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Mieh Mieh Camp is Palestinian refugee camp in Lebanon, located in the hills 4 kilometers (2 mi) east of Sidon. In 2003 it had a population 5,037 refugees. It was established in 1954. During the Lebanese Civil War, 15% of the camp's shelters, as well as the United Nations Relief and Works Agency school and distribution center were destroyed.[1]

The socio-economic situation of the refugees is described by the UNRWA as "extremely difficult". Men find work as daily-paid laborers on construction sites and in orchards. Women work in orchards, in embroidery workshops and as cleaners. All shelters are supplied with water through a network connected to the Agency's water plant. Al-Najdeh Al-Sha'bieh is the only NGO active in Mieh Mieh and provides house decorating courses for Palestinian youths. There are two UNRWA elementary/preparatory schools in the camp, which had an enrollment of 1,020 enrolled pupils in 2003/2004.[1]

Two people were killed in a gun battle in Mieh Mieh camp on 21 March 2009. Kamal Naji (also known as Kamal Medhat), the deputy head of the Palestine Liberation Organisation in Lebanon, visited the camp to calm the situation on 23 March 2009. Shortly after he exited the camp a roadside bomb killed him and three others, close to Mieh Mieh.[2]

References

  1. ^ a b Mieh Mieh Camp Profile United Nations Relief and Works Agency. December 31, 2003.
  2. ^ BBC Lebanon bomb kills PLO official 23 march 2009

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Mieh Mieh (or Mieh w Mieh, Mieh-ou-Mieh) is a village in southern Lebanon east of Sidon.

Etymology

The name of Mieh Mieh village derives from one of two origins:

First theory states that the village's name was mummy (from Phoenicians), due to discovering lot of Phoenicians mummies in Mieh Mieh's territories. What supports this theory is that the largest part of Mr. Ford's archeological collection that exists in the Lebanese National Museum is extracted from Mieh Mieh's territories.

The Second theory suggests that due to that a lot of water sources existed in the area, thus the village was called Mayya w Mayya, which means water and water in the Assyrians Language (al-louga al-syrianiyya).

History

Mieh Mieh was in the 17th century a farm owned by the rich families and the state or the prince. Christians started to come to village in the beginnings of the 18th century , the state gave some of its land to farmers , and they had to pay the 10% of the crops. The families of "Nakad" and "Faddoul" were the owners of half of the land there , than in the 19th century it came to American missionaries.

The ancestors were hard working people, they have passed by difficult times, especially the Turkish occupation, world war I & II, and they fought for their land, and refused to leave it for any price. Until the present time, Mieh w Mieh's inhabitants are still fighting in similar circumstances, and are focused with determination into staying in their lands. They have suffered a lot during the civil war in Lebanon due to its bearing of a refugee Palestinian camp.

References


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