Military Police Corps (United States Army): Wikis

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United States Army Military Police Corps
USA - Army MP Badge.png
Military Police badge
Active 1941-09-26. -
Country United States of America
Part of Department of Defense
Department of the Army
Motto " Of The Troops And For The Troops!"
Branch Colors Green piped with yellow.
Green - 65007 cloth; 67129 yarn; PMS 357.
Yellow - 65002 cloth; 67108 yarn; PMS 123
Anniversaries 1941-09-26.
Engagements Revolutionary War
Northwest Indian War
Tecumseh's War
Creek War
Peoria War
War of 1812
Seminole Wars
Black Hawk War
Mexican-American War
Utah War
American Civil War
Spanish-American War
Philippine-American War
Banana Wars
Boxer Rebellion
World War I
World War II
Korean War
Vietnam War
Persian Gulf War
Kosovo War
Operation Enduring Freedom
Operation Iraqi Freedom
Insignia
Coat Of Arms USAMPC-COA.png
Branch Insignia USAMPC-Branch-Insignia.png
Branch Plaque USAMPC-BRANCH-PLAQUE.png
Regimental Insignia USAMPC-Regimental-Insignia.png
For other uses, see Military Police Corps.

The Military Police Corps is the uniformed law enforcement branch of the United States Army. Investigations are conducted by Military Police Investigators or the United States Army Criminal Investigation Command (USACIDC), both of which report to the Provost Marshal General.

MPs are service members of the U.S. Army.

Some U.S. MP units, usually at the division or brigade level, are designated as combat, division MPs whose combat zone responsibilities include protection of vehicle routes, defile control, route reconnaissance and straggler control, the guidance or detention of soldiers who have become lost, separated from their units, or have fled the battlefield.

Contents

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Mission

The Army's Military Police provide an important function in the full spectrum of Army operations as a member of the Maneuver, Fires, and Effects division. The Military Police Corps provides expertise in police, detainment and stability operations in order to enhance security and enable mobility. The Army's Military Police can be utilized in direct combat and during peacetime. The Military Police have five main functions:

1. Maneuver and mobility support operations
2. Area security operations
3. Law and order operations
4. Internment and resettlement operations
5. Police intelligence operations

These five functions of the Army's Military Police all provide a commander with the necessary information and support for the successful completion of many Army missions.

The Military Police Corps has four career paths within the Army, 3 enlisted and one for officers: 31A Military Police Officer; 31B Military Police; 31D Criminal Investigations Special Agent and 31E Internment/Resettlement Specialist.

Heraldic Items

Branch Insignia

  1. Two crossed gold color metal pistols 3/4 inch in height.
  2. The insignia was approved in 1922.
  3. The old type pistol sometimes referred to as the Harper's Ferry Pistol (made at the Harper's Ferry Arsenal), was selected since it is the first American Military pistol and remained the Army model for many years. The parts of this weapon were standardized and inter-changeable, thereby marking an advance in arms.

Branch Plaque

  • The plaque design has the branch insignia, letters, and rim in gold. The background is green. This is also a rare emblem.

Regimental Insignia

  1. A gold color metal and enamel device 1 3/16 inches in height consisting of a shield blazoned as follows: Vert, a fasces palewise, axe Or and rods Proper (brown), thereover in fess a balance and in saltire overall a key with bow in sinister base and a sword with hilt in dexter base all of the second.
  2. The shield is enclosed at bottom and sides by a gold scroll of three folds inscribed ASSIST PROTECT DEFEND in green letters and surmounted at the top by two crossed gold pistols.
  3. The regimental insignia was approved on July 3, 1986.

Regimental Coat of Arms

  • Description
  1. The coat of arms appears on the breast of a displayed eagle on the regimental flag.
  2. The coat of arms is: Vert, a fasces palewise, axe Or and rods Proper (brown); thereover in fess a balance and in saltire overall a key with bow in sinister base and a sword with hilt in dexter base all of the second.
  3. The crest (On a wreath of the colors Or and Vert a pair of crossed pistols of the first) is displayed above the eagle's head.
  4. The background color of the flag is green and the fringe is yellow. The coat of arms was approved on May 2, 1986.
  • Symbolism
  1. Green and gold are the colors associated with the Military Police Corps.
  2. The fasces is an ancient symbol of authority related to a Roman magistrate.
  3. The balance is symbolic of equal justice under law and the key signifies security.
  4. The sword represents the military.
  5. The crossed pistols are the symbol of the Military Police Corps mission: to uphold the law and to keep order.
  6. The motto ASSIST, PROTECT, DEFEND reflects the mission.

Branch Colors

  • Green piped with gold.
  1. Green - 65007 cloth; 67129 yarn; PMS 357.
  2. Gold - 65002 cloth; 67108 yarn; PMS 123
  3. The color yellow piped with green was assigned to the Military Police by Army Regulation 600-35 dated April 20, 1922.
  4. With the establishment of gold for the Armor and the use of green for the insignia on the Armor flag, the colors for the Military Police were reversed.
  5. The current colors, green piped with gold, were assigned by Army Regulation 600-60-1 dated October 26, 1951.

Birthday

  • September 26, 1941. A Provost Marshal General's Office and Corps of Military Police was established in 1941. Prior to that time, except during the Civil War and World War I, there was no regularly appointed Provost Marshal General or regularly constituted Military Police Corps, although a "Provost Marshal" can be found as early as January 1776, and a Provost Corps as early as 1778.

History

The Military Police Corps is one of the youngest branches of the United States Army. It was officially established on 26 September 1941.

The Military Police Corps traces its lineage and history back to the American Revolution with the establishment of the Marechaussee Corps in June 1778. Both were utilized for the enforcement of order within the Continental Army. The Marechaussee Corps would be formed exclusively as a police organization, and was organized and equipped as light dragoons, utilizing their speed to aid in troop movements and moving prisoners from the battlefield.

In 1863, the Office of the Provost Marshal General was established and oversaw the Veterans Reserve Corps (VRC). In the US Civil War, the VRC maintained law and order at garrison areas, while other provost guard units served on the front lines. After the war, the Office of the Provost Marshal General was discontinued as the Union Army disbanded.

The complexity of warfare during World War I required a Corps of specially trained soldiers to handle massive numbers of prisoners of war and control the movement of troops and supplies in the zones of operation.

During World War II, Military Police soldiers moved traffic along the Burma Road, supported amphibious operations on Normandy beachheads and managed enemy prisoners of war from Italy to the South Pacific. The Corps was heralded for gallantry at Remagen, as a fighting force in numerous combat actions and as peacekeepers at war’s end. In 1944, the Army again saw the need for a unit to investigate crime involving Soldiers in Europe. The United States Army Criminal Investigation Division was established as a branch of the Provost Marshal General’s Office and has continued investigative activity since.

In 1949, the newly formed Defense Department was in the process of reorganizing the Army and plans were developed to disband the Military Police Corps. But when Congress passed the Army Reorganization Act in May of 1950, the Corps survived, remaining a separate branch of the Army.

When the armies invaded South Korea in June 1950, there were some MP units stationed in Korea. One of those was the 55th Military Police Company, which had been assigned to Camp Ascom in December 1948. Most of those military police units that arrived during the early months of the war came from Japan, where they were serving as occupation forces following World War II. While the majority of MP companies came from outside Korea, most of the battalions of the Korean War were formed on the peninsula

During the Korean war, Military Police kept supply routes open. Subsequently, Military Police monitored the exchange of prisoners and patrolled the demilitarized zone. Military Police, adapting to a different style of warfare in Vietnam, earned status as a combat support arm, partially as a result of combat success during the Tet Offensive.

Since Vietnam, the versatility of the Military Police Corps has made it a "Force of Choice" for use in low-intensity conflicts and Operations Other than War such as Operation Urgent Fury in Grenada and Operation Just Cause in Panama.

Military police from the 18th Military Police Brigade deploying to Iraq.

During Operations Desert Shield and Storm, the Military Police provided area security, conducted battlefield circulation control, and exercised custody over thousands of Iraqi prisoners. Since 1991, the Military Police have assisted in restoring hope to Somalia and upholding democracy in Haiti and Bosnia. Military Police maintained order in war-torn Kosovo, as well as keeping the peace in Afghanistan. During the 2003 invasion of Iraq, MPs were used extensively to maintain control over the large numbers of detainees being held by coalition forces, as well as helping to conduct raids and regular patrols.

In the United States, MPs often provided disaster relief and internal security, while still fulfilling their fundamental function of maintaining discipline and security within the Army. The Military Police Corps has been a very busy organization during the years of its existence, and as one of the most deployed branches of the Army, it appears that it will remain so for the foreseeable future.

Weapons

The standard weapons of the United States military police are the M9 9 mm pistol, the M4 Carbine, the M203 grenade launcher, and the 12 gauge shotgun. Usually MP team leaders and drivers are assigned the M4 Carbine and gunners the M249 Squad Automatic Weapon (SAW).

Crew-served or vehicle based weapons include the M2 Browning .50 BMG Machine gun, the Mk 19 40 mm Grenade Launcher and the M240B Machine Gun.

Mounted MP teams often carry at least one AT4 as well.

Uniforms

Military Police soldier with an MP armband

In the U.S. Army, a simple patch with the legend "MP" worn on the left arm distinguishes a military police soldier wearing the new Army Combat Uniform (ACU). This patch is attached to the uniform by velcro. For both garrison law enforcement duty as well as for tactical field work, the patch is a subdued gray with black lettering.

US military police used to be distinguished by a brassard worn on the left arm when on duty in previous uniform versions such as the Battle Dress Uniform. The brassard was black with white lettering for garrison law enforcement duty and could include extra designations such as "Customs MP" or "K-9 MP" (for dog handlers). Tactical brassards were green with black lettering for temperate climates and sand with light brown lettering for desert duty.

When wearing a Class A (suit) or B uniform they are authorized wear of combat boots instead of regulation low-cut shoes. However, like Airborne soldiers who may only wear the boots while on jump status, MP's may only wear these boots with Class A or B uniforms when performing law enforcement duties.

During World War II, the emblems used were a wide white band around the helmet or a white helmet liner or a white peaked cap, a white webbing Sam Browne belt, white gloves, and white gaiters, atop the standard olive drab uniform. From this clothing, the nickname they were given by the British civilians at the time was "snowdrops." An MP armband was also worn on the left arm, usually black with white letters.

Military Police Investigations

The Military Police Investigations (MPI) office is usually responsible for the investigation of minor crimes, such as crimes against property under $5,000.00 and crimes against persons except murder and rape committed on a military installation, but they may investigate other crimes in certain circumstances. MPI personnel are enlisted MP's who go through a special course at the Military Police School in Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri. The Military Police Investigations office also assists the United States Army Criminal Investigation Division (CID) in investigating felonies committed by soldiers, cadets and civilians.

Military Police units

Military Police Brigades
Unit SSI/DUI Subordinate to Component
8th Military Police Brigade
  • 728th Military Police Battalion 728MPBnDUI.jpg
  • 65th Engineer Battalion
  • 84th Engineer Battalion
8MPBdeSSI.gif8MPBDEDUI.gif 8th United States Army Regular Army
11th Military Police Brigade
    • 314th Military Police Company (Guard)
    • 352nd Military Police Company (Guard)
    • 443rd Military Police Company (Guard)
    • 88th Military Police Company
  • 324th Military Police Battalion (I/R) Chambersburg, Pennsylvania 324MPBnDUI.jpg
  • 336th Military Police Battalion Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 336MPBnDUI.jpg
  • 400th Military Police Battalion Fort Meade, Maryland
  • 744th Military Police Battalion 744MPBnDUI.jpg
11MPBdeSSI.jpg11th-MP-Group-DUI.png 200th Military Police Command Reserve
14th Military Police Brigade
  • 701st Military Police Battalion 701MPBnDUI.jpg
    • A CO 701st Military Police Battalion (OSUT unit)
    • B CO 701st Military Police Battalion
    • C CO 701st Military Police Battalion
    • D CO 701st Military Police Battalion (Lackland AFB, Texas)
    • E CO 701st Military Police Battalion (OSUT unit)
  • 787th Military Police Battalion 787MPBnDUI.jpg
  • 795th Military Police Battalion 795MPBnDUI.jpg
14MPBdeSSI.jpg14MPBdeDUI.gif Military Police School
Fort Leonard Wood
Regular Army
15th Military Police Brigade 15MPBdeSSI.jpg15MPBdeDUI.jpg Germany Inactive since 1976
16th Military Police Brigade (Airborne)
  • 122 Prisoner of War Information Center (PWIC) Detachment
  • 42nd Military Police Detachment
  • 3rd Military Police Battalion (Prov.) Fort Stewart
  • 317th Military Police Battalion 317MPBnDUI.jpg
  • 91st Military Police Battalion - Fort Drum 91MPBnDUI.jpg
    • 23rd Military Police Company
    • 511th Military Police Company
    • 543rd Military Police Company
    • 563rd Military Police Company
  • 503rd Military Police Battalion (Airborne)503MPBnDUI.jpg
  • 519th Military Police Battalion - Fort Polk519MPBnDUI.jpg
  • 716th Military Police Battalion - Fort Campbell 716MPBnDUI.jpg
  • 385th Military Police Battalion - Fort Stewart 385MPBnDUI.jpg
16 MP Brigade SSI.png16 MP BDE DUI.gif XVIII Airborne Corps
Fort Bragg
Regular Army
18th Military Police Brigade
  • 95th Military Police Battalion - Mannheim 95MPBnDUI.gif
    • 92bd Military Police Company - Baumholder
    • 529th Military Police Company
    • 544th Military Police Company
    • 230th Military Police Company
    • HHD, 95th Military Police Detachment
  • 709th Military Police Battalion - Grafenwoehr 709MPBnDUI.jpg
    • 527th Military Police Company
    • 615th Military Police Company - Grafenwoehr - Vilseck
  • 630th Military Police Company
18MPBdeSSI.gif18MPBDEDUI.gif V Corps Regular Army
42nd Military Police Brigade
  • 504th Military Police Battalion - Fort Lewis 504MPBnDUI.jpg
    • 170th Military Police Company
    • 54th Military Police Company
    • 571st Military Police Company
    • 66th Military Police Company
    • 51st Military Police Detachment
  • 508th Military Police Battalion 508MPBnDUI.jpg
  • 759th Military Police Battalion - Fort Carson 759MPBnDUI.jpg
    • 59th Military Police Company
    • 110th Military Police Company
    • 127th Military Police Company
    • 984th Military Police Company
    • 148th Military Police Detachment
  • Headquarters Detachment, 504th Military Police Battation
42MPBdeSSI.jpg42MPBdeDUI.jpg I Corps Regular Army
43rd Military Police Brigade
  • 118th Military Police Battalion 118MPBnDUI.jpg
43MPBdeSSI.gif43MPBdeDUI.gif Rhode Island Army National Guard
49th Military Police Brigade
  • 185th Military Police Battalion 185MPBnDUI.jpg
    • 40th Military Police Company
    • 270th Military Police Company
    • 330th Military Police Company
    • 649th Military Police Company
    • 670th Military Police Company
    • 870th Military Police Company
49 MP BDE SSI.svg49MPBdeDUI.jpg California Army National Guard
89th Military Police Brigade
  • 92nd Military Police Battalion (Ft Leonard Wood, MO) USA - 92nd Military Police Battalion Crest.png
    • 13th Military Police Company
    • 463rd Military Police Company
    • 512th Military Police Company
    • 988th Military Police Company
  • 97th Military Police Battalion 97MPBnDUI.jpg
    • 116 Military Police Company
    • 287 Military Police Company
    • 300th Military Police Company
    • 977 Military Police Company
  • 720th Military Police Battalion 720MPBnDUI.gif
    • 64th Military Police Company
    • 401st Military Police Company
    • 410th Military Police Company
    • 411th Military Police Company
  • 978th Military Police Company
  • 178th Military Police Det
89MPBdeSSI.gifImage2356.jpg III Corps Regular Army
177th Military Police Brigade (Combat Support)
  • 210th Military Police Battalion 210MPBnDUI.jpg
    • 46th Military Police Company - Cheboygan, Michigan
    • 144th Military Police Company - Owosso, Michigan
    • 1775th Military Police Company - Pontiac, Michigan
    • 1776th Military Police Company - Taylor, Michigan
177MBBDESSI.gif177MPBdeDUI.gif Michigan Army National Guard
220th Military Police Brigade 220MPBdeSSI.gif220MPBDEDUI.gif Active Component / Reserve Component
221st Military Police Brigade 221MPBdeSSI.jpg221MPBdeDUI.jpg Inactive
260th Military Police Brigade
  • 372nd Military Police Battalion 372MPBnDUI.jpg
260MPBdeSSI.jpg260MPBdeDUI.gif District of Columbia National Guard
290th Military Police Brigade 290MPBdeSSI.jpg290MPBdeDUI.jpg Maryland National Guard (Enemy Prisoner of War unit)
300th Military Police Brigade
  • 303rd Military Police Company (CS)
  • 327th Military Police Battalion (Confinement)327th MP Battalion DUI, drawing 2.gif
  • 377th Military Police Company
  • 384th Military Police Battalion (EPW/CI)384MPBnDUI.gif
  • 391st Military Police Battalion (I/R)391MPBnDUI.gif
  • 530th Military Police Battalion 530MPBnDUI.gif
  • 783rd Military Police Battalion (I/R) 783MPBnDUI.gif
  • 785th Military Police Battalion (I/R) 785 MP BN DUI.gif
300MPBdeSSI.gif300MPBdeDUI.gif 200th Military Police Command Reserve
800th Military Police Brigade (EPW)
  • 306th Military Police Battalion Uniondale, NY 306MPBnDUI.gif
  • 310th Military Police Battalion Uniondale, NY 310MPBnDUI.jpg
  • 320th Military Police Battalion Ashley, Pennsylvania 320MPBnDUI.jpg
  • 340th Military Police Company Jamaica, NY
  • 348th Military Police Detachment Fort Dix, NJ
  • 423rd Military Police Company Uniondale, NY
  • 812th Military Police Company Orangeburg, NY
  • 367th Military Police Company Willow Gorve, PA
800MPBdeSSI.jpg800MPBdeDUI.jpg 200th Military Police Command Reserve
Military Police Brigade Hawaii (USAMPB-HI)
  • 25th Military Police Battalion
  • Fort Shafter Military Police Battalion
Hawaii MP BDE SSI.gifMilitary Police Brigade, Hawaii.gif U.S. Army Hawaii Regular Army

Other Military Police

The U.S Navy uses the terms Shore Patrol and Master at Arms, while the U.S. Air Force uses the term Security Forces, or SPs (for their former name, the Security Police), to describe the Air Force Security Forces. The U.S. Coast Guard, whose members have civilian law enforcement authority under Title 14 of U.S. Code, uses Coast Guard Police Officers (regular and reserve military members assigned to uniformed patrol duties at Coast Guard Police Departments in various cities). The United States Marine Corps also employs military police forces. Although typically associated with and attached to a Marine Corps Base Provost Marshal, the USMC also fields combat support MP companies. [3]

The Department of Defense use DOD Civilian Police. Each service also maintains uniformed civilian police officers. They are referred to as either DOD Force Protection, DOD (Department of Defense) Police, DOD (Department of Defense) Guard, DA (Department of the Army) Police or DA Guard. The police officers' peacetime duties are the same as those of civilian police, namely to enforce the laws of the U.S. Military in the form of the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ), and the regulations of their particular installation. The civilian guards' duties are normally restricted to protection of priority resources. There is one Department of Defense police agency whose duties include executive protection and law enforcement throughout the Pentagon Reservation and throughout the National Capital Region (NCR). The United States Pentagon Police is the principal law enforcement arm of the U.S. Department of Defense and the federal police force of the Secretary of Defense. These officers/agents provide a wide array of services to the Department of Defense community throughout the NCR and possess full federal authority as described in Title 10 of United States Code (U.S.C.).

See also

External links

References


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