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Mike Hawthorn
Nationality United Kingdom British
Formula One World Championship career
Active years 1952 - 1958
Teams LD Hawthorn, AHM Bryde, Ferrari, Vanwall, BRM
Races 47 (45 starts)
Championships 1 (1958)
Wins 3
Podiums 18
Career points 112.64 (127.64)[1]
Pole positions 4
Fastest laps 6
First race 1952 Belgian Grand Prix
First win 1953 French Grand Prix
Last win 1958 French Grand Prix
Last race 1958 Moroccan Grand Prix
24 Hours of Le Mans career
Participating years 1953, 19551958
Teams Jaguar Cars
Scuderia Ferrari
Best finish 1st (1955)
Class wins 1 (1955)

John Michael Hawthorn (10 April 1929 - 22 January 1959) was a racing driver, born in Mexborough, Yorkshire, England, and educated at Ardingly College, West Sussex.

Contents

Biography

Mike Hawthorn made his competition debut driving his 1934 Riley Ulster Imp, KV 9475, winning the 1,100 c.c. sports car class at the Brighton Speed Trials on September 2, 1950. [2] In 1951 he won the Motor Sport Brooklands Memorial Trophy, a season-long contest run at Goodwood, driving his 1½-litre T.T. Riley, by one point. [3] He also won the Ulster Trophy Handicap at Dundrod and the Leinster Trophy at Wicklow that year. [4]

Hawthorn made his Formula One debut at the 1952 Belgian Grand Prix, finishing an impressive 4th place. He would later win his first Grand Prix, at only the 9th attempt, when he won the 1953 French Grand Prix at Reims.

In 1955, Hawthorn was the winner of the 24 hours of Le Mans race, despite being involved in the terrible crash that killed 84 spectators and fellow racer Pierre Levegh.

Hawthorn drove his Ferrari at the 1958 Argentine Grand Prix.

He was the winner of the 1958 Formula One Championship. With only one win that year against four wins of Stirling Moss, he benefited greatly from the gentlemanliness of Moss as shown at the Portuguese Grand Prix of Porto. Hawthorn was disqualified for pushing his car, against the rules, on the way to a second place finish. Moss interceded on Hawthorn's behalf and the decision was ultimately reversed. Those second place points at Porto contributed to Hawthorn winning the championship with a season total just one point more than that of Moss. After winning the title, Hawthorn immediately announced his retirement from Formula One.

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Death

A matter of only months later, on 22 January 1959, Hawthorn died in an automobile accident on the A3 bypass near Guildford driving his British Racing Green highly tuned Jaguar 3.4-litre sedan (now known as the 3.4 Mk 1). What happened that day is still unknown, suggested causes being driver error, mechanical failure, or blackout. The crash has been ascribed to combination of high speed, bad weather, competitiveness and impulsiveness. Rob Walker's 300 SL Mercedes was ahead of him. Perhaps Hawthorn pushed his car to pass Walker's. Hawthorn's Jaguar, nicknamed "the Merceater" was heavily modified for high power and speed. "No Kraut car could overtake or outaccelerate" Hawthorn's Jaguar (these are the words in his biography Challenge Me The Race) - a close relation had been killed in the war, hence his dislike of Germans.

There is now evidence that Hawthorn had recently become subject to blackouts that might well have caused the accident.[5]

In Farnham, the town where he lived up to the time of his death, there is a street named Mike Hawthorn Drive (off Dogflud Way). It was also in this town that Hawthorn ran The Tourist Trophy Garage. Jaguars, Rileys, Fiats and Ferraris were serviced and sold from there.

Complete World Championship Results

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position)

Year Entrant Chassis Engine 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 WDC Pts.[1]
1952 LD Hawthorn Cooper T20 Bristol I6 SUI
500
BEL
4
GBR
3
GER
NED
4
ITA
Ret
5th 10
AHM Bryde Cooper T20 Bristol I6 FRA
Ret
1953 Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 500 Ferrari I4 ARG
4
500
NED
4
BEL
6
FRA
1
GBR
5
GER
3
SUI
3
ITA
6
4th 19 (27)
1954 Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 625 Ferrari I4 ARG
DSQ
500
BEL
4*
GBR
2
GER
2*
SUI
Ret
ITA
2
3rd 24.64
Ferrari 553 Ferrari I4 FRA
Ret
ESP
1
1955 Vandervell Products Ltd. Vanwall Vanwall I4 ARG
MON
Ret
500
BEL
Ret
NC 0
Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 555 Ferrari I4 NED
7
ITA
10
Ferrari 625 Ferrari I4 GBR
6
1956 Owen Racing Organisation Maserati 250F Maserati I6 ARG
3
BEL
DNS
12th 4
BRM P25 BRM I4 MON
DNS
500
GBR
Ret
GER
ITA
Vandervell Products Ltd. Vanwall Vanwall I4 FRA
10
1957 Scuderia Ferrari Lancia-Ferrari D50A Lancia V8 ARG
Ret
MON
Ret
500
4th 13
Ferrari 801 Lancia V8 FRA
4
GBR
3
GER
2
PES
ITA
6
1958 Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari Dino 246 Ferrari V6 ARG
3
MON
Ret
NED
5
500
BEL
2
FRA
1
GBR
2
GER
Ret
POR
2
ITA
2
MOR
2
1st 42 (49)

* Indicates Shared Drive

Hawthorn Memorial Trophy

The Hawthorn Memorial Trophy has been awarded to the most successful British or Commonwealth F1 driver every year since 1959.[6]

References

  1. ^ a b Up until 1990, not all points scored by a driver contributed to their final World Championship tally (see list of pointscoring systems for more information). Numbers without parentheses are Championship points; numbers in parentheses are total points scored.
  2. ^ Motor Sport, October 1950, Page 493; Motor Sport, August 1951, Page 379.
  3. ^ Motor Sport, September 1951, Page 432.
  4. ^ Motor Sport, January 1952, Page 11.
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ "Button receives Hawthorn Trophy". racecar.com. 2007-07-08. http://www.racecar.com/story.asp?NewsID=17848. Retrieved 2007-07-16.  

External links

Sporting positions
Preceded by
Lance Macklin
BRDC International Trophy winner
1953
Succeeded by
José Froilán González
Preceded by
José Froilán González
Maurice Trintignant
Winner of the 24 Hours of Le Mans
1955 with:
Ivor Bueb
Succeeded by
Ron Flockhart
Ninian Sanderson
Preceded by
Juan Manuel Fangio
Formula One World Champion
1958
Succeeded by
Jack Brabham
Records
Preceded by
Alberto Ascari
34 years, 16 days
(1952 season)
Youngest Formula One
World Drivers' Champion

29 years, 192 days
(1958 season)
Succeeded by
Jim Clark
27 years, 188 days
(1963 season)


Simple English

John Michael Hawthorn (10 April 1929 - 22 January 1959) was a racing driver, born in Mexborough, Yorkshire, England, and educated at Ardingly College, West Sussex.


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