judiciary independent from the organs of State and from political parties (Mexico Agreements: "Political agreements elaborating on the constitutional reform", A (b) (1); Chapultepec Peace Agreement, chap.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

.Mexican nationality is relatively young, stemming back only to 1821 when Mexico achieved independence from the Spanish empire, and it consists of many, separate regional and ethnic groups such as the various indigenous peoples and European immigrants.^ It works so well, in fact, that many people in the region with direct knowledge of the perpetrators and their crimes would never dream of cooperating with the authorities.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ The only way to rid Mexico of it's corrupt Police officers along with their corrupt military is to have American Police Advisors taking over the whole Mexican law enforcement system.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ The Commission on the Truth considers it unacceptable that people seeking evidence in this case, which is typical of many such cases of disappearance, have been denied access to individuals or archives.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

.The majority of Mexicans are Mestizos which makes up the core of the Mexican cultural identity.^ Guns are a major problem in Mexico and giving the cartels an incredible amount of power and fast, faster than the Mexican government can keep up.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[162]
.In 2004, the Mexican government founded the National Institute of Genomic Medicine (INMEGEN) which launched the Mexican Genome Diversity Project.^ Adviser to the Ministry of Education (1990), and to the National Planning Institute on Project SITOD concerning government decision-making (1991).
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

.In May 2009, the Institute issued a report on a major genomic study of the Mexican population.^ I respect your report on the issues the Mexican Government faces, but your report takes a direct and indirect swipe at our 2nd amendment.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Order of 12 May 1980 issued by Major José Francisco Samayoa, Acting Commander of CITFA, placing the detainees at the disposal of the Military Examining Judge.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

Among the findings, it was reported that of the 80% of the population that is mestizo, the proportions of European and indigenous ancestry are approximately even, with the indigenous component slightly, but significantly predominating overall. .The proportions of admixture were found to vary geographically from north to south, as previous pre-genomic studies had surmised, with the European contribution predominating in the north and the indigenous component greater in central and southern regions.^ Once again, legalize the drugs for the sake of South, Central and North American's stability.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Senior Human Rights Specialist, Inter-American Commission on Human Rights; contributed to the United Nations Centre for Human Rights study The Rights of Indigenous Peoples .
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

.One of the significant conclusions of the study as reported was that even while it is composed of diverse ancestral genetic groups, the Mexican population is genetically distinctive among the world's populations.^ June 1982, where he reports that he interviewed one person per day and that no conclusions were reached, although several people were interviewed.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The countrys history and its deeply rooted relations of injustice cannot be attributed simply to one sector of the population or one group of persons.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

[163]
Mestizos
Those of mixed European and Amerindian ancestry. .They form the largest group, comprising up to 60–80% of the total population.^ They separated the men from the women and children and locked everyone up in different groups in the church, the convent and various houses.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ They abducted members of the civilian population and of rebel groups.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ When they approached the vehicle, Wertz apparently agreed with "Martín" that he would return to pick up the group at 8 a.m.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

[164][165]
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Amerindians
Descendants of the native American peoples who inhabited Mesoamerica. They comprise around 15%-30% of the population[166][167][168]. .The CDI identifies 62 indigenous groups in Mexico, each with a unique language.^ If so, are there identifiable strongman-style figures or groups—from within the cartels, the army or elsewhere—who are candidates to literally take over Mexico?
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[169]
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Whites
Around 9-16% of the population is of white European descent[168][170][171]. Whites are mostly descendants of the first Spanish settlers; although there are Mexicans of French, Italian, Portuguese, Basque, German, Irish, Polish, Romanian, Russian, and British descents from contemporary migration [172][173]
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Others
.Approximately 1% of Mexico's population is composed of other type of ethnic groups, these include Asian-Mexicans and Afro-Mexicans, descendants of slaves brought to Mexico, live in the coastal areas of the states of Veracruz, Tabasco and Guerrero and are mostly of mixed ancestry.^ Out of sheer curiosity and the desire to learn more about how these groups think, I'd like to know if any of their books or other information is available on the internet.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ In other words, from virtually the beginning of the century, a Salvadorian State security force, through a misperception of its true function, was directed against the bulk of the civilian population.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Those affected established the Coordinadora Nacional de la Repoblación (CNR), which sought to regain the right of the civilian population to live in the areas from which they had come.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

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Language

Mexico is home to some of the worlds oldest writing systems such as Mayan Script. Maya writing uses logograms complemented by a set of alphabetical or syllabic glyphs and characters, similar in function to modern Japanese writing.
.There is no de jure constitutional official language at the federal level in Mexico.^ There is an unconscionable level of northbound traffic in illegal immigrants, which our elected officials seem unwilling to stop, as well as the traffic in drugs.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ It's good, that finaly Mexico got the mass media atencion on this very sad problem, there's no time for a blame-game, just factual and realistic information...
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Staff reply: I don't think anyone foresees a day in which there will be no drug smuggling in Mexico.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[174] .Spanish, spoken by 97% of the population, is considered a national language by The General Law of Linguistic Rights of the Indigenous Peoples, which also grants all indigenous minority languages spoken in Mexico, regardless of the number of speakers, the same validity as Spanish in all territories in which they are spoken, and indigenous peoples are entitled to request some public services and documents in their native languages.^ They have no rights they are ILLEGAL! We are still a nation with a border, language and law.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ They opened the gate and let in a number of vehicles carrying people who were heavily armed with machine-guns and "G3" rifles.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Moreover, the Office of the Attorney General did not interview the Salvadorians named in the "Third Report", some of whom were public officials in El Salvador.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

[175]
.Mexican law has granted these indigenous minority languages the status of "national languages", along with Spanish.^ They have no rights they are ILLEGAL! We are still a nation with a border, language and law.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ The only way to rid Mexico of it's corrupt Police officers along with their corrupt military is to have American Police Advisors taking over the whole Mexican law enforcement system.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

The law includes all Amerindian languages regardless of origin; that is, it includes the Amerindian languages of ethnic groups non-native to the territory. .As such the National Commission for the Development of Indigenous Peoples recognizes the language of the Kickapoo, which immigrated from the United States,[176] and recognizes the languages of the Guatemalan Amerindian refugees.^ What is United states doing about all these people being murdered?
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ What would the united states do if we had this problem with people bringing guns into our country?
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Staff reply: The term "rogue" state is reserved for states whose policies deliberately function in a manner counter to the prevailing order, be it against international treaties and agreements or in counter to a multi-lateral consensus, such as United Nations resolutions.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[177] .The Mexican government has promoted and established bilingual primary and secondary education in some indigenous rural communities.^ From 1822 to this time the government primary schools had been under the supervision of the Compania Lancasteriana, but they were now placed under charge of the Department of Public Education.

^ In some states a local police service is maintained, but in most states the federal government maintains a very efficient force of mounted " rurales."

^ Spending is lowest in primary school (US $800), then increases for upper secondary ($1,700) and rises sharply for higher education ($4,000).
  • Common Sense for Drug Policy Examines The US Drug War In Mexico & Central America 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC www.csdp.org [Source type: News]

.Approximately 7.1% of the population speaks an indigenous language and 1.2% do not speak Spanish.^ Juchitan oaxaca were 88% of it´s population speaks indigenous language, so this can´t be considered a tribe .
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[178]
.Mexico has the largest Spanish-speaking population in the world with more than twice as many as the second largest Spanish-speaking country.^ The cartels represent more than just the drug trade they represent the poor and oppressed of Mexico whom for generations have mistrusted the corrupt Mexican government.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Death toll in Mexico's drug war surges Attorney General Eduardo Medina Mora says 5,376 people have been killed so far in 2008, more than twice the toll for the first 11 months of 2007.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Staff reply: We have written more than 100 stories on drug violence in Mexico since June of last year.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

(Spain, Argentina, and Colombia all have about 40 million speakers each.) .Almost a third of all Spanish native speakers in the world live in Mexico.^ Some statistics have been generalized now to the point that the next speaker will simply say that all guns in Mexico are bought at Gun Shows in America.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Also, Mexico is a wealthy Oil Exporter, but the corrupt Hidalgo ruling families have control of almost all the wealth and they still oppress the Peons and the Indians.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ As far as traveling into Mexico, it is a corrupt, third-world country, do so at your own risk, same as any other third-world country.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[149] .Nahuatl is spoken by 1.5 million people and Yucatec Maya by 800,000. Some of the national languages are in danger of extinction; Lacandon is spoken by fewer than one hundred people.^ He said that 2,000 people had been murdered in the Department of Cuscatlán that year and that probably less than 20 per cent of those murders had been registered in court.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The attack left one civilian dead and more than five people injured.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There is a black list going around all over Mexico of around one million people who is tied in one way or another in this problem.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.English is widely used in business at the border cities, as well as by the one million U.S. citizens that live in Mexico, mostly retirees in small towns in Baja California, Guanajuato and Chiapas[citation needed].^ One Mexico border city is quiet, maybe too quiet .
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ My grandmother lived in baja california.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Violence in Mexico has spread to citizens as well.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

Other European languages spoken by sizable communities in Mexico are Venetian, Plautdietsch, German, French and Romani.[citation needed]

Religion

Religion in Mexico (2000 census)[179]
Religion Percent
Roman Catholicism
  
87.99%
Protestantism and Evangelicalism
  
5.19%
No religion
  
3.51%
Other
  
3.31%
.Mexico has no official religion, and the Constitution of 1917 and the anti-clerical laws imposed limitations on the church and sometimes codified state intrusion into church matters.^ Mexico crime unit arrested The men are believed to have aided drug smugglers in Sinaloa state, officials say.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Once the Mexican government loses total control of the country, the United States who is a responsive country will have no choice but to militarily enforce the chaos that is Mexico.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ This violence is spreading into the southwestern United States and if Mexico can't deal with it, then someone needs to.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.The government does not provide any financial contributions to the church, and the church does not participate in public education.^ From 1822 to this time the government primary schools had been under the supervision of the Compania Lancasteriana, but they were now placed under charge of the Department of Public Education.

^ On the 19th of May 1896 a general public education law was promulgated, which provided further regulations for the public schools, and outlined a comprehensive system.

The last census reported, by self-ascription, that 95% of the population is Christian. Roman Catholics are 89%[180] of the total population, 47% percent of whom attend church services weekly.[181] In absolute terms, Mexico has the world's second largest number of Catholics after Brazil.[182]
.About 6% of the population (more than 4.4 million people) is Protestant[180], of whom Pentecostals and Charismatics (called Neo-Pentecostals in the census) are the largest group (1.37 million people).^ The population is about 11,000 people.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ The cartels represent more than just the drug trade they represent the poor and oppressed of Mexico whom for generations have mistrusted the corrupt Mexican government.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ We could start by DEPORTING the 14 million people who are here illegally rather than being blinded by bleeding heart liberalism and talking about giving them a "pathway to citizenship."
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[180] .There are also a sizeable number of Seventh-day Adventists (0.6 million people).^ There is a black list going around all over Mexico of around one million people who is tied in one way or another in this problem.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[183] .The 2000 national census counted more than one million Jehovah's Witnesses.^ They've been sending back more than $20 billion a year for several years now -- $23 billion for 2008, according to one recent estimate.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ There are indications that more than one car entered.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Iraq..and I believe Mexico if left unchecked is more of a concern of national security in the long run than Iraq.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[180] .The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints claims over one million registered members as of 2009.[184] About 25% of registered members attend a weekly sacrament service although this can fluctuate up and down.^ One eyewitness who claimed to have seen the murderers from close up was unable to identify Miranda when shown a series of photographs of young men, including Miranda.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I also know the Latter Day Saints control whole neighborhoods in the greater Phoenix area.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ On 29 April, members of the National Guard were arrested and $25 million in military aid was approved the next day.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

[185]
The presence of Jews in Mexico dates back to 1521, when Hernán Cortés conquered the Aztecs, accompanied by several Conversos. .According to the last national census by the INEGI, there are now more than 45,000 Mexican Jews.^ The cartels represent more than just the drug trade they represent the poor and oppressed of Mexico whom for generations have mistrusted the corrupt Mexican government.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ However, according to the AP report (via Amnesty International), "Since 2006, more than 2,220 complaints of human rights abuses such as disappearances, killings, and torture have been lodged against the Mexican military with the Mexican National Commission for Human Rights."
  • Common Sense for Drug Policy Examines The US Drug War In Mexico & Central America 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC www.csdp.org [Source type: News]

^ I live in Phoenix, and there are more gang-bangers than ever.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[180] .Almost three million people in the 2000 National Census reported having no religion.^ There will be no reunification of Salvadorian society without national reconciliation, and the latter will be impossible without the fraternal unity of the Salvadorian people.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Damage was considerable and the bodies of three young people, showing signs of having been brutally tortured, were found at the front door of the office.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Lieutenant Echeverria questioned the soldiers in his division and, upon receiving negative replies, reported that no one in his unit had seen the two young people.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

[180] .Islam in Mexico is practiced by a small Muslim population in the city of Torreón, Coahuila, and there are an estimated 300 Muslims in the San Cristóbal de las Casas area in Chiapas.^ On 31 August, the Comisión Nacional de Asistencia a la Población Desplazada (CONADES) reported that there were 226,744 internally displaced persons.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Those affected established the Coordinadora Nacional de la Repoblación (CNR), which sought to regain the right of the civilian population to live in the areas from which they had come.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It seems like gang violence and murders in the LA area are down overall, but is there a close relationship between LA gangs and the Mexican drug cartels?
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[186][187] .Mexico's Buddhist population currently makes up a tiny minority, some 108,000 according to latest accounts.^ America makes up 5% of the world's population, yet, alarming enough, CONSUMES 95% of the illicit drugs produced globally.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ According to some reports, the number of rebels ranged between 4,000 and 5,000; other sources put the number at between 6,000 and 9,000.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ We (US) made many of the same fundamental mistakes in Vietnam, Iraq, and we are currently making them in Afghanistan and we have been making them for many years in Mexico.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.Most of its members are of Asian descent, while people of various other walks of life have turned toward Buddhism in the recent past.^ Along with 63 other people, she was arrested by members of the National Police and transferred to the central barracks.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Killing other people is what God hates most.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.In 1992, Mexico lifted almost all restrictions on the Catholic Church and other religions, including granting all religious groups legal status, conceding them limited property rights, and lifting restrictions on the number of priests in the country.^ S/25500 English Page 237 Neither the authorities of the Catholic Church nor the Archdiocesan Legal Aid Office received any official communication on the results of police action and all indications are that there were no further investigations.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Almost all drug related crime is manufactured by our desire to control the use of something a large number of us want.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ How tragic to hear all the pain and suffering Mexico is experiencing from the greed of money and control of a country.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[188] .Until recently, priests did not have the right to vote, and even now they cannot be elected to public office.^ Moreover, the Office of the Attorney General did not interview the Salvadorians named in the "Third Report", some of whom were public officials in El Salvador.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ We could put money in the public coffers by taxing the recreational drug trade and do it right now if we wanted to.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Article 27 of the American Convention on Human Rights provides that these same rights cannot be suspended even "in time of war, public danger, or other emergency that threatens the independence or security of a State Party".
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

Culture

Jarabe Tapatío, an example of traditional Mexican dance and costumes.
.Mexican culture reflects the complexity of the country's history through the blending of pre-Hispanic civilizations and the culture of Spain, imparted during Spain's 300-year colonization of Mexico.^ Mexico is not a country with a history of due process.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Mexico is a country with so much rich History and culture.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Towards the end of the year, it was reported that FMLN attacks on the economic infrastructure had cost the country 238 million colones.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

.Exogenous cultural elements mainly from the United States have been incorporated into Mexican culture.^ This violence is spreading into the southwestern United States and if Mexico can't deal with it, then someone needs to.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ As one famous Mexican author put it, "Mexico: so far from God, so close to the United States."
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ What help has the United States offered Mexico in the way of ending the drug problem and has the Mexican Government accepted our help 100% in battling the Cartels .
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.As was the case in most Latin American countries, when Mexico became an independent nation, it had to slowly create a national identity, being an ethnically diverse country in which, for the most part, the only connecting element amongst the newly independent inhabitants was Catholicism[citation needed].^ NATIONAL COUNCIL OF THE JUDICIARY The peace agreements provided for the establishment of a National Council of the Judiciary independent from the organs of State and from political parties (Mexico Agreements: "Political agreements elaborating on the constitutional reform", A (b) (1); Chapultepec Peace Agreement, chap.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ THE AMERICAN CHURCHWOMEN SUMMARY OF THE CASE On 2 December 1980, members of the National Guard of El Salvador arrested four churchwomen after they left the international airport.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In June, after a second attempt to sign the Central American peace agreement failed, 13 Latin American nations made one final attempt to save the Contadora peace process.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

.The Porfirian era (el Porfiriato), in the last quarter of the nineteenth century and the first decade of the twentieth century, was marked by economic progress and peace.^ First let me say that those who claim the mexican state is in a process of collapse have missed the mark by several decades.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.After four decades of civil unrest and war, Mexico saw the development of philosophy and the arts, promoted by President Díaz himself.^ Although "State department officials had been eager to secure the additional funds for Mexico's drug war in advance of President Obama's trip [...
  • Common Sense for Drug Policy Examines The US Drug War In Mexico & Central America 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC www.csdp.org [Source type: News]

^ Mexico's President Calderon has few choices in drug war .
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Book takes Mexico drug war to task The book by two former Mexican government officials criticizes President Felipe Calderon’s campaign against the drug cartels.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

Since that time, as accentuated during the Mexican Revolution, cultural identity has had its foundation in the mestizaje, of which the indigenous (i.e. Amerindian) element is the core. .In light of the various ethnicities that formed the Mexican people, José Vasconcelos in his publication La Raza Cósmica (The Cosmic Race) (1925) defined Mexico to be the melting pot of all races (thus extending the definition of the mestizo) not only biologically but culturally as well.^ ALL PEOPLE WILL DO WHAT THEY WANT IN THE END, with or without Mexico, drug cartels, us political regimes, and media brain washing.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ How many people in Mexico have been successfully prosecuted for all these crimes?
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ What would the Mexican government do without all of the funds diverted to Mexico from US drug sales?
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[189] .This exalting of mestizaje was a revolutionary idea that sharply contrasted with the idea of a superior pure race prevalent in Europe at the time.^ Many brilliant war-time figures have also shone in peacetime: the old contradictions and intransigence contrast sharply with the current rapprochements and agreements.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

Cinema

Famous actors Pedro Infante and Jorge Negrete in the 1952 film Dos Tipos de Cuidado
.Mexican films from the Golden Age in the 1940s and 1950s are the greatest examples of Latin American cinema, with a huge industry comparable to the Hollywood of those years.^ By June of that year, the number of Salvadorian refugees in Latin American countries totalled between 175,000 and 295,000.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

.Mexican films were exported and exhibited in all of Latin America and Europe.^ Has participated in missions in Europe and Latin America.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The drug war is killing the Mexican economy and any student of Latin America knows that when the economy is bad, the guerrillas surface.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Even in Latin America, Mexican student-performance is among the lowest.
  • Common Sense for Drug Policy Examines The US Drug War In Mexico & Central America 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC www.csdp.org [Source type: News]

.Maria Candelaria (1944) by Emilio Fernández, was one of the first films awarded a Palme d'Or at the Cannes Film Festival in 1946, the first time the event was held after World War II. The famous Spanish-born director Luis Buñuel realized in Mexico, between 1947 to 1965 some of him master pieces like Los olvidados (1949), Viridiana (1961) and El angel exterminador (1963).^ First, I would like to thank the L.A. Times for their in-depth coverage of the drug war in Mexico.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ The ongoing war between drug cartels in Mexico is for illegal drug routes leading to the States which is "the" market for drugs.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ At that time, I asked him the following question: We're having some major crime problems in Palm Springs/Coachella Valley due to the current drug war in Mexico, aren't we?
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

Famous actors and actresses from this period include María Félix, Pedro Infante, Dolores del Río, Jorge Negrete and the comedian Cantinflas.
.More recently, films such as Como agua para chocolate (1992), Cronos (1993), Amores perros (2000), Y tu mamá también (2001), El Crimen del Padre Amaro (2002), Pan's Labyrinth (2006) and Babel (2006) have been successful in creating universal stories about contemporary subjects, and were internationally recognised, as in the prestigious Cannes Film Festival.^ So far, our various other "wars" (such as against drugs, terrorists, or poverty) have not been great success stories.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ We ran a piece recently by Tracy Wilkinson about a Brookings report that called for more action to combat drug use.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ We DO plan to write more about addiction, and we have included the U.S. demand side of the equation in a number of stories.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.Mexican directors Alejandro González Iñárritu (Amores perros, Babel), Alfonso Cuarón (Children of Men, Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban), Guillermo del Toro, Carlos Carrera (The Crime of Father Amaro), and screenwriter Guillermo Arriaga are some of the most known present-day film makers.^ The Mexican authorities have said many times that CAF bosses and some of the Sinaloa's Cartel Bosses are Living in US territory and it’s known by all Mexican citizens.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

Music

Jalisco Symphony Orchestra
.Mexican society enjoys a vast array of music genres, showing the diversity of Mexican culture.^ B-grade, 80's Mexican movies of drug runners and "narco-corridos" glorifying their activities have claimed their impact on society and are now part of the culture.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

Traditional music includes Mariachi, Banda, Norteño, Ranchera and Corridos; on an every-day basis most Mexicans listen to contemporary music such as pop, rock, etc. in both English and Spanish. .Mexico has the largest media industry in Latin America, producing Mexican artists who are famous in Central and South America and parts of Europe, especially Spain.^ Has participated in missions in Europe and Latin America.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ As one famous Mexican author put it, "Mexico: so far from God, so close to the United States."
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Staff reply: Central America has experienced a great deal of violence related to drug trafficking and organized crime, and Mexican cartels have moved into that part of the supply chain as well.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.Some well-known Mexican singers are Thalía, Luis Miguel, Alejandro Fernández and Paulina Rubio.^ The Mexican authorities have said many times that CAF bosses and some of the Sinaloa's Cartel Bosses are Living in US territory and it’s known by all Mexican citizens.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

Popular groups are Café Tacuba, Molotov and Maná, among others.
.According to the Sistema Nacional de Fomento Musical, there are between 120 and 140 youth orchestras affiliated to this federal agency from all federal states.^ Are there any immediate links to the influx of control and power between all the main border towns or is just limited to certain cartels in certain regions?
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ On 31 August, the Comisión Nacional de Asistencia a la Población Desplazada (CONADES) reported that there were 226,744 internally displaced persons.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Some suspect it's tranquil because there's been an accord between law enforcement and traffickers.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.Some states, through their state agencies in charge of culture and the arts—Ministry or Secretariat or Institute or Council of Culture, in some cases Secretariat of Education or the State University—sponsor the activities of a professional Symphony Orchestra or Philharmonic Orchestra so all citizens can have access to this artistic expression from the field of classical music.^ The Mexican authorities have said many times that CAF bosses and some of the Sinaloa's Cartel Bosses are Living in US territory and it’s known by all Mexican citizens.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ On 3 January, the President of the Salvadorian Institute for Agrarian Reform and two United States advisers were murdered in the Sheraton Hotel 31 / (see the case in chap.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In virtually every case of violence there has been a connection to drugs or some other criminal activity, and none have involved tourists or foreign residents like myself.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.There is no public information about the exact number of professional orchestras in the country (probably 40 ensembles of very diverse caliber).^ There was no response to this request for information.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ According to the source, there had been no military casualties; however, it did not specify the number of guerrilla casualties either.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It's good, that finaly Mexico got the mass media atencion on this very sad problem, there's no time for a blame-game, just factual and realistic information...
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.Mexico City is the most intense hub of this activity hosting 12 professional orchestras sponsored by different agencies such as the National Intitute of Fine Arts, the Secretariat of Culture of the Federal District, The National University, the National Polytechnic Institute, a Delegación Política (Coyoacán) and very few are a kind of private ventures.^ I've spent much time in Mexico and the most fearful corruption was the Federal Police or Federalies.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ C. Investigation of illegal groups One of the most horrendous sources of the violence which swept the country in recent years was the activity of private armed groups which operated with complete impunity.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Both parties undertook to respect the most fundamental rights of the human person and to institute a procedure for international verification by a United Nations mission.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

.Orquestas in Mexico are mainly subsidized by a governmental body or agency, unlike their American counterparts, therefore, these organizations do not have departments such as marketing or development.^ Project Officer, programme for assistance to indigenous peoples of the Central American area, Norwegian Agency for International Development (NORAD), NGO Division.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It is time the President of Mexico send a clear message that these types of attacks will elicit a special governmental response that is inescapable, swift and brutal.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Staff reply: Mexico is unlikely to suffer the fate of some of its other Latin American neighbors and fall into a dictatorship.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.States such as Baja California Sur, Campeche, Chiapas, Colima, Morelos, Nayarit, Quintana Roo, Sonora, Tabasco, and Tlaxcala do not have a professional Symphony orchestra.^ My family used to travel extensively in throughout Baja California and Baja California Sur.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Mexico anti-drug general is ousted Sergio Aponte Polito is relieved of duty in Baja California and Sonora states.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.The only permanent opera company belongs to the National Institute of Fine Arts, offering six productions yearly, however, some cities such as Guadalajara, Monterrey or Morelia make important efforts to present this kind of expression to local audiences.^ Salvadorian institutions must make serious efforts to investigate the structural connection that has been found to exist between the death squads and State bodies.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The remaining goals, however, require a continuous and, in some respects, permanent effort.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Adviser to the Ministry of Education (1990), and to the National Planning Institute on Project SITOD concerning government decision-making (1991).
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

Fine arts

Palace of Fine Arts in Mexico City
Post-revolutionary art in Mexico had its expression in the works of renowned artists such as Frida Kahlo, Diego Rivera, José Clemente Orozco, Rufino Tamayo, Federico Cantú Garza, David Alfaro Siqueiros and Juan O'Gorman. .Diego Rivera, the most well-known figure of Mexican Muralism, painted the Man at the Crossroads at the Rockefeller Center in New York City, a huge mural that was destroyed the next year due to the inclusion of a portrait of Russian communist leader Lenin.^ Considered one of his partys most important leaders, Zamora was also a major public figure outside the party; given the political violence in the country, this exposed him to reprisals.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I worry that I will be caught in the middle of their fighting, we see shootouts on the highway often.Its very scary, We are leaving this year, along with most of our Mexican and American friends.People whos families have been here for decades (well known families) are leaving.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Worked for three years for the Lawyers Committee for Human Rights, New York.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

[190] Some of Rivera's murals are displayed at the Mexican National Palace and the Palace of Fine Arts.
Academic music composers of Mexico include Manuel María Ponce, José Pablo Moncayo, Julián Carrillo, Mario Lavista, Carlos Chávez, Silvestre Revueltas, Arturo Márquez, and Juventino Rosas, many of whom incorporated traditional elements into their music. .Nobel Prize winner Octavio Paz, Carlos Fuentes, Juan Rulfo, Elena Poniatowska, and José Emilio Pacheco, are some of the most recognized authors of Mexican literature.^ One of these groups consisted of Colonel Réne Emilio Ponce, General Juan Rafael Bustillo, Colonel Francisco Elena Fuentes, Colonel Juan Orlando Zepeda and Colonel Inocente Orlando Montano.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

Broadcast media

Two of the major television networks based in Mexico are Televisa and TV Azteca. Televisa is also the largest producer of Spanish-language content in the world and also the world's largest Spanish-language media network.[191] .Grupo Multimedios is another media conglomerate with Spanish-language broadcasting in Mexico, Spain, and the United States.^ Mexico has long complained that the money is not enough, and that the United States does not do enough to curb demand for drugs among its own citizens.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Mexico crime unit arrested The men are believed to have aided drug smugglers in Sinaloa state, officials say.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ The agency never said that 90% of the guns used by traffickers in Mexico come from the U.S. It said that it has estimated that 90% of the traceable guns that were seized either en route to Mexico or on the ground were from the United States.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.Soap operas (telenovelas) are translated to many languages and seen all over the world with renowned names like Verónica Castro, Lucía Méndez, Lucero, and Thalía.^ USA state is the biggest drug user they are the biggest drug sellers in the world and there for the drugs will never stop being a factor in the USA AND WE ALL KNOW THIS SO STOP ACTING LIKE we don't KNOW .
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

Even Gael García Bernal and Diego Luna from Y tu mamá también and current Zegna model have appeared in some of them.
.Some of their TV shows are modeled after counterparts from the U.S. like Family Feud (100 Mexicanos Dijeron or "A hundred Mexicans said" in Spanish) and ¿Qué dice la gente?, Big Brother, American Idol, Saturday Night Live and others.^ The Mexican authorities have said many times that CAF bosses and some of the Sinaloa's Cartel Bosses are Living in US territory and it’s known by all Mexican citizens.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ So "la Linea"(Juarez Cartel) and "la gente nueva" (Sinaloa Cartel)are fighting for the "plaza" of the state of Chihuahua it seem like la Linea is winning the war in the Chihuahua city but in Juarez city la gente is wining.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ I ve lived in LA for 15 years and being in a gang there, I have seen a lot going on over drug traficking and drug territory, a lot of people had their lives and lives of others destroyed over this.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.Nationwide news shows like Las Noticias por Adela on Televisa resemble a hybrid between Donahue and Nightline.^ It seems like gang violence and murders in the LA area are down overall, but is there a close relationship between LA gangs and the Mexican drug cartels?
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

Local news shows are modeled after counterparts from the U.S. like the Eyewitness News and Action News formats. Border cities receive television and radio stations from the U.S., while satellite and cable subscription is common for the middle-classes in most cities, and they often watch movies and TV shows from the U.S.

Cuisine

"Chocolate" originates from Mexico's Aztec cuisine, derived from the Nahuatl word xocolatl.
Mexican cuisine is known for its intense and varied flavors, colorful decoration, and variety of spices. Most of today's Mexican food is based on pre-Columbian traditions, including the Aztecs and Maya, combined with culinary trends introduced by Spanish colonists.
The conquistadores eventually combined their imported diet of rice, beef, pork, chicken, wine, garlic and onions with the native pre-Columbian food, including maize, tomato, vanilla, avocado, papaya, pineapple, chili pepper, beans, squash, limes (limón in Mexican Spanish), sweet potato, peanut and turkey.
Cabrito con Tamales
.Mexican food varies by region, because of local climate and geography and ethnic differences among the indigenous inhabitants and because these different populations were influenced by the Spaniards in varying degrees.^ THATS WHATS MAKES A DIFFERENCE TO THE MEXICAN NATION, BECAUSE THERE GONNA DIE WITH PRIDE!!!!
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.The north of Mexico is known for its beef, goat and ostrich production and meat dishes, in particular the well-known Arrachera cut.^ As for the second: It's well known that plenty of money is being made north of the border, and there have been arrests in that regard, too.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.Central Mexico's cuisine is largely made up of influences from the rest of the country, but also has its authentics, such as barbacoa, pozole, menudo, tamales, and carnitas.^ It's time to shore up our country and fix our problems and one of them is our proximity with the Mexico issue.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ While growing up in L.A. I would frequently visit family in Mexico both in large cities and remote "pueblos".
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

Southeastern Mexico, on the other hand, is known for its spicy vegetable and chicken-based dishes. The cuisine of Southeastern Mexico also has quite a bit of Caribbean influence, given its geographical location. .Seafood is commonly prepared in the states that border the Pacific Ocean or the Gulf of Mexico, the latter having a famous reputation for its fish dishes, à la veracruzana.^ The Zetas work with the Gulf cartel that controls much of the illegal drugs trade along Mexico's Gulf coast, but they are also aligned with the Beltran Leyva cartel that is based on the Pacific coast.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Senators hear testimony on border danger John Kerry and others on the Foreign Relations Committee are told Mexico is not in danger of becoming a failed state.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Staff reply: Passports are now required to re-enter the United States at the Mexico border.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.In modern times, other cuisines of the world have become very popular in Mexico, thus adopting a Mexican fusion.^ As far as traveling into Mexico, it is a corrupt, third-world country, do so at your own risk, same as any other third-world country.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Kudos for our president Calderon for finally realizing that the "old" Mexican system of goverment looking the other way while traffickers do their things, has outlived reality and the modern world.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Everyone in the media is so focused on Iraq and other areas of the world while Mexico spirals into chaos...
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

For example, sushi in Mexico is often made with a variety of sauces based on mango or tamarind, and very often served with serrano-chili-blended soy sauce, or complemented with vinegar, habanero and chipotle peppers
The most internationally recognized dishes include chocolate, tacos, quesadillas, enchiladas, burritos, tamales and mole among others. .Regional dishes include mole poblano, chiles en nogada and chalupas from Puebla; cabrito and machaca from Monterrey, cochinita pibil from Yucatán, Tlayudas from Oaxaca, as well as barbacoa, chilaquiles, milanesas, and many others.^ To investigate the case, the Commission on the Truth reviewed the previous investigations and the court dossier, as well as documents from various other sources, and interviewed many confidential witnesses.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

Sports

The Estadio Azteca (Aztec Stadium) is the official home stadium of the Mexico national football team.
Baseball stadium in Monterrey, home to Monterrey Sultans.
.Mexico City hosted the XIX Olympic Games in 1968, making it the first Latin American city to do so (Rio de Janeiro will be the second in 2016).^ On 4 April, Mexico City played host to the representatives of the Government and FMLN for the eighth round of negotiations, which went on until 27 April.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Staff reply: Mexico is unlikely to suffer the fate of some of its other Latin American neighbors and fall into a dictatorship.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ In June, after a second attempt to sign the Central American peace agreement failed, 13 Latin American nations made one final attempt to save the Contadora peace process.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

[192] The country has also hosted the FIFA World Cup twice, in 1970 and 1986.[193]
Mexico's most popular sport is association football (soccer). It is commonly believed that Football was introduced in Mexico by Cornish miners at the end of the 19th century. By 1902 a five-team league had emerged with a strong English influence.[194][195] .Football became a professional sport in 1943. Since the "Era Professional" started, Mexico's top clubs have been Guadalajara with 11 championships, América with 10 and Toluca with 9.[196] In Mexican Football many players have been raised to the level of legend, but two of them have received international recognition above others.^ Two top state police officers slain in Mexico .
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ This has caused many tourists and even Mexican-Americans like me to stay away from Mexico because we fear the violence.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Mexico's constitution - Article 10 gives Mexican's the right to arms for protection yet the Mexican government has circumvented that right with many laws and amendments.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

Antonio Carbajal was the first player to appear in five World Cups, and Hugo Sánchez was named best CONCACAF player of the 20th century by IFFHS. Mexican's biggest stadiums are Estadio Azteca, Estadio Olímpico Universitario and Jalisco Stadium. .Notable achievements by Mexican national soccer teams include winning the 1999 Confederations Cup, the 2005 U-17 World Cup, and being runners-up in the 1977 U-20 World Cup, 1993 Copa America, and 2001 Copa America.^ America makes up 5% of the world's population, yet, alarming enough, CONSUMES 95% of the illicit drugs produced globally.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Report of the former National Guard transmitted to the Commission on the Truth on 20 January 1993.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

The Mexican team was also a runner-up in the 2007 Beach Soccer World Cup. .Mexican football clubs have achieved good results in international competitions like the Copa Libertadores and the FIFA Club World Championship.^ Drugs must be the best business in the world and we American love it like it's our birthright and if these poor Mexicans want to supply to our "market", it seems worth killing the competition.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

The national sport of Mexico is Charreada.[197] .Bullfighting is also a popular sport in the country, and almost all large cities have bullrings.^ FMLN also carried out large-scale operations in the capital city and temporarily occupied urban centres in the countrys interior.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

Plaza México in Mexico City, is the largest bullring in the world, which seats 55,000 people. .Professional wrestling (or Lucha libre in Spanish) is a major crowd draw with national promotions such as AAA, LLL, CMLL and others.^ Such recommendations may include measures to prevent the repetition of such acts, and initiatives to promote national reconciliation.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In the latter case, they "may include measures to prevent the repetition of such acts, and initiatives to promote national reconciliation".
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Such recommendations may include measures to prevent the repetition of such acts, and initiatives to promote national reconciliation".
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

.Baseball is very popular, especially in the Gulf of Mexico, Yucatán Peninsula and the Northern States.^ I am from the northern United States, I have always felt very safe here,safer than in the US. I have never paid any bribes and all the other nonsense I always hear.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ DEA arrests 175 Mexican drug-trafficking suspects The suspects, believed to have ties to Mexico's Gulf cartel, were arrested in raids this week in a dozen U.S. states.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Why is it that the northern states of Mexico have more deaths?
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.In some regions baseball has traditionally been more popular than soccer.^ Those instruments themselves recognize that some violations are more serious than others.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Granted, this means some rights are trampled on, but this is more of a war than most wars.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

The season runs from March to July with playoffs held in August. The Mexican professional league is named the Liga Mexicana de Beisbol. Current champions (2007) are Sultanes de Monterrey who defeated in a tight series Leones de Yucatán. .However, the best level of baseball is played in Liga Mexicana del Pacífico, played in Sinaloa, Sonora and Baja California.^ Baja California is (90)% dependent upon tourism, however, just like anywhere else, there are are a few bad apples in the bin.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Mexico anti-drug general is ousted Sergio Aponte Polito is relieved of duty in Baja California and Sonora states.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

Given that it is played during the MLB off-season, some of its players are signed to play with the league 8 teams. Current champions (2007) are Yaquis de Obregon. .The league champion participates in the Caribbean Series, a tournament between the Champions of Winter Leagues of Mexico, Venezuela, Puerto Rico and the Dominican Republic; the 2009 Caribbean Series edition will be held in Mexicali.^ The complexity of the relationship between the US and Mexico surfaces in both dramatic and subtle ways throughout this series.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.While usually not as strong as the United States, the Caribbean countries and Japan, Mexico has nonetheless achieved several international baseball titles.^ One thing is clear: As long as Mexico remains a corrupt country that culturally tolerates corruption, there is no solution to this problem, only limitations to how much it affects the United States.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ According to the press release, the Senator was concerned at the number of United States advisers and military personnel assigned to the country.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This violence is spreading into the southwestern United States and if Mexico can't deal with it, then someone needs to.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.Mexico has had several players signed by Major League teams, the most famous of them being Dodgers pitcher Fernando Valenzuela.^ Staff reply: Indeed, attacks on the media in Mexico have been severe, and the country ranks as one of the most deadly for journalists, and the most deadly in the Americas.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Mexico's Yucatan peninsula The discovery is the first sign of a major outbreak of drug cartel violence in Yucatan.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ For example, just as NATO intelligence know who the major Taliban and Al Quaida players are in Afghanistan and Pakistan, the authorities in Mexico pretty much know who the major cartel players are.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.Mexican clubs (such as Monterrey La Raza) participate in North American indoor soccer leagues.^ How safe is it for gringo's to visit areas such as Cabo San Lucas, La Sayulita (just north of Puerto Vallarta, and San Miguel?
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ What are the retired americans expiencing in places such as Cabo, La Paz,Cancun as far as their daily lives are concerned.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

Mexico is also a leading country in Basque Pelota. .Tennis has also traditionally been popular in Mexico, having produced some great players like Rafael Osuna, though international successes have been very few in recent years.^ I listened to all your answers and truly appreciate hearing some expert feedback regarding all the violence in Mexico recently mainly due to the cartels.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ For the past four and a half years I have been following the news from mexico very closely.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ In this context my qestion to Professor Chabat is this: while we discuss the likely benefits of legalizing some drugs, does he see any benefit in the citizens of Mexico having the right to keep and bear arms?
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

Mexico is an international power in professional boxing (at the amateur level, several Olympic boxing medals have also been won by Mexico). .Vicente Saldivar, Rubén Olivares, Salvador Sánchez, Julio César Chávez and Ricardo Lopez are but a few Mexican fighters who have been ranked among the best of all time.^ The Mexican authorities have said many times that CAF bosses and some of the Sinaloa's Cartel Bosses are Living in US territory and it’s known by all Mexican citizens.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ It's time for the Mexican Federal Government to implement Marshal Law in all of the border towns.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ But I think the real solution to all this is to LEGALIZE DRUGS! Otherwise this will NEVER stop, get them off the streets, it time for both the us and mexican governments to stop ignoring the demand.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

The most important professional basketball league is the Liga Nacional de Baloncesto Profesional and covers the whole Mexican territory, where the Soles de Mexicali are the current champions. In 2007 three Mexican teams will be competing in the American Basketball Association. In the northwestern states is the CIBACOPA Competition, with professional basketball players from Mexico and the U.S. Universities and some teams from the NBA.
.Mexico is a major international power in Taekwondo.^ Guns are a major problem in Mexico and giving the cartels an incredible amount of power and fast, faster than the Mexican government can keep up.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

Mexican athletes have achieved renown in disciplines like marathon running, racewalking and diving.
.American football is played at the major universities like ITESM, UANL, UDLA, IPN and UNAM.^ Graduated with special distinction from Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, majoring in Latin American History.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

The college league in Mexico is called ONEFA. Several Mexican players have been signed by the NFL over the years. .Rugby is played at the amateur level throughout the country with the majority of clubs in Mexico City and others in Monterrey, Guadalajara, Celaya, Guanajuato and Oaxaca.^ Meanwhile, the level of violence of the war intensified throughout the country.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ As far as traveling into Mexico, it is a corrupt, third-world country, do so at your own risk, same as any other third-world country.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ On 4 April, Mexico City played host to the representatives of the Government and FMLN for the eighth round of negotiations, which went on until 27 April.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

Auto racing is very popular in Mexico. .Throughout the years, Mexico has hosted races for some of the most important international championships such as Formula One, NASCAR, Champ Car, A1 Grand Prix, among others.^ Completed one year of study at the National Law Center, George Washington University, Washington, D.C. Since 1988, researcher for Americas Watch on Mexico, Guatemala and Colombia.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Throughout the year, President Duarte pressed for the convening of talks and the international community did likewise, in an effort to bring peace to the region.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Considered one of his partys most important leaders, Zamora was also a major public figure outside the party; given the political violence in the country, this exposed him to reprisals.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

.Mexico also has its own NASCAR-sanctioned stock car series, the NASCAR Mexico, which runs 14 events in different cities, drawing large crowds.^ While growing up in L.A. I would frequently visit family in Mexico both in large cities and remote "pueblos".
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ The only difference now is that Mexico's drug cartel is more vocal than ever about the terror their spreading in their own backyard.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.Other forms of racing include Formula Renault, Formula Vee, touring cars, Pick-up trucks, endurance racing, rallying, and off-road.^ I hope that doctors , law enforcement officials , social workers and others with a credible voice will pick up the cry.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ S/25500 English Page 221 191 / "Martín" said that, about 50 metres from the meeting point, he saw a blue pick-up truck with two people in it on the road to Santa Rita (report II, p.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The murderers escaped in an old, yellow pick-up truck.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

.Ice hockey is played in larger cities like Monterrey, Guadalajara, Villahermosa, Culiacán and Mexico City.^ On 4 April, Mexico City played host to the representatives of the Government and FMLN for the eighth round of negotiations, which went on until 27 April.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

.Notable Mexican athletes include golfer Lorena Ochoa, who is currently ranked first in the LPGA world rankings,[198] Ana Guevara, former world champion of the 400 metres (1,300 ft) and Olympic subchampion in Athens 2004, and Fernando Platas, a numerous Olympic medal winning diver.^ First let me say that those who claim the mexican state is in a process of collapse have missed the mark by several decades.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.Sport fishing is popular in Baja California and the big Pacific coast resorts, while freshwater bass fishing is growing in popularity too.^ The outer curve facing the Pacific is less regular, is deeply broken by the Gulf of California , and has a coast-line of 4574 m., including that of the Gulf.

^ On the Pacific coast of Lower California are the Ensenada de Todos Santos and the bays of San Quentin, Viscaino and Magdalena.

^ The coast of Lower California is a favourite resort for the fur -bearing seal , r and pearl oysters find a congenial habitat in the south waters of the Gulf.

The gentler arts of diving and snorkeling are big around the Caribbean, with famous dive sites at Cozumel and on the reefs further south. .The Pacific coast is becoming something of a center for surfing, with few facilities as yet; all these sports attract tourists to Mexico.^ Mazatlan on Mexico's Pacific coast."
  • Common Sense for Drug Policy Examines The US Drug War In Mexico & Central America 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC www.csdp.org [Source type: News]

^ All I'm saying is don't expect these ruthless cartels to suddenly become law-abiding citizens.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ How many people in Mexico have been successfully prosecuted for all these crimes?
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

Another sport in which Mexico is competitive at the international level is polo.

Healthcare and education

Main articles: Health care in Mexico and Education in Mexico. See also 2009 swine flu outbreak.
Mexico city subway passengers wearing masks due to the 2009 swine flu outbreak.
Education in Mexico
Educational oversight
Minister of Public Education
Secretariat of Public Education
Josefina Vázquez Mota
National education budget (2007) MXN$1,309,691,048,383
USD$148,342,469,250
Primary language(s) of education Spanish as the standard. Other minority languages are also available in their local communities.
Nationalized system
Establishment

25 September 1921
Literacy (2006)
 • Men
 • Women
97.7 %
98.4%
96.8 %
Enrollment
 • Primary
 • Secondary
 • Post-secondary
61.6 million
26.4 million
19.8 million
15.3 million
Attainment
 • Secondary diploma
 • Post-secondary diploma

N/A
N/A
Sources: Sistema Educativo de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos. Principales cifras, ciclo escolar 2003-2004 pdf and the 2000 Census (INEGI)
.Since the early 1990s, Mexico entered a transitional stage in the health of its population and some indicators such as mortality patterns are identical to those found in highly developed countries like Germany or Japan.^ The records of persons entering and leaving the country were not checked - not even the records of the frontier post that was five kilometres away from the place where the bodies were found.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ A country like Mexico has extreme violence not because they want to but because they have to do what they have to do to survive.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Remains of 9 decapitated men found in Mexico The heads and bodies were found at separate places in the state of Guerrero, a hot spot in the country's drug war.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[199] Although all Mexicans are entitled to receive medical care by the state, 50.3 million Mexicans had no medical insurance as of 2002.[200] Efforts to increase the number of people are being made, and the current administration intends to achieve universal health care by 2011.[201][202]
.Mexico's medical infrastructure is highly rated for the most part and is usually excellent in major cities,[203][204] but rural areas and indigenous communities still lack equipment for advanced medical procedures, forcing patients in those locations to travel to the closest urban areas to get specialized medical care.^ Carnival, here in Ensenada has been most fun, and to those of you too afraid of traveling down south for our celebration out of fear, you missed out.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ The violence was less indiscriminate in urban areas, and also in rural areas after 1983 (95 per cent of complaints concerned incidents in rural areas and S per cent concerned incidents in more urban areas).
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I suppose when in a largely rural area you go from having no crime to 7 or 8 abductions, things will get exaggerated...Zacatecas is a beautiful state and has some of the lowest crime rates in all of Mexico.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[205]
.State-funded institutions such as Mexican Social Security Institute (IMSS) and the Institute for Social Security and Services for State Workers (ISSSTE) play a major role in health and social security.^ Former Major Roberto DAubuisson gave the order to assassinate the Archbishop and gave precise instructions to members of his security service, acting as a "death squad", to organize and supervise the assassination.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Supreme Court played an active role in preventing the extradition of former Captain Saravia from the United States and his subsequent imprisonment in El Salvador.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The "Mexican Mafia" or "Eme" is a prison gang made up of Mexican-Americans born in the United States, most of whom are in prison, and usually in maximum security.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.Private health services are also very important and account for 13% of all medical units in the country.^ I am from the northern United States, I have always felt very safe here,safer than in the US. I have never paid any bribes and all the other nonsense I always hear.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[206]
Hospital Oca Galerias, a private hospital in Monterrey
Medical training is done mostly at public universities with some specializations done abroad. .Some public universities in Mexico, such as the University of Guadalajara, have signed agreements with the U.S. to receive and train American students in Medicine.^ The signing of the El Salvador Peace Agreement at Chapultepec, Mexico, on 16 January 1992, marked the culmination of the negotiating process and the beginning of the implementation phase of the agreements.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The decision to set up the Commission on the Truth was taken by the Parties in the Mexico Agreements, signed at Mexico City on 27 April 1991.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In signing the Mexico Agreements, the Parties created the mechanism which is now completing its work.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

.Health care costs in private institutions and prescription drugs in Mexico are on average lower than that of its North American economic partners.^ The cartels represent more than just the drug trade they represent the poor and oppressed of Mexico whom for generations have mistrusted the corrupt Mexican government.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Staff reply: We have written more than 100 stories on drug violence in Mexico since June of last year.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Mexico drug war's costs, risks exported to U.S. Officers and others wounded across the border are increasingly being transferred to an El Paso hospital.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[203]
.In 2004, the literacy rate was at 97%[207] for youth under the age of 14 and 91% for people over 15,[208] placing Mexico at the 24th place in the world rank accordingly to UNESCO.^ Would Mexico ever consider allowing people from places like the U.S to carry out operation inside its own territory?
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Elsewhere in Mexico, 14 people are reported killed.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[209] .Primary and secondary education (9 years) is free and mandatory.^ It provides for uniform, free and non-sectarian primary instruction, and compulsory attendance for children of 6 to 12 years of age.

^ In contrast, poorer states such as Oaxaca and Chiapas have average educational attainment of six years, which means children have completed basic primary education only.
  • Common Sense for Drug Policy Examines The US Drug War In Mexico & Central America 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC www.csdp.org [Source type: News]

^ Spending is lowest in primary school (US $800), then increases for upper secondary ($1,700) and rises sharply for higher education ($4,000).
  • Common Sense for Drug Policy Examines The US Drug War In Mexico & Central America 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC www.csdp.org [Source type: News]

.Even though different bilingual education programs have existed since the 1960s for the indigenous communities, after a constitutional reform in the late 1990s, these programs have had a new thrust, and free text books are produced in more than a dozen indigenous languages.^ Out of sheer curiosity and the desire to learn more about how these groups think, I'd like to know if any of their books or other information is available on the internet.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ And, yes, to me they seem more professional than the cops of the 1990s.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Staff reply: We have written more than 100 stories on drug violence in Mexico since June of last year.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

In the 1970s, Mexico established a system of "distance-learning" through satellite communications to reach otherwise inaccessible small rural and indigenous communities. Schools that use this system are known as telesecundarias in Mexico. .The Mexican distance learning secondary education is also transmitted to some Central American countries and to Colombia, and it is used in some southern regions of the United States as a method of bilingual education.^ Sporadic outbursts of politically motivated violence occur from time to time in certain areas of the country, particularly in the southern states of Chiapas, Guerrero and Oaxaca."
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ According to the press release, the Senator was concerned at the number of United States advisers and military personnel assigned to the country.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ As one famous Mexican author put it, "Mexico: so far from God, so close to the United States."
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.There are approximately 30,000 telesecundarias and approximately a million telesecundaria students in the country.^ By 1984, there were reported to be 500,000 displaced persons within the country 55/ and 245,500 Salvadorian refugees abroad, bringing the total number of displaced persons to approximately one and a half million.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Here is why: there are 30 to 40 million consumers of drugs in the USA that demand their daily fix.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[210]
.The largest and most prestigious public university in Mexico, today numbering over 269,000 students, is the National Autonomous University of Mexico (Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, UNAM) founded in 1910. Three Nobel laureates and most of Mexico's modern-day presidents are among its former students.^ On 26 June 1980, after a national strike, the army and the National Guard attacked the National University, killing between 22 and 40 students and destroying facilities.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ That same day, Victor Manuel Quintanilla, the senior FDR representative residing in El Salvador, was found dead, together with three other persons.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Most-wanted Mexico drug trafficker is found everywhere Rumored sightings of Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman are legion, but Mexico's most-wanted trafficker remains at large.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.UNAM conducts an astounding 50% of Mexico's scientific research and has presence all across the country with satellite campuses and research centers.^ Completed one year of study at the National Law Center, George Washington University, Washington, D.C. Since 1988, researcher for Americas Watch on Mexico, Guatemala and Colombia.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ How tragic to hear all the pain and suffering Mexico is experiencing from the greed of money and control of a country.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.The National Autonomous University of Mexico ranks 15th place in the Top 200 World University Ranking published by The Times Higher Education Supplement in 2008,[211] making it the highest ranked Spanish-speaking university in the world and the highest ranked in Latin America.^ Staff reply: Indeed, attacks on the media in Mexico have been severe, and the country ranks as one of the most deadly for journalists, and the most deadly in the Americas.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Completed one year of study at the National Law Center, George Washington University, Washington, D.C. Since 1988, researcher for Americas Watch on Mexico, Guatemala and Colombia.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Grim glossary of the narco-world Average words aren't sufficient for the over-the-top violence of Mexico's drug war, so new ones have been invented.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.The second largest university is the National Polytechnic Institute (IPN).^ Report prepared by the National Toxicology Institute, Ministry of Justice, Department of Madrid, at the request of the Second Court of Investigation of Pamplona (Navarra), Madrid, 30 October 1990.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

These institutions are public, and there are at least a couple of public universities per state.
.One of the most prestigious private universities is Monterrey Institute of Technology and Higher Education (ITESM).^ C. Investigation of illegal groups One of the most horrendous sources of the violence which swept the country in recent years was the activity of private armed groups which operated with complete impunity.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

.It was ranked by the Wall Street Journal as the 7th top International Business School worldwide[212] and 74th among the world's top arts and humanities universities ranking of The Times Higher Education Supplement, published in 2005. ITESM has thirty-two secondary campuses, apart from its Monterrey Campus.^ In the immediate vicinity of the school, there are other educational centres, a number of hospitals and, to the north, the former United States Embassy, which at the time was under heavy guard.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Lobingier Professor of International and Comparative Law, George Washington University Law School, and Director of the George Washington University National Law Center.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ DePaul University: Executive Director of the International Human Rights Law Institute, Professor of International Human Rights Law, and Director, Jeanne and Joseph Sullivan Programme on Human Rights in the Americas.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

.Other important private universities include Mexico's Autonomous Technological Institute (ITAM), ranked as the best economics school in Latin America, Fundación Universidad de las Américas, Puebla (UDLAP) and the Ibero-American University (Universidad Iberoamericana).^ Completed one year of study at the National Law Center, George Washington University, Washington, D.C. Since 1988, researcher for Americas Watch on Mexico, Guatemala and Colombia.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Strategies for Mexico's drug war Experts and public figures in the U.S. and Latin America offer a range of views, from stepped-up policing to legalization.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ True or False - the best thing we can do for safety of people in Latin America is reduce our demand for cocaine?
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

In April 2009 Mexico saw the outbreak of a new strain of H1N1 influenza, which has infected up to 800 people and infected over 140,000 worldwide as of July 20.

Science and technology

Andrés Manuel del Río was the first person to isloate vanadium.
After the Viceroyalty of New Spain was founded, the Spanish brought the scientific culture that dominated Spain to the Viceroyalty of New Spain.[213] .The municipal government (cabildo) of Mexico City formally requested the Spanish crown to establish a university in 1539.[214] The Royal and Pontifical University of Mexico (Real y Pontificia Universidad de México) was established in 1551. The university was administered by the clergy and it was the official university of the empire.^ LLB, Pontifical Catholic University of Peru, and LLD cum laude , University of Alcalá de Henares, Spain.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ They are buying this equipment straight from the U.S. Government through so-called "rogue" agents that are in reality honest american citizens employed by the government to carry out the government's dirty deed.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Two held in Mexico in killings of 24 A municipal police commander is among the accused in connection with the two dozen bodies found in a wooded area outside Mexico City.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

It provided quality education for the people, and it was a hub of intellectual and religious development in the region. It taught subjects such as physics and mathematics from the perspective of Aristotelian philosophy. .Augustinian philosopher Alonso Gutiérrez wrote Physica speculatio, America's first scientific text, in 1557. By the late eighteenth century, the university had trained 1,162 doctors, 29,882 bachelors, and many lawyers.^ We first and foremost we don't truly even understand our enemy much less even know who they are...FYI. Many of the problems are here in America.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[213]
.During the Mexican Enlightenment, science can be divided into the four period: the early period (from 1735 to 1767), the creole period (from 1768 to 1788), the official or Spanish period (from 1789 to 1803), and the period of synthesis (from 1804 to the beginning of the Mexico's independence movement in 1810).^ Reaction to Independence Day blast Mexicans react to a hand-grenade blast during Independence Day celebrations in Michoacan.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Mexican Independence Day celebration disrupted by grenade attack Victim recounts deadly blast during Independence Day celebrations in Morelia, Michoacan.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ It's the same old violent unrest in Mexico that's been periodically bubbling up into mass murder for more than 100 years.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[215]
During the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, modern science developed in Europe, but it lagged behind in Mexico. The new ideas developed in science in Europe were not important in Mexico.[216] .The 1767 expulsion of Jesuits, who had introduced the new ideas in Mexico, helped to antagonize the creoles, and also promoted nation feelings among Mexicans.^ Find it interesting that the problems in Mexico are now helping to sell news and documentaries.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ The US should help Mexico fight these drug lords and the drug dealers who are pedaling this poison.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Is this person knows what is living in Mexico city, and I don't talk about The Capital, I talk about all the mexican nation, from south to north, and west to east.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[215][217]
.After the expulsion, self-taught upper class civilians were the first scientists in Mexico.^ First off have you ever been to Mexico your self?
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.Later on, they were joined by the Spanish scientists, and they did research, teaching, publishing, and translating texts.^ The Christian Democrats did not withdraw from the Government, as other groups did, and in December 1979 they joined the second Revolutionary Government Junta.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

The ideas of Francis Bacon and René Descartes were freely discussed at seminars, which caused scholasticism to lose strength. .During the Mexican Enlightenment, Mexico made progress in science.^ Corruption hurting Mexico's fight against crime, Calderon says Mexican President Felipe Calderon says his government has made strides in combating graft.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

Progress were made in subjects such as astronomy, engineering, etc. In 1792 the Seminary of Mining was established. Later it became College of Mining, in which the first modern physics laboratory in Mexico was established.[215]
.Famous scientists of the Enlightenment included José Antonio de Alzate y Ramírez and Andrés Manuel del Río.^ Major DAubuisson cited a book entitled La conspiración del silencio by Manuel de Armas, which claimed that Cuban agents carried out the murder.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Judicial statements by Victor Manuel Rivera Monterrosa and Lilia del Milagro Avendaño de Guerrero.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

[215] Río discovered the chemical element vanadium in 1801.[218]
.The Mexican War of Independence brought temporary end to Mexico's scientific progress.^ Book takes Mexico drug war to task The book by two former Mexican government officials criticizes President Felipe Calderon’s campaign against the drug cartels.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ What help has the United States offered Mexico in the way of ending the drug problem and has the Mexican Government accepted our help 100% in battling the Cartels .
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ This is OUR drug war, being fought in Mexico with Mexican blood.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.The Royal and Pontifical University of Mexico closed in 1833. For many years, there were no scientific activities in Mexico.^ It's good, that finaly Mexico got the mass media atencion on this very sad problem, there's no time for a blame-game, just factual and realistic information...
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Completed one year of study at the National Law Center, George Washington University, Washington, D.C. Since 1988, researcher for Americas Watch on Mexico, Guatemala and Colombia.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Staff reply: I don't think anyone foresees a day in which there will be no drug smuggling in Mexico.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[215] The Royal and Pontifical University of Mexico was definitively shut down in 1865.[219]
Biotechnology center, ITESM
During the end of the nineteenth century, the process of industrialization began in Mexico. Under the influence of positivists and scientific thinkers, the government assisted in public education. In 1867 Gabino Barreda, a student of Auguste Comte, was charged with the commission aimed at reforming education. Subjects such as physics, chemistry, and mathematics were included into the secondary school curriculum. National Preparatory School was established. The influence of positivists led to a renaissance of scientific activity in Mexico.[220] .General Manuel Mondragon, invented the first automatic rifle the Mondragón rifle during this time.^ At the same time, there was a marked decrease in the activities of death squads during the first months of the year.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

The Mondragón rifle
During the twentieth century, Mexico made significant progress in science and technology. New universities and research institutes were established. .The National Autonomous University of Mexico (Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, UNAM) was officially established in 1910,[221] and the university become one of the most important institutes of higher learning in Mexico.^ NATIONAL COUNCIL OF THE JUDICIARY The peace agreements provided for the establishment of a National Council of the Judiciary independent from the organs of State and from political parties (Mexico Agreements: "Political agreements elaborating on the constitutional reform", A (b) (1); Chapultepec Peace Agreement, chap.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Both parties undertook to respect the most fundamental rights of the human person and to institute a procedure for international verification by a United Nations mission.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Completed one year of study at the National Law Center, George Washington University, Washington, D.C. Since 1988, researcher for Americas Watch on Mexico, Guatemala and Colombia.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

[219] UNAM provides world class education in science, medicine, and engineering.[222] Many scientific institutes and new institutes of higher learning, such as National Polytechnic Institute (founded in 1936),[223] were established during the first half of the twentieth century. Most of the new research institutes were created within UNAM. Twelve institutes were integrated into UNAM from 1929 to 1973.[224]
In 1995 Mario J. Molina became the first Mexican citizen to win the Nobel Prize in science.
.In 1959, the Mexican Academy of Sciences (Academia Mexicana de Ciencias) was established as a non-governmental, non-profit organization of distinguished scientists.^ DESCRIPTION OF THE FACTS 293/ COMADRES is a non-governmental organization established to provide support for mothers and relatives of victims of politically motivated disappearances or murders.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

The Academy has grown in membership and influence, and it represents a strong voice of scientists from different fields, mainly in science policy.[225]
Rodolfo Neri Vela, the first Mexican in space
By 1960, science was institutionalized in Mexico. It was viewed as a legitimate endeavor by the Mexican society.[224]
.In 1960, the Center for Research and Advanced Studies of the National Polytechnic Institute was established as a center for graduate studies in subjects such as biology, mathematics, and physics.^ Completed one year of study at the National Law Center, George Washington University, Washington, D.C. Since 1988, researcher for Americas Watch on Mexico, Guatemala and Colombia.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ More resolute action by national institutions, with the cooperation and assistance of foreign authorities who have any information on the subject, is especially needed.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

In 1961, the institute began its graduate programs in physics and mathematics and schools of science were established in Mexican states of Puebla, San Luis Potosí, Monterrey, Veracruz, and Michoacán. The Academy for Scientific Research was established in 1969 and the National Council of Science and Technology was established in 1971.[224]
.In 1985 Rodolfo Neri Vela became the first Mexican citizen to enter space as part of the STS-61-B mission.^ The sad part is there doesn't seem to be any answers for the average Mexican citizen who wants nothing to do with the Narcos.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[226]
In 1995 Mexican chemist Mario J. Molina shared the Nobel Prize in Chemistry with Paul J. Crutzen, and F. Sherwood Rowland for their work in atmospheric chemistry, particularly concerning the formation and decomposition of ozone.[227] Molina, an alumnus of UNAM, became the first Mexican citizen to win the Nobel Prize in science.[228]
.In recent years, the biggest scientific project being developed in Mexico was the construction of the Large Millimeter Telescope (Gran Telescopio Milimétrico, GMT), the world's largest and most sensitive single-aperture telescope in its frequency range.^ I'm doing a project for my AP Comparative Politcs class, where we argue which problem in mexico is the most prolific and what programs and funding could help end the problem.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ C. Investigation of illegal groups One of the most horrendous sources of the violence which swept the country in recent years was the activity of private armed groups which operated with complete impunity.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Most-wanted Mexico drug trafficker is found everywhere Rumored sightings of Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman are legion, but Mexico's most-wanted trafficker remains at large.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[229] It was designed to observe regions of space obscured by stellar dust.
.In 1962, the National Commission of Outer Space (Comisión Nacional del Espacio Exterior, CONNE) was established, but was dismantled in 1977. In 2007, a project was presented to re-open a new Mexican Space Agency (AEXA) and it was approved at the end of 2008 with the headquarters set to be located in the state of Hidalgo.Mexico is also a producer of microprocessors and chip sets producing these systems for both domestic corporations and foreign companies such as AMD and Intel.^ CIRD, the National Police and the National Guard provided the Commission with copies of the official dossiers and other documents concerning these incidents.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Calderon presents Mexico's annual report in written form A new law allows President Felipe Calderon to give his state of the nation report without having to appear before Congress, a move that avoids disturbances.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ IV. COMMISSION ON THE TRUTH Agreement has been reached to establish a Commission on the Truth, which shall be composed of three individuals appointed by the Secretary-General of the United Nations after consultation with the Parties.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

[citation needed]
.Government institutions such as SEMAR and SEDENA have also developed advanced microprocessors, imaging systems, military A.I. systems, rockets, software, long range ballistic missiles,[95] electronic devices and electronic military subsystems many of which have been sold to other Latin American nations.^ The Government informed the public that it had been a success: many guerrillas had been killed, camps had been destroyed and weapons and other supplies had been seized.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Staff reply: Mexico is unlikely to suffer the fate of some of its other Latin American neighbors and fall into a dictatorship.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ A strict system of discharges should not allow persons who have been discharged for the type of conduct described, or for other reasons which adversely affect the service or the institution, to be readmitted to the institution.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

.Other consumer electronics companies such as Mabe have been functioning since the nineteen fifties and have expanded out of Latin America into markets around the world such as Asia and Europe and even into the United States where a large percentage of American branded appliances are actually of Mexican design and origin but sold under local brand names.^ Has participated in missions in Europe and Latin America.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Foundation would be operated under the direction of Professor Thomas Buergenthal and would maintain close contacts with leaders and researchers in El Salvador, with the group of European, United States and Latin American professionals who worked with the Commission, and with scientists from around the world.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Yet again we must all realize that even if more Americans stop purchasing illegal drugs we must also realize that now the cartels have money to burn and although it will weaken them slightly, we must remember that drugs are not only being bought by the United States of America but by other nations across the world again if we are to end this before it gets out hand as violent and unimaginable as it sounds we must create a greater violence by uniting human kind against this PLAGUE AMONGST HUMANITY before it grows and ends all who do not follow their will.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

[230][231] .In fact as of 2008 one out of every four consumer appliances sold in the United States was of Mexican origin.^ Subsequently, Judge Harold R. Tyler, Jr., appointed by the United States Secretary of State, carried out a third investigation.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The United States Consul General in San Salvador representing the family of one of the dead United States marines went to court to file an appeal against the amnesty.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In his sermon on 17 February 1980, he expressed opposition to United States military aid to El Salvador, pointing out that "(...
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

[232]
.Based on the information managed by the Scopus, a bibliographic database for science, the Spanish web portal SCImago places Mexico in the position 18 of the country scientific ranking with 82,792 publications, and in the position 34 if considering its value of 134 for the h-index.^ Staff reply: Indeed, attacks on the media in Mexico have been severe, and the country ranks as one of the most deadly for journalists, and the most deadly in the Americas.
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Would Mexico ever consider allowing people from places like the U.S to carry out operation inside its own territory?
  • Mexico's Drug War - Stories, Photos, Videos - Mexico Under Siege - World News - Los Angeles Times 28 January 2010 0:27 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Considered one of his partys most important leaders, Zamora was also a major public figure outside the party; given the political violence in the country, this exposed him to reprisals.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador 2 February 2010 14:29 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: Original source]

Both positions are computed for the period 1996-2

International rankings

Organization Survey Ranking
Institute for Economics and Peace [1] Global Peace Index[233] 108 out of 144
United Nations Development Programme Human Development Index 53 out of 182
Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index 89 out of 180
World Economic Forum Global Competitiveness Report 60 out of 133

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Presidency of Mexico - Offical Name of the Country
  2. ^ CIA World Fact Book.See Country Name-Local Long Form under Government. Retrieved February 22, 2010.
  3. ^ However, the General Law of Linguistic Rights for the Indigenous Peoples recognizes all Amerindian minority languages, along with Spanish, as national languages and equally valid in territories where spoken. The government recognizes 62 indigenous languages, and more variants which are mutually unintelligible.Comisión Nacional para el Desarrollo de los Pueblos Indígenas. CDI. México
  4. ^ "CIA - The World Factbook - Mexico". Cia.gov. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/mx.html. Retrieved 2009-11-04. 
  5. ^ C.I.A. World Factbook
  6. ^ "Mexico". International Monetary Fund. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2009/02/weodata/weorept.aspx?sy=2006&ey=2009&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=273&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC%2CLP&grp=0&a=&pr.x=27&pr.y=2. Retrieved 2009-10-01. 
  7. ^ "CIA - The World Factbook - Field Listing :: GDP (official exchange rate)". Cia.gov. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2195.html. Retrieved 2009-11-04. 
  8. ^ http://ddp-ext.worldbank.org/ext/DDPQQ/member.do?method=getMembers&userid=1&queryId=135
  9. ^ Human Development Report 2007/2008
  10. ^ Human Development Report 2009. The United Nations. Retrieved 5 October 2009.
  11. ^ The alternative translation Mexican United States is occasionally used. The Federal Constitution of the Mexican United States.
  12. ^ Merriam-Webster's Geographical Dictionary, 3rd ed. Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster, Inc.; p. 733
  13. ^ "Mexico". The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. 2001–6. New York: Columbia University Press.
  14. ^ "Mexico — Geography". CIA The World Factbook. CIA. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/mx.html#Geo. Retrieved 2007-10-03. 
  15. ^ "Mexico — People". CIA The World Factbook. CIA. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/mx.html#People. Retrieved 2007-10-03. 
  16. ^ "Japan's Regional Diplomacy, Latin America and the Caribbean" (PDF). Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan. http://www.mofa.go.jp/policy/other/bluebook/2006/05.pdf. Retrieved 2007-10-01.