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Mikhail Ivanovich Tereshchenko
Михаил Иванович Терещенко


In office
17 March 1917 – 4 May 1917

In office
5 May 1917 – 26 October 1917
Preceded by Pavel Milyukov

Born 18 March 1886(1886-03-18)
Kiev, Russian empire (now Ukraine)
Died 1 April 1956 (aged 70)
Monaco

Mikhail Ivanovich Tereshchenko (Russian: Михаил Иванович Терещенко) (18 March 1886, Kiev– 1 April 1956, Monaco) was a foreign minister of Russia from 5 May 1917 to 25 October 1917, old style. He was also a major landowner, owner of several sugar factories, and financier.

Biography

Born to a rich Tereshchenko family of a sugar factory owners, entrepreneurs, philanthropists and art patrons, Mikhail Tereshchenko graduated from Kiev University and Leipzig University. In 1910, he joined the Freemasonry and became one of the five prominent Masons in Russia (the other four being Alexander Konovalov, Alexander Kerensky, Nikolai Nekrasov, and Ivan Yefremov). Mikhail Tereshchenko was a member of the Fourth State Duma (he never belonged to any party, but shared the views of the Russian Progressive Party). In 1912–1914, Tereshchenko was the owner of a private publishing house Sirin in St Petersburg. During the World War I, he took part in organizing the Red Cross hospitals. In 1915–1917, Mikhail Tereshchenko was the chairman of the Military Industry Committee of the Kiev district and deputy chairman of the All-Russian Military Industry Committee. Also, he participated in preparing a conspiracy with the purpose of deposing Nikolai II. After the February Revolution of 1917, Mikhail Tereshchenko was appointed Minister of Finance of the Provisional Government. In April 1917, Tereshchenko (together with Kerensky and Nekrasov) was actively seeking to create a governmental interparty coalition with the Socialists. On 5 May 1917, he was appointed minister of foreign affairs after the resignation of Pavel Milyukov. Tereshchenko continued his foreign policy course, which led to his conflict with Minister of War Alexander Verkhovsky, who had considered Russia to be unable to continue the war. He was a member of the Directory in 1917.

On the night of 26 October, Mikhail Tereshchenko was arrested in the Winter Palace with other ministers of the Provisional Government and placed into the Peter and Paul Fortress. In the spring of 1918, he escaped from prison and fled to Norway and then France. Tereshchenko was one of the supporters of the White Movement and allied intervention in Soviet Russia. In 1920s and 1930s, he was engaged in financial activities in France and Madagascar.

References

Political offices
Preceded by
Pavel Miliukov
Foreign Minister of Russia
5 May 1917 - 26 October 1917
Succeeded by
Leon Trotsky
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