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Miguel Indurain
Miguel Indurain 2.jpg
Personal information
Full name Miguel Ángel Indurain Larraya
Nickname Miguelón, Big Mig (English)
Date of birth 16 July 1964 (1964-07-16) (age 45)
Country  Spain
Team information
Current team Retired
Discipline Road
Role Rider
Rider type All-rounder
Professional team(s)1
1985–1989
1990–1996
Reynolds
Banesto
Major wins
Tour de France
Jersey yellow.svg Overall classification (1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995)
12 individual stages (1989-1995)

Giro d'Italia

Jersey pink.svg Overall classification (1992, 1993)
4 individual stages

Gold medal.svg Olympic Time-Trial Champion (1996)
MaillotMundial.PNG World Time-Trial Champion (1995)

Infobox last updated on:
16 January 2007

1 Team names given are those prevailing
at time of rider beginning association with that team.

Miguel Indurain 1993 Tour de France .

Miguel Ángel Indurain Larraya (born 16 July 1964, Villava, Navarre) is a retired Spanish road racing cyclist. He is best known for winning the Tour de France from 1991 to 1995, becoming only the fourth person to win the event five times, and the first to win five in a row. Indurain's ability and physical size—1.88 m (6 ft 2 in) and 80 kg (176 lbs)—earned him the nickname "Miguelón" or "Big Mig".

Contents

Biography

Indurain (pronounced "In-dur-rine") turned professional in 1985 and entered the Tour de France for the first time the same year, ultimately entering it in each of the next eleven years. Although he dropped out of the Tour in 1985 and 1986, his standing improved steadily until his first win in 1991. He rode in support of his team captain Pedro Delgado in the 1990 Tour, even though he might have been strong enough to win it himself. He won the event from 1991 to 1995, becoming the first to win five consecutive times (Jacques Anquetil was the first to win the event five times non-consecutively).

Indurain is often said to have been the best time trialist in the Grand Tours, putting in large gains against his rivals on the time-trial stages and riding defensively in the climbing stages. In the 1992 Tour he finished a 65 km time trial an astonishing three minutes ahead of the second-place rider. On the morning of the time trial Big Mig had ridden the course and declared he "liked it" so had a 55 tooth chain ring fitted. He did not disappoint. A picture of sublime power and grace combined with the trade mark grin, he demolished the field. Such was his dominance that approaching the finish line he caught the rider who started 6 minutes in front. A certain Laurent Fignon, second in the Tour 3 years previously. Despite his five Tour victories, he won only two Tour stages that were not individual time trials: mountain stages to Cauterets (1989) and Luz Ardiden (1990) in the Pyrenees. He was often accused of not fighting hard enough for wins in mountain stages in which he arrived in the lead group, while others respected this as a sign of a gentleness and gratefulness to his rivals.

In 1992 and 1993, years in which he won the Tour, Indurain also won the Giro d'Italia. In 1994 he set a World Hour record of 53.040 kilometres (circa 32.96 miles), breaking the previous record set by Scotland's Graeme Obree. During the 1996 Olympic Games in Atlanta, where professional cyclists were allowed to compete for the first time, Indurain won the gold medal in the individual time trial. He also won the Dauphiné Libéré in 1995 and 1996.

1996 seemed to be going smoothly as Indurain prepared to defend his Tour crown. The usual indicator of Indurain's form was the Critérium du Dauphiné Libéré. After giving a master class in attacking and race control during difficult conditions, it was clear Indurain was ready. None doubted the usual result during July.

Suddenly all bets were off. In the 1996 Tour, Indurain was aiming for a sixth victory, but he suffered right from the beginning. The dominant display in the Prologue was replaced by a 7th place and a rather labored performance. Usually Indurain would have a smooth, fast cadence and finish first. Many had said he was using a higher gear and rolling it round. Reports surfaced later that Indurain had been in rather a "state" after the ride and had to be helped into the team bus. After developing bronchitis after an extremely cold and wet first week of the race, Indurain started to lose time from stage 7 and never recovered. In the years that have past extensive drug use by Indurain's rivals, the Telecom and Festina teams, showed that only a fully fit Indurain may have won for a record 6th time. The eventual winner Bjarne Riis later admitted having used EPO to win, gaining the nickname "Mr 60%", but is still considered by the Tour organisers as the overall winner, albeit with reservations.

Indurain finished 11th and, in a stage passing through his hometown and ending in Pamplona, he finished 19th, eight minutes behind the stage winner. Later that year he abandoned the Vuelta a España, which his Banesto team had insisted he enter, saying that his legs felt like wood and that he could not breathe. He later announced his retirement from racing.

Even during the five years when he dominated the Tour, Indurain resisted comparison to great Tour champions of the past and once said that he had "never felt superior to anyone." On the bike, he seemed rarely to struggle or lose his composure. That, along with his quiet nature, led some to compare him to an extraterrestrial or a robot. He was also known to be exceedingly generous with his teammates. In 1992 fans reported overhearing him say "Mi baño es tu baño" (My bath is your bath) after big stages concluded especially to fellow countryman and domestique extraordinaire, Pedro Delgado.


In retirement he is a member of the Spanish Olympic Committee and of UCI's Professional Cycling Council. He is also Honorary President of the Miguel Indurain Foundation. He often attends cyclotourist events such as L'Etape du Tour and the Cape Argus Pick & Pay Cycle Tour in Cape Town, South Africa.

Miguel Indurain during the XXI Criterium Ciutat de L'Hospitalet, in 1996.

Physical advantages

At the top of his career, Miguel Indurain had a physiology that was not only superior when compared to average people, but also when compared to his fellow athletes. His blood circulation had the ability to circulate 7 litres of oxygen around his body per minute,[1] compared to the average amount of 3-4 litres for an ordinary person and the 5-6 litres for his fellow riders. His cardiac output is 50 litres a minute; a fit amateur cyclist's is about 25 litres a minute. Also, Indurain's lung capacity was 8 litres, compared to an average of 6 litres. In addition, Indurain's resting pulse was as low as 28 BPM, compared to a normal human's 60-100 bpm , which meant his heart would be less strained in the tough mountain stages.[2] His VO2 max was 88 ml/kg/min; in comparison, Lance Armstrong's was 85 ml/kg/min[3] and Greg LeMond's was over 92 ml/kg/min.[4]

Career highlights

Tour de France finishings
1985: Withdrew, 4th stage
1986: Withdrew, 8th stage
1987: 97th
1988: 47th
1989: 17th
1990: 10th
1991: Jersey yellow.svg1st
1992: Jersey yellow.svg1st
1993: Jersey yellow.svg1st
1994: Jersey yellow.svg1st
1995: Jersey yellow.svg1st
1996: 11th
Giro d'Italia finishings
1992: Jersey pink.svg1st
1993: Jersey pink.svg1st
1994: 3rd
Vuelta a España finishings
1985: 84th
1986: 92nd
1987: Withdrew
1988: Withdrew
1989: Withdrew
1990: 7th
1991: 2nd
1996: Withdrew, 12th stage
Major results
MaillotMundial.PNG World Time-Trial Championship (1995)
Gold medal.svg Summer Olympics Men's Individual Time Trial (1996)
Dauphiné Libéré (1995, 1996)
Paris-Nice (1989, 1990)
Clásica de San Sebastián (1990)
Critérium International (1989)
Grand prix du Midi Libre (1995)
Volta a Catalunya (1988, 1991, 1992)
Tour de l'Avenir (1986)
Accolades
French Légion d'honneur
Prince of Asturias Awards: Sports (1992)
Active member – Laureus World Sports Academy
1995 ABC's Wide World of Sports Athlete of the Year

References

Sporting positions
Preceded by
Chris Boardman
World Time Trial Champion
1995
Succeeded by
Alex Zülle
Awards and achievements
Preceded by
Incumbent
Vélo d'Or
1992 – 1993
Succeeded by
Tony Rominger
Preceded by
Kevin Young
United Press International
Athlete of the Year

1993
Succeeded by
Johan Olav Koss
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Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Miguel Induráin article)

From Wikiquote

Miguel Ángel Induráin Larraya (born July 16, 1964, Villava, Navarre) is a retired Spanish road bicycle racer. He is best known for having won the Tour de France from 1991 to 1995, becoming the first person to win the event five consecutive times.

Unsourced

  • According to me, Merckx remains the greatest cyclist of all. He dared to strain his body to the extremes.
  • Armstrong has proved that he has been the greatest rider in the Tour, but that was the only race he really competed in to win.
  • I did try to win a sixth [Tour de France], but it was not to be.
  • I have earned enough to take it a bit easier now.
  • I inherited that calm from my father, who was a farmer. You sow, you wait for good or bad weather, you harvest, but working is something you always
  • If by magic I were going to ride the Tour in 2003, what would interest me most would be the prologue. It's the most emotive moment, where the tension accumulated during a year of work is released like a gunshot.
  • If I had been born with an aggressive character, then maybe my palmares would have been longer.
  • My strength was that I am more balanced and calmer than most other riders.
  • Sooner or later a rider will emerge who will win more Tours. In every sport we have seen how the records eventually get broken and cycling is no exception.
  • To be free and to live a free life - that is the most beautiful thing there is.

About Indurain

  • You'd see him there, attacking, with that smile on his face, and you couldn't tell whether he was tired, faking it or laughing at you.
  • Indurain makes me sick because he's actually a really nice guy. You can't actually work yourself up, there's no hate involved, no anger. He's a really nice bloke and a true champion.

External links

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has an article about:

Simple English

File:Miguel Indurain
Miguel Indurain in 1996

Miguel Ángel Indurain Larraya (born July 16, 1964,) was a Spanish road racing cyclist. He was a professional from 1985 to 1996. He was the first person to win the Tour de France five times in a row from 1991 to 1995. He also won the Giro d'Italia two times, in 1992 and 1993. In 1994 he cycled 53,040 kilometres in one hour, which was a new hour record. He also won the Olympic Gold medal for the time trial in 1996.

Indurain was very good at time trials. In the five Tours de France that he won, he only won two stages that were not time trials. He finished time trials much quicker than other cyclists, so he did not need to attack in mountain stages. In the 1996 Tour de France he had a bad cold and he could not win. He retired later in 1997.

Achievements

Medal record
Competitor for
Road bicycle racing
Olympic Games
Gold 1996 Atlanta Time Trial
World Championships
Gold 1995 Duitama Elite Men's Time Trial
Silver 1993 Oslo Elite Men's Road Race
Silver 1995 Duitama Elite Men's Road Race
Bronze 1991 Stuttgart Elite Men's Road Race
Tour de France finishings
1985: Withdrew, 4th stage
1986: Withdrew, 8th stage
1987: 97th
1988: 47th
1989: 17th
1990: 10th
1991: File:Jersey1st
1992: File:Jersey1st
1993: File:Jersey1st
1994: File:Jersey1st
1995: File:Jersey1st
1996: 11th
Giro d'Italia finishings
1992: File:Jersey1st
1993: File:Jersey1st
1994: 3rd
Vuelta a España finishings
1985: 84th
1986: 92nd
1987: Withdrew
1988: Withdrew
1989: Withdrew
1990: 7th
1991: 2nd
1996: Withdrew, 12th stage
Major results
World Time-Trial Championship (1995)
Summer Olympics Men's Individual Time Trial (1996)
Dauphiné Libéré (1995, 1996)
Paris-Nice (1989, 1990)
Clásica de San Sebastián (1990)
Critérium International (1989)
Grand prix du Midi Libre (1995)
Volta a Catalunya (1988, 1991, 1992)
Tour de l'Avenir (1986)
Accolades
French Légion d'honneur
Prince of Asturias Awards: Sports (1992)
Active member – Laureus World Sports Academy
1995 ABC's Wide World of Sports Athlete of the Year


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