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Mildura
Victoria
LangreeAvenueMildura 2007.jpg
Langtree Avenue, Mildura
Mildura is located in Victoria
Mildura
Population: 30,016 (2006)[1]
Established: 1887
Elevation: 50 m (164 ft)
Time zone:

 • Summer (DST)

AEST (UTC+10)

AEST (UTC+11)

Location:
LGA: Rural City of Mildura
Region: Sunraysia
State District: Mildura
Federal Division: Mallee

Mildura is a regional city in northwestern Victoria, Australia, part of the Rural City of Mildura. Mildura is located in the Sunraysia region, and is on the banks of the Murray River. The city's population was 30,016 at the 2006 census.

Mildura is also known as the centre of Victoria's Food Bowl and is a major producer of citrus fruits (especially oranges), and wine. It is also notable for its grape production, supplying 80% of Victoria's grapes [2]. Many wineries also source grapes from Mildura.

Contents

History

Many Aboriginal people lived around the site of Mildura because of the abundant food. Local tribes included the Latje Latje and Yerre Yerre. Europeans noticed this abundance and decided to harness it, so they brought sheep to graze the natural pastures.

Langtree Ave, 1950
The bar of the Mildura Working Man's Club was noted in the Guinness Book of Records as the longest bar in the world until 1995 when it was removed during renovations.
Rio Vista, former home of William Chaffey.
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Irrigation settlement

A major drought in Victoria from 1877 to 1884 prompted Alfred Deakin, then a minister in the State Government and chairman of a Royal Commission on water supply to visit the irrigation areas of California. There he met George and William Chaffey.

In 1886 George Chaffey came to Australia and selected a derelict sheep station at Mildura as the site for his first irrigation settlement signing an agreement with the Victorian government to spend at least £300,000 on permanent improvements at Mildura in the next twenty years.[3]

After much political wrangling, the settlement of Mildura was established in 1887. It was named after the Mildura sheep station that provided most of the land. The name is of Aboriginal origin, and means either "red sand" or "sore eyes" [4]. The Post Office opened on January 23, 1888.[5]

Growth

The nearby towns of Wentworth, Gol Gol, Curlwaa and Yelta sprang up in the mid to late 1800s. In the 1890s came the scourge of the rabbit. This devastated the sheep farmers, especially south of the Murray. There was also a financial recession at this time. Combined, these factors restricted growth of the new settlement.

After this period, the new settlement grew and grew. It was soon the main town of the district. Suburbs and new satellite towns sprang up. From the 1920s, a number of 'suburban' train services were established to Merbein and Red Cliffs[6]. These were operated by Rail Motors. In 1934 it officially became a city [4]. Today, Mildura is a bright, thriving regional centre, and the surrounding Sunraysia district has a population of over 50,000.

Climate

Mildura enjoys a mostly warm climate. It is only about 50 metres above sea level despite being several hundred kilometres from the coast [4]. Mildura is classified as a semi-arid climate (Koppen climate classification BSk) bordering the Mediterranean climate the most.

Rainfall is about 290 mm a year and is spread evenly across the months and seasons. Winter and Spring enjoy the most rainy days, but the heaviest falls occur from rare penetrations on the monsoon, as in February 2000.

Average maximum temperatures range from a hot 32 °C (90 °F) in summer to 15 °C (59 °F) in winter. Minimum temperatures range from around 17 °C (63 °F) in summer to 4 °C (39 °F) in winter[7], when frost is common and often destructive to irrigated crops.

Culture

Mildura is host to many annual festivals such as the Mildura Country Music Festival, the International Balloon Fiesta, the Jazz & Wine Festival, Mildura Wentworth Arts Festival and the Mildura Show [4]. there is also the annual Mildura masters coarse fishing competition held in November which attracts a number of international and local coarse anglers

Demographics

As of the 2006 Census, there were 30,016 people residing in 13,053 households. 82.8 % of Mildura residents are Australian born. Of those born overseas: England (1.5%), Italy (1.4%), Turkey (1.4%), New Zealand (1.1%), Greece (0.5%). English is the only language spoken at home for 86.2% of households.[1]

Media

Local newspapers include the Sunraysia Daily, Mildura Midweek, Mildura Weekly and the Mildura Independent Star which ceased publication in 2007. Local radio stations include ABC Local Radio, Easymix 1467AM (3ML), 97.9 3MA FM, 99.5 Star FM, and Hot FM.

Community TV channel Channel 31 is to be launched in 2009, also from ABC Television or SBS Television.

Sport

Mildura has three Australian Rules football teams competing in the Sunraysia Football League; Imperials, Mildura and South Mildura.[8]

Mildura has a horse racing club, the Mildura Racing Club, which schedules around nine race meetings a year including the Mildura Cup meeting in May.[9]

Mildura Harness Racing Club conducts regular meetings at its racetrack in the city. [10]

Golfers play at the course of the Mildura Golf Club on Twelfth Street.[11] there are also 5 baseball clubs; Hawks, Saints, Eagles, tigers, and wanderers

Basketball also has a large following in Mildura with hundreds of teams in all divisions entered in the Mildura Basketball Association's summer league.

Association football also has a large following in Mildura, with there being a popular junior and senior league played during the winter months. The league consists of six teams, those being Three Colours, Mildura City, Mildura United, Irymple Knights, Cosmos and Nichols Point

Transport

The George Chaffey Bridge over the Murray River, leading to New South Wales.

Mildura is on the intersection of the Sturt Highway from Adelaide to Sydney, and the Calder Highway to Melbourne via Bendigo.

Mildura has a railway connection to Melbourne, which is used for freight transport. In May 2006, it was announced that the Mildura line would receive a $73 million upgrade using gauge convertible sleepers.[12]

Sunraysia Bus Lines, Swan Hill Bus Lines and Dysons Bus Services operate V/Line bus/train services that connect Mildura to various parts of Victoria and southern NSW. Greyhound Australia run buses to Adelaide and Sydney via Canberra. Countrylink run buses to Sydney. The Henty Highway Bus Service runs buses to Horsham.

Mildura Airport is the third busiest airport in Victoria, serviced by four QantasLink flights daily to Melbourne, four Regional Express flights to Melbourne, and two Sharp Airlines flights daily to Adelaide. Virgin Blue has one flight per day in each direction between Melbourne and Mildura.

Deakin Avenue, the main street of Mildura, is known as the longest straight avenue in Australia, at 12.1 km [4].

Fruit Fly Exclusion Zone

Fruit disposal bins and warning signs along the Calder Highway, approaching Mildura.

Mildura is part of the 'Fruit Fly Exclusion Zone', in which fruits or vegetables may not be taken into the area (they can, however, be taken out). This is to stop the fruit fly from invading crops and plantations. Disposal bins into which fruit can be disposed of are located along highways entering the zone.

Visitor attractions

Education

La Trobe University

La Trobe University operates a regional campus in Mildura, with 322 students enrolled as of 28 May 2008[13].

Nowingi toxic waste proposal

In 2004 there was a controversial proposal by the Victorian Government to build a state-level Long Term Containment Facility (LTCF) for Industrial Waste in Nowingi, approximately 50 km south of Mildura. The site is a small enclave of state forest surrounded by national park, and contains habitat important to a number of threatened species.

Its hydrological composition is disputed, the Environmental Effects Statement (EES) investigations and subsequent evidence predicted that contaminated moisture would take greater than 1000 years to move though the LTCF barrier system. Transport modelling of groundwater contaminants predicted that if contaminants did enter the groundwater, they would move slowly through the Blanchetown Clay and then in a westerly to north-westerly direction towards the Raak Plains, taking thousands of years to finally discharge within the Raak Boinkas in the Murray-Sunset National Park, while local opponents claimed it would flow east through Hattah-Kulkyne National Park into the Murray River.

The site is around 500 km away from Melbourne, where most of the waste is generated. Local opponents to the LTCF argued that transporting the waste will incur higher costs and create more opportunity for accident than a LTCF closer to Melbourne.

Local opponents, a group called "Save the Food Bowl Alliance" and local media branded the LTCF the "Mallee Toxic Waste Dump". The chairman of the "Save the Food Bowl Alliance", Peter Crisp, was elected to Victorian Parliament in 2006, campaigning on this issue.

Grape vines growing in Mildura during December 2006.

In January 2007, the Victorian Government announced that it was abandoning its proposal to build the Long Term Containment Facility at Nowingi.

It could be argued that its reasoning was that enabling legislation would have had trouble passing both houses of Parliament, with the Bracks Labor Government losing control of the reformed Legislative Council in the 2006 State Election. The parties holding the balance of power in the Legislative Council - the Nationals, the Australian Greens and Liberals all stating during the election campaign their opposition to the LTCF.

The Panel Inquiry report found the proposal to be environmentally feasible but recommended against granting approval on strategic planning grounds. Specifically because it: • Could fill too soon to provide a sustainable solution for Victoria’s Category B wastes; • Cannot be reasonably or readily expanded because of its surrounds; • Would be between two National Parks; • Would be located in high conservation value remnant vegetation which is habitat of threatened species; • Would be too distant from waste producers; and • Would be as a lesser but relevant consideration, constrained by the need to suspend construction during the breeding period of Mallee Emu-wren and Malleefowl.

The abandoning of the LTCF proposal was received with jubilation by opponents of the LTCF not only in the Mildura area and elsewhere in Victoria, but also across the border in South Australia where there were fears that in reputation, if not in substance, the toxic waste could effect the water supply via the Murray River and thereby the fruit-growing industries of the Riverland and Murraylands.

The Mildura Rural City Council and residents spent almost $2 million fighting the Government's proposal for the LTCF at Nowingi. On 10 January 2007 the Victorian Government did not rule out some form of reimbursement for the Rural City of Mildura council's legal and other costs in opposing the LTCF. "The general rule is that people bear their own costs, that is most likely to apply in this case ... but I've indicated and I am prepared to talk to the council and mayor about the whole issue of how Mildura moves forward and I'll do that," John Thwaites said.[14]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Mildura (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. http://www.censusdata.abs.gov.au/ABSNavigation/prenav/LocationSearch?collection=Census&period=2006&areacode=UCL233800&producttype=QuickStats&breadcrumb=PL&action=401. Retrieved 2008-01-06.  
  2. ^ Mildura, Department of Planning and Community Development Mildura Rural City Council, Accessed September 27, 2007
  3. ^ Westcott, Peter (1979). "Chaffey, William Benjamin (1856 - 1926)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian National University / Melbourne University Press. http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A070687b.htm. Retrieved 2007-02-22.  
  4. ^ a b c d e Mildura, Sydney Morning Herald Travel, February 8, 2004
  5. ^ Premier Postal History, Post Office List, https://www.premierpostal.com/cgi-bin/wsProd.sh/Viewpocdwrapper.p?SortBy=VIC&country=, retrieved 2008-04-11  
  6. ^ The Mildura Suburban Train Service McLean, Bruce Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin, September, 1978 pp189-205
  7. ^ Climate data for Mildura Airport
  8. ^ Full Points Footy, Sunraysia Football League, http://www.fullpointsfooty.net//sunraysia_football_league.htm, retrieved 2009-04-15  
  9. ^ Country Racing Victoria, Mildura Racing Club, http://www.countryracing.com.au/index.php?option=com_club_info&club=88&Itemid=80, retrieved 2009-05-07  
  10. ^ Australian Harness Racing, Mildura, http://www.harness.org.au/mildura/mildura.cfm?fromstate=vic, retrieved 2009-05-11  
  11. ^ Golf Select, Mildura, http://www.golfselect.com.au/armchair/courseView.aspx?course_id=1031, retrieved 2009-05-11  
  12. ^ "Roads, ports and freight - Mildura Rail Freight Upgrade". www.doi.vic.gov.au. http://www.doi.vic.gov.au/doi/internet/Freight.nsf/AllDocs/A20CAE2D119B6DC9CA257329001895F1?OpenDocument. Retrieved 2008-06-04.  
  13. ^ "La Trobe University enrolment statistics". La Trobe University. http://www.latrobe.edu.au/stats/pages/statistics/enrolments.html. Retrieved 2008-10-14.  
  14. ^ "City seeks compo for dump fight". News Limited. 2007-01-10. http://www.news.com.au/story/0,22606,21038063-5005962,00.html. Retrieved 2007-01-10.  

External links


Coordinates: 34°11′S 142°09′E / 34.183°S 142.15°E / -34.183; 142.15


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Mildura [1][2] is a large regional town in Sunraysia, Australia. Located in the north west corner of Victoria, Mildura is situated on the Murray River. With a population of just under 57,000 the regional population is growing at around 1.5% annually. Mildura and the surrounding area is a large fruit growing region. Local produce include most varieties of citrus, grapes, avocados and almonds. The quality of local produce and the growing wine industry have helped Mildura develop a reputation for great food and wine. In recent years Mildura has become popular with backpackers drawn by the availability of farm work.

Get in

By plane

Mildura airport is one of the largest in regional Australia. The airport services regular flights from Melbourne and Adelaide.

By train

The Mildura train station is located on the corner of Langree Avenue and 7th St. Currently, no passenger trains arrive or depart from Mildura. However, passenger lines are scheduled to reopen, but a set date has not been decided yet after delays on reopening other railway lines in Victoria.

By bus

The bus station is located next to the train station. Buses to Melbourne depart daily and run direct or to Swan Hill or Bendigo to connect with train services. Mildura is on the daily bus route from Adelaide to Sydney (via Canberra). Local buses connect Mildura with surrounding smaller towns.

By car

From Melbourne the journey time is approximately 5 - 7 hours along the Calder Highway. Journey time from Adelaide is approximately 4:30 - 5hrs.

Get around

Local buses connect Mildura with surrounding smaller towns. For most attractions a car is necessary - major rental companies operate from the airport. Mildura is largely flat, making it ideal for cycling - several trails run around the city and along the river. Bicycle Hire is available from a local bike shop.

  • The Murray River Still flowing strong despite drought, the Mighty Murray winds its way through the region, with the Rowing Club just a few minutes walk from the Langtree and Deakin Avenue food and entertainment district.
  • Lock 11 - Lock & Weir and Lock Island A man made island with easy walking tracks and native bushland. Camping is not permitted, but there are some good swimming sand bars. Great place to catch the big Paddle Steamers as the go through the complex Lock & Weir system. Also a good place to sit back and fish, catching stunned carp as they come through the Weir (though you're not allowed to fish too close to the weir for the unfair advantage it gives!),
  • Apex Park Apparently Australia's (or at least Victoria's) largest inland beach, Apex is a great place to swim. Its easy to find, has a huge sandbar (beach) and occassionally is even manned by lifeguards.
  • Perry Sandhills Large set of red sandhills 5km from Wentworth
  • Murray Sunset National Park
  • Mildura is a good jumping-off point for day trips to Mungo National Park, located between Mildura and Broken Hill
  • Woodsie's Gem Store in Nichols Point is a great place for adults and kids. It has a huge garden maze to get lost in, spooky Aladdin's cave with an extensive display of fossils, precious stones, and rocks that glow in the dark! There is also a cafe, huge jewlery store, and extensive jewlery-making displays.
  • Visit wineries including Trentham Estate, Mildara and Lindemans or one of the growing number of boutique producers.
  • Cruise the Murray River on the Paddlesteamer Melbourne or a chartered houseboat.
  • Watch the Speedway races. Oval, flat track motorbike racing.
  • Time your visit to coincide with the annual jazz, country music or arts festivals.
  • Go camping! Free camping is still available almost anywhere on the banks of the pituresque Murray River. It is easy to find a private campsite with good river access for swimming, skiing, fishing, or just looking. Birdlife on the Murray is abundant, and you may spot the odd Goanna or Kangaroo.
  • Local bands such as "Off the Handle " at gigs around town. Check out Thursday's Sunraysia Daily (local newspaper) for the gig guide. Usual venues include the Sandbar and The Sett's.
  • Some superb Murray pink salt from the visitor centre. These salts also help farmers who have lost their fertile soil to salinity problems.
  • Local dried fruit produce from the Australian Dried Fruits Association on Deakin Avenue.
  • Locally grown fruit and vegies such as oranges, grapes, avacados, mandarins, rockmelon, watermelon, tomatoes, mulberries, and onions from the roadside stalls. All stalls have an 'honesty box' system and charge very reasonable rates well below local supermarkets. Local Coles & Woolworths supermarkets may buy their produce locally, but they are not permitted by company policy to negotiate their own price with growers. The supermarkets also end up having to buy their fruit from local growers at wholesale markets in Adelaide or Melbourne, meaning the carbon footprint is massive after two approx 5 hour trips in B Double trucks!
  • Make a booking at Stefano's at the Grand Hotel, considered to be one of the best restaurants in Victoria. The Grand Hotel has a number of other restaurants, including one housed in the old Avoca paddlesteamer on the river.
  • Visit the restaurant strip in Langtree Avenue.
  • The Mildura Brewery at the Grand Hotel serves its own boutique beer in the old Astor Theatre. For live bands check out O'malleys Irish pub on the coner of Deakin Avenue and 8th Street, or The Sandbar on the corner of 8th St. and Langtree Ave. Doms nightclub and the Settler's bar are also popular nightspots.

Sleep

Aarinda Holiday Apartments have self- contained apartments at reasonable prices. Freecall 1800 637 269, or check out www.murrayriver.com.au/accommodation/aarinda/default.htm

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