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Miguel Tejada

Free Agent — No. --
Shortstop
Born: May 25, 1974 (1974-05-25) (age 35)
Bani, Dominican Republic
Bats: Right Throws: Right 
MLB debut
August 27, 1997 for the Oakland Athletics
Career statistics
(through September 29, 2009)
Batting average     .289
Home runs     284
Runs batted in     1181
Teams
Career highlights and awards

Miguel Odalis Tejada Martinez (born on May 25, 1974, in Baní, Dominican Republic)[1] is a free agent Major League Baseball shortstop. He began his first six seasons of his career with the Oakland Athletics, where he began his streak of 1,152 consecutive games, that ended with the Baltimore Orioles on June 22, 2007. In 2002, he was awarded the AL MVP award, and he was the MVP of the 2005 All-Star Game. Tejada entered the 2007 season with an active streak of eight straight 20 home run seasons.

His nickname is "La Gua Gua" which means "the bus" in certain Spanish dialects, as Tejada is known to drive in runs. On February 11, 2009, he pleaded guilty to one count of perjury for lying to Congress in his testimony on whether or not Rafael Palmeiro lied about whether or not he used steroids[2].

Contents

Early life

Tejada grew up in extreme poverty in Baní, a city approximately 40 miles (65 km) southwest of Santo Domingo, capital of the Dominican Republic. Miguel Tejada grew up idolizing the Baltimore Orioles shortstop Cal Ripken Jr.[3]

At age 19 his childhood dream of playing professional baseball was realized when he signed with the Oakland Athletics for two thousand dollars, although at the time the organization believed him to be 17 years old. [4]

Career

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Oakland Athletics

Tejada developed quickly into a top-notch prospect, showing early signs of power. He reached the Majors towards the end of the 1997 season, joining a struggling Oakland Athletics club. Though he only hit .202 in 26 games that year, the A's saw potential in the 23-year-old Tejada. This was bolstered by his performance with the Edmonton Trappers (AAA) in the Pacific Coast League during the season, and returning to the minors to lead the Trappers to a PCL championship that year. He was rewarded with the starting shortstop job beginning in 1998.

The A's, and Tejada, steadily improved over the next two years. His hitting improved as he gained more discipline at the plate. In 1998, he hit .233 with 11 home runs and in 1999 his average jumped to .251 with 21 home runs.

After a solid 87-win campaign in 1999, Tejada and a core of young players led their A's to their first American League Western Division title in eight years in 2000. Bolstered by an American League MVP-winning performance by first baseman Jason Giambi, and aided by Tejada's .275 average and 30 home runs, the A's won 91 games. The A's faced the New York Yankees in the first round of the postseason, which was won by the Yankees 3-2 in Oakland.

In 2001, Tejada had a comparable offensive year, hitting .267 with 31 homers. The A's captured the American League wild card with a 102-60 record. In the postseason, however, the A's fell to the Yankees in five games, blowing an initial 2-0 series lead.

Tejada's breakout year came in 2002. With the departure of Jason Giambi to the New York Yankees during the offseason, and a leg injury to slugger Jermaine Dye, the A's lost two of their key offensive players. Tejada hit .308 with 34 homers and led the A's to their second Western Division title in three years. Their campaign included an American League record 20 game winning-streak. Tejada contributed one-out, game-winning hits in the 18th and 19th games of that run: a three-run homer off Minnesota Twins closer Eddie Guardado for a 7-5 victory and a bases-loaded single against Kansas City Royals reliever Jason Grimsley to break a 6-6 tie. Tejada also showed modest speed on the basepaths with 18 steals over a two-year stretch. His performance was rewarded with the 2002 American League MVP award. For the third straight year, though, the A's fell in the fifth game of the ALDS, this time to the Minnesota Twins.

The next year, both the A's and Tejada got off to a slow start, with the shortstop hitting under .200 for the first month of the season. Improved play in the second half of the season led the A's to their second straight Western Division title and their third in four years. Tejada hit .278 with 27 homers for the year, a decrease from his numbers in 2002, but still leading many offensive categories for shortstops.

In a tension-filled series, the powerful offense of the Boston Red Sox narrowly edged out the A's in the first round, once again in five games. Tejada was known for his public display of anger toward Boston starting pitcher Derek Lowe at the series' conclusion for what he perceived as obscene gestures. Lowe denied the accusation, claiming his fist pump was in celebration only.

By the end of the 2003 season, Tejada had established himself as one of baseball's premier shortstops. The A's elected not to resign the free agent, citing budget concerns and a young Bobby Crosby coming through the system, so Tejada signed a six-year, $72 million deal with the Baltimore Orioles during the offseason.

Baltimore Orioles

On arrival in Baltimore, Tejada was given uniform number 10, since 4, his number in Oakland, had been retired for former manager Earl Weaver. As an Oriole, Tejada followed in the footsteps of legendary Baltimore shortstop Cal Ripken Jr.. Like Ripken, Tejada is a strong and durable shortstop with unusual power numbers for a middle infielder. Ripken currently holds baseball's record for consecutive games played at 2,632. Tejada played in his 1,000th consecutive game on July 1, 2006. Tejada's streak was at 1,151 games when he was hit on his left wrist by a pitch on June 20, 2007. The next day, he went up to bunt in the top of the first inning, bunted into a force play, and was replaced by a pinch runner. Following that game, it was announced that he had a broken wrist. On June 22 he was placed on the disabled list, ending his streak at 1,152 consecutive games, the fifth longest in Major League history, behind Cal Ripken (2632), Lou Gehrig (2130). Everett Scott (1307). and Steve Garvey (1217).[5]

Tejada batting when he played for the Baltimore Orioles
Miguel Tejada talks to reporter Kelli Johnson 2005.

On July 12, 2004, Tejada won the Century 21 Home Run Derby in Houston. Tejada hit a record 27 home runs in the contest, including a record 15 homers in the second round. He defeated Houston Astros outfielder Lance Berkman (who would later become his teammate) 5-4 in the final round of the contest. Both records were broken the following year in Detroit by Bobby Abreu.

Tejada led the league with 150 RBIs in 2004.

While Tejada did not participate in the Home Run Derby in 2005, he was an All-Star and starter for the AL. In his first All-Star start, Tejada hit a solo home run against John Smoltz of the Atlanta Braves, had a sacrifice RBI and was part of an all-Oriole double play with teammate Brian Roberts. His efforts earned him the All-Star MVP, winning a Chevrolet Corvette.

On December 8, 2005, it was widely reported by the Associated Press that Tejada asked the Orioles for a trade, citing unhappiness with the team's direction. Tejada challenged those statements in an interview with Comcast Sportsnet's Kelli Johnson, saying he only asked for a better team, referring to his hope that the Baltimore Orioles would improve after their eighth straight losing season.

Several weeks later, Tejada reiterated his complaints with the Orioles' lack of action and demanded to be traded, sparking immediate rumors of a trade to the Boston Red Sox for pitcher Matt Clement and outfielder Manny Ramírez. Tejada stated that he wants a "good group that helps me to win" and commented briefly on his alleged non-involvement in Palmeiro's steroid scandal.

Rumors went around in early 2006 that Tejada might be traded to the Red Sox or Cubs. But on January 7, 2006, Tejada stated his intent to remain with Baltimore for "the rest of [his] career." This statement was made to Orioles Vice President Jim Duquette in a meeting arranged by mutual friend and teammate Melvin Mora. It was reported that Tejada was claimed by the Chicago White Sox off trade waivers, but the two teams did not make a deal for Tejada to go to Chicago.

Houston Astros

On December 12, 2007, Tejada was dealt to the Houston Astros for five players, including SP Troy Patton, OF Luke Scott, RP Dennis Sarfate and RP/SP Matt Albers.[6]. The Astros then opted against the renewal of shortstop, Adam Everett's contract, ensuring Tejada's place and role on the team. He continued to wear number 10, as he had in Baltimore.

Tejada scored his 1,000th career run on July 7, 2008, at PNC Park. In the 2008 All-Star Game Tejada singled leading off the top of the eighth stole second with one out and advanced to third on a throwing error and scored on Padres' first baseman Adrian Gonzalez's sacrifice fly.

In the 2008 season he grounded into 32 double plays, the most in the major leagues.[1]

In 2009 he again led the majors in grounding into double plays, this time with 29.[7]

Controversies

Steroid allegations

On September 22, 2005, ESPN reported that Rafael Palmeiro, who had tested positive for steroids and was suspended for 10 games under Major League Baseball's steroid policy, implicated Tejada to baseball's arbitration panel, suggesting that a supplement given to him by Tejada was responsible for the steroid entering his system. Tejada has denied the allegations,[8] saying that the only thing he gave Palmeiro was vitamin B-12, a completely legal substance under current MLB policy.

On September 24, 2005, the Baltimore Sun reported that "The Health Policy Advisory Committee, which oversees baseball's testing policy, issued a statement that exonerated Tejada and chastised the media for reporting that he might have distributed steroids to another player."[9]

In José Canseco's 2005 book, Juiced: Wild Times, Rampant 'Roids, Smash Hits & How Baseball Got Big, he mentions that he believes Tejada might have taken steroids. He claims to have spoken to him about them and the next season seeing him at spring training looking more defined. He never claims to have injected him with them, like he did with Palmeiro, McGwire and other ballplayers.

On September 30, 2006 the Los Angeles Times reported that former relief pitcher Jason Grimsley, during a June 6, 2006 federal raid, told federal agents investigating steroids in baseball named Tejada as a user of "anabolic steroids." The Times reported that Tejada was one of five names blacked out in an affidavit filed in federal court.[10] However, on October 3, 2006, the Washington Post reported that San Francisco United States attorney Kevin Ryan said that the Los Angeles Times report contained "significant inaccuracies."[11] Tejada, along with the other four players named, has denounced the story.[11]

On December 13, 2007, Tejada was mentioned in the Mitchell Report in connection to steroids. In the report, Tejada is said to have received $1,500 worth of steroids[12]

A report surfaced on January 15, 2008 stating that Rep. Henry Waxman had asked the Justice Department to investigate whether Tejada was truthful when speaking to the House committee when being interviewed in 2005 regarding possible connections to Rafael Palmeiro.[13][14]

Despite all the allegations of steroids and HGH usage, Tejada was named to the 2008 National League All-Star team.

On February 10, 2009, Tejada was charged with lying to Congress about performance enhancing drug usage in Major League Baseball.[15] On February 11, Tejada pleaded guilty to charges that he lied to Congress in 2005.[16] He faced up to one year in federal prison and deportation.[17]. On March 26, 2009, he received a one year probation.[18]

Age

On April 17, 2008, Tejada was confronted by an ESPN reporter during an interview who revealed that Tejada had been lying about his age ever since he first signed a Major League Baseball contract in 1993. Tejada had claimed to have been born in 1976 when a Dominican birth certificate showed that he was born in 1974. That birth certificate also shows the spelling of his surname as "Tejeda" rather than "Tejada". [12][19] Tejada stormed off the set, effectively ending the interview.

Personal life

During the MLB offseason, Tejada resides in the Dominican Republic with his wife, Alessandra, his daughter, Alexa, and his son, Miguel Jr. He also plays for the Aguilas Cibaenas, Dominican Winter League team during the MLB offseason.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Miguel Tejada (II) - Biography". www.imdb.com. http://www.imdb.com/name/nm1714108/bio. Retrieved June 13, 2008.  
  2. ^ Schmidt, Michael S. (February 11, 2009). "The Tumult Continues: Tejada Pleads Guilty". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2009/02/12/sports/baseball/12tejada.htm. Retrieved February 12, 2009.  
  3. ^ Tejada Looks to Build on Ripken Legacy
  4. ^ Miguel Tejada's biography
  5. ^ Fordin, Spencer (June 22, 2007). "Streak over: Tejada placed on DL". MLB.com. http://mlb.mlb.com/news/article.jsp?ymd=20070622&content_id=2042946&vkey=news_mlb&fext=.jsp&c_id=mlb. Retrieved July 28, 2007.  
  6. ^ "Tejada traded to Astros, Orioles to receive five players for former AL MVP". SI.com. December 12, 2007. http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/2007/baseball/mlb/12/12/tejada.trade.ap/index.html. Retrieved December 12, 2007.  
  7. ^ "MLB Player Batting Stats - 2009," ESPN, accessed October 9, 2009
  8. ^ "Palmeiro named Tejada before panel". ESPN. September 23, 2005. http://sports.espn.go.com/mlb/news/story?id=2169007. Retrieved October 4, 2006.  
  9. ^ Topic Galleries - baltimoresun.com
  10. ^ Pugmire, Lance (October 1, 2006). "Clemens Is Named in Drug Affidavit". Los Angeles Times. http://www.latimes.com/sports/la-sp-clemens1oct01,0,6499528.story?coll=la-home-headlines. Retrieved October 1, 2006.  
  11. ^ a b "U.S. Attorney Says Report Alleging Drug Use Contains 'Inaccuracies'". Washington Post. October 3, 2006. p. E02. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/10/02/AR2006100201054.html. Retrieved October 4, 2006.  
  12. ^ a b ESPN - Why questions about age, name could pose problems for Tejada - MLB
  13. ^ The Associated Press: Congress Asks for Tejada Perjury Probe
  14. ^ Pro baseball is urged to keep focus on antidrug policies | csmonitor.com
  15. ^ http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/2009/baseball/mlb/02/10/tejada.charged.ap/index.html
  16. ^ "MLB star Tejada pleads guilty to lying about steroids". Taipei Times. February 13, 2009. Archived from the original on August 19, 2009. http://www.webcitation.org/query?url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.taipeitimes.com%2FNews%2Fsport%2Farchives%2F2009%2F02%2F13%2F2003435976&date=2009-08-19. Retrieved August 19, 2009.  
  17. ^ http://www.nydailynews.com/sports/baseball/2009/02/10/2009-02-10_miguel_tejada_pleads_guilty_to_charges_t-2.html
  18. ^ http://sports.yahoo.com/mlb/news;_ylt=AidUChbYUVqGpTtuvHCBpsk5nYcB?slug=ap-tejada-sentencing&prov=ap&type=lgns
  19. ^ Tejada two years older than Astros thought

External links

Awards and achievements
Preceded by
Ichiro Suzuki
American League Most Valuable Player
2002
Succeeded by
Alex Rodriguez
Preceded by
Garret Anderson
Home Run Derby Champion
2004
Succeeded by
Bobby Abreu
Preceded by
Carlos Delgado
American League RBI Champion
2004
Succeeded by
David Ortiz
Preceded by
Alfonso Soriano
Major League Baseball All-Star Game
Most Valuable Player

2005
Succeeded by
Michael Young

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