Mie Prefecture: Wikis

  
  
  

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Mie Prefecture
Japanese: 三重県
Mie-ken
Map of Japan with Mie highlighted
Capital Tsu
Region Kansai
Island Honshū
Governor Akihiko Noro
Area (rank) 5,776.56 km² (25th)
 - % water 0.7%
Population  (January 1, 2003)
 - Population 1,863,815 (23rd)
 - Density 323 /km²
Districts 7
Municipalities 29
ISO 3166-2 JP-24
Website www.pref.mie.jp/
ENGLISH/
Prefectural Symbols
 - Flower Iris (Iris ensata)
 - Tree Japanese cedar (Cryptomeria japonica)
 - Bird Snowy plover (Charadrius alexandrinus)
 - Fish {{{Fish}}}
Symbol of Mie Prefecture
Symbol of Mie Prefecture
Template ■ Discussion ■ WikiProject Japan

Mie Prefecture (三重県 Mie-ken ?) is a prefecture of Japan which is part of the Kansai regions on Honshū island. The capital is the city of Tsu.

Contents

History

"Ise Shrine"

Evidence of human habitation in Mie can be dated to more than 10,000 years ago. During the Jōmon and Yayoi periods, agricultural communities began to form along the river and coastal areas of the region. Ise Shrine is said to have been established during the Yayoi period, and in the 7th century the Saikū Imperial Residence was built in what is now Meiwa Town to serve as both a residence and administrive centre for the Saiō, an Imperial Princess who served as High Priestess of Ise Shrine.

During the Edo period, the area now known as Mie Prefecture consisted of several feudal domains, each ruled by an appointed lord. Transport networks, including the Tokaido and Ise Roads, were built. Port towns such as Ohminato, Kuwana and Anōtsu, posting stations and castle towns flourished. Pilgrimages to Ise Shrine also became very popular.

After the Meiji Restoration, the former provinces of Ise, Shima, and Iga as well as a portion of eastern Kii, were organized and reorganized repeatedly. In 1871 the area from the Kiso Three Rivers in the north to present-day Tsu became Anōtsu Prefecture, and the area south of that became Watarai Prefecture. In 1872, the Anōtsu prefectural seat moved from Tsu to Yokkaichi, and the prefecture itself was renamed Mie. For a variety of reasons, including the strong likelihood that Mie would eventually merge with Watarai, the prefectural seat returned to Tsu the following year, and Mie Prefecture took its present-day form in 1876, when it merged with its southern neighbor.

The name Mie supposedly was taken from a comment about the region made by Yamato Takeru on his way back from conquering the eastern regions.

In 1959, many lives were lost as parts of Mie were devastated by the Ise-wan Typhoon, the strongest typhoon to hit Japan in recorded history. Crops were destroyed, sea walls ruined, roads and railways damaged and a substantial number of people were injured or left homeless.

Geography

Map of Mie Prefecture.

Mie Prefecture forms the eastern part of the Kii Peninsula, and is bordered by Aichi, Gifu, Shiga, Kyoto, Nara, and Wakayama. It is considered to be a part of the Kansai and Tōkai regions due to its geographical proximity to Aichi Prefecture and its cultural influence from Kansai, such as the fact that Kansai dialect is spoken in Mie. Traditionally, though, the Iga region of Mie is considered to have always been a part of Kansai.

Mie coastline, near Toba

Mie Prefecture measures 170 km from north to south, and 80 km from east to west, and is made up of 5 distinct geographical areas. The north-west of Mie consists of the Suzuka Mountains, along the coast of Ise Bay from the Aichi border to Ise City is the Ise Plain, where most of the population of Mie live, south of the Ise Plain is the Shima Peninsula, bordering Nara in the central-west is the Iga Basin, and running from central Mie to its southern borders is the Nunobiki Mountainous Region.[1]

Mie has a coastline that stretches 1,094.9km and, as of 2000, Mie's 5,776.44 km² landmass can be divided into 64.8% forest, 11.5% agriculture, 6% residential area, 3.8% roads, and 3.6% rivers. The remaining 10.3% are not classified. The Ise Plain has a relatively moderate climate, averaging 14 to 15 degrees Celsius for the year. The Iga Basin has more daily temperature variance and averages temperatures 1 to 2 degrees cooler than the Ise Plain. Southern Mie, south of the Shima Peninsula, has a warmer Pacific marine climate, with Owase Region having one of the heaviest rainfall figures for all of Japan.[1]

Cities

Fourteen cities are located in Mie Prefecture:

Towns and villages

These are the towns and villages in each district.

Tōin
Kihoku
Kisosaki
Asahi
Kawagoe
Komono
Kihō
Mihama
Meiwa
Ōdai
Taki
Minamiise
Taiki
Tamaki
Watarai

Mergers

Economy

Mie Prefecture has traditionally been a link between east and west Japan, thanks largely to the Tokaido and Ise Pilgrimage Roads. Traditional handicrafts such as Iga Braid, Yokkaichi Banko Pottery, Suzuka Ink, Iga Pottery and Ise Katagami flourished. With 65% of the prefecture consisting of forests and with over 1,000 km of coastline, Mie has a long been associated with forestry and seafood industries. As well as this, Mie produces tea, beef, cultured pearls and fruit, mainly mandarin oranges.

Northern Mie is home to a number of manufacturing industries, mainly transport machinery manufacturing (vehicles and ships) and heavy chemical industries such as oil refineries. As well as this, Mie Prefecture is expanding into more advanced industries including the manufacture of semiconductors and liquid crystal displays.

Demographics

Mie Prefecture Demographics (as of 2006)[2]
Total Population 1,867,696
Male Population 908,440
Female Population 959,256
Population Age Under 15 263,697
Population Aged 15 to 64 1,190,615
Population Aged Over 64 411,063
Number of Households 688,088
Population Density (per sq.km) 323.3

Culture

Tourism

Famous places

Famous citizens

Famous products

  • Akafuku, a sweet made with mochi and sweet red bean paste.
  • spiny lobster, known as Ise ebi (伊勢えび), named after the old province.
  • Matsusaka beef.

Sister states

References

External links


Simple English

Mie Prefecture (三重県, Mie-ken) is located in the Kinki region on the island of Honshū, Japan. The capital of Mie is the city of Tsu.

Contents

The History of Mie Prefecture

In the past, the area that is now Mie Prefecture was three different regions. They were called Ise Province, Shima Province and Iga Province. After the Meiji Restoration, this area changed many times. In 1871, the area from the Kisosansen River in the north to the city of Tsu became Anōtsu Prefecture. The area south of Tsu became Watarai Prefecture. In 1876, Anōtsu Prefecture and Watarai Prefecture joined to become Mie Prefecture.

Information about Mie Prefecture

Mie Prefecture is on the eastern side of the Kii Peninsula. The prefectures that surround Mie are Aichi, Gifu, Shiga, Kyoto, Nara, and Wakayama. Mie is in the Kinki area of Japan, but it is also close to Nagoya. There are many mountains in the west and south of Mie, with the largest cities in the east, next to Ise Bay.

The size of Mie Prefecture is 5,776.44 km². 64.8% of Mie is forest, 11.5% is used for growing food, 6% is used for houses, 3.8% is used for roads, and 3.6% are rivers. The other 10.3% is used for other things.

Cities

There are fourteen cities in Mie Prefecture:

  • Iga
  • Inabe
  • Ise
  • Kameyama
  • Kumano
  • Kuwana
  • Matsusaka
  • Nabari
  • Owase
  • Shima
  • Suzuka
  • Toba
  • Tsu (capital)
  • Yokkaichi

Towns

There are seven regions in Mie, and in these regions are fifteen towns.

  • Inabe region
Tōin
  • Kitamuro region
Kihoku
  • Kuwana region
Kisosaki
  • Mie region
Asahi
Kawagoe
Komono
  • Minamimuro region
Kihō
Mihama
  • Taki region
Meiwa
Ōdai
Taki
  • Watarai region
Minamiise
Taiki
Tamaki
Watarai








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