Meycauayan City: Wikis

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Lungsod ng Meykawayan
—  City  —

Seal
Map of Bulacan showing the location of Meycauayan
Lungsod ng Meykawayan is located in Philippines
Lungsod ng Meykawayan
Location in the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°44′N 120°57′E / 14.733°N 120.95°E / 14.733; 120.95Coordinates: 14°44′N 120°57′E / 14.733°N 120.95°E / 14.733; 120.95
Country  Philippines
Region Central Luzon (Region III)
Province Bulacan
District 4th District
Founded October 4, 1578
Cityhood December 10, 2006
Barangays 27
Government
 - Mayor Joan Alarilla (Liberal/Partido Del Pilar)
Area
 - Total 32.10 km2 (12.4 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 - Total 196,569
 - Density 6,123.6/km2 (15,860.2/sq mi)
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)
ZIP Code 3020
Income class unclassified[1]
Website meycauayan.gov.ph
Population Census of Meycauayan City
Census Pop. Rate
1995 137,081
2000 163,037 3.79%
2007 196,569 2.61%

The City of Meycauayan or Meycauayan City is a component city in the province of Bulacan, Philippines. The city is located about 19 km north of Manila and about 22 km south of Malolos City, the provincial capital city. It is bounded by the town of Marilao to the north, Valenzuela City to the south, Caloocan City (North) to the east, and the town of Obando to the west. It encompasses an aggregate area of 22.1 square kilometres, representing 1.17% of the total land area of the province of Bulacan. According to the latest census, it has a population of 196,569 people in 34,882 households. In 2007, Meycauayan and neighboring district of Marilao were listed as 2 of the most polluted cities in the world.[2]

Meycauayan City is known for its jewelry and tanning industry. It is also home to several industrial parks, mostly located at Barangays Iba, Camalig and Pantoc.

Contents

Barangays

Meycauayan City is politically subdivided into 27 barangays.

  • Bagbaguin
  • Bahay Pare
  • Bancal
  • Bancal Extension
  • Banga
  • Bayugo
  • Caingin
  • Calvario
  • Camalig
  • Gasak(St. Francis)
  • Hulo
  • Iba
  • Langka
  • Lawa
  • Libtong
  • Liputan
  • Longos
  • Malhacan
  • Pajo
  • Pandayan
  • Pantoc
  • Perez
  • Poblacion
  • Saluysoy
  • Tugatog
  • Ubihan
  • Zamora

Geography

Meycauayan City is generally surrounded with plain land and gentle rolling hills. Comfortably above sea level, this terrain is an interweaving of greenery and concrete road network. The slope of the land dips towards a west to north westerly direction. River, natural lake and drainage waterways envelope and criss-cross the area.

History

The town was founded in 1578 by the Franciscan Catholic missionaries. Local tradition names friars Juan de Placencia and Diego Oropesa as the parish and town's founding fathers, who constructed the first church made up of nipa thatch and bamboos which they dedicated to their Nuestro Padre Senor San Francisco de Asis, in what is now Barangay Bahay Pari. In a report of Philippine encomiendas on June 20, 1591, Spanish Governor Gomez Perez Dasmarinas reported to the King of Spain that La Pampanga's encomiendas were Bataan, Betis y Lubao, Macabebe, Candava, Apalit, Calumpit, Malolos, Binto, Guiguinto, Caluya (Balagtas), Bulacan and Mecabayan (Meycauayan). The encomiendas of La Pampanga at that time had eighteen thousand six hundred and eighty whole tributes. Therefore, Meycauayan along with other Bulakan towns were initially included in the Spanish province of La Pampanga.

Because the newly erected town was constantly attacked by native Aetas, the town was transferred to Barangay Malhacan. The town later transferred to a location known as Lagolo (located somewhere between Barangays Banga and Caingin). Lagolo proved inhospitable at the time, so the town center again transferred to what is now known as Barangay Poblacion, where the Parish Church of St. Francis of Assisi still stands.

Meycauayan was then one of the largest municipalities in Bulacan. The towns of San Jose Del Monte, Bocaue, Marilao, Valenzuela, Obando, Santa Maria, Balagtas and Pandi were once part of the political jurisdiction of the town. During the Spanish colonization in the Philippines, the Spanish authorities tapped Meycauayan's adobe (volcanic tuff rocks) reserves which were used for building stone houses and fortifications in and out of town. Majority of the adobe rocks that were used in building the walls of Intramuros, Manila's "old walled city", were imported from Meycauayan.

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20th and 21st century

On April 4, 1949, a large fire razed the town, destroying its market center and its centuries-old church. It took years to recover from the destruction, aided by the provincial and national governments as well as by the contributions of its own citizens.

On March 5, 2001, the municipality was declared as a component city by virtue of Republic Act 9021, but its conversion was rejected by the voting people of Meycauayan in a plebiscite.

In 2005, the municipal hall was moved from Barangay Poblacion to a newer structure in Barangay Camalig. The former municipal town hall now houses the Mariano Quinto Alarilla Polytechnic College.

On December 10, 2006, by virtue of Republic Act 9356, voters in Meycauayan ratified the conversion of Meycauayan into a component city of Bulacan through another plebiscite. [1] [2] It became the province's third city, joining San Jose del Monte and Malolos.

Mayoralty dispute (1995-2008)

The succession of the city's administration was put into question by a series of legal cases between two former mayors.[3] Florentino Blanco, town mayor from 1987 to 1992, ran in 1995 but was disqualified by the Supreme Court for vote buying in July 21, 1997. Blanco was replaced by Vice Mayor Eduardo Nolasco in an acting capacity, serving out the remainder of his term.

Blanco ran again in 1998 but lost to Eduardo Alarilla; Blanco attempted to file an election protest against Alarilla but the COMELEC dismissed the case. He attempted to run again in 2004 but later withdrew his candidacy. In 2007, he ran once more but lost to Eduardo Alarilla's wife, Joan Alarilla (Mr. Alarilla has then reached the 3-term limit imposed by law). The former mayor Alarilla then attempted to disqualify Blanco; the COMELEC ruled in favor of Alarilla, but the Supreme Court reversed this decision, stating that Blanco is still eligible to run for public office.

Economy

Meycauayan City is very famous for its jewelry and leather industries. For years, Meycauyan has been the hub of jewelry in the Philippines and in Asia. The place is famous for its very affordable jewelries. Most of the specialists in jewelries had in fact been pirated by other Asian countries.

Leather goods are also another premiere products of the place. Shoes, bags and every kind of leather good are made here. There are a lot of leather tanneries in the city that truly makes Meycauayan a hub for leather goods.

Meycauayan City is one of the major economic center in the province of Bulacan.

Industrial Compounds and Parks

Meycauayan is also home to many industrial parks and compounds.

  • Meycauayan Industrial Subd. I, II, III & IV
  • Meridian Industrial Compound
  • Muralla Industrial Project
  • First Valenzuela Industrial Compound
  • Sterling Industrial Park Phase I, II, III & IV

Supermarkets

  • Puregold
  • Parco Supermarket (inside Aliw Complex)
  • Robinson's Supermarket (under construction)
  • Ever Supermarket

World's "Dirty 30" polluted cities

In a September 16, 2007 report, “The World’s Worst Polluted Places,” the Blacksmith Institute listed Meycauayan and Marilao in Bulacan, Philippines, two of the world’s 30 most polluted places in the developing world. It stated: "Industrial waste is haphazardly dumped into the Marilao, Meycauayan, and Obando River system, a source of drinking and agricultural water supply for the 250,000 people living in and around the Meycauayan-Marilao area."[2]

Legal Controversy

On December 13, 2007, the Supreme Court of the Philippines ordered Meycauayan, Bulacan to surrender peaceful possession to the Heirs of Anacleto Nieto, and vacate the 3,882 square meters lot, at Poblacion, Meycauayan, TCT No. T-24.055 (M) which it used and even constructed an extension of the public market therein. Meycauayan was also ordered to pay the reasonable value of the property and P 1,716,000.00 as reasonable compensation for the use of the property from 1966 until the filing of the complaint on December 28, 1994.[4]

Bibliography

References

External links


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