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Micchāmi dukkaḍaṃ is a prakrit phrase literally meaning—may all the evil that has been done be fruitless.[1] After the pratikramana Jains seek forgiveness from all the creatures of the world whom they may have harmed knowingly or unknowingly by uttering the phrase—micchāmi dukkaḍaṃ. As a matter of ritual, during samvatsari—the last day of Jain festival paryusana—Jains utter the phrase— Micchami Dukkadam after pratikraman.[2] As a matter of ritual, they personally greet their friends and relatives micchāmi dukkaḍaṃ seeking their forgiveness. No private quarrel or dispute may be carried beyond samvatsari and letters and telephone calls are made to the outstation friends and relatives asking their forgiveness.[3]


  1. ^ Chapple. C.K. (2006) Jainism and Ecology: Nonviolence in the Web of Life Delhi:Motilal Banarasidas Publ. ISBN 9788120820456 p.46
  2. ^ Preeti Srivastav (2008-08-31). "Request for Forgiveness". Indian Express. Retrieved 2009-11-11.  
  3. ^ Hastings, James (2003), Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Part 10, Kessinger Publishing ISBN 9780766136823 p.876

See also

Forgiveness in Jainism


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