Military equipment of Israel: Wikis

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The military equipment of Israel includes a wide array of arms, tanks, planes, cannons, armored vehicles. Many of these are purchased overseas. Up until the Six-Day War of 1967, the Israel Defense Forces' principal supplier was France, since then, it has been the United States government and defense companies. Much of the military equipment undergoes improvements in Israeli workshops. In addition to weapons purchased overseas and indigenous products, Israel also operates and maintains large stockpiles of Soviet equipment captured from Arab armies over the course of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

Uziel Gal's Uzi submachine gun, the most recognizable IMI-manufactured weapon

Contents

History

During the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, the military equipment in the IDF was very diverse and inconsistent. This was due to the severe limitation in obtaining war material (the British Mandate and the Arab Embargo). During the 1950’s, the IDF began the process of standardization, relying primarily on French military equipment.

During the Six Day War, the military cooperation with France ceased (the French Weapons Embargo of 1967) and Israel began to rely on American weaponry and on local research and developments. During the 1980s and 1990s, the IDF increased its supplies of American arms, armor, and aircraft, aiming for technological superiority over Arab countries, toward "a smaller, smarter army."

The reliance on locally manufactured military equipment has also greatly increased. Today, the overwhelming majority of Israel's military equipment is either manufactured in the United States (and often modified in Israeli workshops), or is developed and manufactured locally, with an increasing emphasis on advanced technology, including aerospace and electronics.

Local military development

Some of the military equipment developed locally have been:

Current Ground Forces Equipment

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Small Arms

Name Type Caliber Origin Notes
Jericho 941 Semi-Automatic Pistol 9mm Israel
Glock 17 Semi-Automatic Pistol 9mm Austria
Glock 19 Semi-Automatic Pistol 9mm Austria
Browning Hi-Power Semi-Automatic Pistol 9mm Belgium
Micro-Uzi Submachine Gun 9mm Israel
Micro-Tavor Submachine Gun 9mm Israel Variant of the Tavor Assault Rifle, replacing the Uzi
IMI Tavor Assault Rifle 5.56x45mm Israel Becoming the standard issue assault rifle
M16A1 Assault Rifle 5.56x45mm United States
IMI Galil Assault Rifle 5.56x45mm Israel
MAR Assault Rifle 5.56x45mm Israel Highly compact version of the Galil
AK-47 Assault Rifle 7.62x39mm Soviet Union Used By Special Forces
M4 Carbine Assault Rifle 5.56x45mm United States
CAR-15 Assault Rifle 5.56x45mm United States
IMI Negev Light Machine Gun 5.56x45mm Israel
FN MAG General Purpose Machine Gun 7.62x51mm Belgium
PKM General Purpose Machine Gun 7.62x54mmR Soviet Union Used by Special Forces
Browning M2 Heavy Machine Gun 12.7x99mm United States
Remington 870 Shotgun United States
Mossberg 500 Shotgun United States
M24 Sniper Rifle 7.62x51mm United States
SR-25 Sniper Rifle 7.62x51mm United States
Pro Series 2000 Sniper Rifle .308 United States
Galatz Sniper Rifle 7.62x51mm Israel Sniper variant of the Galil
Barrett M82 Sniper Rifle 12.7x99mm Israel
M26A2 Fragmentation Grenade Israel Based on the American M26 grenade

Rocket and Grenade Launchers

Name Type Caliber Origin
RPG-7 Shoulder-launched Rocket 85mm Soviet Union
B-300 Shoulder-launched Rocket 82mm Israel
Shipon Shoulder-launched Rocket 83mm Israel
M72 LAW Shoulder-launched Rocket 66mm United States
MATADOR Shoulder-launched Rocket 90mm Israel
M203 Under-Barrel Grenade Launcher 40mm United States
Mk 19 Automatic Grenade Launcher 40mm United States
Mk 47 Striker Automatic Grenade Launcher 40mm United States

Missiles

Name Type Origin
Spike Anti-Tank Missile Israel
BGM-71 TOW Anti-Tank Missile United States
LAHAT Anti-Tank Missile Israel
MAPATS Anti-Tank Missile Israel
M47 Dragon Anti-Tank Missile United States
AT-3 Sagger Anti-Tank Missile Soviet Union

Vehicles

Name Type Number in Service[1] Origin Notes
Merkava Mk IV Main Battle Tank 250 Israel Additional 300 being delivered
Merkava Mk III Main Battle Tank 780 Israel
Merkava Mk I & II Main Battle Tank 580 Israel Mostly kept in reserve
Magach 7 Tank 1,040 Israel/United States In reserve, based on the American M60 Patton
Magach 6 Tank 310 Israel/United States In reserve, based on the American M60 Patton
Magach 5 Tank 200 Israel/United States In reserve, based on the American M48 Patton
M113 Armored Personnel Carrier 5,500 United States
Achzarit Heavy Armored Personnel Carrier 315 Israel Based on the T-54 Tank
Nagmachon Heavy Armored Personnel Carrier 400 Israel Based on the Centurion Tank
Nakpadon Heavy Armored Personnel Carrier N/A Israel Based on the Centurion Tank
Nagmashot Heavy Armored Personnel Carrier N/A Israel Based on the Centurion Tank
Namer Heavy Infantry Fighting Vehicle 45 Israel 250 ordered
M1126 Stryker Infantry Fighting Vehicle 50 United States Hundreds may be ordered [2]
Wolf Armored Vehicle 190 Israel
Otokar Akrep Armored Vehicle 30 Turkey
Puma Heavy Combat Engineering Vehicle N/A Israel Based on the Centurion Tank
D9 Combat Bulldozer 175 Israel/United States
AIL Storm Utility vehicle N/A Israel
HMMWV Utility vehicle N/A United States
MDT David Utility vehicle 200 Israel Based on the Land Rover Defender
Plasan Sand Cat Utility Vehicle N/A Israel
AIL Abir 4x4 Truck N/A Israel
AIL M325 Command Car Utility & Command Vehicle N/A Israel
M35 8x12 Truck N/A United States
Unimog 437 Heavy Truck N/A Germany
HEMTT 8x8 Heavy Truck N/A United States
KamAZ-6350 8x8 Heavy Truck N/A Russia
Alfa Cargo & Ammunition Carrier N/A United States Based on the M113
M3 Half-track Cargo & Ammunition Carrier 300 United States
M60 AVLB Armored Bridge Layer N/A United States
Nemmer Armored Recovery Vehicle N/A Israel Based on the Merkava
M88 Armored Recovery Vehicle N/A United States
Nagmapop Command & Surveillance vehicle N/A Israel Based on the Centurion Tank
AIL Desert Raider Dune Buggy N/A Israel

Artillery

Name Type Number in Service[3] Origin Notes
M109 Doher 155mm Self-Propelled Howitzer 600 United States Upgraded
M110 203mm Self-Propelled Howitzer 36 United States
M107 175mm Self-Propelled Howitzer 70 United States
Soltam M-71 155mm Towed Howitzer 300 Israel
Soltam M-68 155mm Towed Howitzer 50 Israel In reserve
M-46 130mm Towed Howitzer 100 Soviet Union In reserve, upgraded by Soltam Systems
D-30 122mm Towed Howitzer N/A Soviet Union In reserve
M101 105mm Towed Howitzer N/A United States In reserve
M270 Multiple Rocket Launcher 58 United States
BM-21 122mm Multiple Rocket Launcher 60 Soviet Union Upgraded
BM-24 240mm Multiple Rocket Launcher 36 Soviet Union
MAR-290 290mm Multiple Rocket Launcher N/A Israel Based on the M4 Sherman Tank
Cardom SP 120mm Self-Propelled Mortar 60 Israel
Soltam M-65 120mm Mortar N/A Israel
Soltam M-66 160mm Mortar N/A Israel

Army Air Defense

Name Type Number in Service[4] Origin Notes
FIM-92 Stinger Shoulder-launched Surface-to-air missile 500 United States
FIM-43 Redeye Shoulder-launched Surface-to-air missile N/A United States
Machbet Air Defense Vehicle 20 Israel Based on the M163 VADS
MIM-72 Chaparral Air Defense Vehicle 50 United States
ZSU-23-4 Air Defense Vehicle 60[5] Soviet Union
Bofors L/70 40mm Anti-Aircraft Gun N/A Sweden
ZU-23-2 23mm Anti-Aircraft Gun N/A Soviet Union
TCM-20 20mm Anti-Aircraft Gun N/A France

Active service aircraft in 2009

Active service watercraft in 2007

Below are the IDF's active service watercraft. The year of service, speed, full load displacement, and crew members, are in parentheses.

Missile boats

Saar 5
  • Israel Saar 4 (1970s; 32 kt; 450 tons; 45 crew members)
  • Israel Saar 4.5 (1980s; 31 kt; 488 tons; 53 crew members)
  • Israel Saar 5 (1990s; 33 kt; 1,227 tons; 64 crew members)

Patrol boats

  • Israel Dabur (1970s; 19 kt; 39 tons; 9 crew members)
  • Israel Dvora (1988; 36 kt; 47 tons 10 crew members)
  • Israel Shaldag (1989; ?; 50 kt; 15 crew members)
  • Israel Super Dvora Mk II (1996; 46 kt; 54 tons; 10 crew members)
  • Israel Nachshol (1997; 40 kt; 12 tons; 5 crew members)
  • Israel Super Dvora Mk III (2004; 47 kt; 54 tons; 10 crew members)

Submarines

  • Germany/Israel Dolphin (1992; 11 kt, 20 kt underwater; 1,640 tons, 1,900 tons underwater; 30 crew members)

See also

Nuclear weapons and Israel

  1. ^ http://www.inss.org.il/upload/%28FILE%291245235226.pdf
  2. ^ http://www.jpost.com/Israel/Article.aspx?id=74096
  3. ^ http://www.inss.org.il/upload/%28FILE%291245235226.pdf
  4. ^ http://www.inss.org.il/upload/%28FILE%291245235226.pdf
  5. ^ http://www8.janes.com/Search/documentView.do?docId=/content1/janesdata/yb/jlad/jlad0057.htm

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