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Miju Mishmi, also known as Kaman, is one of the three sub-tribes of the Mishmi Tribe of Tibet (and Arunachal Pradesh/include South Tibet).Members of this tribe are located in Anjaw and Lohit districts. The miju clans claim to have come from the Kachin country of Burma. They speak languages of the Midzu branch of Tibeto-Burman.

Contents

Dress and Ornaments

The men wear a narrow waist cloth which is brought up between the legs and hangs down in an embroidered flap in front. Over this is worn a sleeveless coat reaching half way down the thighs, the lower half of which is embroidered. The coats and the waist cloth are both woven on an ordinary Indonesian tension loom.

British India silver coins and Yunnan silver coins are used for necklaces and cane rings are sometimes worn below the knee. The hair is worn long and often tied up in a small puggaree.

Women wear long black skirts reaching almost to the ankle, with a little red embroidery round the edges. A gaily embroidered and very abbreviated bodice leaves the waist bare. A dark shawl is usually thrown over the shoulders. The adornment and patterns on the skirt and shawl have gotten much more intricate and complicated over the time. Thin silver forehead plates and large ear plugs are characteristic, and rich girls often wear numerous silver hoops round the neck.

Agriculture

The Mijus practice shifting agriculture, also known as Jhum, owing to environmental conditions around them.

Religion

Some of the externals of Mishmi religion show Tibetan influence, but it in no way resembles Buddhism. Nor has the Hinduism of the plains had any influence on it. The tribe has considerable number of named gods, which are rare in most of the tribes of the state. Some Gods are general with many pertaining especially to men and to women respectively. The religious rituals are carried out by priests (Kambring) and Mishmis spend much time and substance offering sacrifices of appeasement on their instructions. In fact almost all livestock is used only for sacrifice.

References

  • J.P. Mills, Mishmis of the Lohit Valley, Assam, The Journal of Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, Vol. 82, No. 1 (January - June,1952) ,pp. 1-12

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