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Michèle Alliot-Marie: Wikis

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Michèle Alliot-Marie


Incumbent
Assumed office 
23 June 2009
Prime Minister François Fillon
Preceded by Rachida Dati

In office
18 May 2007 – 23 June 2009
Prime Minister François Fillon
Preceded by François Baroin
Succeeded by Brice Hortefeux

In office
7 May 2002 – 18 May 2007
Prime Minister Jean-Pierre Raffarin, Dominique de Villepin
Preceded by Alain Richard
Succeeded by Hervé Morin

In office
29 March 1993 – 18 May 1995
Prime Minister Édouard Balladur
Preceded by Frédérique Bredin
Succeeded by Guy Drut

Born September 10, 1946 (1946-09-10) (age 63)
Villeneuve-le-Roi, Val-de-Marne, France
Political party RPR, UMP

Michèle Jeanne Honorine Alliot-Marie (born 10 September 1946) is the French Minister of Justice, Keeper of the Seals. In her role as Keeper of the Seals, she guards the Great Seal of France. Previously she was Minister of the Interior and Overseas Territories;[1] she was the first woman to hold that position and the first woman to lead a major French political party. She was Minister of Defence in Jean-Pierre Raffarin and Dominique de Villepin's cabinet and was the first woman to hold that position as well.[1]

Forbes magazine declared her the 57th most powerful woman in the world in 2006 and the 11th in 2007.

Contents

Early life

Born in Villeneuve-le-Roi in the Val-de-Marne, her father was Bernard Marie, the Mayor of Biarritz. She studied law at the University of Paris II Pantheon-Assas where she obtained her PhD. Before her career in politics, she was a senior lecturer at the University of Paris I, and also spent some time practicing law. She holds a doctorate of law, a doctorate in political science and a Master's degree in ethnology.

Career

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Local politician

Before her entry into national politics, Alliot-Marie was a municipal councillor in the town of Ciboure from 1983 to 1988 and for the town of Biarritz 1989 to 1992. From 1992 to 2002, she served as Mayor of Saint-Jean-de-Luz.

Member of Parliament and government minister

She was elected to the National Assembly to represent Pyrénées-Atlantiques in 1986 as a member of the Gaullist Rally for the Republic (RPR). She served as Secretary of State to the Minister of National Education in Jacques Chirac's second government from 1986 to 1988 and as Minister of Youth Affairs and Sports in Édouard Balladur's gouvernment from 1993 to 1995.

From 1989 to 1992 she was also a Member of the European Parliament.

President of the RPR

In 1999, she entered the challenge for the presidency of the RPR against Chirac's candidate and, to most insiders' surprise, won by a landslide, becoming the first woman to lead a major French political party. She remained president of the party until 2002 when it merged with the Union for a Popular Movement (UMP), a merger she opposed at first.

Defense and Interior Minister

From 2002, she was Minister of Defense, France's first woman in this position. From May until June 2002, she was also the Minister of Veterans' Affairs. In 2006, Forbes magazine declared her the 57th most powerful woman in the world.

Although she publicly considered competing with Nicolas Sarkozy for the UMP’s nomination in the 2007 presidential election, she ruled herself out of the running in January 2007 and endorsed Sarkozy. Sarkozy and Alliot-Marie had a history of disagreements in the National Council.[1] She was appointed Interior Minister in François Fillon's government, the first woman to hold the position.[1]

Political career

Governmental functions

Secretary of State for Education : 1986-1988.

Minister of Youth and Sports : 1993-1995.

Minister of Defense : 2002-2007.

Minister of Interior, Overseas territories and Territorial communities : 2007-2009.

Keeper of the seals, Minister of State, Minister of Justice and freedoms : Since 2009.

Electoral mandates

National Assembly of France

Member of the National Assembly of France for Pyrénées-Atlantiques : Elected in march 1986 (Became minister in march 1986) / 1988-1993 (Became minister in 1993) / 1995-2002 (Became minister in 2002) / Reelected in 2007 but she remains minister. Elected in 1986, reelected in 1988, 1993, 1995, 1997, 2002, 2007.

General Council

Vice-President of the General Council of Pyrénées-Atlantiques : 1994-2001

General councillor of Pyrénées-Atlantiques : 1994-2001

Municipal Council

Mayor of Saint-Jean-de-Luz : 1995-2002 (Resignation). Reelected in 2001.

Deputy-mayor of Saint-Jean-de-Luz : Since 2002. Reelected in 2008.

Municipal councillor of Saint-Jean-de-Luz : Since 1995. Reelected in 2001, 2008.

Municipal councillor of Biarritz : 1989-1991.

Municipal councillor of Ciboure : 1983-1988.

Political functions

President of the Rally for the Republic : 1999-2002 (Resignation). Elected in 1999.

Vice-president of the Union for a Popular Movement : Since 2009.

Personal life

In the French media, she is nicknamed "MAM".

Her "life partner" is Patrick Ollier, a UMP deputy who briefly was President of the National Assembly in 2007 and has chaired the Economy Committee since then.

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Excerpts from "Dawn Evening or Night"". International Herald-Tribune. 2007-08-24. http://www.iht.com/articles/2007/08/24/europe/23excerpts-sarkozy.php. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Frédérique Bredin
Minister of Youth Affairs and Sports
1993-1995
Succeeded by
Guy Drut
Preceded by
Alain Richard
Minister of Defence
2002–2007
Succeeded by
Hervé Morin
Preceded by
François Baroin
Minister of the Interior, Overseas France and Territorial Communities
2007–2009
Succeeded by
Brice Hortefeux
Preceded by
Rachida Dati
Keeper of the Seals, Minister of Justice
2009–present
Incumbent
Party political offices
Preceded by
Nicolas Sarkozy
President of Rally for the Republic
1999–2002
Succeeded by
Serge Lepeltier (acting)

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