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Middleton, Massachusetts
—  Town  —
The corner of Main and Maple Streets
Location in Essex County in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°35′42″N 71°01′00″W / 42.595°N 71.0166667°W / 42.595; -71.0166667
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Essex
Settled 1659
Incorporated 1728
Government
 - Type Open town meeting
Area
 - Total 14.4 sq mi (37.4 km2)
 - Land 14.0 sq mi (36.2 km2)
 - Water 0.5 sq mi (1.2 km2)
Elevation 94 ft (29 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 7,744
 - Density 554.4/sq mi (214.1/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 01949
Area code(s) 351 / 978
FIPS code 25-41095
GNIS feature ID 0618303
Website http://www.townofmiddleton.org/

Middleton is a town in Essex County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 7,744 at the 2000 census.

Contents

History

Middleton was first settled in 1659 and was officially incorporated in 1728. Prior to 1728 it was considered a part of Salem, and contains territory previously within the limits of Andover, Boxford, and Topsfield.[1] The name Middleton is derived from its location mid way between the important early settlements of Salem and Andover. It was first settled by Bray Wilkins, who came from Salem with a large family, having purchased six hundred acres from Governor Bellingham. The town grew as a farming community, mostly due to its location on the Ipswich River, with homesteads of hundreds of acres. However, during the 1700s Middleton also contained a vital ironworks industry, located in the area of what is now Mill and Liberty streets. This enterprise originally involved Thomas Flint, Sr. and his son, Thomas Flint Jr, of Salem, John How of Boxford, and Thomas Cave Jr. of Topsfield and was carried on for approximately seventy years.[2]

In the late 1700s and to the mid 1800s Middleton was a vacation town to those who lived in areas such as Lawrence and Lowell. It is home to one of the oldest trees in Massachusetts, being approximately 400 years old, and which is located at 53 Peabody Street. The oldest still standing house is the Wilkins house, which was built in 1693, and served as a tavern on the main road between Salem and Lawrence.

Middleton is one of the fastest growing cities in the Commonwealth, and the fastest on the North Shore. The town is considered part of the Boston metropolitan area. It is 15.2 miles from the State House in Boston. When locally grouped it is grouped with Salem, Danvers, and Beverly, but also occasionally Topsfield and Boxford, as these three towns are a tri-town. These three towns share Masconomet Regional High School (named after Chief Masconomet, sagamore of the Agawam tribe, which lived in Essex County at the time of English colonization) which serves grades 9-12, while its Middle School serves grades 7 and 8.

Geography

Looking south along N/S Main St (114/62) in Middleton

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 14.5 square miles (37.4 km²), of which, 14.0 square miles (36.2 km²) of it is land and 0.5 square miles (1.2 km²) of it (3.32%) is water.

The latitude of Middleton is 42.595N. The longitude is -71.016W. Elevation is 72 feet.[3]

Demographics

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 7,744 people, 2,305 households, and 1,744 families residing in the town. The population density was 554.4 people per square mile (214.0/km²). There were 2,347 housing units at an average density of 168.0/sq mi (64.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 95.43% White, 1.65% African American, 0.05% Native American, 1.11% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.27% from other races, and 1.43% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.26% of the population.

There were 2,305 households out of which 37.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.7% were married couples living together, 7.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.3% were non-families. 20.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.76 and the average family size was 3.22.

In the town the population was spread out with 23.0% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 36.9% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 9.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 138.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 147.7 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $81,395, and the median income for a family was $87,605. Males had a median income of $51,831 versus $37,874 for females. The per capita income for the town was $29,031. About 2.1% of families and 3.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.4% of those under age 18 and 11.2% of those age 65 or over.

Notable residents

Notes

External links

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