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Midwest City, Oklahoma
—  City  —
Location of Midwest City, Oklahoma
Coordinates: 35°27′44″N 97°23′3″W / 35.46222°N 97.38417°W / 35.46222; -97.38417
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Oklahoma
Government
 - Type Mayor-Council
 - Mayor Russell Smith
Area
 - Total 24.6 sq mi (63.7 km2)
 - Land 24.6 sq mi (63.7 km2)
 - Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 1,253 ft (382 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 54,088
 Density 2,199.3/sq mi (849.1/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 73100-73199
Area code(s) 405
FIPS code 40-48350[1]
GNIS feature ID 1095384[2]
Website City of Midwest City

Midwest City is a city in Oklahoma County, Oklahoma, and a part of the Oklahoma City metropolitan area. The population was 54,088 at the 2000 census, making it the seventh largest city in the state.

Contents

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 54,088 people, 22,161 households, and 14,759 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,199.3 people per square mile (849.3/km²). There were 23,853 housing units at an average density of 969.9/sq mi (374.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 69.46% White, 19.55% African American, 3.49% Native American, 1.65% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 1.54% from other races, and 4.19% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.05% of the population.

There were 22,161 households out of which 31.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.2% were married couples living together, 16.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.4% were non-families. 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.5% under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, and 13.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 91.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $35,027, and the median income for a family was $40,604. Males had a median income of $31,276 versus $22,543 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,220. About 11.2% of families and 13.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.1% of those under age 18 and 7.4% of those age 65 or over.

History

W.P. Atkinson bought land in the area that would become Midwest city after hearing speculation that an air field was going to be built nearby. The city, which was incorporated on March 11, 1943, was named for the air field's original designation as the Midwest Air Depot.[3] Later, the airfield was renamed in honor of Major General Clarence L. Tinker of Pawhuska, Oklahoma.[4]

Seward Mott, the director of the Federal Housing Administration's Land Planning Division, helped design the city, gaining national print and broadcast attention and became a model for postwar community development.[5]

In 1947, returning veteran Nicholas Harroz opened Nick's Brett Drive Grocery, which later became Crest Discount Foods. Soon after its opening, Midwest City citizens opted for a charter-council-city manager form of government to better manage their rapid growth.[5]

Midwest City's regional hospital was dedicated October 6, 1962, built with the use of bond money. Voters also approved the creation of a junior college district in 1968. Oscar Rose Junior College opened its doors to students in 1970 and is now known as Rose State College.[5]

The Heritage Park Mall opened in 1978 on North Air Depot and was a prime shopping area in the city for several decades.[6]

The economy of Midwest City prospered and continued to surge until the early 1980s when the oil bust of 1983 occurred. From 1983, Midwest City's nominal price for real estate stagnated for over a decade.

Portions of Midwest City particularly northwest of Tinker Air Force Base sustained extreme damage from a violent tornado that swept through the southern and eastern areas of the Oklahoma City Metro on May 3, 1999. While it produced F5 damage in South Oklahoma City, damage in Midwest City was rated F4 with numerous destroyed homes and three fatalities. Another strong struck almost the exact same area four years later on May 8, 2003.[7][8]

City officials worked to revitalize S.E. 29th Street in the early 21st century, leading to the development of a new Town Center Plaza shopping area that faces Interstate 40 and Tinker Air Force Base.[9] The Town Center Plaza development replaced an aging, largely deserted Atkinson Plaza shopping center. In 2003, the Reed Center, a 60,000-square-foot (5,600 m2) convention center, was built. Meanwhile, the Heritage Park Mall has slowly dwindled, becoming an issue of contention in the 2010 mayoral race.[9]

Climate

Midwest City has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa).

Climate data for Midwest City
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 47
(8.3)
54
(12.2)
63
(17.2)
71
(21.7)
79
(26.1)
87
(30.6)
93
(33.9)
92
(33.3)
84
(28.9)
73
(22.8)
60
(15.6)
50
(10)
71
(21.7)
Average low °F (°C) 26
(-3.3)
31
(-0.6)
39
(3.9)
48
(8.9)
58
(14.4)
66
(18.9)
71
(21.7)
70
(21.1)
62
(16.7)
51
(10.6)
38
(3.3)
29
(-1.7)
49
(9.4)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.28
(32.5)
1.56
(39.6)
2.90
(73.7)
3.00
(76.2)
5.44
(138.2)
4.63
(117.6)
2.94
(74.7)
2.48
(63)
3.98
(101.1)
3.64
(92.5)
2.11
(53.6)
1.89
(48)
35.85
(910.6)
Source: [10] 2009-07-26

Geography

Midwest City is located at 35°27′44″N 97°23′3″W / 35.46222°N 97.38417°W / 35.46222; -97.38417 (35.462244, -97.384292).[11] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 24.6 square miles (63.7 km²), all of it land.

Education

The city is home to Midwest Regional Medical Center and lies just north of Tinker Air Force Base, the largest single-site employer in Oklahoma.[12]

Schools in Midwest City are part of the Mid-Del public schools district and include Midwest City High School, Carl Albert High School, Jarman Middle School, Monroney Middle School, Carl Albert Middle School and numerous elementary schools. The city also hosts two post-secondary schools, the Mid-Del Technology Center, a career technology school and Rose State College, a junior college.

Points of Interest

Notable Residents

Notes

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ Hedglen, Thomas L. "Midwest City," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. (accessed January 13, 2010).
  4. ^ May, Jon D. Tinker, Clarence Leonard (1887-1942), Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. (accessed January 13, 2010).
  5. ^ a b c Hedglen. "Midwest City," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture.
  6. ^ Chambers, Kelley. "Doors get ready to close at Heritage Park Mall", EastWord, February 10, 2010.
  7. ^ National Climatic Data Center. (accessed January 13, 2010).
  8. ^ Brown, Jennifer L. "104 Injured in Oklahoma City Tornado," Associated Press, May 9, 2003. (accessed January 13, 2010).
  9. ^ a b Chambers, Kelley. "Candidates face off in Midwest City mayoral election", EastWord, February 23, 2010.
  10. ^ "Average weather for Midwest City". Weather.com. http://www.weather.com/outlook/travel/businesstraveler/wxclimatology/monthly/graph/USOK0597?from=36hr_bottomnav_business. Retrieved 26 July 2009. 
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  12. ^ Tinker AFB, Oklahoma, GlobalSecurity.org. (accessed January 26, 2010)

References

External links

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Simple English

Midwest City, Oklahoma
—  City  —
Coordinates: 35°27′44″N 97°23′3″W / 35.46222°N 97.38417°W / 35.46222; -97.38417
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Oklahoma
Area
 - Total 24.6 sq mi (63.7 km2)
 - Land 24.6 sq mi (63.7 km2)
 - Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 1,253 ft (382 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 54,088
 Density 2,199.3/sq mi (849.1/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 73100-73199
Area code(s) 405
FIPS code 40-48350[1]
GNIS feature ID 1095384[2]

Midwest City is a city in Oklahoma County, Oklahoma, United States, and a part of the Oklahoma City metropolitan area.

References


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