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Microsoft Office
MS Office 2010 Logo.svg
The Microsoft Office Core Applications
Clockwise: Microsoft Office Excel, Word, OneNote and PowerPoint on Windows Vista in their 2007 incarnations.
Original author(s) Microsoft
Developer(s) Microsoft
Initial release 1989 (Mac) / 1990 (Win)
Stable release 2007 SP2 (12.0.6504.5000) / April 28, 2009; 10 month(s) ago (2009-04-28)
Preview release 2010 (14.0.4536.1000) / November 16, 2009; 3 month(s) ago (2009-11-16)
Written in C++
Operating system Microsoft Windows
Platform Cross-platform
Available in Over 35 languages
Type Office suite
License Proprietary
Website Microsoft Office for Windows
Microsoft Office:mac
Microsoft office 2008 logo.png
The Microsoft Office Core Applications
Microsoft Office 2008 for Mac applications (Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Entourage; plus Word Publishing Layout and Word Notebook Layout views) running on Mac OS X v10.5
Original author(s) Microsoft
Developer(s) Microsoft
Initial release 1989
Stable release 2008 (12.2.4)
Written in C++, Carbon
Operating system Mac OS X
Platform Cross-platform
Type Office suite
License Proprietary
Website Microsoft Office for Mac

Microsoft Office is an office suite of interrelated desktop applications, servers and services for the Microsoft Windows and Mac OS X operating systems. Microsoft Office was introduced by Microsoft in 1989 for Macintosh,[1] with a version for Windows in 1990.[2] Initially a marketing term for a bundled set of applications, the first version of Office contained Microsoft Word, Microsoft Excel, and Microsoft PowerPoint. Additionally, a "Pro" (Professional) version of Office included Microsoft Access and Schedule Plus. Over the years, Office applications have grown substantially closer with shared features such as a common spell checker, OLE data integration and Microsoft Visual Basic for Applications scripting language. Microsoft also positions Office as a development platform for line-of-business software under the Office Business Applications (OBA) brand.

The current versions are Office 2007 for Windows which was released on January 30, 2007,[3] and Office 2008 for Mac OS X, released January 15, 2008. Office 2007/Office 2008 introduced a new user interface and new Office Open XML document formats (docx, xlsx, pptx). Consequently, Microsoft has made available, free of charge, an add-on known as the Microsoft Office Compatibility Pack to allow Office 2000-2003 for Windows and Office 2004 for Mac editions to open, edit, and save documents created under the new formats for Office 2007.

According to Forrester Research, as of June 2009, some version of Microsoft Office is used in 80% of enterprises and the latest Office versions hold roughly 80% of those installations.[4]


Version history


Microsoft Windows versions

The Microsoft Office for Windows 1.0[5] started in October 1990 as a bundle of three applications designed for Microsoft Windows 3.0: Microsoft Word for Windows 1.1, Microsoft Excel for Windows 2.0, and Microsoft PowerPoint for Windows 2.0.[6]

The Microsoft Office for Windows 1.5 updated the suite with Microsoft Excel 3.0.[7]

The Microsoft Office for Windows 1.6[8] added Microsoft Mail for PC Networks 2.1 to the bundle.[9]

The Microsoft Office for Windows 3.0,[10] released in August 1992,[11] contained Word 2.0, Excel 4.0, PowerPoint 3.0 and Mail 3.0. It was the first version of Office to be also released on CD-ROM.[12] In 1993 The Microsoft Office Professional[13] was released, which included additionally Microsoft Access 1.1.[14]

In 1994, Microsoft Office 4.0 was released containing Word 6.0, Excel 5.0, PowerPoint 4.0, Mail, and Access. Word was called Word 6.0 at this point despite the fact the previous version number was 2.0. The purpose was to use common version numbering with its main competitor, WordPerfect. Microsoft Office 4.3 was released as the last 16-bit version, and is also the last version to support Windows 3.x, Windows NT 3.1 and Windows NT 3.5. Windows NT 3.51 was supported up to and including Office 97.

Microsoft Office 95 was released in August 1995. Again, the version numbers were altered to create parity across the suite- every program was called version 7.0 meaning all but Word missed out versions. It was designed as a fully 32-bit version to match Windows 95. Office 95 was available in two versions, Office 95 Standard and Office 95 Professional. The standard version consisted of Word 7.0, Excel 7.0, PowerPoint 7.0, and Schedule+ 7.0. The professional edition contained all of the items in the standard version plus Access 7.0. If the professional version was purchased in CD-ROM form, it also included Bookshelf.

Microsoft Office 97 (Office 8.0), a major milestone release which included hundreds of new features and improvements, introduced command bars, a paradigm in which menus and toolbars were made more similar in capability and visual design. Office 97 also featured Natural Language Systems and grammar checking. Office 97 was the first version of Office to include the Office Assistant.

Microsoft Office 2000 (Office 9.0) introduced adaptive menus, where little-used options were hidden from the user. It also introduced a new security feature, built around digital signatures, to diminish the threat of macro viruses. Office 2000 automatically trusts macros (written in VBA6) that were digitally signed from authors who have been previously designated as trusted. Office 2000 is the last version to support Windows 95.

Microsoft Office XP (Office 10.0 or Office 2002) was released in conjunction with Windows XP, and was a major upgrade with numerous enhancements and changes over Office 2000. Office XP introduced the Safe Mode feature, which allows applications such as Outlook to boot when it might otherwise fail. Safe Mode enables Office to detect and either repair or bypass the source of the problem, such as a corrupted registry or a faulty add-in. Smart tag is a technology introduced with Office XP. Some smart tags operate based on user activity, such as helping with typing errors. These smart tags are supplied with the products, and are not programmable. For developers, though, there is the ability to create custom smart tags. In Office XP, custom smart tags could work only in Word and Excel. Microsoft Office XP includes integrated voice command and text dictation capabilities, as well as handwriting recognition. Office XP is the last version to support Windows 98, ME and NT 4.0, and the first version to require Product Activation as an anti-piracy measure. Office XP seems to be the oldest version compatible with Windows Vista and Windows 7.

Microsoft Office 2003 (Office 11.0) was released in 2003. It features a new logo. Two new applications made their debut in Office 2003: Microsoft InfoPath and OneNote. It is the first version to use Windows XP style icons. Outlook 2003 provides improved functionality in many areas, including Kerberos authentication, RPC over HTTP, and Cached Exchange Mode. The key benefit of Outlook 2003 is the improved junk mail filter. 2003 is the last Office version to support Windows 2000.

Microsoft Office 2007 (Office 12.0) was released in 2007 and is the most current retail version. It includes Groove, a collaborative software application.[15] Office 2007 contains a number of new features, the most notable of which is the entirely new graphical user interface called the Fluent User Interface[16] (initially referred to as the Ribbon UI), replacing the menus and toolbars that have been the cornerstone of Office since its inception with a tabbed toolbar, known as the Ribbon. Microsoft revealed the "Ribbon" UI used on new Office versions on March 9, 2006 at CeBIT, Germany.[17] Office 2007 requires Windows XP with Service Pack 2 or 3, Windows Server 2003 with Service Pack 1 or higher, or Windows Vista.[18] On May 21, 2008, Microsoft announced that Office 2007 Service Pack 2 will add native support for the OpenDocument Format.[19] The EU announced it is going to investigate Microsoft Office OpenDocument Format support.[20]

Microsoft Office 2010 (Office 14.0) is still currently under development. Microsoft plans to release the new Office suite on June 15, 2010, according to Paul Thurrott.[21] Office 2010 has been given the version number 14.0, despite the fact that its immediate predecessor, Microsoft Office 2007, was designated by the version number 12.0. The skipping of version number 13.0 was due to superstition relating to the number thirteen.[22] The Technical Preview 1 (Version: 14.0.4006.1010) has been leaked on May 15, 2009.[23] On July 13 Microsoft officially announced Office 2010 at the WPC 09. July 13 was also the date on which a new Technical Preview leaked Version 14.0.4302.1000. On November 18, 2009, Microsoft announced (at PDC 2009) and released the Office 2010 public beta.[24]

Microsoft Office 2010 will also feature a new logo, which is similar to the 2007 logo, except in gold, and with a slightly modified shape.

Macintosh versions

Prior to packaging its various office-type Macintosh software applications into Office, Microsoft released Mac versions of Word 1.0 in 1984, the first year of the Macintosh computer; Excel 1.0 in 1985; and PowerPoint 1.0 in 1987.[25] Microsoft does not include its Access database application in Office for Mac.

Microsoft has noted that some features are added to Office for Mac before they appear in Windows versions, such as Office for Mac 2001's Office Project Gallery and PowerPoint Movie feature, which allows users to save presentations as QuickTime movies.[26][27]

Microsoft Office for Mac was introduced for Macintosh in 1989, before Office was released for Windows.[28] It included Word 4.0, Excel 2.20 and PowerPoint 2.01.[25]

Microsoft Office 1.5 for Mac was released in 1991 and included the updated Excel 3.0, the first application to support Apple’s System 7 operating system.[25]

Microsoft Office 2.9 for Mac was released in 1992. Excel 4.0 was the first application to support the new AppleScript.[25]

Microsoft Office 4.0 for Mac was released in 1993. It was the first Office suite for the Power Macintosh.[25] However, Microsoft later acknowledged that "(m)any customers commented that Office 4.2 wasn't enough like the Macintosh."[26] The final release for Mac 68K: Office 4.2.1

Microsoft Office 98 Macintosh Edition was unveiled at MacWorld Expo/San Francisco on Jan. 6, 1998. It introduced the Internet Explorer 4.0 web browser and Outlook Express, an Internet e-mail client and usenet newsgroup reader.[29] Office 98 was re-engineered by Microsoft's Macintosh Business Unit to satisfy customers' desire for software they felt was more Mac-like.[26] It included drag–and-drop installation, self-repairing applications and Quick Thesaurus before such features were available in a version of Office for Windows. It also was the first version to support QuickTime movies.[26]

Microsoft Office 2001, launched in 2000, was the last Office suite for pre-Mac OS X, or Classic, operating system; it required Mac OS 8, although version 8.5 or later was recommended. Office 2001 introduced Entourage, an e-mail client that included information management tools such as a calendar, an address book, task lists and notes.[27]

Microsoft Office v. X was released in 2001 for the new Mac OS X platform.[30]

Microsoft Office 2004 for Mac was released in 2004.[31]

Microsoft Office 2008 for Mac was released in 2008. It is the first Office for Mac suite that is a universal binary — meaning it runs natively on both Intel- and PowerPC-based Macs — and uses XML file formats.[25] Microsoft announced on May 13, 2008, that Office 2008 was "selling faster than any previous version of Office for Mac in the past 19 years" and affirmed "its commitment to future products for the Mac."[32]

Microsoft Office 2011 for Mac is currently under development. It is due to be released in late 2010 and will feature a Mac version of Outlook to replace the Entourage email client. This Mac version of Outlook is intended to make the Mac version of Office work better with Microsoft's Exchange server and with those using Office for Windows.[33]

According to ComputerWorld, Office 2011 will include a Mac based Ribbon similar to Office 2007. [34]


Desktop applications


Microsoft Word is a word processor and was previously considered to be the main program in Office. Its proprietary DOC format is considered a de facto standard, although Word 2007 can also use a new XML-based, Microsoft Office-optimized format called .DOCX which has been standardized by Ecma International as Office Open XML and its SP2 update will support ODF and PDF.[35] Word is also available in some editions of Microsoft Works. It is available for the Windows and Mac platforms. The first version of Word, released in the autumn of 1983, was for the DOS operating system and had the distinction of introducing the mouse to a broad population. Word 1.0 could be purchased with a bundled mouse, though one was not required. The following spring Apple introduced the Mac, and Microsoft released Word for the Mac, which became the most popular Mac application and which, like all Mac apps, required the use of a mouse.


Microsoft Excel is a spreadsheet program which originally competed with the dominant Lotus 1-2-3, but eventually outsold it. It is available for the Windows and Mac platforms. The current Mac version (Office 2008) has removed Visual Basic functionality so macros cannot be used and those generated in previous iterations of Office no longer work. Microsoft announced in May 2008, that Visual Basic would be returning to Excel in future versions.


Microsoft Outlook, not to be confused with Outlook Express, is a personal information manager and e-mail communication software. The replacement for Windows Messaging, Microsoft Mail and Schedule+ (Plus) starting in Office 97, it includes an e-mail client, calendar, task manager and address book. Although historically it has been offered for the Mac, the closest to an equivalent for Mac OS X is Microsoft Entourage, which offers a slightly different feature set. Office 2010 for Mac will reintroduce Outlook, replacing Entourage.[36]


Microsoft PowerPoint is a popular presentation program for Windows and Mac. It is used to create slideshows, composed of text, graphics, movies and other objects, which can be displayed on-screen and navigated through by the presenter or printed out on transparencies or slides. This is convenient for school or work presentations.Office Mobile for Windows Mobile 5.0 and later features a version of PowerPoint called PowerPoint Mobile. Movies, videos, sounds and music, as well as Wordart and Autoshapes can be added to slideshows.


Microsoft Publisher is a program mostly used for designing brochures, labels, calendars, greeting cards, business cards, newsletter, and postcards.

Other desktop applications (Windows version only)

Virtual Printer applications

Server applications

Web services

  • Office Live
    • Office Live Small Business – Web hosting services and online collaboration tools for small businesses.
    • Office Live Workspace – Online storage and collaboration service for documents.
  • Office Web Apps – Web-based companions to Microsoft Office applications to view, create, and edit documents.
  • Live Meeting – Web conferencing service.
  • Microsoft Office Online – Web site. Provides support for all Microsoft Office products.
  • Microsoft Update – Web site. Patch detection and installation service for Microsoft Office.

Common features

Most versions of Microsoft Office (including Office 97 and later, and possibly 4.3) use their own widget set and do not exactly match the native operating system. This is more apparent in the 2002 or XP release of Microsoft Office where the standard menus were replaced with a colored flat looking, shadowed menu style.

Visual elements of Office packages' widget systems have been included in next versions of Windows systems and have offered some cues into what user interface (UI) elements a major Windows incarnation would employ in the future: The toolbar, color buttons and the usually gray-colored '3D' look of Office 4.3 were added to Windows 95; The gradient title bar and flat buttons in Windows 9x/2000.

Similarly, Microsoft Office 2007 introduces a whole new widget system, dubbed "Ribbon", but now known as the "Fluent user interface".[38] The same widget used in Microsoft Office is also used in the Visual Studio product line, though the "Fluent UI" was not announced to be included in future versions of Visual Studio. Later versions of Windows thus inherit the concepts of task-based user activities and easy discoverability of program functions.

Users of Microsoft Office may access external data via connection-specifications saved in "Office Data Connection" (.odc) files.[39]

Both Windows and Office use "Service Packs" to update software, Office used to release non-cumulative "Service Releases", which were discontinued after Office 2000 Service Release 1.

Programs in past versions of Office often contained substantial Easter eggs. For example, Excel 97 contained a reasonably functional flight-simulator. Versions starting with Office XP have not contained any easter eggs in the name of Trustworthy Computing.


A major feature of the Office suite is the ability for users and third party companies to write add-ins (plug-ins) that extend the capabilities of an application by adding custom commands and specialized features. The type of add-ins supported differ by Office versions:


Microsoft supports Office for Windows and Mac platforms. Beginning with Mac Office 4.2, the Mac and Windows versions of Office share the same file format. Consequently, any Mac with Office 4.2 or later can read documents created with Windows Office 4.2 or later, and vice-versa. Microsoft Office 2008 for the Mac dropped VBA support.[43] Microsoft has replaced VBA with support for AppleScript. As a result, macros created with Office for Windows will not run on Office for the Mac, and vice versa. However the version after Microsoft Office for Mac 2008 will bring back VBA support.[44]

There were efforts in the mid 1990s to port Office to RISC processors such as NEC / MIPS and IBM / PowerPC, but they met problems such as memory access being hampered by data structure alignment requirements. Difficulties in porting Office may have been a factor in discontinuing Windows NT on non-Intel platforms.[citation needed]

There is no mention of support for other operating systems, although Microsoft Office Mobile, which supports the more popular features of Microsoft Office, is available for Windows Mobile and is planned to soon be available for Symbian OS[citation needed].

Support lifecycle

Version compatibility

Beginning in 2002, Microsoft instituted a new support lifecycle policy.[45][46] Versions earlier than Office XP are no longer supported. For current and future versions of Office mainstream support will end five years after release, or two years after the next release, whichever time is later, and extended support will end five years after that.

Office versions available for Windows

Windows operating system version Last version Mainstream support end-date Extended support end-date
Windows NT 3.51 (requires Service Pack 5) Office 97 (8) August 31, 2001 February 28, 2002
Windows 95 Office 2000 (9) June 30, 2004 July 14, 2009
Windows NT 4.0/98/Me/Windows XP/Windows Server 2003 Office XP/2002 (10) July 11, 2006 July 12, 2011
Windows 2000/Windows XP/Windows Server 2003 Office 2003 (11) April 14, 2009 April 8, 2014
Windows XP/Server 2003/Vista/Server 2008/Windows 7 Office 2007 (12) April 10, 2012 April 11, 2017

Office versions available for Macintosh

Macintosh operating system Last version
(68K) System 7.0-Mac OS 8.3 Office 4.2.1
(PPC) System 7.1.2 Office 4.2.1
(PPC) System 7.5-Mac OS 8.0 Office 98
(PPC) Mac OS 8.1-9.2.2 Office 2001
Mac OS X 10.1-10.5 Office v. X
Mac OS X 10.2-10.5 Office 2004
Mac OS X 10.4-10.6 Office 2008

Discontinued applications and features

  • Microsoft Binder: Incorporates several documents into one file and was originally designed as a container system for storing related documents in a single file. The complexity of use and learning curve led to little usage: Binder disappeared from releases after Office 2002.
  • Microsoft FrontPage: Web design software (also requires its own server program for some functionality). Offered only as a stand-alone program for the 2003 version. In 2006, Microsoft announced that this was to be discontinued and to be replaced by two different software packages: Microsoft SharePoint Designer and Microsoft Expression Web.
  • Microsoft Mail: Mail client (in old versions of Office, later replaced by Microsoft Schedule Plus and subsequently Microsoft Outlook).
  • Microsoft PhotoDraw 2000: A graphics program that was first released as part of the Office 2000 Premium Edition. A later version for Windows XP compatibility was released, known as PhotoDraw 2000 Version 2. Microsoft discontinued the program in 2001.
  • Microsoft Photo Editor: Photo-editing/raster-graphics software in older Office versions up to Office XP. It was supplemented by Microsoft PhotoDraw in Office 2000 Premium edition.
  • Microsoft Schedule Plus: Released with Office 95. It featured a planner, to-do list, and contact information. Its functions were incorporated into Microsoft Outlook.
  • Microsoft Virtual PC: Included with Microsoft Office Professional Edition 2004 for Mac. Microsoft discontinued support for Virtual PC on the Mac in 2006 owing to new Macs possessing the same Intel architecture as Windows PCs.[47] It emulated a standard PC and its hardware.
  • Microsoft Vizact 2000: A program that "activated" documents using HTML, adding effects such as animation. It allows users to create dynamic documents for the Web. Development has ended due to unpopularity.
  • Microsoft Data Analyzer 2002: A business intelligence program for graphical visualization of data and its analysis.
  • Office Assistant, included since Office 97 (Windows) & Office 98 (Mac) as a part of Microsoft Agent technology, is a system that uses animated characters to offer context-sensitive suggestions to users and access to the help system. The Assistant is often dubbed "Clippy" or "Clippit", due to its default to a paper clip character, coded as CLIPPIT.ACS. The latest versions that include the Office Assistant were Office 2003 (Windows) and Office 2004 (Mac).


Proprietary File Formats

Microsoft Office has been criticized in the past for using proprietary file formats rather than open standards, which forces users who share data into adopting the same software platform.[48] On February 15 2008 Microsoft made the entire documentation for the binary Office formats freely available for download and granted any possible patents rights for use or implementations of those binary format for free under the Open Specification Promise.[49] (Previously, Microsoft had supplied such documentation freely but only on request.) Also, Office Open XML, the document format for the latest versions of Office for Windows and Mac, has been standardized by Ecma International and by ISO/IEC. Ecma International has published the Office Open XML specification and Microsoft has granted patent rights to the formats technology under the Open Specification Promise[50] and has made available free downloadable converters for previous versions of Microsoft Office including Office 2003, Office XP, Office 2000 and Office 2004 for the Mac. Third-party implementations of Office Open XML exist on the Mac platform (iWork 08) and Linux ( 3.0). In addition, Service Pack 2 for Office 2007 supports the OpenDocument Format (ODF) for opening and saving documents.

Product Activation

Since Office XP, Microsoft productivity suite series has been criticized for its Product Activation process, although volume license versions of the product do not require it.


In Office versions that preceded Office 2007, there was no integral metadata removal tool. The automatic inclusion of metadata and other types of hidden data in the documents, with no easy way to remove them, led to a possible confidential data leakage problem when the documents were shared. In 2004, Microsoft responded to the market's outcry with the release of the Remove Hidden Data Add-in for Office 2003/XP[51][52]. In Office 2007, Microsoft introduced the Document Inspector for this purpose.

Languages Support

Microsoft Office for Mac has been long criticized for its lack of support of Unicode and bidirectional languages, notably Arabic and Hebrew. This issue is yet to be addressed as of the 2008 version.[53][54]

See also


  1. ^ "Microsoft Company". The History of Computing Project. 2006-10-26. Retrieved 2006-11-09. 
  2. ^ "Chronology of Personal Computer Software". Retrieved 2007-04-05. 
  3. ^ "Office 2007 To Be Launched on January 30, 2007, Too". 
  4. ^ "Forrester: Microsoft Office in No Danger From Competitors - PC World Business Center". 2009-06-04. Retrieved 2009-12-19. 
  5. ^ "The Microsoft Office for Windows Advertisement". InfoWorld: p. 50. November, 19 1990. 
  6. ^ "Office for Windows Bundles Popular Microsoft Applications". InfoWorld: p. 16. October, 1 1990. 
  7. ^ "Microsoft ships updated Office for Windows". InfoWorld: p. 16. March, 4 1991. 
  8. ^ "The Microsoft Office for Windows 1.6 Advertisement". InfoWorld: p. 18. July, 8 1991. 
  9. ^ "Microsoft Incorporates Mail for PC Networks Into Office for Windows". InfoWorld: p. 16. May, 27 1991. 
  10. ^ "The Microsoft Office for Windows 3.0 Advertisement". InfoWorld: p. 18. April, 5 1993. 
  11. ^ "Microsoft Office now has Mail, PowerPoint". InfoWorld: p. 15. August, 31 1992. 
  12. ^ "Microsoft for Windows - CD-ROM". InfoWorld: p. 16. February, 15 1993. 
  13. ^ "The Microsoft Office Professional Advertisement". InfoWorld: p. 17. July, 5 1993. 
  14. ^ "Microsoft Office gets Access". InfoWorld: p. 111. May, 10 1993. 
  15. ^ Review: A Comprehensive Look At Microsoft Office 2007
  16. ^ The Microsoft Office Fluent user interface overview
  17. ^ "Picture This: A New Look For Office". 
  18. ^ MS Office 2007 System Requirements
  19. ^ Office 2007 won't support ISO's OOXML (David Worthington, SDTimes, 21 May 2008)
  20. ^ EU says to study Microsoft's open-source step
  21. ^
  22. ^ "Office 14 slated for a 2009/2010 Release". 2007-02-15. Retrieved 2009-12-19. 
  23. ^
  24. ^ "Microsoft Offers Public Beta of Office 2010: Download Details". PC World. November 18, 2009. 
  25. ^ a b c d e f History of the Microsoft Macintosh Business Unit - Word document
  26. ^ a b c d Office Macintosh Edition: A History of "Mac-First" Technology - Microsoft
  27. ^ a b Microsoft Office 2001 for Mac Available Nationwide - Microsoft
  28. ^ Microsoft and Mac, Happy Together - Business Week
  29. ^ Microsoft Unveils Office 98 Macintosh Edition... - Microsoft
  30. ^ Microsoft Office v. X for Mac Hits U.S. Retail Stores - Microsoft
  31. ^ Work Just Got Better: Introducing Microsoft Office 2004 for Mac - Microsoft
  32. ^ Microsoft Mac BU Delivers Strongest Launch in History of Office for Mac - Microsoft
  33. ^ Hughes, Neil (2009-08-13). "Microsoft says Office 2010, Outlook for Mac coming next year". AppleInsider. Retrieved 2009-12-19. 
  34. ^ Mac users damn, defend 'ribbonizing' of Office 2011
  35. ^ Microsoft Expands List of Formats Supported in Microsoft Office
  36. ^ "Fried, Ina". ""Next Mac Office, due by 2010's end, gets Outlook"". Retrieved 2009-08-28. 
  37. ^ 2007 Office system suits
  38. ^ Office Fluent user interface overview
  39. ^ DeMarco, Jim (2008-02-01). Pro Excel 2007 VBA. Berkeley, California: Apress. p. 225. ISBN 978-1-59059-957-0. "External data is accessed through a connection file, such as an Office Data Connection (ODC) file (.odc)" 
  40. ^ How to build an Office 2000 COM add-in in Visual Basic
  41. ^ How To Create a Visual Basic Automation Add-in for Excel Worksheet Functions
  42. ^ Information about designing Office add-ins by using the .NET Framework
  43. ^ "WWDC: Microsoft updates Universal status of Mac apps". Macworld. 2006-08-07. Retrieved 2007-05-25. 
  44. ^ "Microsoft Mac BU Delivers Strongest Launch in History of Office for Mac". Microsoft. 2008-05-13. 
  45. ^ Office Family Product Support Lifecycle FAQ
  46. ^ Microsoft Support Lifecycle Policy FAQ
  47. ^ Cohen, Peter (2006-08-07). "WWDC: Microsoft kills Virtual PC for Mac". MacWorld. Retrieved 2007-10-08. 
  48. ^ We Can Put an End to Word Attachments - GNU Project - Free Software Foundation (FSF)
  49. ^ Microsoft Office Binary (doc, xls, ppt) File Formats documentation
  50. ^ Microsoft Open Specification Promise
  51. ^ Microsoft releases metadata removal tool
  52. ^ Office 2003/XP Add-in: Remove Hidden Data
  53. ^ Higgaion » It's official: no RTL support in Microsoft Office 2008 for Mac:
  54. ^ Mac Mojo : “Velkommen, Tervetuloa, Velkommen” and “Bienvenue à Paris”

External links

Study guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

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