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Michigan's 7th congressional district: Wikis

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Michigan's 7th congressional district
Mi07 109.gif
Current Representative Mark Schauer (D)
Population (2000) 662,563
Median income $45,181
Ethnicity 90.1% White, 5.7% Black, 0.8% Asian, 3.2% Hispanic, 0.4% Native American, 0.1% other
Cook PVI R+2
The 7th district boundaries for the 106th Congress, prior to redistricting in 2002

Michigan's 7th congressional district is a United States congressional district in Southern Michigan. It consists of all of Branch, Eaton, Hillsdale, Jackson, and Lenawee counties, and includes most of Calhoun and a large portion of western and northern Washtenaw counties.

In the November 4, 2008 general election, Democrat Mark Schauer defeated Tim Walberg, the district's previous congressman.

Contents

Major cities

Early History

The 7th Congressional district was formed in 1872 covering the Thumb of Michigan. It had Tuscola, Huron, Sanilac, Lapeer, St. Clair and Macomb Counties. In 1882 Tuscola County was removed from the district but everything else remained the same. In 1892 Grosse Point and Hamtramck Townships, the latter one today mainly within the city boundaries of Detroit were moved into the 7th District.

In 1912 Tuscola county was put back in the 7th district, but it may have lost its Wayne County areas. It was definitely deprived of these areas by 1932.

In 1964 the 7th district experienced its most drastic redistricting yet. Only Lapeer County was retained from the old district while Genesee County was added. In 1972 the district was redrawn again, losing Lapeer County as well as a few outlying parts of Genesee County. In 1982 most of Lapeer county was put back in the 7th district. The northern tier of townships in Genesee County were moved to the 8th district. Burns Township in Shiawasee County and all the northern tier of townships in Oakland County with the exception of Brandon Township were also put in the district.

After 1992 this old 7th district constituted a large part of the new 9th district.

Predecessors to the 1992 district

The current 7th has no connection with the pre-1992 seventh congressional district. If populations and not just areas are considered, it is primarily an heir of the previous 3rd district.

All of Eaton and Calhoun Counties were preserved from the 3rd to the 7th district. Half of the area of Barry County that had been in the old 3rd was retained. From the old 4th was drawn most of Branch County. The rest of Branch County and Hillsdale County, the south-western portion of Washtenaw County and western Lenawee County and most of Jackson County were taken from the old 2nd district. Even though most of the area of the old second was put in the new 7th, most of its population was moved into the 13th, From Ann Arbor to Plymouth, Livonia and Northville. The portion of Lenawee County that had been in the 16th was absorbed, and a small part of the Washtenaw County area of the 15th district and the part of the old 6th that had been in Jackson County. Thus the new 7th district incorporated areas from six old districts.

The 2002 redistricting is best seen as a shift from the 3rd district to the 2nd district legacy. With the loss of its quadrant in Barry County and a small section of Calhoun County the district lost affinity to the 3rd of yore. It took back the portion of Washtenaw County that had been lost to the 8th district, and shed the part of Washtenaw County that had come from the old 15th district. Although none of Wayne County was included in the new district, it did have Salem Township which not only borders Wayne County but is largely in a Wayne County headquartered school district.

List of representatives

Representative Party Years Congress Notes
District created March 4, 1873
Omar D. Conger [1] Republican March 4, 1873 - March 3, 1881 43rd-46th Redistricted from the 5th district, Resigned March 3, 1881 to become US Senator
Vacant March 4, 1881 –
April 5, 1881
47th
John Tyler Rich [1] Republican April 5, 1881 - March 3, 1883 47th
Ezra C. Carleton [2] Democratic March 4, 1883 - March 3, 1887 48th-49th
Justin Rice Whiting [2] Democratic March 4, 1887 - March 3, 1895 50th-53rd
Horace G. Snover Republican March 4, 1895 - March 3, 1899 54th-55th
Edgar Weeks Republican March 4, 1899 - March 3, 1903 56th-57th
Henry McMorran Republican March 4, 1903 - March 3, 1913 58th-62nd
Louis C. Cramton Republican March 4, 1913 - March 3, 1931 63rd-71st
Jesse P. Wolcott Republican March 4, 1931 - January 3, 1957 72nd-84th
Robert J. McIntosh Republican January 3, 1957 - January 3, 1959 85th
James G. O'Hara Democratic January 3, 1959 - January 3, 1965 86th-88th Redistricted to the 12th district
John C. Mackie Democratic January 3, 1965 - Janary 3, 1967 89th
Donald W. Riegle, Jr. Republican January 3, 1967 - February 27, 1973 90th-93rd Changed political affiliation
Donald W. Riegle, Jr. [3] Democratic February 27, 1973 - December 30, 1976 93rd - 94th Resigned after being appointed to the US Senate having been elected
Vacant December 30, 1976 –
January 3, 1993
53rd
Dale E. Kildee[4] Democratic January 3, 1977 - January 3, 1993 95th-102nd Redistricted to the 9th district
Nick Smith Republican January 3, 1993 - January 3, 2005 103rd-108th
Joe Schwarz Republican January 3, 2005 - January 3, 2007 109th
Tim Walberg Republican January 3, 2007 - January 3, 2009 110th
Mark Schauer Democratic January 3, 2009 - Present 111th Incumbent

Notes

  1. ^ a b Omar D. Conger was re-elected to the House in the general election, November 2, 1880. He was subsequently elected by the Michigan State Legislature to the U.S. Senate January 18, 1881; John T. Rich was elected April 4, 1881, to fill the vacancy in the House.
  2. ^ a b A number of candidates were elected as fusion candidates, but were seated in Congress with the Democratic Party: Ezra C. Carleton in 1882 and 1884 and Justin R. Whiting in 1886, 1888, and 1890 (he was elected as a Democrat in 1892).
  3. ^ Donald W. Riegle, Jr. was elected as a Republican and switched to Democratic Party in 1973. He resigned December 30, 1976, after being elected to the U.S. Senate; a replacement was not selected as the resignation came at the end of his term.
  4. ^ Dale Kildee now represents the 5th District.

References

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