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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Midtown Manhattan with the Empire State Building, Chrysler Building, MetLife Building, and Bank of America Tower under construction visible.

Midtown Manhattan, or simply Midtown, is an area of Manhattan, New York City home to world-famous commercial zones such as Rockefeller Center, Broadway, and Times Square. Midtown Manhattan is home to the city's tallest and most famous buildings such as the Empire State Building and Chrysler Building.

Midtown, along with "Uptown" and "Downtown", is one of the three major subdivisions of Manhattan (though "Uptown" and "Downtown" can also be used as adjectives or prepositions, and can take on completely different meanings in the other boroughs, whereas the term "Midtown" cannot) and can be understood as those parts of Manhattan in neither of these two other regions - that is, all areas between 14th Street and 59th Street, from the Hudson River to the East River, about five square miles or 12 km2. The core of Midtown Manhattan is from about 31st Street to 59th Street between Third and Ninth avenues, about two square miles (this is the area most commonly referred to as "Midtown.") The "Plaza District", a term used by Manhattan real estate professionals to denote the most expensive area of midtown from a commercial real estate perspective, lies between 42nd Street and 59th Street, from Third Avenue to Seventh Avenue, about a square kilometer or half a square mile.

As New York's largest central business district, Midtown Manhattan is indisputably the busiest single commercial district in the United States, and among the most intensely and diversely used pieces of real estate in the world. The great majority of New York City's skyscrapers, including its tallest hotels and apartment towers, lie within Midtown. More than 700,000 commuters work in its offices, hotels, and retail establishments; the area also hosts many tourists, visiting residents, and students. Some areas, especially Times Square and Fifth Avenue, have massive clusters of retail establishments. Sixth Avenue in Midtown holds the headquarters of three of the four major television networks, and is one of a few global centers of news and entertainment. It is also a growing center of finance, second in importance within the United States only to Downtown Manhattan's Financial District. Times Square is also the epicenter of American theater.

Contents

Cityscape

A panoramic view of the Midtown Manhattan skyline with views of Brooklyn, Lower Manhattan, and Jersey City in the distance.

Neighborhoods

Rockefeller Center's vicinity contains some of the city's most recognizable landmarks, including the GE Building.
Times Square, one of the busiest intersections in the world
Columbus Circle subway station, one of the city's busiest
Skyscrapers line Sixth Avenue, in the heart of midtown
The Diamond District
Western midtown
Eastern midtown

Midtown encompasses many neighborhoods including Hell's Kitchen and Chelsea on the West Side, and Murray Hill, Kips Bay, Turtle Bay, and Gramercy on the East Side. It is also sometimes broken into "Midtown East" and "Midtown West", or north and south as in the New York City Police Department's Midtown North and Midtown South precincts. A simplistic and by no means comprehensive list of the neighborhoods in the Midtown area is as follows:

Midtown also contains historical but defunct neighborhoods, such as the Ladies' Mile, along Fifth Avenue from 14th Street to 23rd Street and the Tenderloin, from 23rd Street to 42nd Street and Fifth Avenue to Seventh Avenue.

Other important sights in Midtown:

Important streets and thoroughfares in Midtown:

Economy

Corporate headquarters

Midtown Manhattan has the headquarters of several companies, including 4Kids Entertainment,[1] Barnes & Noble,[2] Calvin Klein,[3] Cantor Fitzgerald,[4] CBS Corporation,[5] Cushman & Wakefield,[6] DC Comics,[7] Deloitte,[8] Estée Lauder Companies,[9] Foot Locker,[10] Hess Corporation,[11] L-3 Communications,[12] Marsh & McLennan Companies,[13] Marvel Entertainment,[14] McGraw-Hill,[15] MetLife,[16] MidOcean Partners,[17] Morgan Stanley,[18] NBC Universal,[19] The New York Times Company,[20] NexCen Brands,[21] Polo Ralph Lauren,[22] Saks Incorporated (Saks Fifth Avenue),[23] The Sharper Image,[24] Simon & Schuster,[5] Six Flags,[25] Thomson Reuters,[26] Time Warner,[27] Time Warner Cable,[28] and Viacom.[29] The New York Institute of Finance is located in Midtown Manhattan.[30]

Domestic operations

Global Infrastructure Partners has an office in Midtown Manhattan.[31]

Foreign subsidiary operations

The Haier Building

Haier operates its United States offices in the Haier Building at 1356 Broadway; the building previously was a building of the Greenwich Savings Bank. Haier held the opening ceremony on March 4, 2002.[32] Sumitomo Corporation operates its New York Office, the headquarters of the corporation's United States operations, at 600 Third Avenue, 10016 in the Murray Hill neighborhood.[33] El Al's North American headquarters are in Midtown.[34] The Air France USA regional headquarters are in Midtown Manhattan.[35][36]

Former economic operations

The MetLife Building, pictured here, is the headquarters of Metlife; it used to be the Pan Am Building and the headquarters of Pan American World Airways

Prior to its dissolution American Overseas Airlines was headquartered in Midtown Manhattan.[37] The MetLife Building, in previous eras, was the Pan Am Building and the headquarters of Pan American World Airways.[38] In 1991 Pan Am decided that it would move its headquarters to the Miami area. When Pan Am shut down later in 1991, MetLife was headquartered in the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company Tower.[38]

After Frank Borman became president of Eastern Airlines in 1975, he moved Eastern's headquarters from Rockefeller Center to Miami-Dade County, Florida.[39]

In 1975 American Airlines was headquartered in Murray Hill.[40] In 1978 American announced that it would move its headquarters to a site at Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport in 1979. The move affected up to 1,300 jobs. Mayor of New York City Ed Koch described this move as "betrayal" of New York City.[41]

In 1975 Trans World Airlines was headquartered in Turtle Bay.[42][43] TWA moved its headquarters from New York City to Mount Kisco, New York in the 1980s.[44]

At one time Philip Morris Companies (now Altria Group) was headquartered in Midtown Manhattan.[45] In 2003 Philip Morris announced that it would move its headquarters from New York City to Virginia. The company said that it planned to keep around 750 employees in its former headquarters. Brendan McCormick, a spokesperson for Philip Morris, said that the company estimated that the move would save the company over $60 million each year.[46]

Prior to its dissolution Trans Caribbean Airways had its headquarters in Midtown Manhattan.[47] Prior to its dissolution Central Park Media, an anime and manga distributor, was headquartered in Midtown Manhattan.[48][49] Prior to its dissolution GoodTimes Entertainment had its headquarters in Midtown.[50]

Aer Lingus used to have its United States offices in Midtown.[51] In 1997 Aer Lingus announced that it was moving its North American headquarters to Melville, Town of Huntington, New York.[52]

Diplomatic missions

Several countries, Argentina, The Bahamas,[53] People's Republic of China,[54] Costa Rica,[55] Germany,[56] Republic of Ireland,[57] Israel,[58] Jamaica,[59] Japan,[60] Luxembourg,[61] Mexico,[62] Morocco,[63] Saudi Arabia,[64] Singapore,[65] South Africa,[66] United Kingdom,[67] Ukraine,[68] have consulates-general in Midtown Manhattan accredited to the United States. In addition the Taipei Economic and Cultural Office of the Republic of China is in Midtown Manhattan.[69]

Government and infrastructure

The Puerto Rico Federal Affairs Administration operates its New York office on the 22nd floor at 135 West 50th Street.[70][71]

The United States Postal Service operates the James A. Farley Post Office, New York City's main post office, in Midtown Manhattan.[72] The post office stopped 24 hour service beginning on May 9, 2009 due to decreasing mail traffic.[73]

Education

The New York City Department of Education operates public schools in Midtown Manhattan.

The New York Public Library operates the Mid-Manhattan Library at 455 Fifth Avenue at 40th Street.[74] The system also operates the 58th Street Branch Library at 127 East 58th Street, between Park Avenue and Lexington Avenue.[75]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Contact." 4Kids Entertainment. Retrieved on October 13, 2009.
  2. ^ "National Sponsorships and Donations." Barnes & Noble. Retrieved on January 29, 2010.
  3. ^ "Corporate." Calvin Klein. Retrieved on January 26, 2010.
  4. ^ "Locations." Cantor Fitzgerald. Retrieved on October 4, 2009.
  5. ^ a b "Contact Info." CBS Corporation. Retrieved on November 3, 2009.
  6. ^ "Global locations." Cushman & Wakefield. Retrieved on November 12, 2009.
  7. ^ "More Privacy Information." DC Comics. Retrieved on August 28, 2009.
  8. ^ "Contact Us." Deloitte. Retrieved on December 7, 2009.
  9. ^ "Corporate Information." Estée Lauder Companies. Retrieved on February 29, 2010.
  10. ^ "Foot Locker, Inc." Foot Locker. Retrieved on January 22, 2010.
  11. ^ "Contact Hess." Hess Corporation. Retrieved on February 9, 2009.
  12. ^ "Company Profile." L-3 Communications. Retrieved on March 10, 2010.
  13. ^ "Contact Us." Marsh & McLennan Companies. Retrieved on October 4, 2009.
  14. ^ "Company and Contact Info." Marvel Entertainment. Retrieved on August 28, 2009.
  15. ^ "New York." McGraw-Hill. Retrieved on March 11, 2010.
  16. ^ Ramirez, Anthony. "MetLife Sells 2nd Building, A Landmark On Park Ave." The New York Times. April 2, 2005. Retrieved on August 25, 2009.
  17. ^ "Contact." MidOcean Partners. Retrieved on March 5, 2010.
  18. ^ "Contact Us." Morgan Stanley. Retrieved on August 28, 2009.
  19. ^ "NBC Universal to sell Burbank, Calif, studio." MarketWatch. Retrieved on August 28, 2009.
  20. ^ "Contact Us." The New York Times Company. Retrieved on August 28, 2009.
  21. ^ "NexCen Homepage." NexCen Brands. Retrieved on February 26, 2010.
  22. ^ "Contact Us." Ralph Lauren Investor Relations. Retrieved on January 27, 2010.
  23. ^ "Corporate Addresses." Saks Incorporated. Retrieved on March 1, 2010.
  24. ^ "About Us." The Sharper Image. Retrieved on February 18, 2010.
  25. ^ "Contact Us." Six Flags. Retrieved on May 6, 2009.
  26. ^ "About Us." Thomson Reuters. Retrieved on August 28, 2009.
  27. ^ "AOL Time Warner's Future Home Is Damaged by Fire; The morning blaze at the building under construction in New York spread to parts of four floors. The cause is under investigation." Los Angeles Times. April 9, 2003. Business C3. Retrieved on August 28, 2009.
  28. ^ "Investor Relations Contact Us." Time Warner Cable. Retrieved on March 6, 2010.
  29. ^ "Contact." Viacom. Retrieved on August 28, 2009.
  30. ^ "Contact Us." New York Institute of Finance. Retrieved on October 4, 2009.
  31. ^ "Contact Us." Global Infrastructure Partners. Retrieved on February 27, 2010.
  32. ^ "Haier Building." Haier. Retrieved on January 26, 2009.
  33. ^ "Office Network." Sumitomo Corporation. Retrieved on January 25, 2009.
  34. ^ "Worldwide Offices USA." El Al. Retrieved on September 29, 2009.
  35. ^ "Air France in the United States." Air France. June 11, 2007. 15 (15/16). Retrieved on February 13, 2010. "The Air France “United States” regional management is located in New York: 125 West 55th Street, New York, NY 10019 Tel: (212) 830-4000."
  36. ^ "Welcome to Air France career opportunities." Air France USA. Retrieved on February 13, 2010.
  37. ^ Rice, Diana. "NEWS NOTES FROM THE FIELD OF TRAVEL; CAPE COD AIR SERVICE TOURS TO SPAIN FOR HONEYMOONERS VERMONT MUSIC CAMP CURRENCY GUIDE TRAIL RIDERS RIDE AGAIN GRISWOLD'S COUNTRY CLUB HERE AND THERE." The New York Times. Sunday April 30, 1950. Drama-Music, Fashion-Screen, Page X17. Retrieved on August 25, 2009. "American and American Overseas Airlines executive offices have moved from 100 East Forty-second Street to 100 Park Avenue"
  38. ^ a b Dunlap, David W. "Final Pan Am Departure." The New York Times. Friday September 4, 1992. Retrieved on August 25, 2009.
  39. ^ Bernstein, Aaron. Grounded: Frank Lorenzo and the Destruction of Eastern Airlines. Beard Books, 1999. 22. Retrieved on August 28, 2009.
  40. ^ World Airline Directory. Flight International. March 20, 1975. "472.
  41. ^ Sterba, James P. "American Will Shift Headquarters From Manhattan to Dallas Airport; Big Economies Predicted." The New York Times. Thursday November 16, 1978. Page A1. Retrieved on August 27, 2009.
  42. ^ World Airline Directory. Flight International. March 20, 1975. "508.
  43. ^ "Map." Turtle Bay Association. Retrieved on January 25, 2009.
  44. ^ "Mount Kisco Awaits Arrival of T.W.A.". The New York Times. 1987-07-19. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9B0DE6DF173AF93AA25754C0A961948260. Retrieved 2009-01-05. 
  45. ^ "Contact Us." Philip Morris Companies. April 9, 2001. Retrieved on October 19, 2009.
  46. ^ "Philip Morris to Move Headquarters from New York City to Richmond, Va.." New York Daily News. March 5, 2003. Retrieved on October 19, 2009.
  47. ^ "World Airline Directory." Flight International. March 26, 1970. "Trans Caribbean" 504.
  48. ^ "Contact Us." Central Park Media. March 12, 2007. Retrieved on September 14, 2009.
  49. ^ "250 West 57th Street." W&H Properties. Retrieved on September 14, 2009.
  50. ^ "Company Information." GoodTimes Entertainment. June 17, 2000. Retrieved on March 15, 2010.
  51. ^ "THE FOLLOWING LETTER WAS SENT TO THE ATTACHED LIST OF U.S. & FOREIGN AIRLINE, and TRAVEL AGENCY EXECUTIVES." U.S. Department of Transportation. July 14, 1995. Retrieved on March 1, 2010.
  52. ^ Wax, Alan J. "Aer Lingus moving offices to LI." Newsday.
  53. ^ "Consular/Travel Information." Permanent Mission of the Bahamas to the United Nations. Retrieved on January 26, 2009.
  54. ^ Home page. Consulate-General of the People's Republic of China in New York. Retrieved on January 25, 2009.
  55. ^ "Consulates in the United States." Embassy of Costa Rica in Washington D.C. Retrieved on January 31, 2009.
  56. ^ "Address, Contact, Hours." Consulate-General of Germany in New York. Retrieved on January 26, 2009.
  57. ^ "Ireland in New York." Consulate-General of Ireland in New York. Retrieved on January 25, 2009.
  58. ^ "Consular Department." Consulate-General of Israel in New York. Retrieved on January 26, 2009.
  59. ^ "Contact Us." Consulate-General of Jamaica in New York. Retrieved on January 30, 2009.
  60. ^ "Location/Hours/Contact." Consulate-General of Japan in New York. Retrieved on January 25, 2009.
  61. ^ "Home." Consulate-General of Luxembourg in New York. Retrieved on January 28, 2009.
  62. ^ Home Page." Consulate-General of Mexico in New York. Retrieved on January 25, 2009.
  63. ^ "Home." Consulate-General of Morocco in New York. Retrieved on January 25, 2009.
  64. ^ "Ministry addresses in the U.S.." Embassy of Saudi Arabia in Washington, D.C.. Retrieved on January 26, 2009.
  65. ^ "Singapore Consulate in New York Mission Homepage." Consulate-General of Singapore in New York. Retrieved on January 28, 2009.
  66. ^ Home Page." Consulate-General of South Africa in New York. Retrieved on January 26, 2009.
  67. ^ "New York." UK in the USA. Retrieved on January 25, 2009.
  68. ^ Home page. Consulate-General of Ukraine in New York. Retrieved on January 26, 2009.
  69. ^ "Organization." Taipei Economic and Cultural Office in New York. Retrieved on January 25, 2009.
  70. ^ "Regional Offices." Puerto Rico Federal Affairs Administration. Retrieved on February 2, 2009.
  71. ^ http://www.cityoforlando.net/executive/nca/pdf/Volunteer%20Application.pdf
  72. ^ "Post Office Location - JAMES A. FARLEY." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 5, 2009.
  73. ^ "New York City's main post office stops 24-hour service." Associated Press. Friday April 17, 2009. Retrieved on May 5, 2009.
  74. ^ "Mid-Manhattan Library." New York Public Library. Retrieved on January 30, 2009.
  75. ^ "58th Street Branch Library." New York Public Library. Retrieved on January 30, 2009.

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