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Michigan's 13th congressional district
Mi13 109.gif
Current Representative Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick (D)
Population (2000) 662,563
Median income $52,510
Ethnicity 31.8% White, 60.8% Black, 1.2% Asian, 7.2% Hispanic, 0.4% Native American, 0.6% other
Cook PVI D+31

Michigan's 13th congressional district is a United States congressional district in Wayne County, Michigan. It includes the east side of Detroit, portions of the city's near west side, the inner suburbs of River Rouge, Harper Woods, Ecorse, the downriver communities of Lincoln Park, and Wyandotte, as well as the upscale Grosse Pointe suburbs.

It is currently represented by Democrat Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick.

Contents

2002 redistricting

The 13th district boundaries for the 106th Congress, prior to redistricting in 2002

Following the 2000 census, the congressional apportionment for Michigan was reduced by one and redistricting resulted in the land area of the 13th district (as well as several others) changing significantly.

Prior to 2002, the 13th district encompassed a large portion of western Wayne County and part of eastern Washtenaw County.

Following redistricting, the new 13th district incorporated most of what had formerly been the 15th district, as well as a large portion of the 14th district and part of the 16th district.

Before Redistricting the old 15th District included Lincoln Park, Ecorse, River Rouge, Hamtramck, Grosse Pointe Park, Grosse Pointe Shores, and Grosse Pointe Farms. It also included all Detroit south and east of a line beginning at the point where Greenfield Road intersects the Dearborn border, heading north along Greenfield until it reached Lyndon Avenue. At Lyndon the line headed east to Livernois, although the was a small area on the south side of Lyndon just east of Schaffer Avenue that was in the 14th district. The boundary line then went about a block south on Livernois until it reached Doris Avenue. It followed Doris to Linwood Avenue (not to be confused with Lyndon Avenue) where it went not even a normal block's length south to go on Oakman Blvd. until it reached the Highland Park City line. The boundary ran along the west and south sides of Highland Park until the point where Highland Park meets Hamtramck. From this point the boundary ran along the western and Northern boundary of Hamtramck and then the eastern boandary of Hamtrack, until the point where the boundary intersected Brockton which was then followed in a north-easterly direction until the intersection of Brockton and Mt. Elliot. At Mt. Elliot the boundary turned south until intersecting Georgia Avenue, and then proceeded east along Georgia Avenue. When the boundary intersected Van Dyke Avenue it turned north until it intersected Ginnell Avenue where it again turned east. The boundary followed Grinnell Avenue until it intersected Harding Avenue, where it turned south east for a block to where it intersected Gratiot and then turned to going Northeast.

The boundary followed Gratiot until it intersects Houston Whittier St, at which point it again turned east, following Houston Whittier until intersecting Kelly Road. The boundary then followed Kelly Road in a northeasterly direction until intersection Grayton Road, which went east by southeast. It followed Grayton until intersecting I-94 which it essentially followed north-eastward until it intersected the Grosse Point line.[1]

The simple differences betwwen the old 15th and the new 13th Districts is that the new 13th includes Grosse Pointe Shores, Grosse Pointe Woods and Harper Woods as well as Wyandott, and no longer includes Hamtramck. The change in its part of Detroit is harder to explain, but the first thing to remember is it now touches 8 Mile Road. The portion of the diatrict north of Tireman and west of Livernois has been moved to the 14th district. East of Livernois the boundary has been moved about 12 blocks south to about Courtland Street. It generally follows this line until intersecting with the Highland Park border. Highland Park remains in the 14th district. Hamtrack's western border where it touchs Detroit and then its southern border formers the district line. This is then true of Hamtramck's eastern border, and then its northern border until this intersects Conant. Where the northern border of Hamtramck goes east of Conant, Conant becomes the western border of the 13th District. The boundary then follows Conant in a northeastward direction until it intersects Dequinder which it follows to Eight Mile. Thus the area north of the old district line east of Conant was all transferred from the 14th district to the 13th district.

The districts area had a population that was 60.8% African-American in 2000. This was down from 69.9% African-American in the old 15th district in 2000. The area of the 15th district had been 70% African-American in 1990. These figures are not 100% comparable since the 1990 census did not allow marking more than one race while the 2000 census did.

2008 election

On March 27, 2008, former Detroit Police Officer Gary Brown announced that he is exploring the possibility of running against Rep. Cheeks Kilpatrick for the 13th District Seat.[2] State Senator Martha Scott has announced she will run against Kilpatrick in the primary as has fmr. State Senator Mary Waters. Rep. Cheeks Kilpatrick's son, former Mayor of Detroit Kwame Kilpatrick, was recently embroiled in controversy regarding the firing of Gary Brown from the Detroit Police Department for Brown's investigating an alleged wild party at the Mayor's residence, the Manoogian Mansion.

List of representatives

Representative Party Years Congress Notes
District created March 4, 1913
Patrick H. Kelley [3] Republican March 4, 1913 - March 3, 1915 63rd Redistricted to the 6th district
Charles A. Nichols [4] Republican March 4, 1915 - April 25, 1920 64th-66th Died
Vacant April 25, 1920 –
November 2, 1920
66th
Clarence McLeod Republican November 2, 1920 - March 3, 1921 66th
Vincent M. Brennan Republican March 4, 1921 - March 3, 1923 67th
Clarence McLeod Republican March 4, 1923 - January 3, 1937 68th-74th
George O'Brien Democratic January 3, 1937 - January 3, 1939 75th
Clarence McLeod Republican January 3, 1939 - January 3, 1941 76th
George O'Brien Democratic January 3, 1941 - January 3, 1947 77th-79th
Howard A. Coffin Republican January 3, 1947 - January 3, 1949 80th
George O'Brien Democratic January 3, 1949 - January 3, 1955 81st-83rd
Charles C. Diggs, Jr. [5] Democratic January 3, 1955 - June 3, 1980 83rd-96th Resigned
Vacant June 3, 1980 –
November 4, 1980
96th
George W. Crockett, Jr. Democratic November 4, 1980 - January 3, 1991 96th-101st
Barbara-Rose Collins Democratic January 3, 1991 - January 3, 1993 102nd Redistricted to the 15th district
William D. Ford Democratic January 3, 1993 - Janury 3, 1995 103rd Redistricted from the 15th district
Lynn N. Rivers Democratic January 3, 1995 - January 3, 2003 104th-107nd
Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick [6] Democratic January 3, 2003 - Present 108th-present Redistricted from the 14th district, Incumbent

Notes

  1. ^ U.S. Census Bureau Thematic Map
  2. ^ Schaefer, Jim. Fired officer considers challenging mayor's mom for Congress. Detroit Free Press, March 27, 2008. Retrieved on March 28, 2008
  3. ^ Patrick H. Kelley was elected congressman at-large. Michigan gained one seat due to reapportionment following the 1910 Census, but Michigan did not redraw its congressional districts until 1913. He was elected from the 6th district in 1914.
  4. ^ Charles A. Nichols died April 26, 1920; Clarence J. McLeod was elected to fill the vacancy November 2, 1920.
  5. ^ Charles Coles Diggs, Jr., resigned June 3, 1980; George W. Crockett, Jr., was simultaneously elected November 4, 1980 in a special election to fill the remainder of Diggs' term in the 96th Congress and to the 97th Congress.
  6. ^ Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick also served in the 15th district.

District boundaries were redrawn in 1993, and 2003 due to reapportionment following the censuses of 1990 and 2000.

References

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