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Michigan's 1st congressional district: Wikis

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Michigan's 1st congressional district
Map of the Michigan's 1st District as of the 110th Congress
Map of the Michigan's 1st District as of the 110th Congress
Current Representative Bart Stupak (D)
Area 24,875[1] mi²
Population (2000) 662,563[2]
Median income $34,076
Ethnicity 93.8% White, 1.4% Black, 2.6% Native American
Cook PVI R+3

United States House of Representatives, Michigan District 1 is a United States Congressional district containing the entire Upper Peninsula of Michigan as well as part of the Lower Peninsula. Currently the district is represented by Democrat Bart Stupak, who has been the representative since 1993. Prior to 1993, the district covered part of the metropolitan Detroit area.

Contents

Geography

The district is the second-largest congressional district in land mass east of the Mississippi River. Its boundaries contain much of the northeastern part of the Lower Peninsula in addition to the entire Upper Peninsula. Altogether, the district makes up about 44% of the land area of state of Michigan. It contains the second-longest shoreline of any district in the United States, behind the at-large district of Alaska.

It contains 30 Michigan counties and a portion of a 31st, comprising almost three-eighths of the state's 83 counties.

History

The 1st district boundaries for the 106th Congress, prior to redistricting in 2002

The Michigan First District was located in Detroit until the 1992 election. In that year Michigan lost two congressional districts and in the course of the redistricting process the remaining districts were renumbered. As a result, the old 1st basically became the new 14th, while much of the old 11th District became the new 1st District.

The 1st from 1992–2002 was similar to the present district, except that it did not go nearly as far south along Lake Huron, while it took in Traverse City and some surrounding areas on the west side of the state.

Since the election of Republican John B. Sosnowski in 1925, the former 1st district was represented by only two non-Polish-American politicians, Robert H. Clancy and John Conyers. Along with Sosnowski, 6 Polish-Americans served as the 1st district's representatives elected 7 times, since 1925. The other strong Polish Michigan congressional districts are the 15th district (where half of the elected were Polish-American) and the dissolved 16th district (where all three elected representatives were of Polish descent).

Major cities currently in the district

List of Representatives

Representative Party Years Congress Notes
District created March 4, 1843
Robert McClelland Democratic March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1849
28th
29th
30th
Alexander W. Buel Democratic March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1851
31st
Ebenezer J. Penniman Whig March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
32nd
David Stuart Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
33rd
William A. Howard Republican March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1859
34th
35th
George B. Cooper Democratic March 4, 1859 –
May 15, 1860
36th Election challenged
William A. Howard Republican May 15, 1860 –
March 3, 1861
36th Successfully challenged predecessor's election
Bradley F. Granger Republican March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1863
37th
Fernando C. Beaman Republican March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1871
38th
39th
40th
41st
Redistricted from the 2nd district
Henry Waldron Republican March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1873
42nd Redistricted to the 2nd district
Moses W. Field Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
43rd
Alpheus S. Williams Democratic March 4, 1875 –
December 21, 1878
44th
45th
Died
Vacant December 28, 1878 –
March 4, 1879
45th
John S. Newberry Republican March 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1881
46th
Henry W. Lord Republican March 4, 1881 –
March 3, 1883
47th
William C. Maybury Democratic[3] March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1887
48th
49th
John L. Chipman Democratic March 4, 1887 –
August 17, 1893
50th
51st
52nd
53rd
Died
Vacant August 17, 1893 –
November 7, 1893
53rd
Levi T. Griffin Democratic December 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1895
53rd
John B. Corliss Republican March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1903
54th
55th
56th
57th
Alfred Lucking Democratic March 4, 1903 –
March 3, 1905
58th
Edwin C. Denby Republican March 4, 1905 –
March 3, 1911
59th
60th
61st
Frank E. Doremus Democratic March 4, 1911 –
March 3, 1921
62nd
63rd
64th
65th
66th
George P. Codd Republican March 4, 1921 –
March 3, 1923
67th
Robert H. Clancy Democratic March 4, 1923 –
March 3, 1925
68th
John B. Sosnowski Republican March 4, 1925 –
March 3, 1927
69th Lost renomination
Robert H. Clancy Republican March 4, 1927 –
March 3, 1933
70th
71st
72nd
George G. Sadowski Democratic March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1939
73rd
74th
75th
Rudolph G. Tenerowicz Democratic[4] January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1943
76th
77th
George G. Sadowski Democratic January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1951
78th
79th
80th
81st
Thaddeus M. Machrowicz Democratic January 3, 1951 –
September 18, 1961
82nd
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
Resigned to become a judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan
Vacant September 18, 1961 –
November 7, 1961
87th
Lucien N. Nedzi Democratic November 7, 1961 –
January 3, 1965
87th
88th
Redistricted to the 14th district
John Conyers Democratic January 3, 1965 –
January 3, 1993
89th
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
95th
96th
97th
98th
99th
100th
101st
102nd
Redistricted to the 14th district
Bart Stupak Democratic January 3, 1993 –
present
103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
111st
Incumbent

Notes

  1. ^ "Congressional Districts by Urban/Rural Population & Land Area (109th Congress)" (PDF). 2000 United States Census. United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/cd109th/PA/ur_c9_42.pdf. Retrieved 11 January 2007. 
  2. ^ "Census Data: Pennsylvania, District 10". 2000 United States Census. Washington Post. http://projects.washingtonpost.com/elections/keyraces/census/pa/district-10/. Retrieved 11 January 2007. 
  3. ^ William C. Maybury was elected as a fusion candidate, but was seated in Congress with the Democratic Party.
  4. ^ Rudolph G. Tenerowicz campaigned as a Republican in 1946, 1948, 1950, 1952, and 1954.

Elections

References

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