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Mika Waltari

Mika Waltari
Born September 19, 1908(1908-09-19)
Helsinki, Finland
Died August 26, 1979 (aged 70)
Helsinki, Finland
Occupation Author, translator, academician
Nationality Finnish
Literary movement Tulenkantajat

Mika Toimi Waltari (About this sound pronunciation ) (September 19, 1908 – August 26, 1979) was a Finnish writer, best known for his best-selling novel The Egyptian (Finnish: Sinuhe egyptiläinen).


Early life

Waltari was born in Helsinki and lost his father, a Lutheran pastor, at the age of five. As a boy, he witnessed the Finnish Civil War in Helsinki. Later he enrolled in the University of Helsinki as a theology student, according to his mother's wishes, but soon abandoned theology in favour of philosophy, aesthetics and literature, graduating in 1929. While studying, he contributed to various magazines and wrote poetry and stories, getting his first book published in 1925. In 1927 he went to Paris where he wrote his first major novel Suuri illusioni ('The Grand Illusion'), a story of bohemian life. In terms of style, the novel is considered to be the Finnish equivalent to the works of the American writers of the Lost Generation. (In Waltari's historical novel The Adventurer, taking place in the 16th century, the hero is a Finn who goes to Paris during his twenties and lives there a rather bohemian life). Waltari also was, for a while, a member of the liberal literary movement Tulenkantajat, though his political and social views later turned conservative. He was married in 1931 and had a daughter, Satu, who also became a writer.

Throughout the 1930s and 1940s, Waltari worked hectically as a journalist and critic, writing for a number of newspapers and magazines and travelling widely in Europe. He directed the magazine Suomen Kuvalehti. At the same time, he kept writing books in many genres, moving easily from one literary field to another. He had a very busy schedule and strict work ethic. It has been claimed that he also suffered from insomnia and depression, sometimes to the extent of needing hospital treatment. He participated, and often succeeded, in literary competitions to prove the quality of his work to critics. One of these competitions gave rise to one of his most popular characters, Inspector Palmu, a gruff detective of the Helsinki police department, who starred in three mystery novels, all of which were filmed (a fourth one was made without Waltari involved). Waltari also scripted the popular cartoon Kieku ja Kaiku and wrote Aiotko kirjailijaksi, a guidebook for aspiring writers that influenced many younger writers such as Kalle Päätalo.

World War II and international break-through

During the Winter War (1939–1940) and the Continuation War (1941–1944), Waltari worked in the government information center, now also placing his literary skills at the service of political propaganda. 1945 saw the publication of Waltari's first and most successful historical novel, The Egyptian. Its theme of the corruption of humanist values in a materialist world seemed curiously topical in the aftermath of World War II, and the book became an international bestseller, serving as the basis of the 1954 Hollywood movie of the same name. Waltari wrote seven more historical novels, placed in various ancient cultures, among others The Dark Angel, set during the Fall of Constantinople in 1453. In these novels, he gave powerful expression to his fundamental pessimism and also, in two novels set in the Roman Empire, to his Christian conviction. After the war, he also wrote several novellas. He became a member of the Finnish Academy in 1957 and received an honorary doctorate at the University of Turku in 1970.

Waltari was one of the most prolific Finnish writers. He wrote at least 29 novels, 15 novellas, 6 collections of stories or fairy-tales, 6 collections of poetry and 26 plays, as well as screenplays, radioplays, non-fiction, translations, and hundreds of reviews and articles. He is also the internationally best-known Finnish writer, and his works have been translated into more than 40 languages.

Works translated into English



  • Moonscape (Kuun maisema, 1953)
  • The Tree of Dreams (Koiranheisipuu, 1961)

See also

The 100th anniversary of Mika Waltari's birth was celebrated by selecting the writer as the main motif for a high value commemorative coin, the €10 Mika Waltari commemorative coin, minted in 2008. The reverse depicts a vigilant Pharaoh watchdog referencing his famous book. The obverse is decorated with Waltari's signature and a stylized pen nib that symbolizes the diversity of the writer’s production.

External links


Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Mika Waltari

Mika Waltari (19 September 190826 August 1979) was a Finnish author, best known for the historical novel The Egyptian.


  • Elämä on kuuma päivä, kenties kuolema on viileä yö. Elämä on matala poukama, kenties kuolema on kirkas, syvä vesi.
    • Life is a hot day, perhaps death is a cool night. Life is a shallow bay, perhaps death is a clear, deep sea.
  • Jos tulisikin aika, jolloin enää ei ole rikkaita eikä köyhiä, niin aina on oleva viisaita ja tyhmiä, ovelia ja yksinkertaisia. Niin on aina ollut ja niin on oleva. Väkevä panee jalkansa heikon niskalle ja ovela vie tyhmän kukkaron ja panee yksinkertaisen tekemään työtä puolestaan, sillä ihminen on petollinen eläin ja hänen hyvyytensäkin on puolinainen, niin että vasta mies, joka makaa pitkällään eikä enää nouse, on kokonaan hyvä.
  • Puheesi on kuin kärpästen surinaa korvissani ja puhut kuin älytön mies ja suusikin on sontainen.

External links

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