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Miesbach
Bavaria mb.png
Map of Bavaria highlighting the district of Miesbach
State Bavaria
Adm. region Oberbayern
Region Oberland
District seat Miesbach
Area 864 km²
Population 91,700 (2000)
Pop. density 106 /km²
Licence plate code MB
Web page landkreis-miesbach.de

Miesbach is a district in Bavaria, Germany. It is bounded by (from the west and clockwise) the districts of Bad Tölz-Wolfratshausen, Munich and Rosenheim, and by the Austrian state of Tyrol.

Contents

History

In medieval times most of the district was occupied by clerical states. The Miesbach district is the union of the areas that were formerly occuped by the Hohenwaldeck county, the territories owned by the powerful Tegernsee Abbey, the territories owned by the Weyarn Abbey and Valley County. Hohenwaldeck was annexed by Bavaria in 1734, Valley in 1777. The clerical states were dissolved in 1803 and fell to Bavaria as well.
Miesbach was established in 1803 the foundation ceremony took place in the court district of Hohenwaldeck. In 1818 Tegernsee was established. The same year the Bad Aibling district was established too and Miesbach had to deliver 12 municipalities. In 1939 Tegernsee was merged into Miesbach. During the territorial reform in Bavaria in 1972 Otterffing was merged into Miesbach too and the district Wolfratshausen as well.

Geography

The southern half of the district is located in the Bavarian Alps. This section of the Alps is called Mangfallgebirge ("Mangfall Mountains"), since the Mangfall River has its source here. The most important peaks are Rotwand ("Red Wall", 1884 m), the highest mountain in the area and Wendelstein (1936 m) .

The Mangfall River, a short but broad affluent of the Inn River, flows northward with the district's municipalities on either bank. In the initial part of its course it runs through Tegernsee Lake (9 km²).

Coat of arms

Coat of arms The coat of arms displays:
  • a red eagle and two crossed staffs, symbolising the county of Hohenwaldeck
  • two water lily leaves above a wavy line, the ancient arms of the monastery of Tegernsee

Government

Charge Name Years in office
District Minister Franz Xaver Steyrer
Max Graf von Preysing
Joseph Wiesend
Wolfgang Knorr
Alois Schmid
Carl Bollweg
1803–1806
1806–1813
1813–1846
1846–1848
1848–1851
1851–1862, 1874
Joint President Carl Bollweg
Ludwig Mayr
Uhl
Carl Riezler
Bernhard de Rudder
Hermann Kopp
1851, 1862–1874
1874–1888
1888–1890
1890–1911
1911–1929
1929–1938, 1943
District Administrator Kemnitzer
Dr. Frick
Dr. von Wehner
Schindler
Friedrich Roith
Freiherr von Schoen
Friedrich Roith
Dr. Süß
Meissner
Dr. Simon Beck
Anton Bauer
Dr. Walter Königsdorfer
Wolfgang Gröbl
Norbert Kerkel
Jakob Kreidl
1943–1944
1944–1945
May 10, 1945 – August 1, 1945
August 1, 1945 – May 10, 1946
May 11, 1946 – May 27 1946
May 28 1946 – June 11 1946
June 11 1946 – September 25 1946
September 26 1946 – May 31, 1948
June 5 1948 – December 14 1948
1949–1951
1952–1955
1955–1972
1972–1987
1987–2008
since 2008

Towns and municipalities

Towns Municipalities
  1. Miesbach
  2. Tegernsee
  1. Bad Wiessee
  2. Bayrischzell
  3. Fischbachau
  4. Gmund am Tegernsee
  5. Hausham
  6. Holzkirchen
  7. Irschenberg
  1. Kreuth
  2. Otterfing
  3. Rottach-Egern
  4. Schliersee
  5. Valley
  6. Waakirchen
  7. Warngau
  8. Weyarn

External links

Coordinates: 47°45′N 11°50′E / 47.75°N 11.83°E / 47.75; 11.83

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